Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 28,471 100.0 34,971 100.0 20,561 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,524 26.4 12,841 36.7 263 1.3
50 to 99 miles 976 3.4 2,329 6.7 251 1.2
100 to 249 miles 2,613 9.2 4,068 11.6 849 4.1
250 to 499 miles 3,444 12.1 4,905 14.0 2,267 11.0
500 to 749 miles 5,586 19.6 3,390 9.7 3,009 14.6
750 to 999 miles 609 2.1 827 2.4 1,009 4.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,326 11.7 3,258 9.3 5,350 26.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,420 8.5 2,423 6.9 5,125 24.9
2,000 miles or more 1,973 6.9 929 2.7 2,438 11.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 25,793 100.0 33,435 100.0 20,067 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,002 27.1 12,077 36.1 248 1.2
50 to 99 miles 938 3.6 2,325 7.0 250 1.2
100 to 249 miles 2,435 9.4 4,053 12.1 846 4.2
250 to 499 miles 3,050 11.8 4,318 12.9 2,058 10.3
500 to 749 miles 5,071 19.7 3,323 9.9 2,955 14.7
750 to 999 miles 516 2.0 817 2.4 995 5.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,167 12.3 3,234 9.7 5,310 26.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,146 8.3 2,369 7.1 4,996 24.9
2,000 miles or more 1,468 5.7 919 2.7 2,408 12.0

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 19,094 100.0 26,666 100.0 11,359 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,950 36.4 11,966 44.9 244 2.2
50 to 99 miles 927 4.9 2,273 8.5 245 2.2
100 to 249 miles 2,352 12.3 3,751 14.1 774 6.8
250 to 499 miles 2,551 13.4 2,847 10.7 1,385 12.2
500 to 749 miles 1,699 8.9 1,859 7.0 1,498 13.2
750 to 999 miles 341 1.8 372 1.4 416 3.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,165 11.3 1,636 6.1 2,592 22.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,165 6.1 1,557 5.8 3,170 27.9
2,000 miles or more 945 4.9 405 1.5 1,035 9.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 9,934 100.0 13,967 100.0 8,789 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,292 13.0 4,679 33.5 112 1.3
50 to 99 miles 267 2.7 1,053 7.5 119 1.4
100 to 249 miles 1,204 12.1 1,510 10.8 301 3.4
250 to 499 miles 1,526 15.4 1,956 14.0 957 10.9
500 to 749 miles 1,427 14.4 1,370 9.8 1,104 12.6
750 to 999 miles 292 2.9 312 2.2 350 4.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,947 19.6 1,357 9.7 2,141 24.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,050 10.6 1,371 9.8 2,786 31.7
2,000 miles or more 928 9.3 360 2.6 918 10.4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 9,122 100.0 12,674 100.0 2,538 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,646 61.9 7,284 57.5 132 5.2
50 to 99 miles 659 7.2 1,220 9.6 126 5.0
100 to 249 miles 1,146 12.6 2,237 17.7 471 18.6
250 to 499 miles 1,023 11.2 889 7.0 427 16.8
500 to 749 miles 272 3.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 48 0.5 60 0.5 66 2.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 207 2.3 273 2.2 440 17.3
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 14 0.2 S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,234 100.0 5,898 100.0 8,367 100.0
Less than 50 miles 53 2.4 111 1.9 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 64 2.8 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 127 5.7 610 10.3 352 4.2
500 to 749 miles 446 20.0 1,461 24.8 1,454 17.4
750 to 999 miles 171 7.7 445 7.5 579 6.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 774 34.7 1,596 27.1 2,714 32.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 364 16.3 811 13.7 1,823 21.8
2,000 miles or more 224 10.0 511 8.7 1,365 16.3

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,367 100.0 11 100.0 21 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 274 6.3 S S 1 5.9
500 to 749 miles S S 3 23.0 3 16.1
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 228 5.2 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 2 14.4 4 17.8
2,000 miles or more 299 6.8 3 27.1 8 37.2

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,876 100.0 238 100.0 270 100.0
Less than 50 miles 91 4.8 6 2.6
50 to 99 miles 27 1.4 1 0.6
100 to 249 miles 157 8.4 7 3.0 2 0.6
250 to 499 miles 288 15.3 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 475 25.3 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 88 4.7 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 157 8.4 23 9.6 40 14.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 269 14.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 325 17.3 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,700 100.0 48 100.0 42 100.0
Less than 50 miles 91 5.3 6 13.0 0.3
50 to 99 miles 27 1.6 1 2.9 0.3
100 to 249 miles 157 9.2 7 15.1 2 3.7
250 to 499 miles 211 12.4 9 19.1 4 10.1
500 to 749 miles 465 27.4 10 20.1 8 19.6
750 to 999 miles 86 5.1 2 4.6 2 5.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 138 8.1 4 9.1 7 17.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 205 12.0 4 8.5 8 19.9
2,000 miles or more S S 4 7.6 10 23.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 97 100.0 100 100.0 191 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 801 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 21 2.7 8 0.6 2 0.8
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 40 5.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.