Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 28,471 100.0 34,971 100.0 20,561 100.0 614
Less than 50 lbs 3,218 11.3 50 0.1 24 0.1 808
50 to 99 lbs S S 40 0.1 8 206
100 to 499 lbs 3,078 10.8 244 0.7 45 0.2 190
500 to 749 lbs 446 1.6 125 0.4 17 140
750 to 999 lbs 334 1.2 107 0.3 14 128
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,435 15.6 1,971 5.6 512 2.5 243
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 8,984 31.6 12,963 37.1 8,726 42.4 609
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,431 8.5 11,356 32.5 2,875 14.0 238
100,000 lbs or more 2,683 9.4 8,115 23.2 8,339 40.6 1,343

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 25,793 100.0 33,435 100.0 20,067 100.0 558
Less than 50 lbs 2,351 9.1 30 7 832
50 to 99 lbs S S 32 0.1 4 109
100 to 499 lbs 2,308 8.9 210 0.6 27 0.1 132
500 to 749 lbs 371 1.4 118 0.4 14 123
750 to 999 lbs 325 1.3 103 0.3 13 125
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,347 16.9 1,901 5.7 504 2.5 250
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 8,842 34.3 12,712 38.0 8,602 42.9 613
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,357 9.1 11,253 33.7 2,774 13.8 231
100,000 lbs or more 2,297 8.9 7,078 21.2 8,121 40.5 1,364

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 19,094 100.0 26,666 100.0 11,359 100.0 146
Less than 50 lbs 765 4.0 27 0.1 2 72
50 to 99 lbs S S 31 0.1 2 76
100 to 499 lbs 1,068 5.6 206 0.8 20 0.2 88
500 to 749 lbs 312 1.6 116 0.4 12 0.1 108
750 to 999 lbs 319 1.7 103 0.4 12 0.1 121
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,286 22.4 1,897 7.1 498 4.4 246
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 8,716 45.6 12,470 46.8 8,217 72.3 596
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,198 11.5 10,932 41.0 2,320 20.4 205
100,000 lbs or more 253 1.3 885 3.3 275 2.4 426

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 9,934 100.0 13,967 100.0 8,789 100.0 665
Less than 50 lbs 72 0.7 1 395
50 to 99 lbs 58 0.6 1 1 374
100 to 499 lbs 355 3.6 18 0.1 11 0.1 570
500 to 749 lbs 130 1.3 9 6 665
750 to 999 lbs 144 1.5 10 8 837
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 1,790 18.0 426 3.0 365 4.2 880
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 5,987 60.3 7,540 54.0 6,967 79.3 915
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,228 12.4 5,534 39.6 1,242 14.1 219
100,000 lbs or more 171 1.7 S S 189 2.2 544

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 9,122 100.0 12,674 100.0 2,538 100.0 67
Less than 50 lbs 688 7.5 26 0.2 1 56
50 to 99 lbs S S 30 0.2 2 62
100 to 499 lbs 711 7.8 187 1.5 9 0.3 46
500 to 749 lbs 182 2.0 106 0.8 6 0.2 57
750 to 999 lbs 175 1.9 92 0.7 4 0.2 46
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,494 27.3 1,470 11.6 132 5.2 90
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,707 29.7 4,911 38.7 1,221 48.1 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 969 10.6 5,395 42.6 1,077 42.4 190
100,000 lbs or more 82 0.9 457 3.6 85 3.4 302

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,234 100.0 5,898 100.0 8,367 100.0 1,490
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,940
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 126 5.7 242 4.1 385 4.6 1,638
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 159 7.1 321 5.4 454 5.4 1,411
100,000 lbs or more 1,946 87.1 5,334 90.4 7,526 89.9 1,463

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 373
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 373

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 373
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 373

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,367 100.0 11 100.0 21 100.0 2,124
Less than 50 lbs 1,586 36.3 3 23.9 6 27.8 2,128
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,832
100 to 499 lbs 1,240 28.4 S S S S 2,214
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 975
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,484
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,951
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,876 100.0 238 100.0 270 100.0 850
Less than 50 lbs 817 43.6 18 7.7 17 6.3 852
50 to 99 lbs 260 13.9 6 2.5 5 1.8 783
100 to 499 lbs 549 29.3 18 7.4 16 6.0 881
500 to 749 lbs 65 3.5 4 1.6 3 1.1 754
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 576
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 5 0.3 2 0.9 S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 102 5.4 S S 85 31.6 786
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,467
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,671

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,700 100.0 48 100.0 42 100.0 849
Less than 50 lbs 817 48.1 18 38.1 17 40.7 852
50 to 99 lbs 260 15.3 6 12.2 5 11.3 784
100 to 499 lbs 549 32.3 18 36.5 16 38.9 881
500 to 749 lbs 65 3.9 4 8.2 3 7.2 755
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 576
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 18
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 97 100.0 100 100.0 191 100.0 1,731
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 37 37.6 S S 57 29.8 1,600
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,873
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,671

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,408
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 378
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 382
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 8
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 8
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 5
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 5
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 8
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 801 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs 50 6.2 2 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 7 0.9 3 0.2 S
100 to 499 lbs S S 17 1.3 1 0.5 S
500 to 749 lbs S S 4 0.3 11
750 to 999 lbs S S 3 0.2 S S 43
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 83 10.3 68 5.2 5 2.2 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 39 4.9 140 10.8 S S 235
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5 0.6 S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 169

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.