Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28,471 100.0 34,971 100.0 20,561 100.0 614
Single modes 25,793 90.6 33,435 95.6 20,067 97.6 558
Truck3 19,094 67.1 26,666 76.3 11,359 55.2 146
For-hire Truck 9,934 34.9 13,967 39.9 8,789 42.7 665
Private Truck 9,122 32.0 12,674 36.2 2,538 12.3 67
Rail 2,234 7.8 5,898 16.9 8,367 40.7 1,490
Water S S S S S S 373
Shallow draft S S S S S S 373
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4,367 15.3 11 21 0.1 2,124
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,876 6.6 238 0.7 270 1.3 850
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,700 6.0 48 0.1 42 0.2 849
Truck and rail 97 0.3 100 0.3 191 0.9 1,731
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8
Other and unknown modes 801 2.8 S S S S S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 179
Single modes S S S S S S 179
Truck3 S S S S S S 179
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 208
Private Truck S S S S S S 21
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 367 100.0 2,877 100.0 1,227 100.0 357
Single modes 294 80.1 2,378 82.7 1,068 87.1 332
Truck3 100 27.1 852 29.6 104 8.5 S
For-hire Truck 60 16.4 485 16.9 49 4.0 165
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 96 26.1 667 23.2 644 52.5 1,000
Water S S S S S S 373
Shallow draft S S S S S S 373
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,136
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,136
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 149

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,356 100.0 4,692 100.0 6,184 100.0 693
Single modes 2,306 97.9 4,658 99.3 6,096 98.6 681
Truck3 1,980 84.0 3,715 79.2 4,147 67.1 610
For-hire Truck 1,409 59.8 2,868 61.1 3,639 58.8 1,297
Private Truck 571 24.2 848 18.1 S S S
Rail 324 13.8 942 20.1 1,949 31.5 1,937
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,058
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 47 2.0 S S S S 1,351
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,231
Truck and rail 33 1.4 S S S S 2,442
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,278
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 787

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 48
Single modes S S S S S S 72
Truck3 S S S S S S 68
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 71
Private Truck S S S S S S 65
Rail S S S S S S 418
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 862
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 862
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 86 1.8 S S S

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 918
Single modes S S S S S S 903
Truck3 S S S S S S 471
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 682
Private Truck S S S S 3 1.2 134
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,402
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 996
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 996
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 431 100.0 S S S S 348
Single modes 430 99.6 S S S S 286
Truck3 430 99.6 S S S S 282
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 955
Private Truck S S 12 5.2 2 1.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,862
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 955
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 955
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,566 100.0 4,886 100.0 4,390 100.0 S
Single modes 3,274 91.8 4,327 88.6 4,365 99.4 S
Truck3 2,531 71.0 2,752 56.3 2,052 46.7 S
For-hire Truck 1,482 41.6 1,457 29.8 1,652 37.6 1,081
Private Truck 1,049 29.4 1,295 26.5 400 9.1 S
Rail 743 20.8 1,576 32.2 2,313 52.7 1,504
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 838
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 838
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 168

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 199 100.0 181 100.0 12 100.0 41
Single modes 198 99.6 181 99.8 12 99.9 41
Truck3 198 99.6 181 99.8 12 99.9 41
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 201
Private Truck 195 98.0 180 99.1 12 97.5 40
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 82
Single modes S S S S S S 76
Truck3 S S S S S S 76
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 183
Private Truck S S S S S S 65
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 364
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 364
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 117

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 45
Single modes S S S S S S 45
Truck3 S S S S S S 45
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 45
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 405
Single modes S S S S S S 387
Truck3 S S S S S S 340
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 457
Private Truck S S S S S S 15
Rail S S S S S S 792
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,768
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,768
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 39
Single modes S S S S S S 42
Truck3 S S S S S S 42
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 12
Private Truck S S S S S S 51
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 502
Single modes 13 57.5 S S S S 413
Truck3 13 57.5 S S S S 413
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 972
Private Truck S S S S S S 247
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,155
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 983
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,169
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 167

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 125 100.0 86 100.0 S S 1,440
Single modes 81 64.6 64 75.1 S S 873
Truck3 81 64.6 64 75.1 S S 873
For-hire Truck 74 58.7 50 58.8 S S 910
Private Truck S S S S S S 175
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,274
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,274
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 869 100.0 2,473 100.0 S S 155
Single modes 869 100.0 2,473 100.0 S S 155
Truck3 869 100.0 2,473 100.0 S S 149
For-hire Truck 267 30.7 738 29.9 84 17.0 103
Private Truck 602 69.3 1,734 70.1 S S 160
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,852
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 212 100.0 830 100.0 77 100.0 47
Single modes 211 100.0 830 100.0 77 100.0 47
Truck3 211 100.0 830 100.0 77 100.0 47
For-hire Truck 60 28.2 246 29.7 S S 172
Private Truck 152 71.8 584 70.3 23 30.4 32
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 211 100.0 1,005 100.0 S S 92
Single modes 207 98.0 1,003 99.8 S S 89
Truck3 207 98.0 1,003 99.8 S S 89
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 189
Private Truck S S S S S S 85
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 240
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 249
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 54

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 206 100.0 125 100.0 143 100.0 S
Single modes 197 95.5 124 98.8 143 99.9 S
Truck3 39 18.9 S S S S 34
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 28 13.4 S S S S 28
Rail 158 76.6 88 70.3 S S 1,568
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 856
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 856
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,377
Single modes S S S S S S 140
Truck3 S S S S S S 128
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 267
Private Truck S S S S S S 20
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 304
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,596
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,596
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 368 100.0 1,603 100.0 846 100.0 S
Single modes 368 100.0 1,603 100.0 846 100.0 S
Truck3 S S S S 244 28.9 S
For-hire Truck 52 14.0 295 18.4 103 12.2 354
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 160 43.5 578 36.0 601 71.1 1,036
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 43

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 182 100.0 50 100.0 11 100.0 462
Single modes 158 86.4 44 86.6 10 86.8 S
Truck3 158 86.4 44 86.6 10 86.8 S
For-hire Truck 62 34.2 S S 6 56.3 425
Private Truck 95 52.3 28 55.3 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1 9.7 1,095
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 9.7 1,095
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 335 100.0 117 100.0 72 100.0 S
Single modes 319 95.2 115 98.0 72 99.5 S
Truck3 318 95.0 114 97.8 71 99.2 S
For-hire Truck 178 53.3 76 64.7 68 93.9 798
Private Truck 139 41.4 39 33.0 S S 73
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,306
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 12 3.6 S S 0.4 513
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 3.6 S S 0.4 513
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 4 1.2 1 0.6 S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 498
Single modes S S S S S S 498
Truck3 S S S S S S 498
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 600
Private Truck S S S S S S 84
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,870 100.0 4,543 100.0 3,654 100.0 452
Single modes 1,853 99.1 4,514 99.4 3,626 99.2 395
Truck3 1,338 71.5 3,202 70.5 1,612 44.1 330
For-hire Truck 1,031 55.1 2,357 51.9 1,236 33.8 488
Private Truck 282 15.1 823 18.1 345 9.4 141
Rail 515 27.6 1,312 28.9 2,013 55.1 1,544
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,440
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,439
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,577
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 698

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 255 100.0 340 100.0 345 100.0 S
Single modes 179 70.2 252 74.0 312 90.3 S
Truck3 96 37.5 116 34.1 92 26.7 S
For-hire Truck 81 31.6 109 32.1 91 26.4 940
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,622
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 304
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 277
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 378
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 596 100.0 518 100.0 211 100.0 S
Single modes 584 97.9 517 99.8 211 99.8 S
Truck3 555 93.0 497 95.8 162 76.6 S
For-hire Truck 305 51.2 250 48.2 152 71.8 600
Private Truck 249 41.7 247 47.6 10 4.8 51
Rail S S S S S S 2,235
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,745
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,260
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,260
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 10

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,120
Single modes S S S S S S 747
Truck3 S S S S S S 514
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,528
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,731
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 153 8.4 S S S S 1,198
Parcel, USPS or courier 153 8.4 S S S S 1,198
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 517

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 74 100.0 4 100.0 2 100.0 1,159
Single modes 37 49.7 3 76.1 1 52.3 S
Truck3 36 49.3 3 75.9 1 51.6 S
For-hire Truck 30 40.3 1 19.5 1 48.2 1,653
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 0.4 0.2 0.7 2,324
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 32 43.9 1 21.3 1 42.7 1,401
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 43.9 1 21.3 1 42.7 1,401
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 39

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 411
Single modes S S S S S S 80
Truck3 S S S S S S 80
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 172
Private Truck S S S S S S 73
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,684
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,684
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 295 100.0 275 100.0 S S S
Single modes 290 98.3 271 98.7 S S S
Truck3 214 72.5 210 76.3 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 339
Private Truck 173 58.7 176 64.0 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,217
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,418
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 266
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 265
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 425
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 3 1.2 S S S S 41

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 305 100.0 148 100.0 23 100.0 248
Single modes 192 62.9 145 97.5 19 84.6 S
Truck3 191 62.5 145 97.5 19 84.4 S
For-hire Truck 28 9.2 S S S S 500
Private Truck 163 53.2 118 79.5 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,380
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 1.9 S S 1,180
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 1.9 S S 1,180
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 3 0.9 S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 605 100.0 78 100.0 15 100.0 306
Single modes 462 76.4 73 93.8 13 84.7 S
Truck3 442 73.1 73 93.5 13 82.1 S
For-hire Truck 96 15.8 15 19.3 S S 559
Private Truck 346 57.2 58 74.2 4 28.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 20 3.4 0.3 S S 1,104
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 116 19.1 4 4.9 2 12.3 700
Parcel, USPS or courier 116 19.1 4 4.9 2 12.3 700
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 27 4.4 1 1.4 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,191 100.0 S S 76 100.0 1,877
Single modes 6,299 87.6 S S 68 90.1 1,947
Truck3 2,165 30.1 S S 59 77.4 S
For-hire Truck 761 10.6 S S 58 77.0 1,280
Private Truck 1,404 19.5 2 3.2 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4,134 57.5 5 8.7 10 12.7 2,136
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 713 9.9 5 8.0 7 9.3 1,367
Parcel, USPS or courier 713 9.9 5 8.0 7 9.3 1,367
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 552 100.0 109 100.0 35 100.0 S
Single modes 495 89.7 100 91.8 28 80.5 S
Truck3 495 89.7 100 91.8 28 80.5 S
For-hire Truck 164 29.8 S S 16 47.5 S
Private Truck 331 59.9 53 48.3 11 33.0 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,473
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 177 100.0 S S S S 1,614
Single modes 168 94.9 S S S S 1,713
Truck3 S S S S S S 658
For-hire Truck 11 5.9 S S S S 1,001
Private Truck S S S S S S 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 123 69.3 2.3 5.2 1,839
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,148
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,148
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 792

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 71 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 61 84.9 S S S S S
Truck3 61 84.8 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 50 69.8 S S S S 222
Private Truck S S S S S S 44
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,550
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 14 100.0 27 100.0 S
Single modes S S 14 99.9 27 100.0 S
Truck3 S S 14 99.7 27 99.8 S
For-hire Truck S S 11 81.0 22 83.5 1,726
Private Truck 10 9.3 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,800
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 19
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 19
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 968 100.0 248 100.0 S S 646
Single modes 612 63.3 228 92.2 S S 329
Truck3 610 63.0 228 92.1 S S 256
For-hire Truck 440 45.5 162 65.5 S S 681
Private Truck 168 17.4 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,064
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 309 31.9 S S S S 819
Parcel, USPS or courier 309 31.9 S S S S 819
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 46 4.8 8 3.2 S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 314
Single modes S S S S S S 311
Truck3 S S S S S S 306
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 387
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 372
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,035
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,035
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 742

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,295 100.0 303 100.0 91 100.0 191
Single modes 1,176 90.8 289 95.4 89 98.0 S
Truck3 1,174 90.6 289 95.3 89 97.9 S
For-hire Truck 42 3.2 S S S S 480
Private Truck 1,132 87.4 268 88.5 67 74.0 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,926
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 33 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 31 95.5 S S S S S
Truck3 21 63.6 45 36.5 S S S
For-hire Truck S S 11 9.0 10 14.2 892
Private Truck 15 45.2 34 27.5 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 702
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1 4.5 S S S S 780
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 4.5 S S S S 780
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.