Table 9. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 9. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 28,471 25,218 12.9 34,971 41,727 −16.2 20,561 14,128 45.5 614 840 −26.9
Single modes 25,793 17,410 48.2 33,435 40,675 −17.8 20,067 13,732 46.1 558 243 129.7
Truck 19,094 13,882 37.5 26,666 33,719 −20.9 11,359 7,270 56.2 146 118 23.3
Rail 2,234 2,023 10.4 5,898 6,946 −15.1 8,367 6,446 29.8 1,490 1,481 0.6
Water S S S S S S 373
Air (including truck and air) 4,367 S S 11 S S 21 S S 2,124 1,698 25.1
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,876 6,539 −71.3 238 345 −31.1 270 293 −8.1 850 1,389 −38.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,700 6,267 −72.9 48 89 −46.4 42 S S 849 1,390 −38.9
Truck and rail 97 215 −54.8 100 198 −49.3 191 169 13.1 1,731 814 112.7
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 1,068 S
Other and unknown modes 801 1,270 −36.9 S 707 S S 103 S S 121 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.