Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28,471 100.0 34,971 100.0 20,561 100.0 614
Single modes 25,793 90.6 33,435 95.6 20,067 97.6 558
Truck 19,094 67.1 26,666 76.3 11,359 55.2 146
For-hire truck 9,934 34.9 13,967 39.9 8,789 42.7 665
Private truck 9,122 32.0 12,674 36.2 2,538 12.3 67
Rail 2,234 7.8 5,898 16.9 8,367 40.7 1,490
Water S S S S S S 373
Shallow draft S S S S S S 373
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4,367 15.3 11 21 0.1 2,124
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,876 6.6 238 0.7 270 1.3 850
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,700 6.0 48 0.1 42 0.2 849
Truck and rail 97 0.3 100 0.3 191 0.9 1,731
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8
Other and unknown modes 801 2.8 S S S S S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 49 100.0 S S S S 2,210
Single modes 43 87.7 S S S S 2,256
Truck 38 78.1 S S S S 2,078
For-hire truck 28 58.0 S S S S 2,081
Private truck S S S S S S 2,062
Rail S S S S S S 2,634
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,325
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 12.3 0.3 0.3 2,186
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 12.3 0.3 0.3 2,186
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 7 100.0 3,028
Single modes S S S S S S 3,825
Truck S S S S S S 975
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,001
Private truck S S S S S S 755
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,001
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,116
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,099
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,473
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 639

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 517 100.0 497 100.0 582 100.0 1,111
Single modes 462 89.2 490 98.7 572 98.3 1,255
Truck 221 42.8 321 64.6 305 52.4 990
For-hire truck 192 37.2 269 54.2 263 45.3 990
Private truck 29 5.6 52 10.4 42 7.1 991
Rail 62 12.0 169 34.1 267 45.8 1,580
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,465
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 54 10.4 S S S S 1,032
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 9.5 1 0.3 1 0.2 1,031
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,912
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 888

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24 100.0 24 100.0 39 100.0 2,299
Single modes 20 85.9 24 99.6 38 99.6 2,350
Truck 17 72.8 22 90.7 34 87.5 1,565
For-hire truck 12 51.2 19 78.7 30 77.3 1,603
Private truck S S S S S S 1,468
Rail S S S S S S 2,208
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,397
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,748
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,748
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,630 100.0 1,825 100.0 1,625 100.0 1,216
Single modes 4,252 91.8 1,778 97.4 1,580 97.2 1,508
Truck 1,306 28.2 1,130 61.9 888 54.7 753
For-hire truck 1,089 23.5 980 53.7 771 47.4 771
Private truck 217 4.7 150 8.2 117 7.2 699
Rail 257 5.5 647 35.4 689 42.4 1,074
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 2 0.1 1,833
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 358 7.7 S S S S 904
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.3 5 0.3 903
Truck and rail S S S S S S 967
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20 0.4 S S S S 831

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 761 100.0 855 100.0 789 100.0 822
Single modes 712 93.6 853 99.7 787 99.8 850
Truck S S S S S S 803
For-hire truck 404 53.1 213 24.9 172 21.8 794
Private truck S S S S S S 829
Rail S S 353 41.3 376 47.7 1,100
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 862
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 43 5.6 1 0.2 1 0.1 806
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 5.6 1 0.2 1 0.1 806
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 644

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41 100.0 16 100.0 42 100.0 2,519
Single modes S S 15 97.6 41 97.7 2,550
Truck S S S S S S 2,618
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,618
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,844
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,549
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 22.1 1.2 1.1 2,486
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 22.1 1.2 1.1 2,486
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,605

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,260
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,215
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,215
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,521

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,221
Single modes S S S S S S 2,121
Truck S S S S S S 2,408
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,408
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,092
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,373
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,373
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 474 100.0 364 100.0 961 100.0 2,619
Single modes 426 89.9 358 98.2 940 97.9 2,630
Truck 320 67.6 254 69.7 643 66.9 2,599
For-hire truck 314 66.2 243 66.8 615 64.0 2,590
Private truck S S S S S S 2,637
Rail S S S S S S 2,881
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 70 14.8 S S S S 2,633
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 9.9 S S S S 2,595
Parcel, USPS or courier 45 9.5 2 0.4 4 0.4 2,594
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,339
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,665

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 304 100.0 433 100.0 936 100.0 2,202
Single modes 290 95.5 432 99.6 932 99.6 2,173
Truck 232 76.1 312 72.1 639 68.3 2,089
For-hire truck 196 64.4 243 56.1 495 52.9 2,086
Private truck S S S S S S 2,100
Rail 57 18.8 119 27.6 293 31.3 2,438
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,290
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 4.2 1 2,219
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 4.2 1 2,219
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,390

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,984
Single modes S S S S S S 4,536
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,536
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 49.2 S S S S 3,339
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 31.3 31.9 3,340
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,278
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,385 100.0 16,282 100.0 1,051 100.0 51
Single modes 8,716 92.9 15,504 95.2 1,033 98.3 42
Truck 8,635 92.0 15,259 93.7 987 93.9 41
For-hire truck 1,748 18.6 5,947 36.5 362 34.4 84
Private truck 6,874 73.2 9,306 57.2 624 59.4 39
Rail 80 0.9 245 1.5 46 4.4 209
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 460
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 219 2.3 13 1 0.1 117
Parcel, USPS or courier 218 2.3 13 1 0.1 118
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 17

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 626 100.0 843 100.0 1,392 100.0 1,889
Single modes 591 94.4 838 99.4 1,384 99.5 2,035
Truck 303 48.4 329 39.0 524 37.6 1,602
For-hire truck 250 40.0 232 27.6 360 25.9 1,585
Private truck S S S S S S 1,667
Rail 252 40.3 509 60.4 860 61.8 1,689
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36 5.8 2,127
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 35 5.6 S S S S 1,635
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 3.8 1 1 1,635
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,576
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 156 100.0 196 100.0 340 100.0 1,934
Single modes 142 90.7 194 99.2 337 99.1 1,992
Truck 93 59.3 134 68.5 225 66.1 1,731
For-hire truck 82 52.7 119 60.6 198 58.3 1,687
Private truck S S S S S S 1,837
Rail S S 60 30.7 112 32.9 1,819
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,089
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,851
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,851
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,900

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 158 100.0 201 100.0 296 100.0 1,520
Single modes 155 98.0 201 99.9 296 99.9 1,697
Truck 100 63.6 58 29.1 81 27.3 1,375
For-hire truck 91 57.5 50 24.9 68 23.0 1,357
Private truck S S 8 4.2 S S 1,486
Rail 54 34.3 142 70.8 215 72.7 1,575
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,123
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 2.0 1,429
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 2.0 1,429
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 114 100.0 153 100.0 195 100.0 1,720
Single modes 105 92.8 153 99.9 194 99.9 1,951
Truck 48 42.2 56 36.9 75 38.3 1,301
For-hire truck 31 27.7 30 19.7 43 21.9 1,391
Private truck S S 26 16.8 31 16.0 1,164
Rail 37 32.3 96 62.9 S S 1,327
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,302
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,520
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,520
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 996

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 173 100.0 339 100.0 1,863
Single modes S S 173 100.0 339 100.0 1,870
Truck 38 31.1 96 55.5 170 50.2 1,793
For-hire truck 37 30.0 94 54.0 166 48.9 1,794
Private truck S S S S S S 1,768
Rail S S S S S S 2,058
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 7.8 S S S S 1,875
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,790
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,790
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 155 100.0 128 100.0 284 100.0 2,363
Single modes 149 96.2 112 87.1 240 84.5 2,456
Truck 51 33.2 36 27.7 72 25.3 2,017
For-hire truck 44 28.6 24 18.9 48 17.1 2,012
Private truck S S S S S S 2,047
Rail S S S S S S 2,294
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,533
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,176
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 1.8 S S S S 2,175
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,671
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,032

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,819
Single modes S S S S S S 2,735
Truck S S S S S S 2,931
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,968
Private truck S S S S S S 2,745
Rail S S S S S S 2,735
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,725
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,970
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,970
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,937

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 166 100.0 71 100.0 172 100.0 2,254
Single modes 136 81.8 67 93.3 160 93.1 2,275
Truck S S 33 46.5 77 44.5 2,366
For-hire truck S S 33 46.0 76 44.1 2,366
Private truck S S S S S S 2,359
Rail S S S S S S 2,481
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,237
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,226
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,224
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,530
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,470

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 167 100.0 92 100.0 242 100.0 2,582
Single modes 124 74.1 92 99.2 240 99.2 2,582
Truck 57 34.3 38 41.2 95 39.3 2,540
For-hire truck 57 34.1 38 41.2 95 39.3 2,536
Private truck S S S S S S 2,561
Rail 30 18.1 52 56.6 142 58.6 2,708
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36 21.7 S S S S 2,583
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 40 23.9 1 0.7 2 0.7 2,582
Parcel, USPS or courier 40 23.9 1 0.7 2 0.7 2,582
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,477

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 253 100.0 226 100.0 434 100.0 1,984
Single modes 179 70.7 203 90.1 384 88.4 2,126
Truck 147 58.0 164 72.8 302 69.6 1,873
For-hire truck 143 56.3 150 66.6 274 63.2 1,872
Private truck 4 1.7 S S S S 1,881
Rail S S S S S S 2,073
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 15 6.0 2,174
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,820
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,816
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,274
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 246 100.0 193 100.0 261 100.0 1,282
Single modes 234 95.2 193 99.9 261 99.9 1,441
Truck 160 65.2 95 49.1 122 46.7 1,334
For-hire truck 144 58.6 83 42.9 106 40.6 1,336
Private truck 16 6.6 12 6.2 16 6.0 1,309
Rail S S 98 50.8 S S 1,418
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,366
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.1 1,219
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 1,219
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,591

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 39 100.0 73 100.0 2,085
Single modes 26 84.1 39 99.7 73 99.7 1,879
Truck 26 84.0 39 99.7 73 99.7 1,867
For-hire truck 25 81.4 38 97.2 71 97.1 1,866
Private truck S S S S S S 1,898
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,327
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 15.9 0.3 0.3 2,118
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 15.9 0.3 0.3 2,118
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 409 100.0 304 100.0 465 100.0 1,566
Single modes 399 97.7 304 99.9 464 99.9 1,738
Truck 297 72.7 116 38.1 163 35.1 1,436
For-hire truck 264 64.6 95 31.3 134 28.9 1,440
Private truck S S S S S S 1,408
Rail 96 23.5 188 61.9 301 64.8 1,565
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,010
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 2.3 1,445
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 2.3 1,445
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 282 100.0 681 100.0 228 100.0 569
Single modes 255 90.3 672 98.7 225 98.3 655
Truck 238 84.2 648 95.1 208 91.0 343
For-hire truck 132 46.8 370 54.3 122 53.4 368
Private truck 105 37.4 278 40.8 86 37.5 311
Rail S S S S S S 676
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,173
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 8.6 S S 1 0.3 461
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 8.6 S S 1 0.3 461
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 448

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61 100.0 113 100.0 130 100.0 1,116
Single modes 58 94.1 113 99.7 129 99.8 1,349
Truck 29 46.7 48 42.2 49 37.5 1,006
For-hire truck 25 40.5 40 35.2 43 33.0 1,061
Private truck S S S S S S 860
Rail 24 38.9 65 57.5 81 62.2 1,287
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,064
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 0.1 1,020
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.1 1,020
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,247

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 545 100.0 684 100.0 262 100.0 590
Single modes 481 88.3 682 99.7 261 99.6 628
Truck 401 73.5 S S 244 93.3 341
For-hire truck 146 26.8 230 33.6 133 50.8 545
Private truck 255 46.7 S S S S 265
Rail S S S S S S 1,342
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,189
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 544
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 544
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32 100.0 6 100.0 17 100.0 2,604
Single modes 23 71.5 6 97.3 17 97.3 2,579
Truck S S 5 72.6 13 72.7 2,676
For-hire truck S S 5 72.6 13 72.7 2,676
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,692
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,537
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 27.7 S S S S 2,596
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 27.7 S S S S 2,596
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,823

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 164 100.0 75 100.0 192 100.0 2,410
Single modes 156 94.9 75 99.8 192 99.8 2,431
Truck 44 26.9 22 28.8 52 26.9 2,424
For-hire truck 40 24.6 19 25.0 45 23.3 2,425
Private truck S S S S S S 2,406
Rail 41 24.8 53 70.9 140 72.9 2,635
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,429
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 5.1 0.2 0.2 2,353
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 5.1 0.2 0.2 2,353
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,453

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 54 100.0 25 100.0 25 100.0 901
Single modes 26 47.3 24 94.4 24 95.4 1,030
Truck 24 44.4 21 85.3 20 79.3 889
For-hire truck 16 29.9 S S S S 875
Private truck S S S S S S 948
Rail S S S S S S 1,761
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,553
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 48.7 S S S S 864
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 48.7 S S S S 864
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 909

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 352 100.0 409 100.0 1,007 100.0 2,487
Single modes 337 95.7 409 99.9 1,007 99.9 2,503
Truck S S 151 36.9 350 34.7 2,290
For-hire truck S S 131 32.0 306 30.4 2,300
Private truck 13 3.8 S S S S 2,182
Rail 99 28.1 258 63.0 657 65.2 2,554
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 32 9.2 2,523
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 4.0 1 2,435
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 4.0 1 2,435
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,080

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 70 100.0 161 100.0 2,288
Single modes 61 24.3 70 99.4 160 99.4 2,213
Truck 59 23.5 70 99.3 160 99.3 2,331
For-hire truck 57 22.6 68 96.4 155 96.3 2,331
Private truck S S S S S S 2,289
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,200
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.4 1 0.3 2,354
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.4 1 0.3 2,354
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,442

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 65 100.0 S S S S 1,043
Single modes S S S S S S 1,330
Truck 25 39.0 S S S S 1,003
For-hire truck 21 32.7 S S S S 979
Private truck S S S S S S 1,026
Rail S S S S S S 1,591
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,630
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 962
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 962
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,156

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 273 100.0 490 100.0 903 100.0 1,918
Single modes 250 91.5 490 99.9 902 99.9 1,913
Truck 165 60.5 324 66.2 591 65.5 1,857
For-hire truck 155 56.6 311 63.5 567 62.8 1,857
Private truck S S S S S S 1,850
Rail 31 11.3 S S S S 1,867
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,925
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 8.5 1 0.1 1,932
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 8.5 1 0.1 1,932
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,057

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 151 100.0 71 100.0 101 100.0 1,512
Single modes 151 99.6 71 99.9 101 99.9 1,509
Truck 145 95.8 66 93.5 92 91.0 1,423
For-hire truck S S 61 86.3 84 83.6 1,421
Private truck S S S S S S 1,419
Rail S S S S S S 1,970
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,271
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 0.4 S S S S 1,518
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 0.4 S S S S 1,518
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,149 100.0 3,181 100.0 1,137 100.0 460
Single modes 921 80.2 2,618 82.3 940 82.7 542
Truck 762 66.3 1,450 45.6 415 36.5 217
For-hire truck 549 47.8 856 26.9 343 30.1 402
Private truck 212 18.5 S S 71 6.2 130
Rail 51 4.5 309 9.7 205 18.1 670
Water S S S S S S 373
Shallow draft S S S S S S 373
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 0.8 1,915
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 142 12.3 S S S S 413
Parcel, USPS or courier 66 5.8 3 0.1 2 0.1 414
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 378
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 366 100.0 385 100.0 852 100.0 2,287
Single modes 344 94.1 384 99.8 850 99.8 2,283
Truck 265 72.4 220 57.1 468 54.9 2,229
For-hire truck 255 69.7 205 53.3 438 51.5 2,237
Private truck S S S S S S 2,038
Rail S S S S S S 2,255
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 17 4.6 S S S S 2,289
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 5.9 1 0.2 2 0.2 2,296
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 5.9 1 0.2 2 0.2 2,296
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,221

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,577
Single modes S S S S S S 2,515
Truck S S S S S S 2,507
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,507
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,640
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,476
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,636
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,636
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 84 100.0 68 100.0 158 100.0 2,313
Single modes 80 95.4 68 99.9 158 99.9 2,317
Truck 73 86.5 68 99.8 158 99.8 2,361
For-hire truck 67 79.9 56 83.1 132 83.4 2,368
Private truck S S S S S S 2,298
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,306
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 4.6 0.1 0.1 2,301
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 4.6 0.1 0.1 2,301
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11 100.0 S S S S 1,129
Single modes 7 61.0 S S S S 1,149
Truck 5 41.5 S S S S 1,149
For-hire truck 3 24.8 S S S S 1,090
Private truck S S S S S S 1,150
Rail S S S S S S 1,426
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,045
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,045
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 651

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 220 100.0 423 100.0 2,082
Single modes S S 220 99.9 422 99.9 2,172
Truck 89 14.5 S S S S 1,905
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,911
Private truck S S S S S S 1,869
Rail S S S S S S 1,937
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,248
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 1.0 1,842
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 1.0 1,842
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,114

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,092 100.0 902 100.0 1,561 100.0 1,994
Single modes 1,023 93.7 890 98.6 1,539 98.6 2,245
Truck 756 69.3 556 61.7 904 57.9 1,648
For-hire truck 705 64.6 466 51.7 757 48.5 1,647
Private truck S S S S S S 1,652
Rail 148 13.5 332 36.8 632 40.5 1,938
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 119 10.9 S S S S 2,553
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 69 6.3 S S S S 1,629
Parcel, USPS or courier 66 6.0 2 0.3 4 0.2 1,628
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,759
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,590

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,199 100.0 1,521 100.0 459 100.0 317
Single modes 1,135 94.7 1,513 99.5 455 99.0 300
Truck 1,024 85.5 1,131 74.4 279 60.7 265
For-hire truck 538 44.9 851 56.0 213 46.4 279
Private truck 486 40.6 281 18.4 66 14.4 243
Rail 105 8.7 382 25.1 176 38.3 442
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 0.5 S S S S 416
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 62 5.2 6 0.4 S S 333
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 4.9 3 0.2 1 0.2 333
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,035
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 336

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,482
Single modes S S S S S S 2,597
Truck S S S S S S 2,597
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,597
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,467
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,467
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 372 100.0 79 100.0 205 100.0 2,245
Single modes S S 74 93.7 193 93.9 2,211
Truck S S 53 66.8 S S 2,426
For-hire truck S S 22 27.5 52 25.6 2,414
Private truck S S S S S S 2,446
Rail S S S S S S 2,795
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,199
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,313
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,312
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,479
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,706 100.0 1,900 100.0 840 100.0 763
Single modes 1,571 92.1 1,868 98.4 822 97.9 1,049
Truck 1,306 76.6 1,283 67.6 454 54.1 285
For-hire truck 1,001 58.7 925 48.7 357 42.5 419
Private truck 304 17.8 358 18.9 97 11.6 171
Rail 92 5.4 583 30.7 367 43.7 626
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,063
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 105 6.1 4 0.2 2 0.3 504
Parcel, USPS or courier 104 6.1 4 0.2 2 0.2 504
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 425
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 256

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,144
Single modes S S S S S S 2,118
Truck S S S S S S 1,953
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,953
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,087
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,306
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,173
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,173
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,201

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 368 100.0 285 100.0 461 100.0 2,163
Single modes 356 96.8 285 99.8 460 99.8 2,395
Truck 314 85.4 186 65.3 296 64.3 1,582
For-hire truck 298 81.0 171 60.1 272 59.1 1,582
Private truck 16 4.4 15 5.3 24 5.2 1,584
Rail 30 8.1 98 34.5 164 35.5 1,647
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 12 3.3 2,523
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 3.2 0.2 1 0.2 1,629
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 3.2 0.2 1 0.2 1,629
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,627

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 277 100.0 474 100.0 S S S
Single modes 255 92.2 471 99.4 S S S
Truck 239 86.4 464 97.9 S S 164
For-hire truck S S 61 12.8 18 12.2 177
Private truck 177 64.0 403 85.0 S S 159
Rail S S S S S S 176
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,093
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 5.6 407
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 5.6 407
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 259

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.