Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27,887 100.0 33,719 100.0 10,491 100.0 1,048
Single modes 23,216 83.3 32,347 95.9 10,079 96.1 379
Truck 21,150 75.8 27,151 80.5 7,488 71.4 278
For-hire truck 10,200 36.6 13,645 40.5 5,215 49.7 889
Private truck 10,836 38.9 13,480 40.0 2,269 21.6 105
Rail 880 3.2 4,476 13.3 2,502 23.9 843
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 3 6 1,875
Pipeline3 86 0.3 717 2.1 S S S
Multiple modes 3,923 14.1 148 0.4 193 1.8 1,554
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,920 14.1 139 0.4 179 1.7 1,554
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,441
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,113
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8
Other and unknown modes 748 2.7 1,224 3.6 S S 120

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,098
Single modes S S S S S S 2,152
Truck S S S S S S 2,152
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,152
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 1.7 S S S S 2,080
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 1.7 S S S S 2,080
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 100.0 1,102
Single modes S S S S S S 2,504
Truck S S S S S S 484
For-hire truck S S S S S S 484
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,889
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 862
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 862
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 584

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 62 100.0 54 100.0 1,018
Single modes 69 40.8 61 98.6 54 98.5 954
Truck 64 37.8 61 98.6 54 98.5 894
For-hire truck 43 25.2 S S S S 883
Private truck S S S S S S 910
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,001
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,078
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,078
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 839

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 100 100.0 29 100.0 49 100.0 1,821
Single modes S S 29 98.1 48 97.9 1,653
Truck S S 29 98.1 48 97.9 1,653
For-hire truck S S 29 98.1 48 97.9 1,653
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,896
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,896
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,610

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,202 100.0 1,337 100.0 1,134 100.0 927
Single modes 1,413 64.2 1,279 95.6 1,085 95.7 960
Truck 1,404 63.8 1,248 93.3 1,059 93.4 859
For-hire truck 942 42.8 648 48.4 547 48.2 879
Private truck 462 21.0 S S S S 824
Rail S S S S S S 866
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 3,308
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 648 29.4 11 0.8 11 1.0 920
Parcel, USPS or courier 648 29.4 11 0.8 11 0.9 920
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,249
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 141 6.4 S S S S 847

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 565 100.0 283 100.0 199 100.0 822
Single modes 492 87.0 278 98.3 195 98.2 782
Truck 477 84.3 257 90.8 180 90.4 800
For-hire truck S S 209 73.9 151 76.1 823
Private truck S S S S 29 14.3 740
Rail S S S S S S 735
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 750
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 839
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 839
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 679

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17 100.0 5 100.0 12 100.0 2,310
Single modes S S S S S S 2,468
Truck S S S S S S 2,462
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,466
Private truck S S S S S S 2,425
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,943
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 64.5 S S S S 2,310
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 64.5 S S S S 2,310
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1 100.0 S S S S 2,520
Single modes S S S S S S 2,478
Truck S S S S S S 2,478
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,478
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 54.8 S S S S 2,522
Parcel, USPS or courier 54.8 S S S S 2,522
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 156 100.0 34 100.0 91 100.0 2,668
Single modes 29 18.4 S S S S 2,724
Truck 15 9.5 3 9.3 8 8.5 2,792
For-hire truck 15 9.5 3 9.3 8 8.5 2,794
Private truck S S S S S S 2,631
Rail S S S S S S 2,621
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,678
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 127 81.2 S S S S 2,648
Parcel, USPS or courier 127 81.2 S S S S 2,648
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,561

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,227
Single modes S S S S S S 2,131
Truck S S S S S S 2,119
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,119
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 3,073
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,286
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 18 13.2 1 0.7 S S 2,275
Parcel, USPS or courier 18 13.2 1 0.7 S S 2,275
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,976

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,621
Single modes S S S S S S 3,655
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,655
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,598
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,662
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,113
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,385 100.0 16,282 100.0 1,051 100.0 51
Single modes 8,716 92.9 15,504 95.2 1,033 98.3 42
Truck 8,635 92.0 15,259 93.7 987 93.9 41
For-hire truck 1,748 18.6 5,947 36.5 362 34.4 84
Private truck 6,874 73.2 9,306 57.2 624 59.4 39
Rail 80 0.9 245 1.5 46 4.4 209
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 460
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 219 2.3 13 1 0.1 117
Parcel, USPS or courier 218 2.3 13 1 0.1 118
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 17

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 270 100.0 S S S S 1,683
Single modes 205 75.9 S S S S 1,645
Truck 198 73.4 S S S S 1,623
For-hire truck 195 72.2 S S S S 1,623
Private truck S S S S S S 1,471
Rail S S S S S S 1,664
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 0.1 1,945
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 24.1 2 1.4 4 1.4 1,692
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 24.1 2 1.4 4 1.4 1,692
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,673

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,840
Single modes S S S S S S 1,911
Truck S S S S S S 1,822
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,815
Private truck S S S S S S 1,916
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,004
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,835
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,835
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,610

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 470 100.0 109 100.0 153 100.0 1,382
Single modes 413 88.0 105 96.0 147 96.1 1,379
Truck 172 36.6 S S S S 1,350
For-hire truck 170 36.1 S S S S 1,349
Private truck S S S S S S 1,166
Rail S S S S S S 1,553
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,289
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 57 12.0 S S S S 1,383
Parcel, USPS or courier 57 12.0 S S S S 1,383
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 231 100.0 S S S S 1,441
Single modes 211 91.1 S S S S 1,451
Truck 175 75.5 59 33.5 73 33.7 1,296
For-hire truck 147 63.6 45 25.8 56 25.8 1,291
Private truck S S S S S S 1,334
Rail S S S S S S 1,219
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,423
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 8.9 S S S S 1,433
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 8.9 S S S S 1,433
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 35 100.0 S S S S 2,004
Single modes 22 63.4 4 68.7 8 67.1 2,017
Truck 22 62.8 4 68.6 8 67.1 2,000
For-hire truck 22 62.5 4 68.5 8 67.0 1,999
Private truck S S S S S S 2,022
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,068
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,003
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,003
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,166
Single modes 32 58.9 S S S S 2,185
Truck S S S S S S 2,144
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,144
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,960
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,789
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,163
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,163
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,825
Single modes S S S S S S 2,939
Truck S S S S S S 2,939
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,939
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,815
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,815
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,314
Single modes S S S S S S 2,316
Truck S S S S S S 2,316
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,316
Private truck S S S S S S 2,452
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,313
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,313
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,270

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 61 100.0 S S S S 2,694
Single modes 26 42.4 S S S S 2,653
Truck S S S S S S 2,682
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,682
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,582
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,600
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 29 47.4 1 5.0 1 5.0 2,700
Parcel, USPS or courier 29 47.4 1 5.0 1 5.0 2,700
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,693

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 407 100.0 42 100.0 80 100.0 1,907
Single modes 330 81.0 37 88.2 70 88.1 1,896
Truck 269 66.0 33 78.7 63 79.0 1,900
For-hire truck 179 44.0 15 36.8 28 35.3 1,916
Private truck S S S S S S 1,796
Rail S S S S S S 1,819
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,896
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 11.2 9 11.3 1,909
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 11.2 9 11.3 1,909
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,855

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 264 100.0 S S S S 1,481
Single modes 200 75.4 S S S S 1,526
Truck 198 74.7 S S S S 1,478
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,404
Private truck S S S S S S 1,491
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,609
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 24.6 2 2.1 3 2.1 1,473
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 24.6 2 2.1 3 2.1 1,473
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6 100.0 S S S S 1,943
Single modes 4 72.6 S S S S 1,958
Truck 4 72.6 S S S S 1,939
For-hire truck 4 72.0 S S S S 1,938
Private truck S S S S S S 1,953
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,266
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,935
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,935
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,919

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 102 100.0 29 100.0 49 100.0 1,568
Single modes 70 68.6 28 95.7 47 96.1 1,466
Truck 57 56.0 13 45.0 20 39.7 1,342
For-hire truck 57 56.0 13 45.0 20 39.7 1,342
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,906
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,179
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 32 31.4 1 4.3 2 3.9 1,588
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 31.4 1 4.3 2 3.9 1,588
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 279 100.0 858 100.0 393 100.0 389
Single modes 245 87.7 857 99.9 392 99.9 381
Truck 234 83.8 816 95.0 376 95.7 354
For-hire truck 90 32.2 504 58.8 221 56.2 418
Private truck 144 51.6 312 36.3 155 39.5 324
Rail S S S S S S 654
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 793
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 12.2 1 0.1 1 0.1 392
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 12.2 1 0.1 1 0.1 392
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 555

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 193 100.0 85 100.0 94 100.0 957
Single modes 151 78.2 83 97.7 92 98.2 1,162
Truck 148 77.0 61 71.1 62 66.4 1,146
For-hire truck 148 77.0 61 71.1 62 66.4 1,146
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,314
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,881
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 1.8 932
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 1.8 932
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,060

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 189 100.0 163 100.0 90 100.0 723
Single modes 79 41.7 159 97.2 88 97.1 1,055
Truck 68 35.8 112 68.8 60 66.4 497
For-hire truck 67 35.4 111 68.1 59 65.7 497
Private truck S S S S S S 458
Rail S S S S S S 597
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,539
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 110 57.9 3 1.6 2 1.7 582
Parcel, USPS or courier 110 57.9 3 1.6 2 1.7 582
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 527

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28 100.0 1 100.0 2 100.0 2,730
Single modes S S S S S S 2,613
Truck S S S S S S 2,734
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,719
Private truck S S S S S S 2,753
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,563
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 24 83.3 1 78.8 2 78.9 2,733
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 83.3 1 78.8 2 78.9 2,733
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 158 100.0 6 100.0 15 100.0 2,479
Single modes S S 5 80.6 12 80.7 2,563
Truck 33 20.8 5 80.1 12 80.1 2,574
For-hire truck S S 5 75.3 11 75.3 2,575
Private truck S S S S S S 2,471
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,499
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 81 51.3 1 19.4 3 19.3 2,470
Parcel, USPS or courier 81 51.3 1 19.4 3 19.3 2,470
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 37 100.0 S S 1,576
Single modes 20 94.4 37 100.0 S S 1,799
Truck 18 84.5 18 49.4 15 36.8 963
For-hire truck 17 78.7 18 48.8 15 36.2 938
Private truck S S S S S S 1,152
Rail S S S S S S 1,437
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,950
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1,052
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1,052
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 198 100.0 S S S S 2,395
Single modes 53 26.9 S S S S 2,370
Truck 44 22.4 S S S S 2,390
For-hire truck 44 22.4 S S S S 2,390
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,282
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 145 73.1 S S S S 2,403
Parcel, USPS or courier 145 73.1 S S S S 2,403
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,456

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 189 100.0 31 100.0 73 100.0 2,296
Single modes 168 88.8 30 97.3 71 97.4 2,287
Truck 168 88.7 30 97.1 71 97.2 2,287
For-hire truck 167 88.2 30 96.8 71 96.9 2,286
Private truck S S S S S S 2,438
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,335
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 11.2 1 2.7 2 2.6 2,298
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 11.2 1 2.7 2 2.6 2,298
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 47 100.0 70 100.0 90 100.0 1,165
Single modes S S 70 99.7 90 99.7 1,117
Truck S S S S S S 1,088
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,048
Private truck S S S S S S 1,197
Rail S S S S S S 1,329
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,178
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,178
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,076

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 454 100.0 80 100.0 158 100.0 2,000
Single modes 410 90.4 77 97.1 153 97.1 2,002
Truck 335 73.9 69 86.7 135 85.7 1,995
For-hire truck 319 70.2 62 77.4 120 76.3 1,979
Private truck S S S S S S 2,132
Rail S S S S S S 2,165
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 0.3 2,144
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 44 9.6 2 2.8 5 2.9 1,998
Parcel, USPS or courier 44 9.6 2 2.8 5 2.9 1,998
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,070

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 38 100.0 11 100.0 17 100.0 1,534
Single modes 31 81.5 11 95.5 16 94.5 1,493
Truck 31 81.5 11 95.5 16 94.5 1,493
For-hire truck 18 47.9 S S S S 1,520
Private truck S S S S S S 1,421
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,547
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,547
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,148 100.0 2,027 100.0 828 100.0 855
Single modes 1,992 92.8 1,999 98.6 816 98.5 1,075
Truck 1,749 81.4 1,501 74.0 589 71.1 465
For-hire truck 1,092 50.8 1,152 56.8 424 51.2 468
Private truck 655 30.5 347 17.1 165 19.9 459
Rail S S S S S S 482
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,611
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 141 6.6 5 0.3 2 0.3 530
Parcel, USPS or courier 141 6.6 5 0.3 2 0.3 530
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 14 0.7 S S S S 439

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 38 100.0 81 100.0 2,260
Single modes S S 35 93.4 76 93.1 2,257
Truck S S 35 93.4 76 93.1 2,253
For-hire truck S S 35 93.4 76 93.1 2,253
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,340
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 84 18.4 2 6.5 6 6.9 2,260
Parcel, USPS or courier 84 18.4 2 6.5 6 6.9 2,260
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,080

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9 100.0 S S S S 2,628
Single modes S S S S S S 2,641
Truck S S S S S S 2,703
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,703
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,458
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 72.5 19.8 19.4 2,633
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 72.5 19.8 19.4 2,633
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,528

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 95 100.0 5 100.0 12 100.0 2,269
Single modes S S 4 78.7 10 80.3 2,361
Truck S S 4 78.7 10 80.3 2,361
For-hire truck S S 4 78.7 10 80.3 2,361
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,250
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,250
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17 100.0 S S S S 1,033
Single modes 13 79.3 4 32.7 S S 1,397
Truck 11 63.3 4 32.6 5 26.4 1,112
For-hire truck 9 54.3 3 24.6 4 20.8 1,111
Private truck S S S S S S 1,112
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,034
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 20.7 S S S S 940
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.6 0.5 936
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,557
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 69 100.0 131 100.0 1,772
Single modes S S 65 93.9 124 94.4 1,996
Truck 143 17.8 S S S S 1,898
For-hire truck 143 17.8 S S S S 1,898
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,924
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,241
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 90 11.2 4 6.1 7 5.6 1,745
Parcel, USPS or courier 90 11.2 4 6.1 7 5.6 1,745
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 524 100.0 210 100.0 353 100.0 1,655
Single modes 303 57.7 189 90.2 320 90.7 1,706
Truck 287 54.6 189 90.1 319 90.5 1,651
For-hire truck 203 38.8 S S S S 1,641
Private truck S S S S S S 1,706
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,674
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 214 40.7 8 4.0 S S 1,620
Parcel, USPS or courier 214 40.7 8 4.0 S S 1,620
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 8 1.6 12 5.8 20 5.6 1,632

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,530 100.0 6,044 100.0 1,825 100.0 289
Single modes 1,918 75.8 5,713 94.5 1,704 93.4 248
Truck 1,862 73.6 3,794 62.8 1,036 56.8 245
For-hire truck 972 38.4 S S S S 261
Private truck 891 35.2 1,692 28.0 365 20.0 229
Rail S S S S S S 943
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 592 23.4 6 2 0.1 338
Parcel, USPS or courier 592 23.4 6 2 0.1 338
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20 0.8 S S S S 217

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14 100.0 S S S S 2,480
Single modes S S S S S S 2,719
Truck S S S S S S 2,734
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,734
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,455
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 48.9 S S S S 2,478
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 48.9 S S S S 2,478
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,263
Single modes S S S S S S 2,325
Truck S S S S S S 2,329
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,294
Private truck S S S S S S 2,634
Rail S S S S S S 2,479
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,137
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 13.3 0.3 0.3 2,234
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 13.3 0.3 0.3 2,234
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,620 100.0 2,918 100.0 851 100.0 326
Single modes 3,105 85.8 2,852 97.7 837 98.5 303
Truck 2,922 80.7 2,569 88.0 644 75.7 194
For-hire truck 1,529 42.2 1,557 53.4 517 60.8 251
Private truck 1,296 35.8 994 34.1 126 14.8 168
Rail 95 2.6 283 9.7 193 22.7 683
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,487
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 497 13.7 25 0.9 8 1.0 356
Parcel, USPS or courier 497 13.7 25 0.9 8 1.0 356
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 19 0.5 S S S S S

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,123
Single modes S S S S S S 2,066
Truck S S S S S S 2,039
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,039
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,074
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,143
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,143
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 311 100.0 S S S S 1,628
Single modes 174 55.9 S S S S 1,690
Truck 162 52.1 S S S S 1,570
For-hire truck 152 48.8 S S S S 1,570
Private truck S S S S S S 1,573
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,726
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 137 44.0 4 4.2 7 4.3 1,623
Parcel, USPS or courier 137 44.0 4 4.2 7 4.3 1,623
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,667

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 195 100.0 1,803 100.0 654 100.0 566
Single modes 185 94.9 1,802 100.0 654 100.0 467
Truck 44 22.7 150 8.3 S S 461
For-hire truck S S 144 8.0 S S 507
Private truck S S S S S S 388
Rail 90 46.1 1,068 59.2 529 80.8 465
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,036
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 10 4.9 611
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 4.9 611
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 128

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.