Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 28,471 25,218 12.9 34,971 41,727 −16.2 20,561 14,128 45.5 614 840 −26.9
Single modes 25,793 17,410 48.2 33,435 40,675 −17.8 20,067 13,732 46.1 558 243 129.7
Truck 19,094 13,882 37.5 26,666 33,719 −20.9 11,359 7,270 56.2 146 118 23.3
Rail 2,234 2,023 10.4 5,898 6,946 −15.1 8,367 6,446 29.8 1,490 1,481 0.6
Water S S S S S S 373
Air (including truck and air) 4,367 S S 11 S S 21 S S 2,124 1,698 25.1
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,876 6,539 −71.3 238 345 −31.1 270 293 −8.1 850 1,389 −38.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,700 6,267 −72.9 48 89 −46.4 42 S S 849 1,390 −38.9
Truck and Rail 97 215 −54.8 100 198 −49.3 191 169 13.1 1,731 814 112.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 1,068 S
Other and unknown modes 801 1,270 −36.9 S 707 S S 103 S S 121 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,866 3,171 53.5 12,754 7,999 59.4 8,119 4,190 93.8 461 S S
Single modes 4,700 3,150 49.2 12,133 7,947 52.7 7,863 4,150 89.4 539 S S
Truck 4,140 2,959 39.9 9,496 6,824 39.2 4,848 2,793 73.6 423 S S
Rail 438 191 129.1 1,775 1,123 58.1 2,686 1,357 97.9 1,641 1,527 7.5
Water S S S S S S 373
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,385 1,944 22.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 60 S S S S S S S S 1,069 1,647 −35.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,040 1,625 −36
Truck and Rail 33 S S S S S S S S 2,442 2,432 0.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,278
Other and unknown modes S 17 S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,339 3,146 37.9 5,297 3,692 43.5 4,607 3,187 44.5 S 177 S
Single modes 4,043 2,911 38.9 4,737 3,347 41.5 4,582 3,169 44.6 S 173 S
Truck 3,300 2,391 38 3,149 2,377 32.5 2,245 1,595 40.8 S 158 S
Rail 743 520 42.9 1,588 970 63.7 2,337 1,575 48.4 1,507 1,627 −7.4
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 832 1,403 −40.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 834 1,203 −30.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,097
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5 3,160 −99.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 132 S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 171 338 −49.4 S 14,078 S 406 551 −26.3 S S S
Single modes 116 267 −56.4 S 14,005 S 315 488 −35.4 S S S
Truck 113 231 −51.1 S 11,672 S 253 428 −40.9 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 792 S S
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,062
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 56 S S S S S S S 1,511 821 84
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,375 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,526 1,928 −20.9
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 23 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,291 769 67.9 4,308 2,847 51.3 792 247 220.8 103 S S
Single modes 1,287 769 67.4 4,306 2,846 51.3 791 247 220.7 102 S S
Truck 1,287 769 67.4 4,306 2,846 51.3 791 247 220.6 100 S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,852
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S 240 214 11.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 249 214 16
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 51 60 −16.1

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,417 2,314 −38.8 1,904 3,421 −44.3 1,075 1,602 −32.9 535 154 248.3
Single modes 1,272 2,149 −40.8 1,891 3,412 −44.6 1,071 1,599 −33 123 94 31
Truck 896 1,533 −41.5 1,224 2,426 −49.6 332 479 −30.6 115 83 39.9
Rail 318 615 −48.3 666 986 −32.5 738 1,120 −34.1 1,105 1,160 −4.7
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S 800 S
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 134 S 7 4 105.4 S 3 S 1,388 481 188.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S 134 S 7 4 105.4 S 3 S 1,388 481 188.8
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 31 S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,629 3,611 28.2 5,799 3,899 48.7 4,465 3,456 29.2 800 1,378 −41.9
Single modes 4,328 2,339 85 5,669 3,474 63.2 4,391 3,276 34.1 361 594 −39.3
Truck 3,700 1,714 115.8 4,200 2,198 91.1 2,109 1,152 83.1 240 163 47.4
Rail 626 605 3.5 1,468 1,275 15.2 2,281 2,121 7.6 1,569 1,664 −5.7
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 20 S S 1 S S 2 S 2,086 1,781 17.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 279 1,150 −75.7 S 241 S 58 153 −62 1,216 1,496 −18.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 197 S S 10 16 −33.6 S 20 S 1,219 1,497 −18.5
Truck and Rail S 174 S S 168 S S 110 S 1,577 619 155
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 378 558 −32.3
Other and unknown modes S 122 S S 184 S S 27 S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,255 1,751 −28.4 835 4,753 −82.4 S 325 S 238 334 −28.7
Single modes 991 1,505 −34.2 823 4,701 −82.5 S 311 S S 89 S
Truck 893 1,475 −39.4 761 4,581 −83.4 95 258 −63.3 S 80 S
Rail S S S S S S S 53 S 2,217 487 355
Water
Air (including truck and air) 22 S S S S S S S 1,203 885 36
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 230 129 78.5 8 S S 6 S S 861 911 −5.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 229 129 77.8 7 S S 6 S S 861 911 −5.5
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 425
Other and unknown modes 34 S S 5 S S S 2 S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,993 S S 183 229 −20.2 120 138 −13.3 1,318 914 44.2
Single modes 7,023 3,039 131.1 160 164 −2.5 99 69 43.6 1,406 563 149.7
Truck 2,766 1,594 73.6 154 155 −0.8 88 55 60 133 S S
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) 4,257 S S 5 S S 10 S S 2,129 1,703 25
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 737 S S 7 S S 10 S S 1,000 1,561 −36
Parcel, USPS or courier 735 S S 6 S S 8 S S 999 1,561 −36
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,473
Other and unknown modes S 648 S S 30 S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,478 1,477 67.8 1,481 575 157.7 671 244 174.5 346 854 −59.5
Single modes 2,001 1,092 83.1 1,445 545 165 655 236 177.3 145 S S
Truck 1,977 1,078 83.5 1,265 489 158.5 584 215 171.3 123 211 −42
Rail S 3 S S 56 S S 21 S 372 377 −1.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,104 1,303 61.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 382 S S 18 5 237.8 14 5 166.5 486 1,159 −58.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 380 S S 16 5 189.6 12 5 116.6 486 1,159 −58.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,035
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 95 S S S S S S S S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 33 257 −87.2 S S S S S S S 560 S
Single modes 31 189 −83.3 S S S S S S S S S
Truck 21 S S 45 149 −69.7 S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 702 1,656 −57.6
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,745
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1 S S S S S S S S 780 889 −12.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 S S S S S S S S 780 889 −12.3
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 9 738 −98.8

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.