Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 9.9 10.6 13.9 15.9
Single modes 11.1 1.5 10.7 2.1 14.3 0.9 22.4
Truck 10.3 3.5 12.8 3.8 14.5 3.7 12.5
For-hire truck 12.6 2.9 19.8 4.5 15.5 4.1 11.7
Private truck 10.0 2.1 10.9 5.1 19.4 2.6 10.2
Rail 14.4 1.4 17.7 3.2 17.3 4.1 7.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 39.1 4.4 34.8 40.1 4.0
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 14.5 1.7 37.5 0.3 28.1 0.4 13.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 16.7 1.7 19.7 18.3 13.2
Truck and rail 42.8 0.2 35.5 0.1 32.2 0.3 20.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.0
Other and unknown modes 35.6 1.0 S S S S S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.0 S S S S 10.6
Single modes 42.1 15.5 S S S S 15.1
Truck 47.5 15.6 S S S S 15.3
For-hire truck 42.1 12.7 S S S S 18.5
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.7 15.5 42.9 15.9 44.5 15.9 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.7 15.5 42.9 15.9 44.5 15.9 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 50.0 15.3
Single modes S S S S S S 22.6
Truck S S S S S S 26.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 26.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.0 20.1 23.2 5.0
Single modes 35.0 4.6 19.7 0.5 22.5 0.6 4.9
Truck 17.1 7.5 22.5 8.2 23.7 9.8 1.6
For-hire truck 20.5 7.5 28.7 9.9 28.8 10.1 2.1
Private truck 34.9 4.6 41.4 6.1 37.7 5.5 18.4
Rail 37.6 6.7 29.6 8.3 31.7 9.9 18.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 43.2 43.4 18.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.7 4.4 S S S S 4.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.3 4.4 47.3 0.2 46.9 0.2 4.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.1 46.2 45.7 12.9
Single modes 28.8 9.7 46.5 10.6 46.0 10.6 16.8
Truck 30.6 13.1 43.8 13.7 42.3 13.4 18.4
For-hire truck 32.5 13.4 41.3 15.4 40.4 15.3 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 24.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 24.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.6 14.6 15.5 6.6
Single modes 38.6 7.2 14.6 1.1 15.7 1.2 9.0
Truck 14.0 11.3 12.1 7.8 11.5 8.8 2.9
For-hire truck 14.1 9.1 13.1 6.7 12.2 7.5 3.3
Private truck 22.1 2.7 36.5 4.8 37.1 4.4 3.2
Rail 35.8 3.0 30.5 7.7 30.3 8.7 15.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 28.3 41.7 12.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.0 7.2 S S S S 6.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 30.7 0.1 27.1 0.1 6.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.0
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47.7 0.5 S S S S 18.7

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.0 40.3 37.7 4.9
Single modes 38.8 5.6 40.4 0.4 37.7 0.4 3.2
Truck S S S S S S 2.5
For-hire truck 48.1 7.1 20.2 14.6 19.7 14.9 3.3
Private truck S S S S S S 23.9
Rail S S 49.3 11.3 48.6 12.2 16.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 27.6 5.7 30.5 0.3 31.6 0.4 7.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.6 5.7 30.5 0.3 31.6 0.4 7.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.4

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.8 36.0 35.8 1.7
Single modes S S 36.1 12.8 35.9 12.7 10.7
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.9 14.3 32.5 13.0 33.5 12.9 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.9 14.3 32.5 13.0 33.5 12.9 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.9
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.9
Single modes S S S S S S 28.0
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.7 32.8 33.4 1.0
Single modes 28.9 4.0 33.1 1.0 33.7 1.2 0.9
Truck 36.8 8.6 29.4 7.6 29.3 8.1 1.2
For-hire truck 37.6 8.7 30.3 8.4 30.2 8.7 1.0
Private truck S S S S S S 21.1
Rail S S S S S S 25.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 34.7 6.1 S S S S 14.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.4 4.1 S S S S 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.2 4.1 43.1 0.6 43.8 0.6 1.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.7 39.2 39.5 2.1
Single modes 35.6 7.6 39.1 0.7 39.4 0.7 2.0
Truck 38.7 9.0 43.4 9.4 43.5 9.9 1.7
For-hire truck 31.6 9.5 35.0 11.9 34.7 12.5 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail 47.7 7.8 47.7 9.6 47.9 10.1 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.0 7.6 44.1 0.7 45.6 0.7 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.0 7.6 44.1 0.7 45.6 0.7 2.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.6
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.7 14.3 S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 45.9 18.0 46.6 17.8 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.2 17.5 17.6 13.9
Single modes 13.5 2.1 18.9 3.7 17.3 0.6 17.1
Truck 13.6 2.0 19.3 3.6 18.0 2.0 17.1
For-hire truck 23.7 3.4 31.3 6.0 21.6 5.9 24.0
Private truck 13.5 3.1 15.4 5.9 23.0 6.1 18.8
Rail 29.8 0.3 39.1 0.8 48.5 2.0 31.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 33.0 0.7 33.4 34.3 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.1 0.7 33.9 34.4 10.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.0
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.7

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.0 22.4 22.2 3.0
Single modes 14.4 2.2 22.5 0.7 22.4 0.7 4.5
Truck 21.0 8.5 37.9 9.8 37.5 9.6 1.4
For-hire truck 22.2 7.2 34.8 8.5 33.4 8.4 1.7
Private truck S S S S S S 15.0
Rail 27.4 8.1 32.7 9.9 32.0 9.7 3.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36.5 2.0 45.7 47.2 14.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.4 2.2 S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.3 0.9 34.4 36.1 10.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.1 27.4 26.8 2.2
Single modes 24.6 6.4 27.4 0.6 26.8 0.6 3.5
Truck 26.0 10.5 26.4 8.7 26.1 9.0 2.1
For-hire truck 28.8 9.3 25.1 7.7 24.6 7.8 3.0
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail S S 47.9 8.5 46.5 8.8 21.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.3 34.8 34.5 6.5
Single modes 18.5 0.9 34.8 34.5 5.7
Truck 27.9 11.2 25.8 13.7 25.4 13.9 2.4
For-hire truck 31.4 11.7 27.0 13.2 26.4 13.4 2.7
Private truck S S 49.1 4.3 S S 25.9
Rail 42.9 11.5 47.5 13.7 46.3 13.9 18.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.2 0.9 34.5 30.7 7.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.2 0.9 34.5 30.7 7.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.2 27.6 27.8 6.3
Single modes 17.3 3.6 27.7 0.2 27.8 0.3 8.4
Truck 29.9 9.8 31.4 11.2 31.5 11.1 3.4
For-hire truck 37.9 8.5 37.1 7.1 37.9 7.8 3.6
Private truck S S 47.8 8.7 48.8 8.4 25.8
Rail 29.8 7.5 49.3 11.3 S S 12.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 34.9 36.5 1.2
Single modes S S 35.0 36.5 2.0
Truck 28.4 16.4 40.9 14.9 41.1 15.9 10.9
For-hire truck 29.4 15.5 42.1 14.5 42.3 15.4 10.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 38.6 6.6 S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.1 27.8 30.7 4.4
Single modes 30.1 2.6 32.1 8.5 35.7 8.9 5.4
Truck 28.9 14.5 37.6 16.1 37.4 16.5 15.3
For-hire truck 24.1 14.3 42.5 15.3 41.3 15.5 15.3
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 23.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.1 0.7 S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.0
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.9 37.4 36.9 1.6
Single modes 47.7 8.7 40.2 4.5 39.9 4.6 1.6
Truck S S 22.1 12.5 21.2 12.8 10.6
For-hire truck S S 22.6 12.0 21.7 12.3 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 25.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.9 32.3 31.6 1.2
Single modes 23.4 9.0 32.7 10.3 32.0 10.6 1.3
Truck 46.8 7.8 49.4 9.9 49.3 9.8 1.0
For-hire truck 47.0 7.8 49.5 9.9 49.3 9.8 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 34.9 7.8 39.8 12.4 38.7 12.6 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 32.9 7.4 S S S S 10.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.2 9.3 47.3 10.3 47.9 10.6 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.2 9.3 47.3 10.3 47.9 10.6 1.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.5 27.3 27.9 2.3
Single modes 22.6 9.1 28.2 5.2 28.7 5.8 3.3
Truck 20.2 8.3 23.8 8.5 24.1 9.3 1.0
For-hire truck 21.0 8.3 23.4 9.2 23.2 9.5 1.3
Private truck 40.9 1.9 S S S S 23.7
Rail S S S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 43.9 3.1 40.5 41.4 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.3 22.4 23.9 4.0
Single modes 21.3 4.6 22.5 0.1 24.0 0.1 3.9
Truck 24.0 8.8 30.1 11.6 28.7 11.9 2.2
For-hire truck 24.0 8.8 36.5 11.8 35.1 12.1 2.4
Private truck 49.9 2.5 43.2 4.5 42.5 4.4 25.8
Rail S S 49.2 11.7 S S 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 46.2 0.1 38.1 0.1 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 46.2 0.1 38.1 0.1 3.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.4

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.3 40.7 40.2 10.8
Single modes 31.2 13.2 40.9 14.9 40.4 14.9 15.2
Truck 31.4 13.3 40.9 14.9 40.4 14.9 18.4
For-hire truck 33.3 15.5 42.6 17.7 42.1 17.7 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.2 13.2 47.5 14.9 47.3 14.9 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.2 13.2 47.5 14.9 47.3 14.9 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.8 27.0 28.3 2.6
Single modes 35.8 1.8 27.0 28.3 3.4
Truck 43.1 6.8 25.5 12.8 25.2 13.2 2.4
For-hire truck 39.6 7.0 26.4 13.6 25.8 13.8 2.5
Private truck S S S S S S 28.0
Rail 34.4 7.3 47.8 12.9 47.5 13.3 15.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.4 1.8 37.9 39.0 11.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.4 1.8 37.9 39.0 11.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.3 22.7 17.0 11.8
Single modes 13.8 4.0 23.1 1.2 17.2 1.1 14.1
Truck 14.0 4.9 24.1 3.3 17.9 4.8 7.6
For-hire truck 24.3 7.3 24.9 9.4 16.3 10.5 8.1
Private truck 20.9 6.5 47.6 9.0 42.8 9.5 16.0
Rail S S S S S S 30.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 34.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.5 3.6 S S 43.8 0.1 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.5 3.6 S S 43.8 0.1 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.4 30.6 33.9 7.9
Single modes 24.4 7.5 30.7 4.7 34.0 3.1 10.0
Truck 27.6 11.4 31.3 15.1 34.8 15.8 12.3
For-hire truck 30.5 12.2 37.0 16.3 40.2 16.6 16.0
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail 49.2 12.3 48.7 15.9 48.3 16.9 26.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.0 4.7 41.1 3.1 19.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.0 4.7 41.1 3.1 19.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.3 49.8 34.8 11.6
Single modes 22.0 6.2 49.9 0.4 34.9 0.3 14.4
Truck 24.3 8.1 S S 38.1 6.1 9.7
For-hire truck 21.9 7.8 22.8 11.3 22.5 10.4 8.3
Private truck 31.4 7.6 S S S S 12.7
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 37.7 45.3 22.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.0 35.6 35.7 1.4
Single modes 49.5 15.0 36.1 17.1 36.2 17.1 15.0
Truck S S 44.2 15.9 44.3 16.0 18.3
For-hire truck S S 44.2 15.9 44.3 16.0 18.3
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.8 14.7 S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.8 14.7 S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.6 23.2 23.8 1.0
Single modes 40.2 10.4 23.3 10.5 23.9 10.5 10.6
Truck 32.1 10.1 23.9 13.3 23.7 13.5 10.6
For-hire truck 36.8 10.6 30.0 14.0 29.8 14.1 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 32.6 11.4 29.9 15.0 30.1 15.3 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 47.6 0.1 47.5 0.1 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.6 10.4 41.9 10.5 41.4 10.5 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.6 10.4 41.9 10.5 41.4 10.5 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.1 33.8 34.1 16.8
Single modes 27.2 15.1 36.4 17.3 36.2 17.5 14.5
Truck 26.8 14.6 39.7 16.6 40.5 16.3 18.4
For-hire truck 39.5 13.1 S S S S 21.2
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.6 14.7 S S S S 21.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.6 14.7 S S S S 21.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.2 40.6 40.8 1.3
Single modes 41.5 6.5 40.7 0.4 40.8 0.5 1.4
Truck S S 35.9 13.3 35.2 13.7 1.2
For-hire truck S S 34.8 10.3 34.2 10.6 1.3
Private truck 48.3 2.0 S S S S 23.7
Rail 47.3 7.8 48.1 14.2 48.4 14.6 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 43.5 8.0 37.9 1.3 38.1 1.3 10.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.3 6.4 35.0 0.4 34.2 0.4 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.3 6.4 35.0 0.4 34.2 0.4 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 34.8 35.0 1.5
Single modes 45.3 16.7 35.0 10.6 35.3 10.6 10.6
Truck 46.8 16.3 35.1 10.8 35.4 10.8 10.7
For-hire truck 47.1 16.5 35.5 15.1 35.7 15.1 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 42.1 1.2 42.4 1.1 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 36.1 10.6 35.5 10.6 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 36.1 10.6 35.5 10.6 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.5 S S S S 10.5
Single modes S S S S S S 17.0
Truck 38.2 17.2 S S S S 15.6
For-hire truck 43.7 17.1 S S S S 15.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.1 30.7 31.1 1.5
Single modes 21.7 4.5 30.8 0.3 31.2 0.3 1.7
Truck 16.3 5.9 28.5 10.2 28.2 10.3 1.4
For-hire truck 16.6 7.2 27.4 10.0 27.0 10.1 1.7
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail 44.5 5.0 S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.2 4.5 30.2 0.3 29.4 0.3 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.2 4.5 30.2 0.3 29.4 0.3 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.2 29.2 30.1 5.8
Single modes 47.5 10.5 29.3 10.5 30.1 10.5 12.4
Truck 49.5 14.3 29.0 14.3 29.0 14.1 15.1
For-hire truck S S 30.1 14.0 29.9 13.8 15.2
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.5 10.5 S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.5 10.5 S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.3 36.1 38.7 22.1
Single modes 23.9 6.0 42.3 8.0 46.0 8.6 23.9
Truck 17.1 4.8 33.2 9.9 32.5 9.2 17.4
For-hire truck 18.5 6.0 26.2 7.8 33.9 6.8 5.9
Private truck 20.4 3.1 S S 32.8 4.8 24.0
Rail 40.7 2.1 35.4 6.2 37.2 8.1 18.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.3 0.4 44.1 43.6 15.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.6 5.9 S S S S 12.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.2 4.4 30.9 0.2 43.6 0.2 12.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 27.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.2 38.5 38.0 1.6
Single modes 38.0 7.4 38.5 1.0 38.1 1.0 1.3
Truck 40.5 6.9 23.6 12.1 23.1 12.7 2.0
For-hire truck 42.1 6.9 22.6 12.2 22.0 12.7 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 40.2 2.3 S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.8 7.4 30.7 1.0 32.4 1.0 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.8 7.4 30.7 1.0 32.4 1.0 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.2 29.5 30.2 1.7
Single modes 47.9 17.7 29.5 18.2 30.3 18.2 18.3
Truck 44.7 16.4 29.5 18.2 30.3 18.2 18.4
For-hire truck 49.6 17.4 36.1 18.0 36.9 18.1 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.3 17.7 39.4 18.2 38.1 18.2 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.3 17.7 39.4 18.2 38.1 18.2 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.0 S S S S 17.2
Single modes 42.4 11.8 S S S S 21.3
Truck 48.7 13.3 S S S S 21.3
For-hire truck 48.6 11.1 S S S S 23.8
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 24.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 24.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 38.6 38.0 2.5
Single modes S S 38.6 1.6 38.0 1.4 3.1
Truck 46.1 18.0 S S S S 2.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3.3
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 21.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.0 1.2 32.0 1.6 31.4 1.4 4.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.0 1.2 32.0 1.6 31.4 1.4 4.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.6 28.2 28.7 4.0
Single modes 35.0 3.7 28.7 1.2 29.1 1.2 5.9
Truck 42.2 7.2 32.3 5.2 32.2 5.0 1.2
For-hire truck 44.9 7.4 29.3 5.8 29.1 5.6 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 10.9
Rail 24.4 3.0 29.1 4.7 29.4 4.5 4.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 43.9 5.0 S S S S 3.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.0 3.7 S S S S 4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.1 3.7 29.4 0.3 28.2 0.3 4.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 9.4 21.4 18.6 4.0
Single modes 9.8 1.1 21.6 0.4 18.9 0.9 4.4
Truck 11.8 3.6 23.0 6.7 19.9 8.5 3.2
For-hire truck 16.9 6.1 33.3 8.5 29.6 8.1 3.6
Private truck 20.3 5.4 28.2 7.5 24.9 6.0 8.4
Rail 31.5 3.0 44.0 6.7 33.8 8.6 28.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.7 0.4 S S S S 25.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 18.5 1.1 42.9 0.3 S S 9.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.9 1.2 26.4 29.0 9.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.3

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.1
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.5 38.9 40.6 2.2
Single modes S S 40.2 9.9 42.1 10.2 2.6
Truck S S 49.2 12.4 S S 1.7
For-hire truck S S 36.0 17.4 35.6 17.8 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.5 18.9 19.6 15.2
Single modes 28.1 2.2 19.6 1.8 20.3 2.6 18.0
Truck 35.1 6.9 19.6 7.1 19.2 8.9 16.1
For-hire truck 45.7 8.6 25.0 9.1 24.0 9.2 7.0
Private truck 16.9 4.8 43.8 4.7 25.1 5.1 33.7
Rail 42.5 3.6 33.3 7.4 34.7 9.7 18.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 20.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.5 1.7 30.2 0.1 28.5 0.2 8.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.6 1.7 31.3 30.9 8.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 33.5

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.9 14.7 15.5 6.8
Single modes 17.4 1.5 14.7 15.5 7.6
Truck 19.9 4.8 13.0 10.0 13.0 10.1 1.0
For-hire truck 21.1 5.1 14.6 10.2 14.6 10.3 1.0
Private truck 35.4 1.7 36.4 2.0 35.6 2.0 18.3
Rail 41.6 3.0 44.1 10.0 45.4 10.1 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 46.9 2.3 41.9 40.8 15.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.4 1.6 39.9 39.4 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.4 1.6 39.9 39.4 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.8 33.8 S S S
Single modes 28.1 2.0 33.6 0.2 S S S
Truck 31.1 7.0 34.5 5.0 S S 49.3
For-hire truck S S 23.9 14.3 20.1 15.6 42.6
Private truck 31.3 9.9 39.1 16.3 S S 45.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.0 1.4 48.4 44.1 19.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.0 1.4 48.4 44.1 19.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.3

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.