Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 6.0 11.9 12.7 12.8
Single modes 6.6 1.3 12.7 1.9 13.2 0.8 15.3
Truck 6.4 2.0 11.8 3.4 11.6 4.2 15.1
For-hire truck 6.4 2.7 13.0 2.2 14.6 3.5 7.0
Private truck 11.1 2.7 14.1 3.5 19.6 4.0 12.3
Rail 27.3 0.8 40.0 2.9 27.6 4.3 12.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 14.7 15.6 10.6
Pipeline 47.4 0.2 46.4 1.0 S S S
Multiple modes 9.2 1.3 11.2 0.1 11.9 0.4 9.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 9.2 1.3 12.6 0.1 12.8 0.4 9.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.0
Other and unknown modes 33.6 0.8 46.6 1.9 S S 48.5

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.4
Single modes S S S S S S 18.3
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.8 18.0 S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.8 18.0 S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 47.0 36.0
Single modes S S S S S S 31.5
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 26.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 26.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 47.9 47.7 11.1
Single modes 21.0 15.5 48.6 1.8 48.4 1.7 11.6
Truck 21.6 15.2 48.6 1.8 48.5 1.7 11.4
For-hire truck 24.3 14.9 S S S S 11.3
Private truck S S S S S S 26.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 11.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 11.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.8 40.9 41.6 15.0
Single modes S S 41.5 10.4 42.4 10.3 18.4
Truck S S 41.5 10.4 42.4 10.3 18.4
For-hire truck S S 41.5 10.4 42.4 10.3 18.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.3 39.0 39.5 6.7
Single modes 17.2 7.7 41.3 5.8 41.7 5.8 4.4
Truck 17.4 7.8 40.7 5.7 41.1 5.7 2.0
For-hire truck 22.6 7.7 36.4 9.5 37.6 9.7 3.1
Private truck 30.5 6.8 S S S S 3.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 31.3 25.3 15.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 42.1 7.0 22.6 0.3 21.2 0.6 10.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.1 7.0 23.0 0.3 21.8 0.5 10.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47.6 3.0 S S S S 5.8

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.8 31.1 29.4 2.0
Single modes 43.4 8.3 32.1 4.9 30.3 4.6 4.4
Truck 45.1 8.5 34.5 7.3 33.0 7.6 4.6
For-hire truck S S 38.4 7.0 36.6 7.4 5.2
Private truck S S S S 48.7 5.6 16.1
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 35.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.8 47.1 47.0 11.1
Single modes S S S S S S 23.6
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.7 10.3 S S S S 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.7 10.3 S S S S 11.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.2 S S S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.8 11.1 S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.8 11.1 S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 47.3 49.7 2.0
Single modes 35.1 10.4 S S S S 15.1
Truck 44.4 7.0 49.4 13.1 49.4 13.2 18.5
For-hire truck 44.4 7.0 49.4 13.1 49.4 13.2 18.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.9 10.3 S S S S 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.9 10.3 S S S S 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.3
Single modes S S S S S S 5.3
Truck S S S S S S 3.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3.0
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.4 13.4 49.8 13.1 S S 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.4 13.4 49.8 13.1 S S 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.9
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.2 17.5 17.6 13.9
Single modes 13.5 2.1 18.9 3.7 17.3 0.6 17.1
Truck 13.6 2.0 19.3 3.6 18.0 2.0 17.1
For-hire truck 23.7 3.4 31.3 6.0 21.6 5.9 24.0
Private truck 13.5 3.1 15.4 5.9 23.0 6.1 18.8
Rail 29.8 0.3 39.1 0.8 48.5 2.0 31.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 33.0 0.7 33.4 34.3 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.1 0.7 33.9 34.4 10.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.0
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.7

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.3 S S S S 0.9
Single modes 26.7 8.6 S S S S 2.0
Truck 27.4 8.4 S S S S 2.0
For-hire truck 28.3 9.2 S S S S 2.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 49.2 0.2 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.8 8.6 35.0 4.9 36.4 5.3 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.8 8.6 35.0 4.9 36.4 5.3 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.0
Single modes S S S S S S 10.6
Truck S S S S S S 10.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.3 40.3 39.4 1.6
Single modes 40.3 11.6 42.6 8.5 41.6 8.7 3.7
Truck 27.7 12.7 S S S S 2.2
For-hire truck 28.3 12.9 S S S S 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.3 11.6 S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.3 11.6 S S S S 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.2 S S S S 5.2
Single modes 24.7 7.4 S S S S 8.2
Truck 26.9 9.4 24.7 17.9 24.8 17.8 2.9
For-hire truck 33.2 11.1 29.6 19.3 29.8 19.1 11.0
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.2 7.4 S S S S 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.2 7.4 S S S S 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.2 S S S S 2.0
Single modes 46.5 13.3 46.5 12.4 46.3 12.3 15.0
Truck 47.1 13.3 46.5 12.4 46.3 12.2 15.0
For-hire truck 47.4 13.6 46.6 12.5 46.4 12.3 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 11.1
Single modes 47.4 14.1 S S S S 18.6
Truck S S S S S S 21.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.3
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.1
Single modes S S S S S S 21.1
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.4 S S S S 0.9
Single modes 42.0 12.1 S S S S 10.6
Truck S S S S S S 15.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.0
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 40.5 11.6 33.4 13.1 32.9 13.1 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.5 11.6 33.4 13.1 32.9 13.1 1.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.9 32.1 32.7 1.3
Single modes 30.2 10.3 36.7 11.2 37.5 11.2 10.6
Truck 39.8 13.5 42.8 14.6 43.6 14.7 15.0
For-hire truck 47.3 12.7 36.6 13.4 36.7 13.5 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 49.3 10.8 49.7 10.9 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.3 10.8 49.7 10.9 2.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.4 S S S S 2.9
Single modes 36.6 9.6 S S S S 5.2
Truck 37.1 9.6 S S S S 1.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 0.8
Private truck S S S S S S 18.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.8 9.6 30.4 5.2 31.0 5.3 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.8 9.6 30.4 5.2 31.0 5.3 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.2 S S S S 10.7
Single modes 43.3 12.9 S S S S 18.3
Truck 43.3 12.9 S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck 43.0 12.9 S S S S 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.5 34.9 38.4 4.1
Single modes 36.7 10.4 36.3 10.3 39.9 9.9 9.2
Truck 46.8 12.6 34.4 14.5 35.1 15.1 15.3
For-hire truck 46.8 12.6 34.4 14.5 35.1 15.1 15.3
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.6 10.4 30.2 10.3 28.4 9.9 4.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.6 10.4 30.2 10.3 28.4 9.9 4.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.9 30.7 28.6 8.2
Single modes 21.0 5.1 30.8 0.1 28.7 0.1 7.9
Truck 22.2 5.6 29.4 2.0 28.9 3.6 9.1
For-hire truck 20.3 8.7 42.1 9.7 41.9 10.0 8.9
Private truck 41.6 9.2 31.2 10.0 38.4 10.6 10.6
Rail S S S S S S 28.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.9 5.1 26.2 0.1 28.4 0.1 27.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.9 5.1 26.2 0.1 28.4 0.1 27.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.0 38.8 39.9 7.7
Single modes 36.0 10.0 40.1 10.3 40.9 10.4 11.2
Truck 36.6 9.7 42.9 12.3 41.1 12.9 11.1
For-hire truck 36.6 9.7 42.9 12.3 41.1 12.9 11.1
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 46.1 10.4 8.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 46.1 10.4 8.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.8 32.4 32.8 14.2
Single modes 25.1 10.5 32.4 1.1 33.2 1.6 24.1
Truck 23.2 9.0 22.0 9.4 28.4 10.3 6.6
For-hire truck 23.1 8.9 21.9 9.3 28.6 10.2 6.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.2 10.7 39.0 1.3 41.5 1.7 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.2 10.7 39.0 1.3 41.5 1.7 3.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.6 39.2 39.1 1.1
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.2 8.4 43.2 9.1 43.2 9.1 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.2 8.4 43.2 9.1 43.2 9.1 1.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.9 37.0 38.0 1.3
Single modes S S 42.1 11.9 43.3 11.9 1.4
Truck 46.6 14.0 42.5 13.1 43.8 13.1 15.0
For-hire truck S S 46.1 13.6 47.5 13.6 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.2 13.6 27.6 11.9 27.5 11.9 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.2 13.6 27.6 11.9 27.5 11.9 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 48.5 S S 16.0
Single modes 30.5 10.2 48.5 10.7 S S 19.9
Truck 34.6 11.7 37.9 15.1 35.1 17.3 15.9
For-hire truck 34.0 11.1 38.3 14.8 35.5 16.7 15.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 36.3 10.7 43.1 10.6 21.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 36.3 10.7 43.1 10.6 21.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.0 S S S S 1.2
Single modes 25.8 14.1 S S S S 2.1
Truck 34.2 15.0 S S S S 2.2
For-hire truck 34.2 15.0 S S S S 2.2
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 45.2 0.6 46.4 0.6 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.7 14.1 S S S S 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.7 14.1 S S S S 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.9 17.7 18.1 1.8
Single modes 19.7 5.4 18.6 2.0 18.9 1.9 1.5
Truck 19.8 5.4 18.7 2.0 19.0 1.9 1.6
For-hire truck 19.9 5.3 18.6 2.0 19.0 1.8 1.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.0 5.4 24.8 2.0 23.6 1.9 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.0 5.4 24.8 2.0 23.6 1.9 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.0 46.0 47.2 3.9
Single modes S S 46.1 11.4 47.4 11.5 11.4
Truck S S S S S S 11.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.7
Private truck S S S S S S 26.3
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.4 30.6 29.9 1.2
Single modes 28.7 10.1 31.1 3.5 30.4 3.6 1.1
Truck 34.3 11.1 36.1 9.0 35.6 9.1 1.1
For-hire truck 35.0 13.2 38.8 10.1 38.4 10.1 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.7 0.9 42.7 41.9 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.2 9.9 35.9 3.5 35.7 3.6 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.2 9.9 35.9 3.5 35.7 3.6 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.6 44.5 46.2 3.1
Single modes 42.5 16.1 47.1 13.3 49.5 13.7 10.9
Truck 42.5 16.1 47.1 13.3 49.5 13.7 10.9
For-hire truck 49.6 13.8 S S S S 15.2
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.1 18.2 19.7 12.9
Single modes 11.8 2.9 18.4 0.7 20.2 1.1 14.8
Truck 12.5 3.9 11.9 7.6 10.8 7.8 2.4
For-hire truck 14.1 5.2 17.3 7.6 13.6 7.4 3.1
Private truck 18.8 5.1 18.0 7.4 20.3 6.8 2.7
Rail S S S S S S 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 20.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 22.5 2.7 20.3 0.1 19.7 0.1 4.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.5 2.7 20.3 0.1 19.7 0.1 4.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 49.7 0.5 S S S S 21.1

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 45.7 44.9 1.4
Single modes S S 49.0 15.6 48.2 15.5 10.7
Truck S S 49.0 15.8 48.2 15.8 10.7
For-hire truck S S 49.0 15.8 48.2 15.8 10.7
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.4 15.5 35.0 14.8 34.7 14.7 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.4 15.5 35.0 14.8 34.7 14.7 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.7 S S S S 14.9
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.3 8.3 29.3 18.5 29.0 18.6 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.3 8.3 29.3 18.5 29.0 18.6 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.8 39.5 38.8 1.8
Single modes S S 42.7 15.4 42.8 15.5 18.3
Truck S S 42.7 15.4 42.8 15.5 18.3
For-hire truck S S 42.7 15.4 42.8 15.5 18.3
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.0 S S S S 6.3
Single modes 40.0 11.4 43.0 18.4 S S 12.7
Truck 44.6 11.8 43.1 18.6 43.6 19.9 15.4
For-hire truck 45.8 11.7 42.8 18.9 44.9 19.7 15.4
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.3 11.4 S S S S 13.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 39.0 11.8 41.2 11.0 13.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 39.4 40.1 3.7
Single modes S S 42.1 9.7 42.6 9.6 3.3
Truck 46.3 13.1 S S S S 1.8
For-hire truck 46.3 13.1 S S S S 1.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.5 12.9 40.8 9.7 38.9 9.6 4.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.5 12.9 40.8 9.7 38.9 9.6 4.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.1 29.8 32.2 3.7
Single modes 29.3 9.1 34.6 11.8 37.0 11.9 4.9
Truck 28.3 8.8 34.6 11.8 37.0 11.9 3.4
For-hire truck 33.1 10.0 S S S S 3.7
Private truck S S S S S S 18.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.5 9.4 49.7 9.6 S S 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.5 9.4 49.7 9.6 S S 3.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 44.7 1.7 43.4 6.6 43.0 6.4 23.6

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.5 45.4 43.0 4.3
Single modes 14.8 4.1 48.8 8.1 47.0 8.9 1.0
Truck 15.8 5.6 38.4 10.5 46.6 12.2 1.5
For-hire truck 26.5 5.4 S S S S 2.4
Private truck 20.7 7.2 37.9 11.3 32.1 11.9 5.4
Rail S S S S S S 26.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 25.4 4.2 16.8 16.6 0.1 6.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.4 4.2 16.8 16.6 0.1 6.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 46.0 0.9 S S S S 19.3

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.3 S S S S 1.6
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.2 15.5 S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.2 15.5 S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.3
Single modes S S S S S S 10.9
Truck S S S S S S 10.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.2
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.2 15.3 40.9 13.7 40.8 13.7 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.2 15.3 40.9 13.7 40.8 13.7 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.3 20.4 18.6 10.2
Single modes 10.8 3.1 21.2 2.3 19.1 1.1 31.4
Truck 10.1 3.5 24.0 3.9 21.5 5.5 13.8
For-hire truck 14.3 5.2 18.9 5.9 24.1 5.6 14.9
Private truck 20.2 5.0 40.7 5.4 28.1 4.1 20.5
Rail 28.2 0.7 28.4 3.3 33.8 5.9 7.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.4 3.2 45.4 0.7 42.0 0.7 7.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.4 3.2 45.4 0.7 42.0 0.7 7.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 41.2 0.4 S S S S S

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 25.8
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.9 S S S S 1.3
Single modes 31.7 9.5 S S S S 3.2
Truck 31.8 9.9 S S S S 1.9
For-hire truck 35.2 11.0 S S S S 2.0
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.4 9.6 49.8 10.8 50.0 10.9 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.4 9.6 49.8 10.8 50.0 10.9 1.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.2 36.7 42.0 10.9
Single modes 40.0 2.7 36.7 42.0 14.0
Truck 49.4 6.7 44.4 2.2 S S 13.3
For-hire truck S S 44.8 2.0 S S 11.8
Private truck S S S S S S 27.3
Rail 33.3 8.3 28.0 10.1 40.0 4.1 15.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 39.1 2.7 39.4 41.8 12.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.1 2.7 39.4 41.8 12.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.5

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.