Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 442,130 100.0 718,351 100.0 167,342 100.0
Less than 50 miles 137,560 31.1 421,331 58.7 9,247 5.5
50 to 99 miles 33,510 7.6 61,052 8.5 5,570 3.3
100 to 249 miles 65,495 14.8 82,923 11.5 16,755 10.0
250 to 499 miles 73,957 16.7 55,118 7.7 25,164 15.0
500 to 749 miles 58,562 13.2 42,642 5.9 36,706 21.9
750 to 999 miles 36,891 8.3 43,365 6.0 51,636 30.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 12,942 2.9 4,735 0.7 6,949 4.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 22,913 5.2 7,156 1.0 15,186 9.1
2,000 miles or more 300 28 129

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 361,345 100.0 688,164 100.0 149,306 100.0
Less than 50 miles 121,290 33.6 409,622 59.5 8,994 6.0
50 to 99 miles 29,794 8.2 59,738 8.7 5,409 3.6
100 to 249 miles 56,186 15.5 79,584 11.6 16,007 10.7
250 to 499 miles 60,358 16.7 54,088 7.9 24,745 16.6
500 to 749 miles 41,217 11.4 38,939 5.7 33,035 22.1
750 to 999 miles 28,507 7.9 36,819 5.4 43,638 29.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 8,796 2.4 3,289 0.5 4,714 3.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 15,108 4.2 6,074 0.9 12,742 8.5
2,000 miles or more S S 10 21

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 328,191 100.0 497,573 100.0 65,577 100.0
Less than 50 miles 111,941 34.1 339,770 68.3 6,645 10.1
50 to 99 miles 29,165 8.9 51,617 10.4 4,459 6.8
100 to 249 miles 51,194 15.6 42,978 8.6 8,346 12.7
250 to 499 miles 56,591 17.2 31,155 6.3 12,727 19.4
500 to 749 miles 35,374 10.8 17,001 3.4 12,808 19.5
750 to 999 miles 23,622 7.2 8,113 1.6 7,996 12.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,910 2.4 2,540 0.5 3,641 5.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 12,327 3.8 4,392 0.9 8,944 13.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 221,388 100.0 266,387 100.0 52,956 100.0
Less than 50 miles 47,660 21.5 151,210 56.8 3,522 6.7
50 to 99 miles 15,192 6.9 35,015 13.1 2,995 5.7
100 to 249 miles 36,800 16.6 27,193 10.2 5,337 10.1
250 to 499 miles 47,605 21.5 22,752 8.5 9,525 18.0
500 to 749 miles 33,126 15.0 15,975 6.0 12,040 22.7
750 to 999 miles 21,131 9.5 7,572 2.8 7,474 14.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,785 3.5 2,481 0.9 3,553 6.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 12,021 5.4 4,182 1.6 8,500 16.1
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 106,380 100.0 230,839 100.0 12,565 100.0
Less than 50 miles 64,190 60.3 188,494 81.7 3,119 24.8
50 to 99 miles 13,858 13.0 16,469 7.1 1,450 11.5
100 to 249 miles 14,248 13.4 15,664 6.8 2,984 23.7
250 to 499 miles 8,922 8.4 8,380 3.6 3,194 25.4
500 to 749 miles 2,248 2.1 1,026 0.4 768 6.1
750 to 999 miles 2,483 2.3 536 0.2 518 4.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 124 0.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 14,877 100.0 88,500 100.0 33,676 100.0
Less than 50 miles 2,828 19.0 35,616 40.2 1,878 5.6
50 to 99 miles 286 1.9 5,418 6.1 651 1.9
100 to 249 miles 1,166 7.8 10,671 12.1 2,557 7.6
250 to 499 miles 2,297 15.4 15,914 18.0 7,011 20.8
500 to 749 miles 3,848 25.9 11,192 12.6 9,192 27.3
750 to 999 miles 2,054 13.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 414 2.8 741 0.8 1,059 3.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,984 13.3 1,639 1.9 3,694 11.0
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,917 100.0 56,725 100.0 46,489 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 5,130 9.0 122 0.3
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 179 3.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 841 17.1 6,388 11.3 4,838 10.4
500 to 749 miles 1,174 23.9 9,944 17.5 10,561 22.7
750 to 999 miles 2,327 47.3 21,386 37.7 27,993 60.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,911 100.0 56,724 100.0 46,489 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S 5,129 9.0 122 0.3
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 179 3.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 841 17.1 6,388 11.3 4,838 10.4
500 to 749 miles 1,174 23.9 9,944 17.5 10,561 22.7
750 to 999 miles 2,327 47.4 21,386 37.7 27,993 60.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,639 100.0 110 100.0 177 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 634 17.4 6 5.3 3 1.8
250 to 499 miles 517 14.2 21 19.1 12 6.6
500 to 749 miles 693 19.1 18 16.5 17 9.9
750 to 999 miles 503 13.8 12 11.2 15 8.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 8 7.1 14 7.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 22 0.6 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 9,722 100.0 45,255 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 6,270 64.5 29,107 64.3 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 3,013 31.0 13,753 30.4 S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 68,421 100.0 20,135 100.0 16,907 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,047 11.8 S S 143 0.8
50 to 99 miles 3,358 4.9 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 8,685 12.7 2,795 13.9 622 3.7
250 to 499 miles 12,637 18.5 713 3.5 286 1.7
500 to 749 miles 16,395 24.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 8,054 11.8 6,481 32.2 7,935 46.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,010 5.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 7,056 10.3 939 4.7 2,143 12.7
2,000 miles or more 179 0.3 14 S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 59,417 100.0 2,405 100.0 1,183 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,793 13.1 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 3,324 5.6 182 7.6 S S
100 to 249 miles 8,448 14.2 409 17.0 84 7.1
250 to 499 miles 12,457 21.0 492 20.5 206 17.4
500 to 749 miles 12,145 20.4 367 15.2 283 23.9
750 to 999 miles 6,374 10.7 168 7.0 167 14.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,702 6.2 98 4.1 145 12.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,099 8.6 126 5.3 260 22.0
2,000 miles or more 75 0.1 2 5 0.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,824 100.0 6,077 100.0 4,348 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 1,158 19.1 1,019 23.4
750 to 999 miles 966 12.4 398 6.6 441 10.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 292 3.7 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,958 25.0 813 13.4 1,883 43.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 883 100.0 8,014 100.0 7,393 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more 61 6.9 S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 12,363 100.0 10,052 100.0 1,130 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,223 66.5 8,133 80.9 110 9.8
50 to 99 miles 358 2.9 S S 41 3.6
100 to 249 miles 625 5.1 544 5.4 127 11.2
250 to 499 miles 961 7.8 317 3.2 132 11.7
500 to 749 miles 950 7.7 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 329 2.7 64 0.6 62 5.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 137 1.1 56 0.6 76 6.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.