Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 442,130 100.0 718,351 100.0 167,342 100.0 469
Less than 50 lbs 52,085 11.8 1,071 0.1 517 0.3 594
50 to 99 lbs 16,677 3.8 812 0.1 312 0.2 378
100 to 499 lbs 43,172 9.8 4,580 0.6 1,342 0.8 275
500 to 749 lbs 12,159 2.8 2,224 0.3 635 0.4 282
750 to 999 lbs 8,297 1.9 1,604 0.2 440 0.3 277
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 88,901 20.1 39,142 5.4 8,896 5.3 229
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 163,359 36.9 320,209 44.6 51,374 30.7 172
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 24,404 5.5 127,171 17.7 10,837 6.5 84
100,000 lbs or more 33,077 7.5 221,540 30.8 92,989 55.6 373

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 361,345 100.0 688,164 100.0 149,306 100.0 245
Less than 50 lbs 13,082 3.6 301 90 317
50 to 99 lbs 7,736 2.1 343 91 259
100 to 499 lbs 30,809 8.5 3,513 0.5 908 0.6 221
500 to 749 lbs 11,112 3.1 2,006 0.3 552 0.4 271
750 to 999 lbs 7,953 2.2 1,515 0.2 388 0.3 257
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 85,125 23.6 37,842 5.5 8,436 5.7 228
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 154,665 42.8 314,383 45.7 48,263 32.3 163
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 24,017 6.6 124,988 18.2 10,572 7.1 83
100,000 lbs or more 26,847 7.4 203,274 29.5 80,007 53.6 380

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 328,191 100.0 497,573 100.0 65,577 100.0 210
Less than 50 lbs 11,273 3.4 279 62 225
50 to 99 lbs 7,030 2.1 330 68 0.1 206
100 to 499 lbs 30,036 9.2 3,496 0.7 889 1.4 217
500 to 749 lbs 10,956 3.3 2,000 0.4 542 0.8 267
750 to 999 lbs 7,914 2.4 1,510 0.3 383 0.6 255
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 84,850 25.9 37,793 7.6 8,375 12.8 226
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 151,868 46.3 310,701 62.4 43,633 66.5 152
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 21,872 6.7 120,183 24.2 8,167 12.5 68
100,000 lbs or more 2,392 0.7 21,282 4.3 3,458 5.3 274

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 221,388 100.0 266,387 100.0 52,956 100.0 445
Less than 50 lbs S S 95 44 473
50 to 99 lbs 4,112 1.9 94 54 0.1 565
100 to 499 lbs 19,756 8.9 1,275 0.5 770 1.5 591
500 to 749 lbs 7,186 3.2 835 0.3 477 0.9 567
750 to 999 lbs 5,910 2.7 649 0.2 342 0.6 528
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 54,977 24.8 15,216 5.7 6,903 13.0 476
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 105,294 47.6 168,969 63.4 35,243 66.6 237
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 14,197 6.4 66,451 24.9 5,882 11.1 86
100,000 lbs or more 1,938 0.9 12,804 4.8 3,241 6.1 335

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 106,380 100.0 230,839 100.0 12,565 100.0 69
Less than 50 lbs 3,237 3.0 183 18 0.1 105
50 to 99 lbs 2,915 2.7 233 0.1 14 0.1 63
100 to 499 lbs 10,244 9.6 2,181 0.9 115 0.9 45
500 to 749 lbs 3,745 3.5 1,141 0.5 61 0.5 53
750 to 999 lbs 1,982 1.9 834 0.4 38 0.3 45
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,608 27.8 22,359 9.7 1,432 11.4 61
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 46,531 43.7 141,707 61.4 8,387 66.7 61
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,663 7.2 53,722 23.3 2,283 18.2 44
100,000 lbs or more 454 0.4 S S S S S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 14,877 100.0 88,500 100.0 33,676 100.0 504
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 412
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 429
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 589
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,010
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 115 0.8 25 22 968
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,468 16.6 2,366 2.7 2,524 7.5 1,011
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 501
100,000 lbs or more 10,149 68.2 81,324 91.9 28,723 85.3 383

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,917 100.0 56,725 100.0 46,489 100.0 1,369
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,604
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 4,607 93.7 55,454 97.8 44,444 95.6 816

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,911 100.0 56,724 100.0 46,489 100.0 1,371
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,606
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 4,607 93.8 55,454 97.8 44,444 95.6 816

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 3
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 3
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,639 100.0 110 100.0 177 100.0 1,240
Less than 50 lbs 1,808 49.7 22 19.6 28 15.6 1,196
50 to 99 lbs 705 19.4 13 11.7 22 12.6 1,695
100 to 499 lbs 770 21.2 16 14.5 19 10.5 1,234
500 to 749 lbs S S 6 5.6 10 5.7 1,580
750 to 999 lbs 32 0.9 3 2.4 3 1.5 1,010
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 159 4.4 24 21.6 39 22.0 1,837
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,002
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 9,722 100.0 45,255 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 9,699 99.8 45,213 99.9 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 68,421 100.0 20,135 100.0 16,907 100.0 656
Less than 50 lbs 38,035 55.6 740 3.7 425 2.5 684
50 to 99 lbs 8,708 12.7 454 2.3 221 1.3 480
100 to 499 lbs 11,648 17.0 939 4.7 424 2.5 463
500 to 749 lbs 720 1.1 S S 82 0.5 426
750 to 999 lbs 324 0.5 81 0.4 S S 651
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 870 1.3 118 0.6 172 1.0 1,476
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 6,217 9.1 2,572 12.8 2,374 14.0 1,048
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S 229 1.4 S
100,000 lbs or more 1,696 2.5 14,139 70.2 12,929 76.5 S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 59,417 100.0 2,405 100.0 1,183 100.0 655
Less than 50 lbs 38,031 64.0 740 30.8 425 35.9 684
50 to 99 lbs 8,702 14.6 453 18.8 219 18.5 477
100 to 499 lbs 11,603 19.5 935 38.9 411 34.8 453
500 to 749 lbs 700 1.2 S S 77 6.5 406
750 to 999 lbs 319 0.5 80 3.3 S S 619
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 383
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,824 100.0 6,077 100.0 4,348 100.0 1,087
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,408
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S 2 3 1,705
500 to 749 lbs S S 1 S S 1,354
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,588
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 785 10.0 106 1.7 113 2.6 1,006
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 5,945 76.0 1,373 22.6 2,036 46.8 1,429
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 77 1.3 97 2.2 1,263
100,000 lbs or more 889 11.4 S S 2,096 48.2 S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 883 100.0 8,014 100.0 7,393 100.0 2,077
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,604
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4,645
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 5,044
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 10,732
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 8,455
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 9,509
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 160
100,000 lbs or more 518 58.7 5,988 74.7 S S 1,195

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,780
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,054
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 281
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,251

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,638
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,034
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 677

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 12,363 100.0 10,052 100.0 1,130 100.0 93
Less than 50 lbs 967 7.8 30 0.3 2 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 234 1.9 15 0.2 1 S
100 to 499 lbs 714 5.8 127 1.3 11 0.9 S
500 to 749 lbs S S 25 0.2 1 S
750 to 999 lbs 21 0.2 8 S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 2,906 23.5 1,181 11.7 288 25.5 184
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 2,477 20.0 3,255 32.4 737 65.3 259
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 184 1.5 S S 36 3.2 S
100,000 lbs or more 4,534 36.7 S S 54 4.8 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.