Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 442,130 100.0 718,351 100.0 167,342 100.0 469
Single modes 361,345 81.7 688,164 95.8 149,306 89.2 245
Truck3 328,191 74.2 497,573 69.3 65,577 39.2 210
For-hire Truck 221,388 50.1 266,387 37.1 52,956 31.6 445
Private Truck 106,380 24.1 230,839 32.1 12,565 7.5 69
Rail 14,877 3.4 88,500 12.3 33,676 20.1 504
Water 4,917 1.1 56,725 7.9 46,489 27.8 1,369
Shallow draft 4,911 1.1 56,724 7.9 46,489 27.8 1,371
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) 3,639 0.8 110 177 0.1 1,240
Pipeline4 9,722 2.2 45,255 6.3 S S S
Multiple modes 68,421 15.5 20,135 2.8 16,907 10.1 656
Parcel, USPS or courier 59,417 13.4 2,405 0.3 1,183 0.7 655
Truck and rail 7,824 1.8 6,077 0.8 4,348 2.6 1,087
Truck and water 883 0.2 8,014 1.1 7,393 4.4 2,077
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,780
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,638
Other and unknown modes 12,363 2.8 10,052 1.4 1,130 0.7 93

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 320
Single modes S S S S S S 320
Truck3 S S S S S S 320
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 320
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,410 100.0 52,895 100.0 32,438 100.0 S
Single modes 3,999 90.7 47,205 89.2 25,495 78.6 S
Truck3 1,612 36.6 19,368 36.6 773 2.4 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 32
Rail S S S S S S 136
Water 1,688 38.3 20,058 37.9 24,202 74.6 1,213
Shallow draft 1,688 38.3 20,058 37.9 24,202 74.6 1,213
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 410 9.3 5,682 10.7 6,939 21.4 713
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 463
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,350
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,231
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,138
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,329
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 340

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,562 100.0 28,289 100.0 12,297 100.0 99
Single modes 5,824 88.8 26,233 92.7 9,877 80.3 67
Truck3 4,601 70.1 19,244 68.0 1,651 13.4 66
For-hire Truck 2,857 43.5 17,132 60.6 S S 68
Private Truck 1,744 26.6 2,112 7.5 S S 65
Rail S S S S S S 1,242
Water 1,213 18.5 6,981 24.7 8,216 66.8 1,181
Shallow draft 1,213 18.5 6,981 24.7 8,216 66.8 1,181
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 608 9.3 S S S S 996
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 990
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,961
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,226
Rail and water S S S S S S 932
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 48 0.4 358

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,097 100.0 8,581 100.0 3,612 100.0 165
Single modes 2,071 98.7 8,389 97.8 3,375 93.4 144
Truck3 1,661 79.2 4,999 58.3 886 24.5 125
For-hire Truck 682 32.5 2,006 23.4 478 13.2 185
Private Truck S S S S S S 102
Rail 294 14.0 2,198 25.6 1,354 37.5 626
Water S S S S S S 1,017
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,017
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,112
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,044
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,602
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 14 0.4 530

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,912 100.0 2,790 100.0 958 100.0 221
Single modes 7,895 99.8 2,789 99.9 957 99.9 218
Truck3 7,842 99.1 2,777 99.5 936 97.7 179
For-hire Truck 4,517 57.1 1,515 54.3 764 79.7 664
Private Truck S S S S S S 43
Rail S S S S S S 1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,031
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,716
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 508
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,701
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 38

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,718 100.0 9,985 100.0 5,144 100.0 379
Single modes 6,160 91.7 9,420 94.3 4,355 84.7 334
Truck3 5,825 86.7 6,856 68.7 2,915 56.7 320
For-hire Truck 4,388 65.3 5,562 55.7 2,250 43.7 422
Private Truck 1,437 21.4 1,294 13.0 S S S
Rail 334 5.0 S S 1,433 27.9 696
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,874
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 457 4.6 S S 1,564
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 120
Truck and rail S S 457 4.6 S S 1,637
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47 0.7 108 1.1 S S S

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21,452 100.0 30,296 100.0 13,485 100.0 S
Single modes 20,813 97.0 29,395 97.0 12,476 92.5 S
Truck3 18,528 86.4 21,219 70.0 6,323 46.9 S
For-hire Truck 11,869 55.3 12,657 41.8 5,445 40.4 494
Private Truck 6,540 30.5 S S 853 6.3 S
Rail 1,944 9.1 6,009 19.8 4,535 33.6 856
Water 303 1.4 S S S S 775
Shallow draft 303 1.4 S S S S 775
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 434
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 434 2.0 617 2.0 912 6.8 788
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 761
Truck and rail 252 1.2 607 2.0 904 6.7 1,655
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,499
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 306
Other and unknown modes 205 1.0 284 0.9 97 0.7 S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,653 100.0 6,905 100.0 1,637 100.0 26
Single modes 5,573 98.6 6,843 99.1 1,607 98.2 26
Truck3 4,823 85.3 4,962 71.9 377 23.1 24
For-hire Truck 1,268 22.4 2,206 31.9 317 19.3 145
Private Truck 3,555 62.9 2,756 39.9 61 3.7 22
Rail 561 9.9 1,305 18.9 818 50.0 514
Water 189 3.3 577 8.4 411 25.1 695
Shallow draft 189 3.3 577 8.4 411 25.1 695
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 730
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 39
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,268
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,360 100.0 37 100.0 37 100.0 401
Single modes 1,354 99.6 36 99.6 36 97.7 361
Truck3 1,341 98.6 36 98.8 35 95.8 344
For-hire Truck 844 62.1 29 78.7 S S 1,084
Private Truck 498 36.6 7 20.1 1 2.1 96
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,902
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,722
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,024
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,626
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 27
Truck3 S S S S S S 27
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 41
Private Truck S S S S S S 23
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 892
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 892
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 46

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 156 100.0 17,928 100.0 2,462 100.0 S
Single modes 150 95.9 15,752 87.9 2,415 98.1 S
Truck3 121 77.5 13,660 76.2 1,667 67.7 S
For-hire Truck 95 60.9 S S S S 259
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 29 18.4 2,092 11.7 748 30.4 355
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 655
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 655
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 20
Single modes S S S S S S 20
Truck3 S S S S 2,373 46.3 20
For-hire Truck S S S S 961 18.8 S
Private Truck S S S S S S 18
Rail S S S S S S 379
Water S S S S S S 175
Shallow draft S S S S S S 175
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 275
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 275
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 115 100.0 13,848 100.0 341 100.0 21
Single modes 111 96.3 13,589 98.1 330 96.8 S
Truck3 109 95.1 13,574 98.0 320 93.8 S
For-hire Truck 87 75.7 12,112 87.5 294 86.2 S
Private Truck 22 19.3 1,462 10.6 26 7.6 13
Rail S S S S S S 613
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 38

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 453
Single modes S S S S S S 453
Truck3 S S S S S S 453
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 469
Private Truck S S S S S S 313
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 705 100.0 32,296 100.0 5,153 100.0 86
Single modes 675 95.7 31,104 96.3 4,938 95.8 67
Truck3 153 21.7 6,247 19.3 347 6.7 50
For-hire Truck 153 21.7 6,247 19.3 347 6.7 50
Private Truck
Rail 519 73.5 24,724 76.6 4,523 87.8 185
Water S S S S S S 507
Shallow draft S S S S S S 507
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 182
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 182
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 116

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,725 100.0 69,844 100.0 S S 77
Single modes 18,722 100.0 69,832 100.0 S S 77
Truck3 11,628 62.1 39,006 55.8 S S 77
For-hire Truck 2,924 15.6 9,973 14.3 313 6.1 31
Private Truck S S S S S S 87
Rail
Water S S S S S S 337
Shallow draft S S S S S S 337
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 7,094 37.9 30,826 44.1 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,722 100.0 25,683 100.0 1,899 100.0 15
Single modes 5,622 98.3 24,676 96.1 1,857 97.8 15
Truck3 3,222 56.3 11,880 46.3 248 13.1 15
For-hire Truck 1,047 18.3 4,377 17.0 108 5.7 23
Private Truck 2,175 38.0 7,503 29.2 140 7.4 S
Rail S S S S S S 818
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft S S S S S S 3
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 2,379 41.6 12,613 49.1 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 67
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 67
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,892 100.0 23,984 100.0 S S S
Single modes 3,768 96.8 20,718 86.4 S S S
Truck3 2,354 60.5 S S 635 8.1 S
For-hire Truck 766 19.7 2,003 8.4 297 3.8 168
Private Truck 1,588 40.8 S S S S 31
Rail 310 8.0 1,073 4.5 811 10.3 768
Water S S S S S S 665
Shallow draft S S S S S S 665
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 186 4.8 1,526 6.4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 363
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 351
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 297
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,472
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,010 100.0 3,351 100.0 1,422 100.0 287
Single modes 1,983 98.6 3,316 99.0 1,410 99.2 317
Truck3 1,705 84.8 2,099 62.7 588 41.3 309
For-hire Truck 1,209 60.1 1,429 42.6 537 37.8 704
Private Truck S S S S 51 3.6 56
Rail S S 1,207 36.0 818 57.5 858
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) S S 2 3 0.2 1,404
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 11 0.5 5 0.2 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 0.2 S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 975
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,394
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 203
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 24,682 100.0 1,273 100.0 S S 617
Single modes 21,768 88.2 1,179 92.6 S S 486
Truck3 21,141 85.7 1,170 91.9 S S 356
For-hire Truck 17,417 70.6 S S S S 503
Private Truck 3,724 15.1 348 27.3 25 4.9 48
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 627 2.5 9 0.7 S S 1,768
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,820 11.4 S S S S 761
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,820 11.4 S S S S 761
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 93 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,030 100.0 19,158 100.0 S S S
Single modes 2,790 92.1 S S S S S
Truck3 1,039 34.3 5,851 30.5 S S S
For-hire Truck 680 22.4 4,261 22.2 S S 212
Private Truck S S S S 20 0.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 669
Water S S S S S S 327
Shallow draft S S S S S S 327
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 876
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 736
Truck and rail S S S S S S 989
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 100

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,861 100.0 10,262 100.0 S S 314
Single modes 17,054 95.5 10,112 98.5 S S 276
Truck3 16,697 93.5 S S S S 273
For-hire Truck 13,815 77.3 S S S S 653
Private Truck 2,872 16.1 1,473 14.4 195 3.0 142
Rail 329 1.8 446 4.3 423 6.6 1,114
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 823
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 630 3.5 91 0.9 94 1.5 661
Parcel, USPS or courier 549 3.1 44 0.4 24 0.4 624
Truck and rail 67 0.4 46 0.4 64 1.0 1,453
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,651
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,430 100.0 8,840 100.0 5,969 100.0 397
Single modes 15,376 88.2 8,462 95.7 5,536 92.7 320
Truck3 13,948 80.0 6,249 70.7 3,359 56.3 280
For-hire Truck 12,470 71.5 5,128 58.0 3,122 52.3 374
Private Truck 1,478 8.5 1,121 12.7 237 4.0 46
Rail 1,301 7.5 2,203 24.9 2,164 36.3 1,422
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 10 0.1 S S 1,153
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,761 10.1 268 3.0 398 6.7 585
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,583 9.1 106 1.2 66 1.1 581
Truck and rail 177 1.0 161 1.8 332 5.6 1,926
Truck and water S S S S S S 10,727
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 294 1.7 110 1.2 35 0.6 S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 350
Single modes S S S S S S 350
Truck3 S S S S S S 291
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 298
Private Truck S S S S S S 176
Rail S S S S S S 423
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,613 100.0 3,459 100.0 345 100.0 252
Single modes 2,586 99.0 3,435 99.3 336 97.5 207
Truck3 2,585 98.9 3,434 99.3 335 97.3 201
For-hire Truck 667 25.5 602 17.4 125 36.2 508
Private Truck 1,918 73.4 2,832 81.9 210 61.0 55
Rail S S S S S S 70
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,764
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 13 0.5 2 2 0.5 794
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 0.5 2 2 0.5 794
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 391

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,360 100.0 6,590 100.0 1,288 100.0 142
Single modes 6,138 96.5 6,290 95.4 1,112 86.4 116
Truck3 6,126 96.3 6,288 95.4 1,111 86.3 105
For-hire Truck 4,076 64.1 S S 972 75.5 268
Private Truck 2,049 32.2 1,310 19.9 S S 35
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,027
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 73 1.1 15 0.2 S S 445
Parcel, USPS or courier 73 1.1 15 0.2 S S 445
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,719 100.0 3,555 100.0 1,315 100.0 341
Single modes 5,157 90.2 3,300 92.8 1,064 80.9 188
Truck3 5,137 89.8 3,279 92.3 1,031 78.4 188
For-hire Truck 4,056 70.9 2,402 67.6 983 74.7 394
Private Truck 1,082 18.9 S S S S 40
Rail S S S S S S 1,457
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 970
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 724
Parcel, USPS or courier 134 2.3 28 0.8 S S 717
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,122
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 114 2.0 S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,253 100.0 2,151 100.0 946 100.0 735
Single modes 4,579 63.1 1,948 90.6 809 85.5 316
Truck3 4,540 62.6 1,943 90.3 801 84.7 301
For-hire Truck 3,545 48.9 1,541 71.6 725 76.6 524
Private Truck 995 13.7 402 18.7 77 8.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,396
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,200
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,438 33.6 146 6.8 106 11.2 823
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,425 33.4 143 6.6 94 9.9 821
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,278
Truck and water S S S S S S 10,700
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 56 2.6 S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,094 100.0 367 100.0 153 100.0 591
Single modes 1,655 32.5 245 66.6 87 57.2 347
Truck3 1,632 32.0 244 66.4 86 56.6 319
For-hire Truck 1,010 19.8 122 33.2 74 48.7 467
Private Truck 623 12.2 122 33.2 12 7.9 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,411
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,300 64.8 104 28.3 63 41.5 644
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,297 64.7 104 28.3 63 41.4 643
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,669
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 2 1.3 S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,667 100.0 54,839 100.0 3,414 100.0 197
Single modes 6,175 92.6 54,067 98.6 3,301 96.7 S
Truck3 6,122 91.8 53,434 97.4 3,011 88.2 S
For-hire Truck 3,295 49.4 14,287 26.1 2,290 67.1 365
Private Truck 2,824 42.4 39,142 71.4 721 21.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 517
Water S S S S S S 423
Shallow draft S S S S S S 423
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 895
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 287 4.3 S S S S 723
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 20 S S 746
Truck and rail S S S S S S 601
Truck and water S S S S S S 141
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19,589 100.0 31,391 100.0 7,169 100.0 217
Single modes 19,379 98.9 31,317 99.8 7,128 99.4 205
Truck3 18,807 96.0 29,270 93.2 6,019 84.0 196
For-hire Truck 12,380 63.2 17,942 57.2 4,884 68.1 396
Private Truck S S S S S S 62
Rail 554 2.8 2,041 6.5 1,105 15.4 558
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 483
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 69 0.4 S S S S 666
Parcel, USPS or courier 60 0.3 S S 4 662
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,038
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 141 0.7 S S 13 0.2 S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19,799 100.0 16,427 100.0 3,605 100.0 307
Single modes 15,209 76.8 16,186 98.5 3,482 96.6 266
Truck3 14,557 73.5 16,125 98.2 3,387 94.0 246
For-hire Truck 9,252 46.7 S S 2,978 82.6 491
Private Truck 5,306 26.8 S S 409 11.3 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,064
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 920
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 4,097 20.7 138 0.8 99 2.7 385
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,955 20.0 92 0.6 43 1.2 374
Truck and rail 140 0.7 45 0.3 53 1.5 996
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,588
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 103 0.6 S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28,156 100.0 3,647 100.0 2,250 100.0 491
Single modes 24,240 86.1 3,463 95.0 2,096 93.2 461
Truck3 23,179 82.3 3,337 91.5 1,913 85.0 372
For-hire Truck 20,281 72.0 2,890 79.3 1,858 82.6 617
Private Truck 2,898 10.3 447 12.3 54 2.4 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,168
Water S S S S S S 1,605
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,605
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 138 0.5 4 0.1 7 0.3 1,509
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,642 9.4 95 2.6 118 5.3 534
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,350 8.3 49 1.3 30 1.4 531
Truck and rail 290 1.0 46 1.3 88 3.9 1,773
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,555
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,274 4.5 89 2.4 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48,110 100.0 3,513 100.0 1,138 100.0 604
Single modes 23,259 48.3 S S 986 86.6 586
Truck3 21,807 45.3 S S 952 83.6 460
For-hire Truck 17,776 36.9 1,283 36.5 868 76.3 603
Private Truck 4,014 8.3 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 115
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 14 0.4 24 2.1 1,200
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 23,699 49.3 278 7.9 140 12.3 643
Parcel, USPS or courier 23,689 49.2 276 7.9 136 12.0 643
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,506
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,515
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 12 1.1 S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 30,728 100.0 4,366 100.0 1,811 100.0 696
Single modes 21,779 70.9 3,557 81.5 1,509 83.3 533
Truck3 21,151 68.8 3,503 80.2 1,446 79.8 454
For-hire Truck 15,753 51.3 2,580 59.1 1,303 71.9 634
Private Truck 5,398 17.6 922 21.1 144 7.9 333
Rail S S S S S S 1,183
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 13 0.7 1,183
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,967 12.9 246 5.6 270 14.9 811
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,396 7.8 127 2.9 107 5.9 807
Truck and rail 1,565 5.1 118 2.7 161 8.9 1,261
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,645
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 4,982 16.2 564 12.9 33 1.8 95

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 687
Single modes S S S S S S 608
Truck3 S S S S S S 357
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 492
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S 1,615
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,615
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,246
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 843
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 843
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 42

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,278 100.0 S S 60 100.0 702
Single modes S S S S S S 346
Truck3 S S S S S S 308
For-hire Truck S S S S 8 13.9 635
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 905
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,257 76.1 S S S S 721
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,257 76.1 S S S S 721
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,393 100.0 355 100.0 97 100.0 593
Single modes 2,233 93.3 331 93.4 83 85.5 378
Truck3 2,211 92.4 325 91.6 80 82.6 363
For-hire Truck 1,522 63.6 236 66.5 71 73.4 497
Private Truck 686 28.7 89 25.0 S S 72
Rail S S S S S S 536
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,030
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 721
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 721
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 19,804 100.0 7,832 100.0 3,145 100.0 846
Single modes 11,640 58.8 6,174 78.8 2,706 86.1 533
Truck3 11,466 57.9 4,783 61.1 1,808 57.5 506
For-hire Truck 9,255 46.7 3,918 50.0 1,738 55.3 650
Private Truck 2,210 11.2 865 11.0 70 2.2 95
Rail S S S S S S 1,281
Water S S S S S S 618
Shallow draft S S S S S S 618
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 50 0.3 3 4 0.1 1,000
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 7,140 36.1 322 4.1 285 9.0 883
Parcel, USPS or courier 7,009 35.4 295 3.8 257 8.2 883
Truck and rail 131 0.7 27 0.3 S S 641
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 309

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S 75
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 75
Private Truck 378 5.8 S S S S 78
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 207
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 207
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 60

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 71,907 100.0 28,516 100.0 6,706 100.0 277
Single modes 63,764 88.7 26,545 93.1 5,718 85.3 128
Truck3 62,802 87.3 26,321 92.3 5,326 79.4 119
For-hire Truck 34,332 47.7 S S 4,146 61.8 342
Private Truck 28,252 39.3 9,592 33.6 1,153 17.2 60
Rail S S S S S S 1,730
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,077
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 747 11.1 343
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 341
Truck and rail S S S S 355 5.3 1,493
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,668
Rail and water S S S S S S 4,054
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,781
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 821 100.0 S S S S 475
Single modes 759 92.5 S S S S S
Truck3 659 80.3 S S S S 158
For-hire Truck 319 38.8 262 13.2 46 5.5 524
Private Truck 340 41.4 S S S S 33
Rail S S S S S S 713
Water S S S S S S 1,061
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,061
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,058
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 54 6.6 S S S S 942
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 5.0 1 1 0.1 941
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,500
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.