Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 442,130 356,183 24.1 718,351 670,283 7.2 167,342 145,099 15.3 469 463 1.3
Single modes 361,345 294,873 22.5 688,164 643,174 7 149,306 131,672 13.4 245 219 12.2
Truck 328,191 256,837 27.8 497,573 472,746 5.3 65,577 52,819 24.2 210 168 25.1
Rail 14,877 18,330 −18.8 88,500 77,510 14.2 33,676 33,286 1.2 504 819 −38.4
Water 4,917 5,994 −18 56,725 47,371 19.7 46,489 41,558 11.9 1,369 S S
Air (including truck and air) 3,639 4,838 −24.8 110 161 −31.5 177 193 −8.4 1,240 1,140 8.8
Pipeline 9,722 8,874 9.6 45,255 45,385 −0.3 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 68,421 51,259 33.5 20,135 13,892 44.9 16,907 11,087 52.5 656 673 −2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 59,417 43,967 35.1 2,405 1,599 50.4 1,183 978 20.9 655 672 −2.6
Truck and Rail 7,824 6,918 13.1 6,077 3,048 99.4 4,348 4,081 6.5 1,087 1,323 −17.8
Other multiple modes 1,180 375 215.1 11,653 9,245 26 11,375 6,028 88.7 2,076 1,972 5.3
Other and unknown modes 12,363 10,051 23 10,052 13,217 −23.9 1,130 2,340 −51.7 93 99 −6.1

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 21,071 28,453 −25.9 92,763 109,234 −15.1 49,378 50,059 −1.4 141 175 −19.6
Single modes 19,879 27,548 −27.8 84,823 107,324 −21 39,777 48,867 −18.6 123 82 49.2
Truck 15,807 20,538 −23 46,595 61,532 −24.3 4,319 5,924 −27.1 105 75 39.7
Rail S 2,298 S S 13,183 S 1,883 6,166 −69.5 518 684 −24.3
Water 3,017 4,710 −36 28,232 32,606 −13.4 33,553 36,774 −8.8 1,198 1,146 4.6
Air (including truck and air) S 3 S S S S S S S 2,031 1,030 97.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,038 283 266.5 7,814 663 S 9,536 748 S 1,019 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S 5 S S S S S 940 371 153.1
Truck and Rail S S S S 35 S S 73 S 1,710 2,274 −24.8
Other multiple modes 713 126 464.9 7,660 S S 9,285 667 S 2,164 1,177 83.8
Other and unknown modes S 621 S 126 1,247 −89.9 66 445 −85.3 284 S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 35,182 34,723 1.3 47,223 40,535 16.5 20,303 19,021 6.7 113 244 −54
Single modes 33,900 33,454 1.3 45,695 39,360 16.1 18,473 17,698 4.4 97 101 −3.4
Truck 30,518 29,443 3.7 33,073 27,887 18.6 9,651 8,156 18.3 93 93 −0.4
Rail 2,840 3,391 −16.3 9,876 9,722 1.6 6,786 8,659 −21.6 774 1,036 −25.3
Water 491 333 47.3 2,652 1,161 128.5 2,028 874 132.1 753 750 0.4
Air (including truck and air) S 3 S S S S S S S 1,026 1,421 −27.8
Pipeline S 284 S S 588 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 862 S 1,084 829 30.7 1,663 1,161 43.2 858 1,065 −19.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S 223 S S 15 S S 12 S 761 1,058 −28.1
Truck and Rail 787 600 31.2 1,073 764 40.4 1,653 1,093 51.3 1,635 1,629 0.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 6,500 3,566 82.3
Other and unknown modes 307 407 −24.7 444 346 28.3 167 161 3.3 S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,000 1,410 41.9 169,244 126,503 33.8 8,595 5,025 71 29 53 −45.3
Single modes 1,976 1,382 43 165,690 123,673 34 8,503 4,933 72.4 28 35 −20.7
Truck 1,879 1,331 41.2 S 120,104 S 5,030 4,155 21.1 27 34 −21.8
Rail 36 41 −11.7 2,282 1,424 60.2 824 S S 360 504 −28.7
Water S S S S S S S S S 175 29 514.2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 654
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 11 S S S S S S S 326 1,225 −73.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S 10 S S 1 S S S S 323 1,224 −73.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 655 2,317 −71.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 275 196 40.3
Other and unknown modes 19 17 14 S S S 56 S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 29,045 21,248 36.7 151,807 168,040 −9.7 20,048 27,722 −27.7 44 45 −2
Single modes 28,787 20,531 40.2 146,331 153,599 −4.7 18,291 22,350 −18.2 42 45 −7
Truck 17,357 9,514 82.4 67,452 54,993 22.7 S 3,505 S 40 42 −5
Rail 849 1,842 −53.9 25,976 44,340 −41.4 5,475 12,141 −54.9 371 464 −19.9
Water S 588 S S S S S S S 518 S S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,010
Pipeline 9,659 8,588 12.5 44,964 44,791 0.4 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 134 273 −50.8 3,043 8,589 −64.6 S 5,301 S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 351 S S
Truck and Rail 25 11 21 1,860
Other multiple modes 131 193 −32.3 3,042 8,572 −64.5 S 5,280 S S 583 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 21 S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 65,013 54,580 19.1 42,883 32,154 33.4 26,987 11,959 125.7 407 561 −27.4
Single modes 58,972 45,832 28.7 41,289 30,505 35.4 25,564 10,219 150.2 326 259 25.8
Truck 54,531 41,735 30.7 25,029 25,215 −0.7 12,781 6,972 83.3 286 239 19.8
Rail 3,560 3,253 9.4 S 4,062 S S 2,678 S 1,010 904 11.6
Water S 284 S S 1,195 S S S S 167 418 −60
Air (including truck and air) 827 559 48 24 S S 27 S S 1,481 1,024 44.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,427 7,499 −27.6 S 1,272 S S 1,577 S 674 716 −5.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,958 5,896 −15.9 241 297 −19 166 176 −5.8 666 715 −6.8
Truck and Rail 449 1,600 −71.9 S 974 S S 1,397 S 1,482 1,441 2.9
Other multiple modes S S S S 1 S S S S 4,725 1,424 231.9
Other and unknown modes 614 1,249 −50.8 353 378 −6.6 79 164 −51.7 S 143 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 27,072 26,437 2.4 16,263 16,116 0.9 4,115 4,164 −1.2 518 551 −6.1
Single modes 20,148 19,513 3.3 15,359 15,173 1.2 3,478 3,594 −3.2 197 272 −27.5
Truck 20,031 19,195 4.4 15,234 14,953 1.9 3,379 3,462 −2.4 187 220 −15.2
Rail 56 97 −42.3 120 S S S 113 S 799 873 −8.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) 60 S S 4 14 −72.2 6 19 −70.7 1,192 1,348 −11.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,272 5,808 8 483 551 −12.4 413 472 −12.5 730 641 13.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,943 5,567 6.7 292 385 −24.3 182 252 −27.6 728 641 13.6
Truck and Rail S 241 S S S S S S S 1,130 1,431 −21
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7,046
Other and unknown modes 652 1,117 −41.6 S 392 S S 99 S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 74,211 73,564 0.9 106,303 S S 16,437 16,260 1.1 316 377 −16.1
Single modes 65,003 62,561 3.9 105,033 S S 16,007 14,546 10 243 222 9.6
Truck 62,665 60,149 4.2 102,166 S S 14,330 12,808 11.9 219 200 9.7
Rail 1,519 1,516 0.2 2,194 1,503 46 1,313 1,270 3.4 616 951 −35.2
Water S S S S S S S S S 683 559 22
Air (including truck and air) S 837 S S 58 S S 50 S 1,176 1,069 10.1
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,096 9,211 −23 S 912 S 356 725 −50.9 470 533 −11.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,581 8,391 −21.6 171 311 −45 88 161 −45.5 464 532 −12.8
Truck and Rail 445 813 −45.2 104 586 −82.3 165 552 −70.1 1,165 1,062 9.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,483 S S
Other and unknown modes 2,112 1,792 17.9 262 1,503 −82.5 75 989 −92.4 S 90 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 87,119 77,898 11.8 14,864 7,860 89.1 S 4,509 S 651 444 46.6
Single modes 49,823 54,134 −8 13,689 6,942 97.2 S 3,672 S 557 307 81.8
Truck 45,515 45,943 −0.9 8,092 5,467 48 2,727 2,754 −1 452 148 206.2
Rail S S S S 1,427 S S 843 S S 620 S
Water S S S S S S S S S 1,615 1,479 9.2
Air (including truck and air) 1,821 3,015 −39.6 24 47 −49.5 37 75 −49.8 1,191 1,146 4
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 31,148 21,370 45.8 569 684 −16.8 443 743 −40.3 708 671 5.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 29,566 18,123 63.1 448 318 41 276 191 44.4 707 669 5.7
Truck and Rail 1,572 S S 120 S S 164 543 −69.8 1,264 1,271 −0.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,580 9,485 −51.7
Other and unknown modes 6,147 2,393 156.8 607 235 158 45 S S 105 S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 100,597 35,211 185.7 75,018 22,459 234 13,167 6,119 115.2 550 679 −19.1
Single modes 82,098 28,045 192.7 68,285 21,682 214.9 11,408 5,560 105.2 219 355 −38.1
Truck 79,228 27,158 191.7 49,856 20,130 147.7 8,669 4,884 77.5 205 332 −38.2
Rail S 691 S S 1,545 S 1,894 666 184.4 S 861 S
Water S S S S S S 618
Air (including truck and air) 87 196 −55.7 4 7 −43.1 5 10 −44 1,025 1,035 −0.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,271 5,464 197.8 S 373 S 1,363 341 299.4 639 791 −19.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 11,833 5,091 132.4 S 230 S 459 166 177.1 639 791 −19.3
Truck and Rail S S S S 143 S 701 S S 736 1,352 −45.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,644 4,574 1.5
Other and unknown modes 2,228 1,702 30.9 S 404 S S 217 S S 268 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 821 2,659 −69.1 S 1,846 S S 261 S 475 544 −12.8
Single modes 759 1,871 −59.4 S 1,797 S S 233 S S S S
Truck 659 1,832 −64 S S S S 199 S 158 S S
Rail S 35 S S S S S S S 713 869 −17.9
Water S S S S S S 1,061
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,058 1,223 68.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 54 479 −88.7 S 17 S S 14 S 942 860 9.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 474 −91.3 1 15 −91.9 1 12 −93.2 941 860 9.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,500 1,120 33.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,694
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 451 S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.