Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 291,458 100.0 397,829 100.0 82,601 100.0
Less than 50 miles 71,023 24.4 232,078 58.3 4,723 5.7
50 to 99 miles 24,773 8.5 27,542 6.9 2,533 3.1
100 to 249 miles 69,882 24.0 57,955 14.6 11,697 14.2
250 to 499 miles 46,818 16.1 43,625 11.0 23,936 29.0
500 to 749 miles 36,074 12.4 22,009 5.5 17,361 21.0
750 to 999 miles 19,152 6.6 7,683 1.9 8,495 10.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,081 3.1 2,037 0.5 2,901 3.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 14,558 5.0 4,880 1.2 10,904 13.2
2,000 miles or more 98 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 244,448 100.0 382,357 100.0 74,388 100.0
Less than 50 miles 61,173 25.0 228,034 59.6 4,683 6.3
50 to 99 miles 21,600 8.8 26,397 6.9 2,428 3.3
100 to 249 miles 63,694 26.1 54,841 14.3 11,033 14.8
250 to 499 miles 40,125 16.4 40,254 10.5 21,552 29.0
500 to 749 miles 28,663 11.7 20,734 5.4 16,447 22.1
750 to 999 miles 12,903 5.3 6,012 1.6 6,214 8.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,988 2.9 1,801 0.5 2,557 3.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 9,254 3.8 4,266 1.1 9,430 12.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 225,612 100.0 291,532 100.0 41,147 100.0
Less than 50 miles 55,759 24.7 187,985 64.5 3,980 9.7
50 to 99 miles 20,889 9.3 21,365 7.3 1,839 4.5
100 to 249 miles 60,100 26.6 45,375 15.6 8,690 21.1
250 to 499 miles 36,819 16.3 19,471 6.7 8,408 20.4
500 to 749 miles 25,730 11.4 9,729 3.3 6,826 16.6
750 to 999 miles 12,046 5.3 3,466 1.2 3,486 8.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,218 2.8 1,318 0.5 1,842 4.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 8,008 3.5 2,806 1.0 6,035 14.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 137,010 100.0 142,936 100.0 31,603 100.0
Less than 50 miles 13,030 9.5 70,210 49.1 1,631 5.2
50 to 99 miles 7,538 5.5 10,892 7.6 964 3.0
100 to 249 miles 39,766 29.0 31,019 21.7 6,043 19.1
250 to 499 miles 30,644 22.4 15,469 10.8 6,761 21.4
500 to 749 miles 22,515 16.4 8,610 6.0 6,042 19.1
750 to 999 miles 10,663 7.8 3,063 2.1 3,082 9.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 5,799 4.2 1,123 0.8 1,575 5.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 7,040 5.1 2,534 1.8 5,465 17.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 88,383 100.0 147,908 100.0 9,445 100.0
Less than 50 miles 42,640 48.2 117,526 79.5 2,339 24.8
50 to 99 miles 13,304 15.1 10,301 7.0 854 9.0
100 to 249 miles 20,292 23.0 14,196 9.6 2,621 27.7
250 to 499 miles 6,144 7.0 3,914 2.6 1,618 17.1
500 to 749 miles 3,206 3.6 1,101 0.7 772 8.2
750 to 999 miles 1,381 1.6 404 0.3 404 4.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 417 0.5 195 0.1 267 2.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 967 1.1 271 0.2 569 6.0
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 11,600 100.0 57,902 100.0 28,614 100.0
Less than 50 miles 732 6.3 14,545 25.1 603 2.1
50 to 99 miles 430 3.7 2,797 4.8 381 1.3
100 to 249 miles 3,223 27.8 8,553 14.8 2,061 7.2
250 to 499 miles 3,144 27.1 19,958 34.5 12,680 44.3
500 to 749 miles 2,011 17.3 7,784 13.4 6,275 21.9
750 to 999 miles 692 6.0 2,327 4.0 2,513 8.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 503 4.3 480 0.8 709 2.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 1,458 2.5 3,392 11.9
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,153 100.0 14,935 100.0 4,294 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S 75 1.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 379 32.9 3,216 21.5 3,338 77.7
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 13,757 100.0 4,293 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S 73 1.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 379 35.8 3,216 23.4 3,338 77.7
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 145 7.9 5 2.1 3 1.3
500 to 749 miles 543 29.4 5 2.0 9 3.6
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 2 0.7 4 1.6
2,000 miles or more 4 0.2 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 32,216 100.0 6,260 100.0 6,338 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,452 4.5 40 0.6 1
50 to 99 miles 2,353 7.3 99 1.6 9 0.1
100 to 249 miles 4,049 12.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 5,800 18.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 6,380 19.8 403 6.4 S S
750 to 999 miles 5,643 17.5 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,000 6.2 222 3.6 325 5.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,489 13.9 553 8.8 1,340 21.1
2,000 miles or more 49 0.2 2 8 0.1

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 24,999 100.0 682 100.0 461 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,452 5.8 40 5.8 1 0.3
50 to 99 miles 2,297 9.2 53 7.8 5 1.1
100 to 249 miles 3,879 15.5 132 19.3 26 5.6
250 to 499 miles 4,455 17.8 153 22.5 71 15.5
500 to 749 miles 5,336 21.3 131 19.2 94 20.4
750 to 999 miles 3,658 14.6 68 10.0 68 14.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 951 3.8 40 5.9 56 12.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,935 11.7 64 9.4 138 29.9
2,000 miles or more 38 0.2 1 2 0.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,343 100.0 1,938 100.0 2,105 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 156 2.5 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S 87 4.5 60 2.9
500 to 749 miles 1,045 16.5 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S 136 7.0 154 7.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,049 16.5 182 9.4 269 12.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,555 24.5 489 25.2 1,202 57.1
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 23 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5 100.0 111 100.0 36 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 5 93.6 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 14,794 100.0 9,212 100.0 1,875 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,398 56.8 4,005 43.5 39 2.1
50 to 99 miles 820 5.5 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 2,139 14.5 2,177 23.6 439 23.4
250 to 499 miles 893 6.0 850 9.2 390 20.8
500 to 749 miles 1,031 7.0 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 605 4.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 93 0.6 13 0.1 19 1.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 62 0.7 134 7.1
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.