Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 291,458 100.0 397,829 100.0 82,601 100.0 682
Less than 50 lbs 24,788 8.5 538 0.1 268 0.3 783
50 to 99 lbs 5,681 1.9 368 101 0.1 291
100 to 499 lbs 20,157 6.9 1,950 0.5 514 0.6 257
500 to 749 lbs 5,543 1.9 943 0.2 242 0.3 257
750 to 999 lbs 6,058 2.1 908 0.2 192 0.2 210
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 75,380 25.9 21,469 5.4 6,126 7.4 245
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 124,551 42.7 197,883 49.7 28,980 35.1 157
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 13,224 4.5 61,319 15.4 5,794 7.0 91
100,000 lbs or more 16,076 5.5 112,451 28.3 40,383 48.9 504

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 244,448 100.0 382,357 100.0 74,388 100.0 150
Less than 50 lbs 7,462 3.1 200 25 95
50 to 99 lbs 2,372 1.0 235 27 114
100 to 499 lbs 15,825 6.5 1,732 0.5 401 0.5 213
500 to 749 lbs 5,225 2.1 918 0.2 226 0.3 246
750 to 999 lbs 4,598 1.9 874 0.2 166 0.2 190
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 62,984 25.8 19,816 5.2 5,477 7.4 235
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 118,346 48.4 194,501 50.9 27,177 36.5 149
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 12,919 5.3 60,899 15.9 5,633 7.6 88
100,000 lbs or more 14,718 6.0 103,181 27.0 35,256 47.4 502

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 225,612 100.0 291,532 100.0 41,147 100.0 136
Less than 50 lbs 6,546 2.9 197 20 68
50 to 99 lbs 2,178 1.0 234 26 107
100 to 499 lbs 15,207 6.7 1,724 0.6 388 0.9 207
500 to 749 lbs 5,220 2.3 917 0.3 224 0.5 243
750 to 999 lbs 4,567 2.0 873 0.3 165 0.4 189
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 62,103 27.5 19,740 6.8 5,400 13.1 232
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 116,932 51.8 193,395 66.3 26,708 64.9 147
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 10,900 4.8 59,263 20.3 4,910 11.9 80
100,000 lbs or more 1,958 0.9 15,189 5.2 3,307 8.0 255

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 137,010 100.0 142,936 100.0 31,603 100.0 431
Less than 50 lbs 913 0.7 21 12 478
50 to 99 lbs 465 0.3 25 16 606
100 to 499 lbs 8,552 6.2 490 0.3 298 0.9 606
500 to 749 lbs 3,301 2.4 316 0.2 170 0.5 540
750 to 999 lbs 2,702 2.0 278 0.2 129 0.4 461
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 38,967 28.4 7,852 5.5 4,423 14.0 546
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 75,503 55.1 100,671 70.4 20,502 64.9 227
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,360 3.9 26,323 18.4 3,145 10.0 112
100,000 lbs or more 1,247 0.9 6,961 4.9 2,909 9.2 439

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 88,383 100.0 147,908 100.0 9,445 100.0 53
Less than 50 lbs S S 176 0.1 8 38
50 to 99 lbs 1,712 1.9 208 0.1 10 0.1 48
100 to 499 lbs 6,632 7.5 1,233 0.8 89 0.9 70
500 to 749 lbs 1,910 2.2 601 0.4 54 0.6 89
750 to 999 lbs 1,855 2.1 595 0.4 35 0.4 60
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 23,130 26.2 11,886 8.0 978 10.3 72
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 41,333 46.8 92,441 62.5 6,167 65.3 72
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,482 6.2 32,653 22.1 1,723 18.2 53
100,000 lbs or more 698 0.8 8,114 5.5 381 4.0 59

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 11,600 100.0 57,902 100.0 28,614 100.0 667
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 273
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,505
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,992
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,993
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 71 0.1 73 0.3 1,081
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,388 12.0 835 1.4 435 1.5 540
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 1,636 2.8 723 2.5 S
100,000 lbs or more 7,361 63.5 55,358 95.6 27,380 95.7 624

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,153 100.0 14,935 100.0 4,294 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 1,147 99.4 14,684 98.3 4,268 99.4 363

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 13,757 100.0 4,293 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S 13,506 98.2 4,267 99.4 365

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,465
Less than 50 lbs S S 3 1.3 4 1.8 1,476
50 to 99 lbs S S 1 0.6 2 0.7 1,254
100 to 499 lbs S S 7 2.6 11 4.4 1,554
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 4,373
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,815
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 72 3.9 6 2.4 3 1.4 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 788
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 984

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 32,216 100.0 6,260 100.0 6,338 100.0 897
Less than 50 lbs 16,042 49.8 326 5.2 242 3.8 904
50 to 99 lbs 3,159 9.8 124 2.0 74 1.2 624
100 to 499 lbs 4,111 12.8 188 3.0 111 1.8 602
500 to 749 lbs 294 0.9 21 0.3 S S 737
750 to 999 lbs S S 27 0.4 S S 864
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,287
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,624 5.0 582 9.3 1,032 16.3 1,773
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,218
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 961

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 24,999 100.0 682 100.0 461 100.0 896
Less than 50 lbs 16,042 64.2 326 47.8 242 52.6 904
50 to 99 lbs 3,158 12.6 124 18.2 74 16.0 623
100 to 499 lbs 4,099 16.4 186 27.3 109 23.6 594
500 to 749 lbs 291 1.2 20 3.0 S S 735
750 to 999 lbs S S 26 3.8 S S 807
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,343 100.0 1,938 100.0 2,105 100.0 1,340
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,108
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,052
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 847
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,113
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,269
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,614 25.4 575 29.7 1,031 49.0 1,791
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,218
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,067

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 23 100.0 S S S S 4,367
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 4,663
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 209
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 4,908
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,533
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 199
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 395

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5 100.0 111 100.0 36 100.0 303
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 301
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 5 92.5 111 99.4 36 99.5 303

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,050
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,050

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 14,794 100.0 9,212 100.0 1,875 100.0 116
Less than 50 lbs 1,284 8.7 12 0.1 1 107
50 to 99 lbs 150 1.0 9 37
100 to 499 lbs 221 1.5 31 0.3 1 40
500 to 749 lbs S S 4 S S 329
750 to 999 lbs 43 0.3 S S S S 248
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 7,929 53.6 1,261 13.7 153 8.2 149
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 4,582 31.0 2,800 30.4 771 41.1 335
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 360 3.9 S S 86
100,000 lbs or more 436 2.9 4,729 51.3 918 48.9 204

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.