Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 291,458 100.0 397,829 100.0 82,601 100.0 682
Single modes 244,448 83.9 382,357 96.1 74,388 90.1 150
Truck3 225,612 77.4 291,532 73.3 41,147 49.8 136
For-hire Truck 137,010 47.0 142,936 35.9 31,603 38.3 431
Private Truck 88,383 30.3 147,908 37.2 9,445 11.4 53
Rail 11,600 4.0 57,902 14.6 28,614 34.6 667
Water 1,153 0.4 14,935 3.8 4,294 5.2 S
Shallow draft S S 13,757 3.5 4,293 5.2 S
Great Lakes S S S S S S 1
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,465
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 32,216 11.1 6,260 1.6 6,338 7.7 897
Parcel, USPS or courier 24,999 8.6 682 0.2 461 0.6 896
Truck and rail 6,343 2.2 1,938 0.5 2,105 2.5 1,340
Truck and water 23 S S S S 4,367
Rail and water 5 111 36 303
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,050
Other and unknown modes 14,794 5.1 9,212 2.3 1,875 2.3 116

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,948 100.0 23,851 100.0 14,052 100.0 354
Single modes 1,888 96.9 23,131 97.0 13,676 97.3 352
Truck3 58 3.0 547 2.3 55 0.4 S
For-hire Truck 37 1.9 375 1.6 33 0.2 93
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 1,578 81.0 19,508 81.8 11,812 84.1 671
Water 238 12.2 2,860 12.0 1,595 11.4 907
Shallow draft 144 7.4 1,682 7.1 1,594 11.3 946
Great Lakes S S S S S S 1
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 984
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 516

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,911 100.0 7,175 100.0 2,807 100.0 158
Single modes 1,905 99.7 7,145 99.6 2,807 100.0 158
Truck3 1,401 73.3 4,225 58.9 370 13.2 156
For-hire Truck 835 43.7 S S S S 250
Private Truck 566 29.6 S S 93 3.3 S
Rail 287 15.0 1,685 23.5 1,204 42.9 375
Water 217 11.3 1,235 17.2 1,233 43.9 992
Shallow draft 217 11.3 1,235 17.2 1,233 43.9 992
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 811 100.0 3,909 100.0 1,843 100.0 S
Single modes 805 99.3 3,833 98.1 1,820 98.8 S
Truck3 620 76.4 2,326 59.5 259 14.1 S
For-hire Truck 416 51.3 1,206 30.8 178 9.7 135
Private Truck 204 25.1 1,120 28.7 82 4.4 S
Rail 170 20.9 1,342 34.3 1,372 74.5 1,029
Water 16 1.9 166 4.2 188 10.2 1,137
Shallow draft 16 1.9 166 4.2 188 10.2 1,137
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 5 0.6 S S S S 301
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water 5 0.6 S S S S 301
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 172

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,774 100.0 871 100.0 285 100.0 142
Single modes 1,774 100.0 871 100.0 285 100.0 142
Truck3 1,774 100.0 871 100.0 285 100.0 142
For-hire Truck S S 364 41.7 195 68.4 437
Private Truck S S S S S S 116
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes 4,268 96.7 S S 1,696 87.5 S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck 1,837 41.6 S S S S 199
Private Truck S S S S S S 46
Rail 182 4.1 834 12.4 617 31.8 718
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 191
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,425
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 693
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,684
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 210

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,356 100.0 16,106 100.0 4,385 100.0 S
Single modes 12,296 99.5 16,004 99.4 4,190 95.6 S
Truck3 11,849 95.9 14,027 87.1 2,860 65.2 S
For-hire Truck 7,904 64.0 7,598 47.2 2,535 57.8 268
Private Truck 3,911 31.7 6,322 39.3 313 7.1 43
Rail 447 3.6 1,977 12.3 1,330 30.3 498
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 47 0.4 S S S S 956
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 433
Truck and rail 46 0.4 S S S S 1,596
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 89

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 276 100.0 303 100.0 22 100.0 64
Single modes 276 100.0 303 100.0 22 100.0 64
Truck3 276 100.0 303 100.0 22 100.0 64
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 69
Private Truck 180 65.0 45 14.8 S S 64
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,108 100.0 16 100.0 1 100.0 39
Single modes 1,108 100.0 16 100.0 1 100.0 39
Truck3 1,108 100.0 16 100.0 1 100.0 39
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 1,108 100.0 16 100.0 1 100.0 39
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 7
Single modes S S S S S S 7
Truck3 S S S S S S 7
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 62 100.0 14,674 100.0 298 100.0 15
Single modes 62 99.9 14,666 100.0 298 100.0 15
Truck3 62 99.9 14,666 100.0 298 100.0 15
For-hire Truck S S S S 154 51.5 S
Private Truck 38 60.7 S S 145 48.5 10
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 402 100.0 72,710 100.0 2,391 100.0 18
Single modes 396 98.5 72,218 99.3 2,331 97.5 18
Truck3 374 93.0 68,561 94.3 1,486 62.1 18
For-hire Truck 175 43.6 S S 690 28.9 18
Private Truck 199 49.4 35,154 48.3 794 33.2 18
Rail
Water 22 5.6 3,657 5.0 845 35.3 S
Shallow draft 22 5.6 3,657 5.0 845 35.3 S
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 387
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 395
Rail and water S S S S S S 367
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 415 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 45
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,009
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 268
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 268
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 73 100.0 66 100.0 23 100.0 319
Single modes 72 98.9 65 99.0 23 99.7 318
Truck3 72 98.9 65 99.0 23 99.7 318
For-hire Truck 72 98.6 65 99.0 23 99.7 335
Private Truck S S S S S S 47
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 396
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 396
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 119

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 477 100.0 23,454 100.0 1,881 100.0 82
Single modes 418 87.5 20,711 88.3 1,340 71.3 81
Truck3 174 36.5 8,564 36.5 S S 82
For-hire Truck 156 32.7 7,703 32.8 S S 82
Private Truck S S S S S S 43
Rail 244 51.1 12,147 51.8 694 36.9 60
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 236
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 236
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 109

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,180 100.0 30,780 100.0 555 100.0 29
Single modes 8,180 100.0 30,780 100.0 555 100.0 29
Truck3 4,198 51.3 14,265 46.3 500 90.1 29
For-hire Truck 1,422 17.4 4,817 15.6 171 30.9 S
Private Truck 2,768 33.8 9,427 30.6 328 59.2 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,055 100.0 8,596 100.0 368 100.0 29
Single modes 2,055 100.0 8,596 100.0 368 100.0 29
Truck3 1,799 87.6 7,372 85.8 329 89.2 29
For-hire Truck 463 22.5 1,732 20.1 83 22.6 48
Private Truck 1,337 65.0 S S 245 66.6 27
Rail S S S S S S 1,127
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,406 100.0 30,766 100.0 3,750 100.0 96
Single modes 3,064 90.0 28,288 91.9 3,640 97.1 97
Truck3 2,045 60.0 19,531 63.5 1,687 45.0 80
For-hire Truck 1,172 34.4 S S 1,053 28.1 S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 440 12.9 2,512 8.2 S S 728
Water S S S S S S 1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 296
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 81

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,354 100.0 4,324 100.0 1,998 100.0 306
Single modes 2,022 85.9 4,297 99.4 1,983 99.2 306
Truck3 1,051 44.6 S S S S 272
For-hire Truck S S 813 18.8 S S 708
Private Truck 355 15.1 S S S S 88
Rail 968 41.1 1,987 46.0 S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,886
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 454
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 359

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,063 100.0 235 100.0 44 100.0 S
Single modes 2,193 36.2 215 91.5 S S S
Truck3 2,180 36.0 215 91.4 S S S
For-hire Truck 1,952 32.2 S S S S 323
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,996
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,856 63.6 20 8.5 7 16.5 363
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,856 63.6 20 8.5 7 16.5 363
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 200

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,065 100.0 5,858 100.0 291 100.0 S
Single modes 1,063 99.8 5,849 99.8 285 97.8 S
Truck3 1,003 94.1 5,305 90.6 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 159
Private Truck 1,000 93.9 5,283 90.2 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 623
Water S S S S S S 232
Shallow draft S S S S S S 232
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 534

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,351 100.0 2,191 100.0 1,022 100.0 199
Single modes 6,509 88.5 2,104 96.0 961 93.9 S
Truck3 6,467 88.0 2,063 94.2 868 84.9 S
For-hire Truck 5,403 73.5 S S S S 417
Private Truck 1,065 14.5 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,270
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,455
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 3 0.3 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 3 0.3 S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,835 100.0 3,777 100.0 1,618 100.0 311
Single modes 11,069 93.5 3,497 92.6 1,437 88.8 234
Truck3 10,985 92.8 3,472 91.9 1,423 88.0 232
For-hire Truck 8,059 68.1 2,779 73.6 1,302 80.5 495
Private Truck 2,926 24.7 692 18.3 121 7.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 607
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 622
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 444 3.7 59 1.6 50 3.1 540
Parcel, USPS or courier 408 3.4 46 1.2 24 1.5 539
Truck and rail S S 13 0.3 27 1.7 1,902
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 197

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 949
Single modes S S S S S S 952
Truck3 S S S S S S 952
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,432
Private Truck S S S S S S 54
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 914
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 914
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,877 100.0 6,338 100.0 1,655 100.0 110
Single modes 3,703 95.5 6,153 97.1 1,405 84.9 106
Truck3 3,703 95.5 6,153 97.1 1,405 84.9 106
For-hire Truck 1,836 47.4 2,968 46.8 1,236 74.7 421
Private Truck 1,859 48.0 3,183 50.2 168 10.1 52
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 983
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,097
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 89

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 337
Single modes S S S S S S 304
Truck3 S S S S S S 301
For-hire Truck 627 45.8 459 24.6 S S 488
Private Truck S S S S S S 122
Rail 16 1.2 47 2.5 35 4.9 759
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,560
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 584
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 584
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,857 100.0 S S 387 100.0 161
Single modes 2,755 96.4 S S 312 80.8 127
Truck3 2,740 95.9 S S 310 80.3 127
For-hire Truck 1,260 44.1 994 40.6 266 68.9 374
Private Truck S S S S 44 11.4 S
Rail S S S S S S 240
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,032
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 746
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 0.5 S S S S 675
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,253
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 8

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,211 100.0 1,018 100.0 390 100.0 717
Single modes 2,088 65.0 939 92.3 338 86.7 382
Truck3 2,043 63.6 931 91.4 329 84.4 308
For-hire Truck 1,593 49.6 615 60.4 317 81.3 618
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,687
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,120
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,027 32.0 45 4.4 37 9.5 846
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,016 31.6 43 4.2 31 7.9 846
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,359
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 96 3.0 S S S S 217

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,962 100.0 649 100.0 345 100.0 868
Single modes 7,631 69.6 526 81.2 244 70.8 290
Truck3 7,626 69.6 526 81.2 244 70.7 187
For-hire Truck 5,284 48.2 296 45.6 189 54.9 524
Private Truck S S 231 35.6 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,790
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,268 29.8 120 18.6 101 29.2 875
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,268 29.8 120 18.6 101 29.2 875
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,369 100.0 31,966 100.0 2,723 100.0 S
Single modes 3,349 99.4 31,894 99.8 2,699 99.1 S
Truck3 3,276 97.3 31,314 98.0 2,430 89.3 S
For-hire Truck 2,012 59.7 5,141 16.1 1,647 60.5 370
Private Truck 1,264 37.5 26,173 81.9 783 28.7 S
Rail 61 1.8 578 1.8 268 9.8 638
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 407
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 13 0.4 S S S S 528
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 506
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,297
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 64

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23,253 100.0 42,478 100.0 18,254 100.0 232
Single modes 21,961 94.4 38,770 91.3 14,809 81.1 207
Truck3 19,165 82.4 29,299 69.0 8,417 46.1 191
For-hire Truck 13,266 57.1 19,569 46.1 6,446 35.3 375
Private Truck 5,899 25.4 9,730 22.9 1,971 10.8 105
Rail 2,789 12.0 9,453 22.3 6,367 34.9 692
Water S S S S S S 1,360
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,360
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 784
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 506
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 501
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,346
Truck and water S S S S S S 200
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,097
Other and unknown modes 312 1.3 806 1.9 S S 89

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,328 100.0 3,100 100.0 S S 531
Single modes 7,049 84.6 2,840 91.6 S S 396
Truck3 7,030 84.4 2,834 91.4 S S 384
For-hire Truck 6,072 72.9 2,348 75.7 S S 633
Private Truck 958 11.5 486 15.7 76 5.3 132
Rail S S S S S S 1,291
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 2 0.1 1,027
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 40 1.3 S S 751
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 24 0.8 S S 747
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,197
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,513
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 165

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 30,097 100.0 3,524 100.0 2,231 100.0 421
Single modes 26,900 89.4 3,047 86.5 1,873 84.0 299
Truck3 26,325 87.5 2,969 84.2 1,805 80.9 249
For-hire Truck 20,700 68.8 2,199 62.4 1,305 58.5 526
Private Truck 5,605 18.6 722 20.5 S S 88
Rail 378 1.3 76 2.1 64 2.9 829
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 197 0.7 3 3 0.2 1,663
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,416 8.0 127 3.6 137 6.1 527
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,967 6.5 62 1.8 35 1.6 526
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,482
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 132

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23,158 100.0 1,611 100.0 908 100.0 867
Single modes 13,212 57.1 1,277 79.3 449 49.5 S
Truck3 12,326 53.2 1,274 79.1 441 48.6 S
For-hire Truck 5,060 21.9 676 42.0 304 33.5 768
Private Truck S S 598 37.1 S S 32
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 3 0.2 8 0.9 1,682
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 8,873 38.3 311 19.3 450 49.5 972
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,333 36.0 149 9.2 134 14.8 972
Truck and rail 537 2.3 162 10.1 314 34.5 1,951
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,785
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 23 1.4 S S 326

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 56,621 100.0 12,158 100.0 4,977 100.0 243
Single modes 41,388 73.1 10,426 85.7 4,164 83.7 218
Truck3 38,005 67.1 8,978 73.8 3,524 70.8 207
For-hire Truck 26,361 46.6 6,582 54.1 3,056 61.4 509
Private Truck 11,638 20.6 2,393 19.7 468 9.4 S
Rail 3,347 5.9 1,446 11.9 638 12.8 644
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 2 1,258
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,446 9.6 499 4.1 571 11.5 382
Parcel, USPS or courier 726 1.3 S S 24 0.5 325
Truck and rail 4,712 8.3 430 3.5 545 10.9 1,270
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,730
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 9,787 17.3 1,234 10.1 241 4.8 54

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 688
Single modes S S S S S S 422
Truck3 S S S S S S 317
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 379
Private Truck S S S S S S 212
Rail S S S S S S 530
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,958
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 900
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 900
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,145 100.0 34 100.0 19 100.0 741
Single modes 1,714 41.3 24 69.7 S S 420
Truck3 1,198 28.9 23 67.2 S S S
For-hire Truck 1,111 26.8 22 63.7 S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,287
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,348 56.6 8 24.4 6 32.4 777
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,348 56.6 8 24.4 6 32.4 777
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 604

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,678 100.0 667 100.0 297 100.0 572
Single modes 4,580 97.9 660 99.0 291 97.8 518
Truck3 4,556 97.4 658 98.6 288 96.8 500
For-hire Truck 1,891 40.4 354 53.1 238 80.1 689
Private Truck 2,665 57.0 304 45.6 49 16.6 224
Rail S S S S S S 1,398
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 865
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 97 2.1 S S S S 764
Parcel, USPS or courier 70 1.5 3 0.5 3 0.9 725
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,024
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,643
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,558 100.0 2,838 100.0 1,457 100.0 554
Single modes 11,512 91.7 2,717 95.7 1,399 96.0 413
Truck3 11,488 91.5 2,711 95.5 1,392 95.5 387
For-hire Truck 8,519 67.8 2,062 72.7 1,265 86.8 670
Private Truck 2,968 23.6 649 22.9 127 8.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,123
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 S S S S 1,261
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 847 6.7 62 2.2 S S 667
Parcel, USPS or courier 847 6.7 62 2.2 S S 667
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,483 100.0 9,883 100.0 2,080 100.0 120
Single modes 1,411 95.2 9,229 93.4 1,669 80.2 119
Truck3 1,070 72.1 5,098 51.6 492 23.6 98
For-hire Truck 823 55.5 3,680 37.2 383 18.4 110
Private Truck S S S S S S 78
Rail 319 21.5 3,840 38.9 S S S
Water S S S S S S 985
Shallow draft S S S S S S 985
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 764
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 764
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 29,361 100.0 8,782 100.0 1,633 100.0 162
Single modes 28,501 97.1 8,664 98.7 1,611 98.7 83
Truck3 28,468 97.0 8,659 98.6 1,605 98.3 78
For-hire Truck 6,446 22.0 2,390 27.2 762 46.7 383
Private Truck 21,973 74.8 6,266 71.4 843 51.6 54
Rail S S S S S S 1,123
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,000
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 671 2.3 37 0.4 16 1.0 468
Parcel, USPS or courier 671 2.3 37 0.4 16 1.0 468
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 5 0.3 S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 371 100.0 S S 27 100.0 S
Single modes 296 79.9 S S 24 90.0 S
Truck3 282 76.2 S S 16 61.5 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 12 45.8 478
Private Truck S S 15 11.8 4 15.7 S
Rail S S S S S S 889
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 985
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 690
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 690
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.