Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 244,031 100.0 428,530 100.0 93,351 100.0 329
Single modes 206,058 84.4 398,566 93.0 74,976 80.3 138
Truck 188,327 77.2 277,490 64.8 28,674 30.7 115
For-hire truck 110,764 45.4 132,771 31.0 21,437 23.0 340
Private truck 77,314 31.7 144,177 33.6 7,164 7.7 52
Rail 9,237 3.8 83,134 19.4 43,013 46.1 495
Water S S S S 1,852 2.0 S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S
Great Lakes S S S S 436 0.5 227
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,751 0.7 17 29 1,652
Pipeline3 5,890 2.4 25,864 6.0 S S S
Multiple modes 26,934 11.0 22,806 5.3 17,591 18.8 596
Parcel, USPS or courier 25,938 10.6 593 0.1 292 0.3 596
Truck and Rail 354 0.1 S S 439 0.5 S
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,026
Rail and water 412 0.2 17,911 4.2 16,159 17.3 864
Other multiple modes 174 S S S S 560
Other and unknown modes 11,040 4.5 7,158 1.7 784 0.8 95

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,463 100.0 1,689 100.0 1,035 100.0 481
Single modes 2,110 85.7 1,657 98.1 1,018 98.3 535
Truck 1,827 74.2 776 46.0 408 39.4 519
For-hire truck 1,678 68.1 695 41.2 366 35.4 516
Private truck 150 6.1 81 4.8 41 4.0 539
Rail 254 10.3 881 52.2 610 58.9 651
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 623
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 305 12.4 6 0.4 3 0.3 472
Parcel, USPS or courier 305 12.4 6 0.4 3 0.3 472
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47 1.9 26 1.5 14 1.4 503

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,481
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,481
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,481
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,031 100.0 37 100.0 66 100.0 1,803
Single modes 1,640 80.8 35 94.8 63 94.8 1,917
Truck S S S S S S 1,822
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,822
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,756
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.8 1 1.0 1,965
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 391 19.2 2 5.2 3 5.2 1,783
Parcel, USPS or courier 391 19.2 2 5.2 3 5.2 1,783
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,673 100.0 886 100.0 548 100.0 616
Single modes 1,577 94.2 856 96.6 527 96.1 618
Truck 1,551 92.7 811 91.6 496 90.5 613
For-hire truck 1,244 74.3 686 77.5 416 75.8 614
Private truck 308 18.4 S S S S 612
Rail 24 1.4 45 5.1 30 5.5 672
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 973
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 80 4.8 S S S S 615
Parcel, USPS or courier 74 4.4 5 0.6 3 0.6 615
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 778
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 589

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,979 100.0 1,055 100.0 2,293 100.0 2,175
Single modes 5,329 53.4 964 91.4 2,084 90.9 2,254
Truck 5,028 50.4 778 73.8 1,661 72.4 2,140
For-hire truck 3,362 33.7 683 64.8 1,456 63.5 2,125
Private truck 1,666 16.7 95 9.0 205 8.9 2,195
Rail 143 1.4 S S S S 2,263
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 158 1.6 S S S S 2,772
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 55 5.2 128 5.6 2,159
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 27 2.6 60 2.6 2,159
Truck and Rail 32 0.3 28 2.6 68 3.0 2,457
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 76 0.8 S S S S 2,134

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 556 100.0 192 100.0 223 100.0 1,113
Single modes 428 76.9 184 95.8 214 95.8 1,217
Truck 397 71.3 135 70.4 152 68.4 1,102
For-hire truck 390 70.2 125 65.1 140 62.8 1,101
Private truck S S S S S S 1,198
Rail S S 48 25.2 61 27.2 1,253
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 20 3.6 0.2 1,865
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 129 23.1 8 4.2 9 4.2 1,098
Parcel, USPS or courier 123 22.2 4 2.1 5 2.0 1,098
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,222
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 851 100.0 162 100.0 131 100.0 758
Single modes 566 66.5 144 89.3 116 88.9 894
Truck 558 65.6 144 89.2 116 88.8 831
For-hire truck 488 57.3 139 86.2 112 85.8 832
Private truck S S S S S S 821
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 8 0.9 0.1 1,526
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 278 32.6 8 4.7 6 4.7 756
Parcel, USPS or courier 278 32.6 8 4.7 6 4.7 756
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 839

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 190 100.0 47 100.0 34 100.0 727
Single modes 101 53.4 39 83.0 27 78.4 740
Truck 82 43.3 34 72.4 22 65.9 690
For-hire truck 81 42.5 31 65.8 20 59.8 691
Private truck 2 0.8 S S S S 683
Rail S S S S S S 862
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 868
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 87 46.1 S S S S 724
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 6.5 0.4 0.4 695
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 980
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 691

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 631
Single modes S S S S S S 609
Truck S S S S S S 609
For-hire truck S S S S S S 609
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 632
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 632
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,161 100.0 1,026 100.0 1,132 100.0 1,101
Single modes 1,213 56.2 1,007 98.1 1,111 98.2 1,167
Truck 1,100 50.9 662 64.5 712 62.9 1,084
For-hire truck 983 45.5 641 62.5 691 61.0 1,096
Private truck S S S S S S 1,013
Rail 70 3.3 341 33.3 394 34.8 1,146
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,918
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 937 43.4 17 1.6 18 1.6 1,094
Parcel, USPS or courier 937 43.4 17 1.6 18 1.6 1,094
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 10 0.5 S S S S 1,011

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,746 100.0 1,216 100.0 802 100.0 604
Single modes 2,398 87.3 1,173 96.5 764 95.3 590
Truck 2,330 84.9 950 78.1 589 73.5 585
For-hire truck 1,561 56.9 863 71.0 542 67.6 596
Private truck S S 79 6.5 43 5.3 543
Rail 62 2.3 224 18.4 S S 757
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 674
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 322 11.7 S S S S 610
Parcel, USPS or courier 318 11.6 7 0.6 4 0.5 610
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 976
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 686

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,733
Single modes S S S S S S 4,985
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,985
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,715
Parcel, USPS or courier 3.6 S S S S 4,656
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,839
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,704

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 156 100.0 196 100.0 340 100.0 1,934
Single modes 142 90.7 194 99.2 337 99.1 1,992
Truck 93 59.3 134 68.5 225 66.1 1,731
For-hire truck 82 52.7 119 60.6 198 58.3 1,687
Private truck S S S S S S 1,837
Rail S S 60 30.7 112 32.9 1,819
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,089
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,851
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,851
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,900

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25,974 100.0 52,005 100.0 6,246 100.0 167
Single modes 22,409 86.3 48,995 94.2 6,097 97.6 145
Truck 19,532 75.2 22,632 43.5 2,243 35.9 140
For-hire truck 13,229 50.9 S S 1,432 22.9 151
Private truck 6,265 24.1 5,757 11.1 807 12.9 131
Rail S S 21,309 41.0 S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,796
Pipeline3 1,065 4.1 5,054 9.7 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 182
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 114 0.2 17 0.3 183
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 28
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 67
Other and unknown modes 208 0.8 196 0.4 37 0.6 184

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 82,868 100.0 252,112 100.0 8,884 100.0 38
Single modes 71,049 85.7 244,802 97.1 7,962 89.6 32
Truck 65,035 78.5 201,305 79.8 6,609 74.4 32
For-hire truck 15,438 18.6 75,734 30.0 3,052 34.4 60
Private truck 49,468 59.7 125,129 49.6 3,520 39.6 29
Rail 1,046 1.3 17,095 6.8 1,137 12.8 110
Water S S S S 127 1.4 S
Shallow draft S S S S 126 1.4 S
Great Lakes S S S S S S 1
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,198
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,710 3.3 S S S S 97
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,636 3.2 95 8 0.1 97
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 236
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 764
Other and unknown modes 9,109 11.0 6,020 2.4 348 3.9 19

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,252 100.0 1,249 100.0 481 100.0 462
Single modes 2,096 93.0 1,239 99.2 477 99.1 434
Truck 2,010 89.3 1,043 83.5 410 85.3 431
For-hire truck 1,406 62.4 822 65.8 318 66.1 440
Private truck 604 26.8 221 17.7 93 19.3 410
Rail 85 3.8 196 15.7 66 13.8 328
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 657
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 148 6.6 9 0.7 4 0.8 473
Parcel, USPS or courier 146 6.5 5 0.4 2 0.5 474
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 312
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 704

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 953 100.0 380 100.0 251 100.0 656
Single modes 769 80.7 369 97.2 245 97.4 641
Truck 702 73.6 369 97.1 245 97.3 637
For-hire truck 631 66.2 346 91.0 230 91.6 616
Private truck S S 23 6.1 14 5.7 752
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 658
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 105 11.0 4 0.9 2 0.9 661
Parcel, USPS or courier 105 11.0 4 0.9 2 0.9 661
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 606

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,807 100.0 7,840 100.0 1,449 100.0 119
Single modes 8,910 90.9 7,723 98.5 1,407 97.1 98
Truck 8,521 86.9 6,561 83.7 860 59.3 98
For-hire truck 4,982 50.8 3,551 45.3 588 40.6 167
Private truck 3,539 36.1 3,010 38.4 272 18.8 72
Rail S S S S S S 311
Water S S S S S S 174
Shallow draft S S S S S S 174
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 358
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 725 7.4 S S S S 149
Parcel, USPS or courier 723 7.4 22 0.3 4 0.2 149
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,082
Other and unknown modes S S 68 0.9 S S 90

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 871 100.0 690 100.0 606 100.0 894
Single modes 810 93.0 683 99.1 600 99.1 881
Truck 406 46.6 160 23.2 131 21.7 861
For-hire truck 377 43.3 155 22.5 128 21.1 862
Private truck S S S S S S 802
Rail S S 364 52.8 350 57.7 903
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,240
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 41 4.7 S S S S 896
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 4.7 S S S S 896
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 903

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 322 100.0 196 100.0 208 100.0 1,058
Single modes 271 84.1 194 98.7 206 98.7 1,102
Truck 196 60.9 90 45.7 98 47.2 1,097
For-hire truck 169 52.5 77 39.1 85 40.8 1,104
Private truck S S S S S S 1,068
Rail 72 22.5 104 52.7 107 51.2 1,011
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,257
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 32 10.0 1 0.5 1 0.5 1,052
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 10.0 1 0.5 1 0.5 1,052
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,115

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 671 100.0 760 100.0 534 100.0 599
Single modes 577 85.9 756 99.5 531 99.5 640
Truck 492 73.4 333 43.8 189 35.4 589
For-hire truck 483 72.0 330 43.4 187 35.0 585
Private truck 9 1.3 S S S S 670
Rail S S S S S S 810
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,946
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 94 14.1 S S S S 591
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 13.7 1 0.2 1 0.1 591
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 815
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,726 100.0 S S S S 946
Single modes 1,480 85.7 S S S S 1,009
Truck 1,101 63.8 S S S S 912
For-hire truck 1,079 62.5 S S S S 914
Private truck S S S S 4 1.7 880
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,350
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 244 14.1 6 2.0 5 2.0 927
Parcel, USPS or courier 244 14.1 6 2.0 5 2.0 927
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 915

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,496 100.0 10,902 100.0 2,136 100.0 221
Single modes 14,793 89.7 10,783 98.9 2,117 99.1 195
Truck 14,571 88.3 7,971 73.1 1,292 60.5 188
For-hire truck 10,014 60.7 5,195 47.7 1,059 49.6 217
Private truck 4,549 27.6 2,770 25.4 229 10.7 150
Rail 163 1.0 1,507 13.8 341 16.0 237
Water 4 1,104 10.1 435 20.4 396
Shallow draft
Great Lakes 4 1,104 10.1 435 20.4 396
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,481 9.0 37 0.3 10 0.5 235
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,479 9.0 33 0.3 8 0.4 235
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 318
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 222 1.3 82 0.8 10 0.5 155

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,705 100.0 18,562 100.0 16,489 100.0 612
Single modes 1,737 64.2 1,089 5.9 635 3.9 635
Truck 1,448 53.5 524 2.8 329 2.0 599
For-hire truck 1,248 46.1 421 2.3 266 1.6 604
Private truck 200 7.4 104 0.6 63 0.4 592
Rail S S S S S S 540
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 822
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 958 35.4 17,455 94.0 15,845 96.1 609
Parcel, USPS or courier 556 20.5 11 7 608
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water 402 14.9 17,444 94.0 15,838 96.1 907
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 452

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 993 100.0 686 100.0 463 100.0 632
Single modes 855 86.1 675 98.5 455 98.4 649
Truck 752 75.8 389 56.7 241 52.1 601
For-hire truck 670 67.5 333 48.5 207 44.7 604
Private truck S S 56 8.2 34 7.4 561
Rail 92 9.2 277 40.4 206 44.6 752
Water S S S S S S 821
Shallow draft S S S S S S 821
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 956
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 611
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 611
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 654

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,988 100.0 5,148 100.0 1,759 100.0 466
Single modes 4,279 85.8 5,090 98.9 1,740 98.9 543
Truck 4,156 83.3 4,543 88.3 1,498 85.1 376
For-hire truck 3,353 67.2 3,790 73.6 1,251 71.1 373
Private truck 800 16.0 751 14.6 246 14.0 380
Rail S S 545 10.6 S S 452
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 82 1.6 S S S S 2,072
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 575 11.5 22 0.4 8 0.5 413
Parcel, USPS or courier 575 11.5 22 0.4 8 0.5 413
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 35 0.7 11 0.6 373

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 77 100.0 1,309 100.0 1,718 100.0 1,686
Single modes 64 82.4 1,309 100.0 1,717 100.0 1,722
Truck 16 20.9 40 3.1 69 4.0 1,716
For-hire truck 15 19.7 35 2.7 61 3.5 1,701
Private truck S S S S S S 1,732
Rail 47 60.2 1,268 96.9 1,648 96.0 1,642
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,977
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 17.6 1,681
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 17.6 1,681
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,058 100.0 437 100.0 313 100.0 735
Single modes 939 88.8 434 99.2 310 99.2 678
Truck 928 87.8 402 92.0 286 91.5 677
For-hire truck 892 84.3 396 90.6 282 90.2 683
Private truck 37 3.5 S S S S 606
Rail S S S S S S 769
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,002
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 116 11.0 3 0.8 S S 758
Parcel, USPS or courier 116 11.0 3 0.8 S S 758
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 686

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 670 100.0 39 100.0 73 100.0 2,028
Single modes 604 90.3 37 94.2 69 94.1 2,168
Truck S S 31 81.2 58 79.4 1,966
For-hire truck S S 31 81.0 58 79.2 1,966
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,120
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,365
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 64 9.5 S S S S 1,939
Parcel, USPS or courier 64 9.5 S S S S 1,939
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,830

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 316 100.0 S S S S 976
Single modes 188 59.5 S S S S 952
Truck 184 58.3 S S S S 928
For-hire truck 157 49.7 S S S S 930
Private truck S S S S 2 2.1 907
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,163
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 124 39.4 1 1.2 1 1.2 979
Parcel, USPS or courier 124 39.4 1 1.2 1 1.2 979
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,010

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,774 100.0 426 100.0 313 100.0 800
Single modes 1,566 56.4 402 94.4 296 94.7 900
Truck 1,412 50.9 274 64.3 192 61.3 704
For-hire truck 1,328 47.9 264 62.0 185 59.1 705
Private truck S S S S S S 693
Rail 34 1.2 128 30.0 104 33.3 814
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,190
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,205 43.4 9 2.2 7 2.2 787
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,205 43.4 9 2.2 7 2.2 787
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 684

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 153 100.0 121 100.0 169 100.0 1,326
Single modes 145 95.2 120 99.7 168 99.7 1,302
Truck 126 82.4 39 32.5 53 31.7 1,274
For-hire truck 126 82.4 39 32.5 53 31.7 1,274
Private truck
Rail S S 81 67.2 115 68.0 1,433
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,689
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 4.8 S S S S 1,338
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 4.8 S S S S 1,338
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,943 100.0 1,312 100.0 838 100.0 711
Single modes 2,268 77.1 1,288 98.2 820 97.9 725
Truck 2,217 75.3 1,261 96.2 806 96.2 660
For-hire truck 2,140 72.7 1,205 91.9 772 92.2 657
Private truck 75 2.5 53 4.0 32 3.9 691
Rail S S S S S S 793
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 13 0.4 S S 1,273
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 602 20.4 19 1.5 15 1.8 709
Parcel, USPS or courier 549 18.7 13 1.0 9 1.1 707
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,131
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 659

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,644 100.0 1,533 100.0 949 100.0 633
Single modes 4,166 89.7 1,507 98.3 932 98.2 613
Truck 4,097 88.2 1,081 70.5 663 69.9 606
For-hire truck 3,466 74.6 972 63.4 599 63.1 607
Private truck S S 108 7.1 64 6.8 594
Rail S S S S S S 769
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 22 0.5 S S 983
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 248 5.3 8 0.5 5 0.5 643
Parcel, USPS or courier 248 5.3 8 0.5 5 0.5 643
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 18 1.2 12 1.3 674

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 90 100.0 60 100.0 53 100.0 863
Single modes 82 91.1 60 99.5 53 99.5 914
Truck 73 80.5 36 60.0 32 60.5 915
For-hire truck 37 40.8 24 39.5 21 39.5 875
Private truck 35 39.1 S S S S 957
Rail S S S S S S 871
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 8.9 0.5 0.5 856
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 8.9 0.5 0.5 856
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27,270 100.0 22,200 100.0 4,033 100.0 196
Single modes 25,752 94.4 21,664 97.6 3,914 97.1 160
Truck 23,646 86.7 13,621 61.4 2,278 56.5 151
For-hire truck 18,536 68.0 9,783 44.1 1,742 43.2 176
Private truck 5,104 18.7 3,832 17.3 536 13.3 119
Rail 1,568 5.8 S S 1,254 31.1 233
Water S S S S S S 406
Shallow draft S S S S S S 406
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 14 S S 1,130
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,343 4.9 S S S S 232
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,335 4.9 59 0.3 14 0.3 232
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 496
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 419
Other and unknown modes 175 0.6 S S S S 87

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 838 100.0 499 100.0 391 100.0 802
Single modes 726 86.7 494 99.0 388 99.1 798
Truck 670 80.1 206 41.3 161 41.3 770
For-hire truck 599 71.5 188 37.7 147 37.5 762
Private truck S S S S S S 814
Rail 41 4.9 288 57.7 226 57.8 786
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 935
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 55 6.6 2 0.4 2 0.4 804
Parcel, USPS or courier 55 6.6 2 0.4 2 0.4 804
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 723

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 487 100.0 S S S S 2,304
Single modes 386 79.2 S S S S 2,323
Truck 260 53.5 S S S S 2,240
For-hire truck 259 53.1 59 10.5 135 9.6 2,250
Private truck S S S S S S 2,216
Rail S S S S S S 2,539
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 28 5.8 S S S S 2,364
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 93 19.1 1 0.3 3 0.2 2,296
Parcel, USPS or courier 93 19.1 1 0.3 3 0.2 2,296
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,242

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,653 100.0 2,550 100.0 1,354 100.0 618
Single modes 4,304 76.1 2,062 80.9 1,021 75.4 562
Truck 4,264 75.4 2,017 79.1 991 73.2 532
For-hire truck 3,922 69.4 1,631 64.0 830 61.3 532
Private truck 340 6.0 S S S S 536
Rail 16 0.3 45 1.8 29 2.1 655
Water S S S S S S 570
Shallow draft S S S S S S 570
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 24 0.4 S S S S 1,590
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 628
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 19 0.8 11 0.8 628
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 688
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 13 0.2 1 1 573

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 218 100.0 24 100.0 22 100.0 889
Single modes 160 73.2 21 88.2 20 88.9 1,024
Truck 150 68.7 21 87.9 19 87.9 917
For-hire truck 125 57.4 19 78.7 18 79.0 919
Private truck S S S S S S 914
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,075
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 57 26.1 S S S S 880
Parcel, USPS or courier 57 26.1 S S S S 880
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 962

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,218 100.0 869 100.0 574 100.0 616
Single modes 2,110 95.1 865 99.5 572 99.6 638
Truck 2,101 94.7 845 97.2 554 96.6 636
For-hire truck 1,940 87.4 706 81.2 457 79.6 630
Private truck S S S S S S 687
Rail S S S S S S 874
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 854
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 105 4.7 4 0.5 2 0.4 609
Parcel, USPS or courier 105 4.7 4 0.5 2 0.4 609
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 590

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 59 100.0 47 100.0 786
Single modes S S 55 92.3 43 92.9 703
Truck S S 55 92.3 43 92.8 700
For-hire truck S S 54 90.8 42 91.3 700
Private truck 4 1.0 1 1.6 1 1.6 782
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 992
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 815
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 815
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,567 100.0 2,032 100.0 743 100.0 403
Single modes 5,124 78.0 1,897 93.4 686 92.4 395
Truck 4,964 75.6 1,788 88.0 628 84.5 358
For-hire truck 4,342 66.1 1,428 70.3 512 68.9 383
Private truck 621 9.5 360 17.7 115 15.5 257
Rail S S S S S S 535
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,171
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,386 21.1 13 0.6 5 0.7 408
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,386 21.1 13 0.6 5 0.7 408
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 420

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,486 100.0 2,655 100.0 3,046 100.0 1,016
Single modes 3,208 71.5 2,450 92.3 2,775 91.1 1,065
Truck 1,747 39.0 909 34.2 916 30.1 1,040
For-hire truck 1,561 34.8 813 30.6 818 26.9 1,044
Private truck 186 4.2 96 3.6 97 3.2 1,023
Rail 1,341 29.9 1,077 40.6 1,253 41.1 1,159
Water S S S S S S 1,335
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,335
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 35 0.8 S S 1,168
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,270 28.3 S S S S 999
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,209 27.0 18 0.7 18 0.6 999
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,036
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,404
Other and unknown modes 8 0.2 S S S S 1,012

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,058 100.0 S S S S 1,523
Single modes 913 86.3 S S S S 1,640
Truck 472 44.6 S S S S 1,524
For-hire truck 472 44.6 S S S S 1,524
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,675
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,009
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 92 8.7 2 0.1 3 0.1 1,502
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 8.7 2 0.1 3 0.1 1,502
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,605

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 195 100.0 65 100.0 57 100.0 858
Single modes 153 78.6 63 97.6 56 97.6 907
Truck 153 78.6 63 97.6 56 97.6 896
For-hire truck 153 78.3 63 97.5 56 97.5 883
Private truck S S S S S S 924
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,006
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 19.3 1 2.1 1 2.1 855
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 19.3 1 2.1 1 2.1 855
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 800

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,956 100.0 3,047 100.0 1,787 100.0 592
Single modes 1,699 86.9 3,037 99.7 1,782 99.7 620
Truck 1,579 80.7 669 21.9 403 22.6 561
For-hire truck 1,385 70.8 587 19.3 359 20.1 562
Private truck 194 9.9 81 2.7 44 2.5 545
Rail 108 5.5 2,368 77.7 1,378 77.1 618
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 779
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 220 11.3 6 0.2 3 0.2 585
Parcel, USPS or courier 220 11.3 6 0.2 3 0.2 585
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 459

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 520 100.0 74 100.0 166 100.0 2,170
Single modes 298 57.2 48 65.3 107 64.2 2,058
Truck 288 55.3 45 61.2 99 59.8 2,244
For-hire truck 288 55.3 45 61.2 99 59.8 2,244
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,423
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 1.4 S S S S 1,936
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 126 24.2 26 34.6 59 35.7 2,202
Parcel, USPS or courier 99 19.0 S S S S 2,202
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,419
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,260

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 877 100.0 11,764 100.0 6,177 100.0 426
Single modes 842 96.0 11,747 99.9 6,171 99.9 371
Truck 490 55.8 585 5.0 220 3.6 365
For-hire truck 451 51.4 551 4.7 208 3.4 370
Private truck 38 4.4 35 0.3 12 0.2 340
Rail 320 36.5 9,545 81.1 5,326 86.2 529
Water S S S S S S 387
Shallow draft S S S S S S 387
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 2.4 S S 454
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 2.4 S S 454
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 286

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,019 100.0 3,611 100.0 1,463 100.0 381
Single modes 4,418 88.0 3,581 99.2 1,452 99.2 329
Truck 4,358 86.8 2,558 70.8 876 59.9 309
For-hire truck 3,383 67.4 1,789 49.6 645 44.1 329
Private truck 975 19.4 764 21.2 230 15.7 271
Rail S S 1,023 28.3 576 39.4 544
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 12 0.2 S S 1,871
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 587 11.7 18 0.5 7 0.5 390
Parcel, USPS or courier 581 11.6 17 0.5 6 0.4 390
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 395
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 416

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 148 100.0 14,668 100.0 19,205 100.0 1,127
Single modes 124 83.9 14,667 100.0 19,204 100.0 1,366
Truck 18 11.9 15 0.1 18 1,256
For-hire truck 18 11.9 15 0.1 18 1,256
Private truck S S S S S S 1,318
Rail 107 72.0 14,652 99.9 19,186 99.9 1,469
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,108
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,108
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.