Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 115,396 100.0 232,544 100.0 107,728 100.0
Less than 50 miles 18,235 15.8 101,398 43.6 1,826 1.7
50 to 99 miles 9,061 7.9 24,576 10.6 2,095 1.9
100 to 249 miles 22,784 19.7 25,136 10.8 5,309 4.9
250 to 499 miles 19,354 16.8 17,599 7.6 8,069 7.5
500 to 749 miles 14,269 12.4 14,665 6.3 11,646 10.8
750 to 999 miles 15,990 13.9 18,873 8.1 22,787 21.2
1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,296 9.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,298 3.7 1,744 0.7 3,448 3.2
2,000 miles or more 109 10 32

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 105,265 100.0 218,532 100.0 104,456 100.0
Less than 50 miles 16,373 15.6 90,978 41.6 1,651 1.6
50 to 99 miles 8,688 8.3 23,479 10.7 2,019 1.9
100 to 249 miles 21,172 20.1 24,791 11.3 5,245 5.0
250 to 499 miles 17,968 17.1 17,431 8.0 7,997 7.7
500 to 749 miles 13,201 12.5 14,532 6.6 11,534 11.0
750 to 999 miles 14,483 13.8 17,797 8.1 21,350 20.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,841 9.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 3,529 3.4 1,681 0.8 3,319 3.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 92,849 100.0 163,776 100.0 29,198 100.0
Less than 50 miles 16,230 17.5 90,477 55.2 1,635 5.6
50 to 99 miles 8,527 9.2 22,881 14.0 1,932 6.6
100 to 249 miles 19,745 21.3 21,345 13.0 4,309 14.8
250 to 499 miles 16,140 17.4 12,373 7.6 5,264 18.0
500 to 749 miles 12,000 12.9 8,900 5.4 6,257 21.4
750 to 999 miles 11,045 11.9 4,245 2.6 4,332 14.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,335 6.8 2,694 1.6 3,838 13.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,820 3.0 862 0.5 1,629 5.6
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 58,863 100.0 77,281 100.0 19,399 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,676 7.9 35,573 46.0 611 3.2
50 to 99 miles 3,392 5.8 9,557 12.4 835 4.3
100 to 249 miles 11,294 19.2 12,937 16.7 2,706 13.9
250 to 499 miles 11,305 19.2 8,053 10.4 3,484 18.0
500 to 749 miles 10,226 17.4 4,375 5.7 3,285 16.9
750 to 999 miles 9,573 16.3 3,588 4.6 3,627 18.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,023 10.2 2,544 3.3 3,621 18.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,366 4.0 653 0.8 1,230 6.3
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 33,871 100.0 86,431 100.0 9,780 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,527 34.0 54,884 63.5 1,024 10.5
50 to 99 miles 5,114 15.1 13,302 15.4 1,095 11.2
100 to 249 miles 8,427 24.9 8,399 9.7 1,602 16.4
250 to 499 miles 4,830 14.3 4,319 5.0 1,780 18.2
500 to 749 miles 1,765 5.2 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,452 4.3 650 0.8 697 7.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 302 0.9 147 0.2 214 2.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 453 1.3 S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 8,528 100.0 45,536 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles S S 256 0.6 S S
50 to 99 miles 92 1.1 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 813 9.5 3,296 7.2 906 1.4
250 to 499 miles 1,247 14.6 4,942 10.9 2,698 4.2
500 to 749 miles 934 10.9 4,510 9.9 3,935 6.1
750 to 999 miles 2,063 24.2 6,170 13.5 7,240 11.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 277 3.2 816 1.8 1,682 2.6
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,096 100.0 8,635 100.0 11,112 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 960 87.5 7,379 85.5 9,773 88.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,096 100.0 8,635 100.0 11,112 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 960 87.5 7,379 85.5 9,773 88.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S 2 13.0 3 10.9
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 7,211 100.0 1,485 100.0 1,824 100.0
Less than 50 miles 219 3.0 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 203 2.8 14 0.9 S S
100 to 249 miles 1,246 17.3 92 6.2 20 1.1
250 to 499 miles 1,134 15.7 83 5.6 39 2.1
500 to 749 miles 861 11.9 63 4.2 50 2.8
750 to 999 miles 1,357 18.8 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,335 18.5 136 9.1 196 10.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 757 10.5 58 3.9 120 6.6
2,000 miles or more S S 9 0.6 S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,910 100.0 295 100.0 223 100.0
Less than 50 miles 211 3.6 9 3.2 0.2
50 to 99 miles 203 3.4 10 3.3 1 0.4
100 to 249 miles 971 16.4 63 21.4 12 5.5
250 to 499 miles 1,070 18.1 58 19.7 27 12.2
500 to 749 miles 816 13.8 44 14.8 33 14.7
750 to 999 miles 1,085 18.4 48 16.2 49 21.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,085 18.4 49 16.5 75 33.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 407 6.9 11 3.7 21 9.2
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 241 100.0 291 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 40 3.5 18 7.6 17 5.7
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 51 100.0 S S 41 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,920 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 1,643 56.3 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 170 5.8 1,083 8.6 73 5.1
100 to 249 miles S S 252 2.0 44 3.0
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 206 7.1 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 120 4.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.