Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 115,396 100.0 232,544 100.0 107,728 100.0 340
Less than 50 lbs 7,939 6.9 223 0.1 100 395
50 to 99 lbs 2,237 1.9 187 60 302
100 to 499 lbs 5,442 4.7 927 0.4 264 0.2 272
500 to 749 lbs 1,663 1.4 379 0.2 112 0.1 290
750 to 999 lbs 1,195 1.0 340 0.1 99 294
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,367 15.1 8,400 3.6 2,041 1.9 265
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 61,618 53.4 92,287 39.7 21,871 20.3 223
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 8,254 7.2 63,663 27.4 4,756 4.4 74
100,000 lbs or more 9,682 8.4 66,138 28.4 S S 671

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 105,265 100.0 218,532 100.0 104,456 100.0 152
Less than 50 lbs 4,128 3.9 96 9 S
50 to 99 lbs 1,259 1.2 119 20 152
100 to 499 lbs 4,003 3.8 711 0.3 179 0.2 228
500 to 749 lbs 1,557 1.5 367 0.2 104 0.1 279
750 to 999 lbs 1,165 1.1 330 0.2 96 291
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 16,781 15.9 8,099 3.7 1,977 1.9 262
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 59,577 56.6 90,514 41.4 21,354 20.4 222
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,821 7.4 60,484 27.7 4,609 4.4 75
100,000 lbs or more 8,974 8.5 57,813 26.5 S S 794

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 92,849 100.0 163,776 100.0 29,198 100.0 136
Less than 50 lbs 2,126 2.3 94 7 S
50 to 99 lbs 1,066 1.1 118 18 142
100 to 499 lbs 3,850 4.1 702 0.4 166 0.6 214
500 to 749 lbs 1,515 1.6 363 0.2 100 0.3 271
750 to 999 lbs 1,121 1.2 328 0.2 92 0.3 280
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 16,538 17.8 8,049 4.9 1,967 6.7 263
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 58,815 63.3 89,724 54.8 20,965 71.8 220
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 6,935 7.5 60,046 36.7 4,270 14.6 72
100,000 lbs or more 884 1.0 4,354 2.7 S S 328

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 58,863 100.0 77,281 100.0 19,399 100.0 488
Less than 50 lbs 267 0.5 5 3 658
50 to 99 lbs 265 0.5 13 9 681
100 to 499 lbs 1,818 3.1 172 0.2 113 0.6 648
500 to 749 lbs 788 1.3 97 0.1 69 0.4 713
750 to 999 lbs 607 1.0 98 0.1 68 0.3 697
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 9,499 16.1 2,577 3.3 1,538 7.9 643
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 40,798 69.3 40,106 51.9 14,122 72.8 378
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,211 7.2 33,224 43.0 2,761 14.2 84
100,000 lbs or more 609 1.0 990 1.3 718 3.7 761

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 33,871 100.0 86,431 100.0 9,780 100.0 64
Less than 50 lbs 1,858 5.5 89 0.1 4 40
50 to 99 lbs 801 2.4 105 0.1 10 0.1 81
100 to 499 lbs 2,028 6.0 529 0.6 52 0.5 94
500 to 749 lbs 723 2.1 265 0.3 31 0.3 113
750 to 999 lbs 501 1.5 226 0.3 21 0.2 93
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 6,972 20.6 5,447 6.3 418 4.3 81
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 17,994 53.1 49,588 57.4 6,841 69.9 114
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,722 8.0 26,820 31.0 1,509 15.4 56
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 199

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 8,528 100.0 45,536 100.0 S S 865
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 58
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 680
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 522
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 644 7.6 270 0.6 S S 1,131
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 432 0.9 S S 677
100,000 lbs or more 7,052 82.7 44,831 98.5 S S 866

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,096 100.0 8,635 100.0 11,112 100.0 1,287
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,277
100,000 lbs or more 1,038 94.7 8,629 99.9 11,105 99.9 1,287

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,096 100.0 8,635 100.0 11,112 100.0 1,287
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,277
100,000 lbs or more 1,038 94.7 8,629 99.9 11,105 99.9 1,287

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,429
Less than 50 lbs S S 2 10.0 3 9.3 1,429
50 to 99 lbs S S 1 5.5 1 5.3 1,423
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,429
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,148
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,208
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,249
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,464
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 7,211 100.0 1,485 100.0 1,824 100.0 746
Less than 50 lbs 3,638 50.5 115 7.8 91 5.0 746
50 to 99 lbs 890 12.3 48 3.2 39 2.1 805
100 to 499 lbs 1,283 17.8 120 8.1 85 4.6 684
500 to 749 lbs 83 1.2 7 0.5 6 0.3 865
750 to 999 lbs 18 0.2 5 0.3 S S 741
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8 0.1 2 0.1 3 0.2 2,095
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,151 16.0 231 15.5 292 16.0 1,325
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 519
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,322

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,910 100.0 295 100.0 223 100.0 746
Less than 50 lbs 3,638 61.6 115 39.1 91 40.6 746
50 to 99 lbs 890 15.1 48 16.2 39 17.4 805
100 to 499 lbs 1,282 21.7 120 40.8 85 37.9 683
500 to 749 lbs 83 1.4 7 2.4 6 2.7 865
750 to 999 lbs 17 0.3 4 1.5 3 1.3 678
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 314
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 241 100.0 291 100.0 1,269
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 352
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 352
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 6 0.5 1 0.5 1 0.5 1,299
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 202 83.7 253 86.7 1,282
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 519
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 955

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 51 100.0 S S 41 100.0 1,827
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,805
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 2,135
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,419
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 8,789
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 48 95.0 S S 39 95.5 1,523
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,316
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,316

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,798
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,875
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 5
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,968

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,920 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S 5 S S 241
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 579 19.8 299 2.4 61 4.2 333
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 890 30.5 1,543 12.3 224 15.5 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 46
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 11

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.