Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 115,396 100.0 232,544 100.0 107,728 100.0 340
Single modes 105,265 91.2 218,532 94.0 104,456 97.0 152
Truck3 92,849 80.5 163,776 70.4 29,198 27.1 136
For-hire Truck 58,863 51.0 77,281 33.2 19,399 18.0 488
Private Truck 33,871 29.4 86,431 37.2 9,780 9.1 64
Rail 8,528 7.4 45,536 19.6 S S 865
Water 1,096 1.0 8,635 3.7 11,112 10.3 1,287
Shallow draft 1,096 1.0 8,635 3.7 11,112 10.3 1,287
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,429
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,211 6.2 1,485 0.6 1,824 1.7 746
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,910 5.1 295 0.1 223 0.2 746
Truck and rail S S 241 0.1 291 0.3 1,269
Truck and water 51 S S 41 1,827
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,316
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,798
Other and unknown modes 2,920 2.5 S S S S S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 531
Single modes S S S S S S 531
Truck3 S S S S S S 531
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 856
Private Truck S S S S S S 300
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,584 100.0 52,568 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 44,408 84.5 S S S
Truck3 1,343 29.3 S S 811 1.5 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 653 14.3 8,441 16.1 S S 41
Rail S S S S S S 1,798
Water 543 11.9 5,665 10.8 7,281 13.3 1,287
Shallow draft 543 11.9 5,665 10.8 7,281 13.3 1,287
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,243
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 801
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 725
Truck and rail S S S S S S 560
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,209
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,782 100.0 14,382 100.0 7,789 100.0 651
Single modes 2,444 87.9 14,208 98.8 7,748 99.5 S
Truck3 1,380 49.6 7,954 55.3 408 5.2 49
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S 361 4.6 51
Rail S S S S S S 520
Water 547 19.7 2,896 20.1 3,733 47.9 1,287
Shallow draft 547 19.7 2,896 20.1 3,733 47.9 1,287
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,260
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,020
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,020
Truck and rail S S S S S S 407
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,980 100.0 18,400 100.0 6,075 100.0 S
Single modes 4,791 96.2 17,606 95.7 5,075 83.5 S
Truck3 4,309 86.5 14,727 80.0 2,536 41.7 S
For-hire Truck 1,502 30.2 4,329 23.5 1,483 24.4 321
Private Truck 2,807 56.4 10,398 56.5 S S S
Rail 482 9.7 2,879 15.6 2,539 41.8 878
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 745
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,044
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1 1,041
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,175
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,406
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,968
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,438 100.0 4,077 100.0 S S 494
Single modes 8,222 97.4 4,023 98.7 S S 496
Truck3 8,190 97.1 4,002 98.2 S S 495
For-hire Truck 6,896 81.7 3,153 77.4 S S 785
Private Truck 1,291 15.3 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,490
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 641
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,082
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,995 100.0 2,643 100.0 1,788 100.0 452
Single modes 1,995 100.0 2,643 100.0 1,788 100.0 452
Truck3 1,766 88.5 1,621 61.3 814 45.5 404
For-hire Truck 1,717 86.1 1,582 59.9 802 44.8 505
Private Truck 49 2.5 39 1.5 S S 97
Rail 229 11.5 1,022 38.7 975 54.5 942
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,437 100.0 23,714 100.0 11,744 100.0 726
Single modes 9,866 94.5 20,988 88.5 11,594 98.7 333
Truck3 8,226 78.8 13,693 57.7 S S 291
For-hire Truck 4,143 39.7 6,809 28.7 2,705 23.0 456
Private Truck S S S S S S 213
Rail 1,640 15.7 7,294 30.8 6,533 55.6 889
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 927
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,003
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,003
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,187
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,135
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,603 100.0 2,721 100.0 1,836 100.0 66
Single modes 1,603 100.0 2,721 100.0 1,836 100.0 66
Truck3 700 43.6 991 36.4 143 7.8 46
For-hire Truck 218 13.6 571 21.0 127 6.9 207
Private Truck 482 30.0 420 15.4 S S 39
Rail 903 56.3 1,730 63.6 1,692 92.2 967
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 40
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 333 100.0 48,174 100.0 S S 57
Single modes 330 99.3 47,755 99.1 S S 57
Truck3 324 97.5 47,499 98.6 S S 56
For-hire Truck 150 45.0 S S 1,149 37.7 S
Private Truck 175 52.6 25,406 52.7 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 491
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 88
Truck3 S S S S S S 87
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 137
Private Truck 50 17.8 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 315
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 913
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 913
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2 0.7 19 0.7 S S S

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 222
Single modes S S S S S S 222
Truck3 S S S S S S 222
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 222
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 6
Single modes S S S S S S 6
Truck3 S S S S S S 6
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 6
Private Truck S S S S S S 6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 2,192 100.0 S S 36
Single modes S S 2,133 97.3 S S 29
Truck3 S S 2,133 97.3 S S 29
For-hire Truck S S 2,118 96.6 S S 28
Private Truck S S S S S S 37
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 238
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 238
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 37

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 541 100.0 2,500 100.0 S S 39
Single modes 541 100.0 2,500 100.0 S S 39
Truck3 541 100.0 2,500 100.0 S S 39
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 31
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,923 100.0 5,975 100.0 960 100.0 S
Single modes 1,910 99.3 5,933 99.3 945 98.5 S
Truck3 1,624 84.4 5,367 89.8 866 90.2 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S 2,327 39.0 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,991
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 283
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 220
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 666
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 457 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 445 97.3 S S S S S
Truck3 438 95.7 S S S S 178
For-hire Truck 287 62.8 S S S S 491
Private Truck S S S S S S 85
Rail S S S S S S 1,087
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,136
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 11 2.5 2 0.1 3 0.4 1,551
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,563
Truck and rail 11 2.4 2 0.1 3 0.4 1,437
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,548 100.0 80 100.0 83 100.0 505
Single modes 1,325 85.6 71 88.4 77 92.8 476
Truck3 1,288 83.2 65 81.7 65 79.1 435
For-hire Truck 907 58.6 59 74.3 58 69.9 717
Private Truck 381 24.6 S S S S 111
Rail S S S S S S 2,114
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,277
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 189 12.2 S S S S 519
Parcel, USPS or courier 189 12.2 S S S S 519
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 645

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,834 100.0 13,070 100.0 S S 76
Single modes 1,834 100.0 13,070 100.0 S S 76
Truck3 1,678 91.5 11,656 89.2 926 47.9 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 164
Private Truck 1,318 71.9 9,366 71.7 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 711
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,873 100.0 1,343 100.0 1,035 100.0 340
Single modes 5,961 86.7 1,213 90.4 881 85.1 241
Truck3 5,096 74.2 1,042 77.6 697 67.3 223
For-hire Truck S S 901 67.1 S S 654
Private Truck 820 11.9 142 10.6 32 3.1 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,154
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,218
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 911
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 0.2 1 1 884
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,290
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,805
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,110 100.0 2,996 100.0 1,783 100.0 393
Single modes 5,650 92.5 2,930 97.8 1,725 96.7 S
Truck3 5,067 82.9 2,029 67.7 884 49.6 242
For-hire Truck 3,818 62.5 1,629 54.4 819 45.9 522
Private Truck 1,248 20.4 400 13.4 65 3.7 120
Rail S S S S S S 930
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 0.1 S S 2,361
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 381 6.2 35 1.2 32 1.8 772
Parcel, USPS or courier 368 6.0 32 1.1 25 1.4 771
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,082
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,875
Other and unknown modes 79 1.3 30 1.0 S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 198
Single modes S S S S S S 198
Truck3 S S S S S S 198
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 295
Private Truck S S S S S S 108
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,264 100.0 1,464 100.0 353 100.0 195
Single modes 2,246 99.2 1,456 99.5 352 99.7 200
Truck3 2,246 99.2 1,456 99.5 352 99.6 198
For-hire Truck 1,272 56.2 445 30.4 251 71.0 491
Private Truck S S 1,011 69.1 101 28.6 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,364
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 539
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 539
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 491 100.0 784 100.0 243 100.0 S
Single modes 490 99.8 783 99.8 243 100.0 S
Truck3 424 86.2 614 78.4 142 58.5 S
For-hire Truck 306 62.4 567 72.3 136 56.2 250
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 601
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 94
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 94
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 43
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 823
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 794
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 794
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,228 100.0 S S S S 778
Single modes 689 56.1 S S S S 290
Truck3 689 56.1 S S S S 290
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 531
Private Truck S S S S S S 19
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 534 43.5 S S S S 829
Parcel, USPS or courier 534 43.5 S S S S 829
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 5 0.4 S S S S 31

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,705 100.0 S S S S 919
Single modes 2,437 90.1 S S S S 655
Truck3 2,199 81.3 S S S S 474
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 783
Private Truck 1,783 65.9 54 8.6 30 4.5 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,453
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,125
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 217 8.0 6 0.9 5 0.8 1,049
Parcel, USPS or courier 217 8.0 6 0.9 5 0.8 1,049
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 110

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 897 100.0 7,032 100.0 1,019 100.0 195
Single modes 888 99.0 7,031 100.0 1,019 99.9 117
Truck3 831 92.6 6,185 88.0 776 76.1 108
For-hire Truck 603 67.2 S S 611 60.0 170
Private Truck S S S S S S 52
Rail 56 6.2 845 12.0 S S 284
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,128
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 997
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 996
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,189
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,955 100.0 3,823 100.0 1,602 100.0 302
Single modes 3,921 99.1 3,784 99.0 1,599 99.8 278
Truck3 3,634 91.9 2,945 77.0 964 60.2 267
For-hire Truck 3,098 78.3 2,033 53.2 800 50.0 466
Private Truck 499 12.6 892 23.3 162 10.1 107
Rail 274 6.9 839 21.9 635 39.6 751
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,585
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 700
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 700
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 25 0.6 39 1.0 S S 38

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,103 100.0 848 100.0 474 100.0 292
Single modes 1,915 91.0 830 97.9 466 98.3 155
Truck3 1,860 88.4 757 89.3 371 78.3 140
For-hire Truck 1,493 71.0 588 69.4 348 73.4 528
Private Truck 363 17.3 167 19.7 23 4.8 S
Rail 31 1.5 72 8.5 S S 1,188
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 S S 1,281
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 169 8.0 10 1.2 6 1.3 581
Parcel, USPS or courier 169 8.0 10 1.2 6 1.3 581
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 20 0.9 8 1.0 2 0.4 S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,166 100.0 3,485 100.0 1,723 100.0 416
Single modes 13,347 94.2 2,630 75.4 1,620 94.0 463
Truck3 12,860 90.8 2,579 74.0 1,548 89.8 394
For-hire Truck 10,895 76.9 1,847 53.0 1,410 81.8 807
Private Truck 1,897 13.4 711 20.4 123 7.2 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,438
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,242
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 337 2.4 29 0.8 58 3.4 495
Parcel, USPS or courier 240 1.7 9 0.3 5 0.3 487
Truck and rail 55 0.4 14 0.4 28 1.6 1,964
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,054
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 483 3.4 S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,071 100.0 151 100.0 87 100.0 452
Single modes 1,485 71.7 132 87.2 76 86.7 S
Truck3 1,350 65.2 129 85.6 71 81.2 S
For-hire Truck 974 47.0 88 58.2 66 75.9 821
Private Truck S S S S 5 5.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,512
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 516 24.9 13 8.5 7 7.5 836
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 6 4.2 5 5.4 836
Truck and rail S S S S S S 261
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,541
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,611 100.0 2,222 100.0 1,423 100.0 615
Single modes 10,173 87.6 2,082 93.7 1,330 93.5 485
Truck3 10,169 87.6 2,082 93.7 1,330 93.5 445
For-hire Truck 6,349 54.7 1,530 68.8 1,123 78.9 748
Private Truck 3,817 32.9 552 24.8 207 14.6 244
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,386
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 951 8.2 73 3.3 67 4.7 685
Parcel, USPS or courier 892 7.7 33 1.5 26 1.8 685
Truck and rail 59 0.5 40 1.8 41 2.9 965
Truck and water S S S S S S 10,919
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 69 100.0 108 100.0 89 100.0 621
Single modes 69 100.0 108 100.0 89 100.0 621
Truck3 26 37.6 36 33.3 18 20.0 501
For-hire Truck 11 15.6 15 13.6 8 9.2 551
Private Truck 15 22.0 21 19.7 10 10.8 468
Rail 43 62.4 72 66.7 72 80.0 855
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 4 100.0 4 100.0 396
Single modes S S 2 55.5 2 58.0 756
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 622
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,240
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 44.5 1 42.0 339
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 44.5 1 42.0 339
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 353

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,234 100.0 386 100.0 343 100.0 697
Single modes 1,217 98.6 385 99.8 342 99.9 701
Truck3 1,216 98.5 385 99.8 342 99.8 699
For-hire Truck 1,057 85.6 339 87.7 316 92.1 833
Private Truck 159 12.9 47 12.1 S S 462
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,720
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 0.1 645
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 0.1 645
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 247

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,624 100.0 635 100.0 347 100.0 329
Single modes 3,114 67.3 553 87.1 296 85.2 S
Truck3 3,080 66.6 552 87.0 294 84.8 S
For-hire Truck 2,126 46.0 373 58.7 251 72.2 797
Private Truck S S 179 28.2 43 12.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,730
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 49 14.0 691
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 48 13.8 691
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,470
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,419
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 26 0.6 S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 10
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 269

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,398 100.0 2,895 100.0 686 100.0 S
Single modes 7,839 93.3 2,816 97.3 670 97.7 S
Truck3 7,834 93.3 2,813 97.2 668 97.4 S
For-hire Truck 1,387 16.5 617 21.3 330 48.0 466
Private Truck 6,447 76.8 2,196 75.8 339 49.4 52
Rail S S S S S S 523
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,619
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 804
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 804
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 238 100.0 388 100.0 S S 553
Single modes 234 98.4 377 97.3 S S 398
Truck3 129 54.4 S S S S 395
For-hire Truck 88 37.0 63 16.2 26 13.0 560
Private Truck 41 17.4 S S S S 187
Rail S S S S S S 617
Water S S S S S S 1,335
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,335
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 870
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 870
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.