Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 115,396 100.0 232,544 100.0 107,728 100.0 340
Single modes 105,265 91.2 218,532 94.0 104,456 97.0 152
Truck 92,849 80.5 163,776 70.4 29,198 27.1 136
For-hire truck 58,863 51.0 77,281 33.2 19,399 18.0 488
Private truck 33,871 29.4 86,431 37.2 9,780 9.1 64
Rail 8,528 7.4 45,536 19.6 S S 865
Water 1,096 1.0 8,635 3.7 11,112 10.3 1,287
Shallow draft 1,096 1.0 8,635 3.7 11,112 10.3 1,287
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,429
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,211 6.2 1,485 0.6 1,824 1.7 746
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,910 5.1 295 0.1 223 0.2 746
Truck and rail S S 241 0.1 291 0.3 1,269
Truck and water 51 S S 41 1,827
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,316
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,798
Other and unknown modes 2,920 2.5 S S S S S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 940 100.0 950 100.0 985 100.0 852
Single modes 800 85.0 549 57.8 516 52.4 918
Truck 738 78.5 395 41.6 353 35.9 906
For-hire truck 613 65.2 264 27.8 231 23.5 902
Private truck S S S S S S 931
Rail S S S S S S 1,139
Water S S S S S S 1,027
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,027
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,124
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 119 12.7 S S S S 835
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.2 2 0.2 835
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,209
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 905

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,369
Single modes S S S S S S 3,278
Truck S S S S S S 1,253
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,253
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,872
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,220
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,212
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,275
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,069 100.0 1,779 100.0 2,955 100.0 1,595
Single modes 995 93.1 1,777 99.9 2,952 99.9 1,639
Truck 584 54.6 S S S S 1,576
For-hire truck 577 54.0 S S S S 1,577
Private truck S S S S S S 1,509
Rail 251 23.5 1,387 78.0 2,338 79.1 1,652
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,226
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 74 6.9 2 0.1 3 0.1 1,574
Parcel, USPS or courier 74 6.9 2 0.1 3 0.1 1,574
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,563

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,009 100.0 1,112 100.0 770 100.0 590
Single modes 959 95.0 1,106 99.5 766 99.5 652
Truck 833 82.6 233 20.9 140 18.1 625
For-hire truck 783 77.6 221 19.9 132 17.1 619
Private truck S S 11 1.0 7 0.9 658
Rail 122 12.1 873 78.5 627 81.4 786
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,007
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 4.9 5 0.4 3 0.4 581
Parcel, USPS or courier 50 4.9 5 0.4 3 0.4 581
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 590

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,444 100.0 S S S S 1,818
Single modes 5,612 87.1 S S S S 1,900
Truck 3,293 51.1 1,068 4.3 1,959 4.1 1,819
For-hire truck 2,883 44.7 843 3.4 1,530 3.2 1,812
Private truck 409 6.3 S S S S 1,886
Rail S S S S S S 2,018
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,448
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 731 11.3 61 0.2 120 0.3 1,802
Parcel, USPS or courier 517 8.0 24 0.1 43 1,802
Truck and rail S S 37 0.1 76 0.2 2,064
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,875
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,844

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,137 100.0 1,079 100.0 880 100.0 800
Single modes 1,071 94.2 1,075 99.6 877 99.6 825
Truck 958 84.3 586 54.3 450 51.1 760
For-hire truck 708 62.3 367 34.0 297 33.8 762
Private truck 250 22.0 S S S S 758
Rail 106 9.3 S S S S 872
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,168
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 5.7 4 0.3 3 0.3 794
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 5.7 4 0.3 3 0.3 794
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 750

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 715 100.0 283 100.0 388 100.0 1,171
Single modes 679 95.1 204 72.3 236 60.9 1,154
Truck 382 53.4 139 49.3 162 41.8 1,150
For-hire truck 370 51.8 129 45.7 148 38.3 1,157
Private truck S S S S S S 1,145
Rail S S S S S S 1,264
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,283
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 4.0 S S S S 1,179
Parcel, USPS or courier 24 3.3 1 0.4 1 0.3 1,177
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,968
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,217

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 57 100.0 11 100.0 11 100.0 1,071
Single modes 44 76.8 10 89.3 10 89.4 1,042
Truck 39 68.8 10 88.8 10 88.9 1,037
For-hire truck 39 68.8 10 88.8 10 88.9 1,037
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,062
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,085
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,084
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,690
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,002

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,013
Single modes S S S S S S 1,038
Truck S S S S S S 1,034
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,039
Private truck S S S S S S 1,016
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,063
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 976
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 976
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,174 100.0 660 100.0 918 100.0 1,390
Single modes 1,769 81.4 618 93.6 857 93.4 1,414
Truck 1,503 69.1 460 69.7 623 67.9 1,406
For-hire truck 1,289 59.3 358 54.2 502 54.7 1,427
Private truck 209 9.6 S S S S 1,201
Rail S S S S S S 1,500
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,436
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 400 18.4 S S S S 1,384
Parcel, USPS or courier 200 9.2 9 1.4 13 1.4 1,384
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,443
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,641

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,787 100.0 1,050 100.0 1,045 100.0 984
Single modes 1,679 94.0 985 93.9 972 93.1 984
Truck 1,591 89.0 745 71.0 722 69.1 975
For-hire truck 1,403 78.5 534 50.9 488 46.7 950
Private truck S S S S S S 1,068
Rail 79 4.4 240 22.9 250 23.9 1,042
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,057
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 80 4.5 5 0.5 5 0.4 982
Parcel, USPS or courier 80 4.5 5 0.5 5 0.4 982
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,141

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,448
Single modes S S S S S S 4,523
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,523
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,424
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,371
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,953
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 470 100.0 109 100.0 153 100.0 1,382
Single modes 413 88.0 105 96.0 147 96.1 1,379
Truck 172 36.6 S S S S 1,350
For-hire truck 170 36.1 S S S S 1,349
Private truck S S S S S S 1,166
Rail S S S S S S 1,553
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,289
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 57 12.0 S S S S 1,383
Parcel, USPS or courier 57 12.0 S S S S 1,383
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,568 100.0 14,393 100.0 3,688 100.0 212
Single modes 9,647 91.3 14,283 99.2 3,660 99.2 169
Truck 8,873 84.0 11,236 78.1 2,209 59.9 161
For-hire truck 5,613 53.1 7,684 53.4 1,750 47.5 233
Private truck 3,246 30.7 3,546 24.6 458 12.4 108
Rail 685 6.5 3,040 21.1 1,450 39.3 432
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 808
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 809 7.7 71 0.5 19 0.5 282
Parcel, USPS or courier 520 4.9 S S 8 0.2 282
Truck and rail S S S S S S 266
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 39 0.3 9 0.3 231

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,252 100.0 1,249 100.0 481 100.0 462
Single modes 2,096 93.0 1,239 99.2 477 99.1 434
Truck 2,010 89.3 1,043 83.5 410 85.3 431
For-hire truck 1,406 62.4 822 65.8 318 66.1 440
Private truck 604 26.8 221 17.7 93 19.3 410
Rail 85 3.8 196 15.7 66 13.8 328
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 657
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 148 6.6 9 0.7 4 0.8 473
Parcel, USPS or courier 146 6.5 5 0.4 2 0.5 474
Truck and rail S S S S S S 312
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 704

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 29,432 100.0 119,848 100.0 4,384 100.0 47
Single modes 27,063 92.0 109,728 91.6 4,194 95.7 40
Truck 26,617 90.4 107,787 89.9 3,886 88.6 40
For-hire truck 8,473 28.8 41,484 34.6 1,506 34.4 56
Private truck 18,090 61.5 66,260 55.3 2,376 54.2 38
Rail 175 0.6 1,276 1.1 239 5.4 166
Water S S S S S S 5
Shallow draft S S S S S S 5
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 487
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 644 2.2 66 S S 125
Parcel, USPS or courier 636 2.2 39 5 0.1 125
Truck and rail S S S S S S 376
Truck and water S S S S S S 666
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5
Other and unknown modes 1,725 5.9 S S S S S

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,290 100.0 1,909 100.0 675 100.0 431
Single modes 2,111 92.2 1,895 99.3 670 99.3 520
Truck 1,768 77.2 1,768 92.6 608 90.0 364
For-hire truck 1,008 44.0 920 48.2 336 49.7 375
Private truck 761 33.2 848 44.4 272 40.3 349
Rail 27 1.2 S S S S 483
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,327
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 162 7.1 9 0.5 3 0.5 388
Parcel, USPS or courier 162 7.1 9 0.5 3 0.5 388
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 17 0.8 5 0.3 S S 346

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 945 100.0 731 100.0 471 100.0 598
Single modes 839 88.7 723 99.0 466 99.0 612
Truck 821 86.9 641 87.7 414 88.0 610
For-hire truck 794 84.0 634 86.7 410 87.2 611
Private truck S S S S S S 610
Rail S S S S S S 627
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 642
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 596
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 595
Truck and rail S S S S S S 772
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 599

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,548 100.0 12,598 100.0 16,164 100.0 961
Single modes 2,431 95.4 12,096 96.0 15,460 95.6 1,077
Truck 363 14.3 256 2.0 242 1.5 979
For-hire truck 361 14.2 255 2.0 242 1.5 971
Private truck S S S S S S 1,020
Rail S S S S S S 1,196
Water 1,063 41.7 8,388 66.6 10,999 68.0 1,309
Shallow draft 1,063 41.7 8,388 66.6 10,999 68.0 1,309
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,674
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 920
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 1.1 2 2 919
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,406
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,076

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 153 100.0 130 100.0 152 100.0 1,485
Single modes 136 88.4 126 97.1 146 96.0 1,471
Truck 103 67.1 S S S S 1,487
For-hire truck 94 61.1 S S S S 1,490
Private truck S S S S S S 1,387
Rail 22 14.2 88 67.6 S S 1,015
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,501
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 8.9 S S S S 1,486
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 8.9 S S S S 1,486
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,599

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,283 100.0 609 100.0 635 100.0 997
Single modes 2,193 96.0 603 99.1 630 99.1 1,009
Truck 2,064 90.4 346 56.8 337 53.1 1,005
For-hire truck 1,963 86.0 335 55.1 327 51.5 1,010
Private truck 102 4.4 10 1.7 S S 963
Rail 127 5.5 258 42.3 293 46.1 1,123
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,029
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 80 3.5 4 0.6 4 0.6 990
Parcel, USPS or courier 80 3.5 3 0.6 3 0.5 990
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,345
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,033

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 727 100.0 253 100.0 308 100.0 1,271
Single modes 672 92.5 250 99.0 305 99.0 1,245
Truck 624 85.9 153 60.7 186 60.4 1,244
For-hire truck 571 78.6 142 56.3 172 56.0 1,257
Private truck S S S S S S 1,182
Rail S S S S S S 1,223
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,256
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 55 7.5 2 1.0 3 1.0 1,278
Parcel, USPS or courier 55 7.5 2 1.0 3 1.0 1,278
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,509

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,637 100.0 2,349 100.0 1,236 100.0 559
Single modes 3,290 90.5 2,324 98.9 1,221 98.8 538
Truck 3,131 86.1 1,739 74.0 895 72.4 528
For-hire truck 2,577 70.9 1,510 64.3 771 62.4 528
Private truck 553 15.2 229 9.8 123 10.0 529
Rail 116 3.2 584 24.9 326 26.3 555
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 778
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 232 6.4 S S S S 568
Parcel, USPS or courier 177 4.9 7 0.3 4 0.3 568
Truck and rail S S S S S S 610
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 591

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,628 100.0 7,526 100.0 1,600 100.0 259
Single modes 4,147 89.6 5,961 79.2 1,496 93.5 247
Truck 3,808 82.3 4,780 63.5 1,095 68.5 235
For-hire truck 2,102 45.4 2,790 37.1 640 40.0 263
Private truck 1,705 36.8 1,989 26.4 S S 217
Rail 320 6.9 1,149 15.3 391 24.4 333
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,191
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 156 3.4 7 2 0.1 287
Parcel, USPS or courier 156 3.4 7 2 0.1 287
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 665 100.0 572 100.0 514 100.0 860
Single modes 624 93.9 569 99.5 512 99.5 859
Truck 567 85.3 232 40.7 167 32.5 821
For-hire truck 425 63.9 140 24.5 108 21.0 835
Private truck S S S S S S 725
Rail S S S S S S 1,002
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,240
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 6.1 3 0.5 2 0.5 861
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 6.1 3 0.5 2 0.5 861
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 817

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,717 100.0 3,020 100.0 933 100.0 313
Single modes 3,545 95.4 2,938 97.3 917 98.3 305
Truck 3,350 90.1 2,459 81.4 701 75.1 293
For-hire truck 2,231 60.0 1,606 53.2 434 46.5 308
Private truck 1,118 30.1 853 28.3 267 28.6 275
Rail 191 5.1 479 15.9 216 23.1 450
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,012
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 147 4.0 9 0.3 3 0.3 320
Parcel, USPS or courier 147 4.0 9 0.3 3 0.3 320
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 181

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 522 100.0 156 100.0 179 100.0 1,199
Single modes 489 93.7 154 99.1 177 99.1 1,146
Truck 488 93.4 152 97.7 174 97.2 1,146
For-hire truck 467 89.5 137 87.6 157 87.5 1,162
Private truck 21 4.0 16 10.0 S S 1,038
Rail S S S S S S 1,527
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.7 1 0.7 1,225
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.7 1 0.7 1,225
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 802

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,192 100.0 7,364 100.0 968 100.0 169
Single modes 4,093 97.6 7,358 99.9 967 99.9 150
Truck 3,677 87.7 7,136 96.9 910 94.0 149
For-hire truck 2,033 48.5 3,071 41.7 327 33.8 179
Private truck 1,644 39.2 4,065 55.2 583 60.2 143
Rail S S S S S S S
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 244
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 1 277
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 1 277
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 4 3 1 111

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 183 100.0 S S S S 1,463
Single modes 133 72.8 S S S S 1,571
Truck 89 48.9 S S S S 1,546
For-hire truck 86 47.0 30 16.2 47 15.1 1,545
Private truck S S S S S S 1,708
Rail S S S S S S 1,717
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 25.5 S S 4 1.2 1,458
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 25.5 S S 4 1.2 1,458
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,685

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 180 100.0 S S S S 1,268
Single modes 135 74.8 S S S S 1,365
Truck 126 70.1 19 37.3 24 33.9 1,366
For-hire truck 126 70.1 19 37.3 24 33.9 1,371
Private truck S S S S S S 1,159
Rail S S S S S S 1,429
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,358
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,254
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,254
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,450 100.0 832 100.0 900 100.0 1,072
Single modes 1,287 88.8 826 99.2 893 99.2 1,087
Truck 1,028 70.9 576 69.2 598 66.5 1,074
For-hire truck 990 68.3 555 66.7 575 63.9 1,080
Private truck S S S S S S 1,030
Rail 102 7.0 250 30.0 294 32.7 1,185
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,177
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 162 11.2 6 0.7 6 0.7 1,066
Parcel, USPS or courier 142 9.8 4 0.5 4 0.5 1,066
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,158
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,150

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 274 100.0 293 100.0 354 100.0 1,169
Single modes 209 76.2 288 98.3 348 98.5 1,286
Truck 197 72.0 248 84.6 295 83.6 1,185
For-hire truck 196 71.5 237 81.0 284 80.4 1,191
Private truck S S S S S S 1,024
Rail S S S S S S 1,305
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,834
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 23.8 S S S S 1,159
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 23.8 S S S S 1,159
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,335

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,594 100.0 947 100.0 883 100.0 1,058
Single modes 1,420 89.1 910 96.1 841 95.2 1,032
Truck 1,052 66.0 351 37.1 324 36.7 1,022
For-hire truck 991 62.2 328 34.6 298 33.7 1,041
Private truck S S S S S S 945
Rail 118 7.4 558 58.9 516 58.4 932
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,102
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 169 10.6 S S S S 1,066
Parcel, USPS or courier 158 9.9 7 0.8 8 0.9 1,066
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,196
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 903

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,770 100.0 505 100.0 541 100.0 1,042
Single modes 1,601 90.5 500 99.0 536 99.0 1,032
Truck 1,558 88.0 362 71.5 373 69.0 1,032
For-hire truck 1,426 80.6 343 67.9 352 65.0 1,028
Private truck S S S S S S 1,092
Rail 34 1.9 138 27.2 162 29.8 1,175
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 970
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 169 9.5 5 1.0 5 1.0 1,044
Parcel, USPS or courier 169 9.5 5 1.0 5 1.0 1,044
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,351

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,201 100.0 749 100.0 552 100.0 652
Single modes 1,025 85.4 717 95.7 518 93.9 624
Truck 907 75.5 343 45.8 215 38.9 613
For-hire truck 409 34.1 168 22.5 111 20.1 648
Private truck 497 41.4 175 23.3 104 18.8 577
Rail 112 9.4 373 49.8 302 54.8 808
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,506
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 670
Parcel, USPS or courier 40 3.3 2 0.3 1 0.3 667
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,133
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 564

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,233 100.0 S S S S 600
Single modes 2,939 90.9 S S S S 602
Truck 2,448 75.7 S S S S 599
For-hire truck 1,975 61.1 1,181 20.1 678 19.4 610
Private truck 473 14.6 S S S S 583
Rail 249 7.7 922 15.7 575 16.4 617
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 648
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 224 6.9 11 0.2 6 0.2 598
Parcel, USPS or courier 224 6.9 11 0.2 6 0.2 598
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 659

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,421 100.0 1,305 100.0 849 100.0 607
Single modes 1,362 95.8 1,300 99.7 846 99.7 633
Truck 1,271 89.5 839 64.3 565 66.5 632
For-hire truck 835 58.8 507 38.9 344 40.5 623
Private truck S S S S S S 666
Rail 89 6.3 461 35.3 282 33.2 626
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,553
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 59 4.1 4 0.3 S S 598
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 4.1 4 0.3 S S 598
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 466

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 632 100.0 S S S S 1,836
Single modes 590 93.5 S S S S 1,880
Truck 558 88.3 S S 186 31.3 1,855
For-hire truck 447 70.8 92 23.9 170 28.5 1,853
Private truck 110 17.5 S S S S 1,889
Rail S S S S S S 1,451
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,771
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,825
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,825
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,018
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,805

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,437 100.0 1,877 100.0 1,824 100.0 940
Single modes 2,263 92.9 1,862 99.2 1,809 99.2 941
Truck 2,048 84.0 892 47.5 807 44.3 930
For-hire truck 1,633 67.0 689 36.7 631 34.6 939
Private truck S S S S S S 854
Rail 211 8.7 969 51.7 1,002 54.9 1,033
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,131
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 158 6.5 8 0.4 7 0.4 940
Parcel, USPS or courier 158 6.5 8 0.4 7 0.4 940
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,707
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 928

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 85 100.0 S S S S 1,227
Single modes 59 70.2 S S S S 1,251
Truck 31 36.9 S S S S 1,249
For-hire truck 31 36.7 S S S S 1,272
Private truck S S S S S S 1,142
Rail S S S S S S 1,267
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,226
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,226
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 872 100.0 517 100.0 626 100.0 1,076
Single modes 827 94.9 515 99.5 623 99.6 1,108
Truck 693 79.5 292 56.4 S S 1,073
For-hire truck 668 76.6 S S S S 1,075
Private truck S S 10 1.8 9 1.5 991
Rail S S 223 43.1 280 44.7 1,358
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,240
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 44 5.1 2 0.5 3 0.4 1,066
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 4.9 2 0.3 2 0.3 1,066
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,103
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,185

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 922 100.0 1,395 100.0 310 100.0 164
Single modes 886 96.1 1,356 97.2 307 99.0 S
Truck 886 96.1 1,356 97.2 307 99.0 S
For-hire truck 352 38.2 S S S S 325
Private truck 530 57.5 529 38.0 102 32.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 34 3.7 1 0.1 492
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 3.7 1 0.1 492
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 132

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,103 100.0 1,175 100.0 882 100.0 704
Single modes 1,962 93.3 1,163 99.0 874 99.0 738
Truck 1,656 78.7 682 58.0 489 55.4 709
For-hire truck 1,488 70.7 597 50.8 418 47.3 704
Private truck S S S S S S 760
Rail S S 481 40.9 384 43.6 789
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 943
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 73 3.5 4 0.4 3 0.4 693
Parcel, USPS or courier 73 3.5 4 0.4 3 0.4 693
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 69 3.3 7 0.6 6 0.6 753

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,567 100.0 4,175 100.0 4,317 100.0 964
Single modes 5,068 91.0 4,114 98.5 4,255 98.5 1,038
Truck 4,381 78.7 2,144 51.4 2,184 50.6 962
For-hire truck 3,874 69.6 1,782 42.7 1,838 42.6 960
Private truck S S S S S S 972
Rail 583 10.5 1,967 47.1 2,066 47.8 1,077
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,576
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 454 8.2 55 1.3 57 1.3 944
Parcel, USPS or courier 398 7.2 20 0.5 18 0.4 943
Truck and rail 56 1.0 35 0.8 39 0.9 1,090
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 45 0.8 6 0.1 S S 993

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 208 100.0 98 100.0 121 100.0 1,132
Single modes 200 96.5 97 98.8 120 98.8 1,124
Truck 187 89.8 52 53.1 59 49.1 1,120
For-hire truck 179 86.1 44 45.1 50 41.2 1,115
Private truck S S S S S S 1,204
Rail S S S S S S 1,344
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 0.3 1,136
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 0.3 1,136
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,186

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 64 100.0 S S S S 1,147
Single modes 42 66.4 S S S S 1,173
Truck 39 60.6 S S S S 1,186
For-hire truck 39 60.6 S S S S 1,186
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 714
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,145
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,145
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 591 100.0 290 100.0 305 100.0 1,038
Single modes 510 86.3 286 98.7 301 98.8 1,030
Truck 440 74.4 178 61.3 179 58.6 1,024
For-hire truck 390 66.0 155 53.5 156 51.0 1,037
Private truck 50 8.4 23 7.8 23 7.6 932
Rail S S 108 37.4 S S 1,325
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 948
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 79 13.4 4 1.2 4 1.2 1,040
Parcel, USPS or courier 79 13.4 3 1.2 3 1.1 1,040
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,437
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,113

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,441 100.0 331 100.0 636 100.0 1,806
Single modes 1,064 73.8 308 93.0 587 92.3 2,051
Truck 710 49.3 190 57.5 339 53.3 1,790
For-hire truck 641 44.5 159 48.1 286 45.0 1,788
Private truck S S S S S S 1,835
Rail S S 117 35.3 246 38.6 2,116
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,772
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 376 26.1 S S S S 1,756
Parcel, USPS or courier 227 15.8 5 1.4 9 1.3 1,754
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,232
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,786

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 119 100.0 114 100.0 88 100.0 750
Single modes 97 81.3 S S S S 772
Truck 97 81.3 S S S S 772
For-hire truck 69 58.4 56 49.2 42 48.1 753
Private truck S S S S S S 801
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 18.2 S S S S 748
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 13.6 S S S S 747
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,155
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 712

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,432 100.0 6,719 100.0 1,600 100.0 263
Single modes 4,137 93.3 6,683 99.5 1,590 99.4 194
Truck 4,044 91.2 6,102 90.8 1,344 84.0 190
For-hire truck 3,021 68.2 4,398 65.5 884 55.2 250
Private truck 1,024 23.1 1,704 25.4 460 28.8 143
Rail 92 2.1 580 8.6 246 15.4 453
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 942
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 198 4.5 10 0.1 3 0.2 349
Parcel, USPS or courier 198 4.5 10 0.1 3 0.2 349
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 222

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 86 100.0 65 100.0 774
Single modes 41 28.7 80 93.8 60 91.5 780
Truck 38 26.6 73 85.6 53 80.7 779
For-hire truck 36 25.1 S S S S 773
Private truck S S S S S S 818
Rail S S S S S S 997
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 768
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 768
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,125

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.