Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 88,753 100.0 190,663 100.0 43,043 100.0 311
Single modes 76,167 85.8 179,411 94.1 42,131 97.9 149
Truck 70,981 80.0 147,336 77.3 17,832 41.4 134
For-hire truck 43,369 48.9 68,684 36.0 12,448 28.9 422
Private truck 27,453 30.9 78,356 41.1 5,360 12.5 64
Rail 3,996 4.5 29,839 15.7 23,507 54.6 651
Water S S S S S S 741
Shallow draft S S S S S S 741
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 649 0.7 7 11 1,273
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9,717 10.9 569 0.3 471 1.1 561
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,421 10.6 293 0.2 179 0.4 561
Truck and Rail S S 163 183 0.4 987
Truck and water S S S S S S 785
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 76
Other and unknown modes 2,869 3.2 S S 440 1.0 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 282 100.0 250 100.0 862
Single modes S S 280 99.1 248 99.2 876
Truck S S 246 87.2 211 84.7 872
For-hire truck S S 236 83.5 202 81.0 902
Private truck 15 1.6 11 3.7 9 3.7 752
Rail 8 0.9 33 11.9 36 14.5 1,076
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 905
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 0.1 863
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.1 863
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 806

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 295 100.0 57 100.0 97 100.0 1,618
Single modes S S S S S S 1,659
Truck S S S S S S 1,643
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,644
Private truck S S S S S S 1,606
Rail S S S S S S 1,688
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,146
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 77 26.1 S S S S 1,602
Parcel, USPS or courier 75 25.5 S S S S 1,602
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,154
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 510 100.0 345 100.0 233 100.0 532
Single modes 469 91.9 331 95.9 218 93.7 600
Truck 442 86.7 261 75.7 159 68.1 594
For-hire truck 275 54.0 189 54.8 119 51.2 598
Private truck 163 31.9 70 20.3 38 16.5 572
Rail S S S S S S 853
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,414
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 4.3 S S S S 513
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 4.1 3 0.9 2 0.7 511
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,518
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 435

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,317 100.0 395 100.0 733 100.0 1,830
Single modes S S 357 90.3 662 90.3 1,940
Truck S S 329 83.3 605 82.6 1,863
For-hire truck S S 324 81.9 596 81.4 1,843
Private truck S S S S S S 1,908
Rail S S S S S S 1,983
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 73 2.2 S S S S 2,538
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,812
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,812
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,974
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,818

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 301 100.0 151 100.0 115 100.0 811
Single modes 244 81.0 146 97.0 S S 805
Truck 221 73.5 127 84.6 94 81.9 727
For-hire truck 205 67.9 108 72.0 80 69.5 729
Private truck S S S S S S 720
Rail S S S S S S 898
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,710
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 56 18.7 S S S S 812
Parcel, USPS or courier 53 17.7 2 1.1 1 1.1 812
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 902
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 788

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 461 100.0 S S S S 1,149
Single modes 359 78.0 S S S S 1,138
Truck 358 77.7 S S S S 1,137
For-hire truck 352 76.4 S S S S 1,142
Private truck S S S S S S 1,095
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,211
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 84 18.3 4 3.6 5 3.7 1,151
Parcel, USPS or courier 84 18.3 4 3.6 5 3.7 1,151
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,124

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 17 100.0 18 100.0 1,092
Single modes 13 41.1 S S S S 1,152
Truck 11 34.4 S S S S 1,061
For-hire truck 10 31.5 S S S S 1,052
Private truck S S S S S S 1,164
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 6.6 0.2 0.2 1,232
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,056
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 6.0 S S S S 1,053
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,075
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,035
Single modes S S S S S S 882
Truck S S S S S S 882
For-hire truck S S S S S S 882
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,036
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,036
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 484 100.0 S S S S 1,435
Single modes 331 68.5 S S S S 1,483
Truck 156 32.3 S S S S 1,489
For-hire truck 152 31.5 S S S S 1,492
Private truck S S 7 0.6 S S 1,262
Rail 156 32.2 S S S S 1,632
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,373
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 149 30.8 6 0.5 8 0.4 1,415
Parcel, USPS or courier 147 30.4 4 0.3 5 0.3 1,415
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,294
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,347

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 783 100.0 532 100.0 546 100.0 984
Single modes 692 88.3 525 98.9 540 98.9 920
Truck 678 86.6 490 92.2 496 90.9 916
For-hire truck 621 79.2 468 88.1 474 86.8 912
Private truck S S S S S S 939
Rail S S S S S S 1,216
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,041
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 82 10.5 3 0.6 3 0.6 1,013
Parcel, USPS or courier 82 10.5 3 0.6 3 0.6 1,013
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,074

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,341
Single modes S S S S S S 4,441
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,441
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,314
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,314
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 158 100.0 201 100.0 296 100.0 1,520
Single modes 155 98.0 201 99.9 296 99.9 1,697
Truck 100 63.6 58 29.1 81 27.3 1,375
For-hire truck 91 57.5 50 24.9 68 23.0 1,357
Private truck S S 8 4.2 S S 1,486
Rail 54 34.3 142 70.8 215 72.7 1,575
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,123
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 2.0 1,429
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 2.0 1,429
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,393 100.0 9,040 100.0 1,757 100.0 248
Single modes 4,942 77.3 8,930 98.8 1,724 98.1 225
Truck 4,855 75.9 7,825 86.6 1,261 71.8 217
For-hire truck 3,632 56.8 4,376 48.4 944 53.7 274
Private truck 1,213 19.0 S S 317 18.0 150
Rail 81 1.3 1,104 12.2 463 26.3 370
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 922
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,334 20.9 52 0.6 16 0.9 257
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,327 20.8 47 0.5 15 0.9 257
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 247
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 203
Other and unknown modes 117 1.8 S S S S 248

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,382 100.0 2,865 100.0 1,036 100.0 464
Single modes 3,073 90.9 2,703 94.4 969 93.5 423
Truck 2,842 84.0 1,519 53.0 568 54.8 417
For-hire truck 2,096 62.0 1,282 44.7 483 46.6 412
Private truck 745 22.0 238 8.3 85 8.2 429
Rail 227 6.7 1,184 41.3 401 38.7 371
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 975
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 206 6.1 8 0.3 4 0.4 468
Parcel, USPS or courier 206 6.1 8 0.3 4 0.4 468
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 410

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 29,432 100.0 119,848 100.0 4,384 100.0 47
Single modes 27,063 92.0 109,728 91.6 4,194 95.7 40
Truck 26,617 90.4 107,787 89.9 3,886 88.6 40
For-hire truck 8,473 28.8 41,484 34.6 1,506 34.4 56
Private truck 18,090 61.5 66,260 55.3 2,376 54.2 38
Rail 175 0.6 1,276 1.1 239 5.4 166
Water S S S S S S 5
Shallow draft S S S S S S 5
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 487
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 644 2.2 66 S S 125
Parcel, USPS or courier 636 2.2 39 5 0.1 125
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 376
Truck and water S S S S S S 666
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5
Other and unknown modes 1,725 5.9 S S S S S

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,016 100.0 4,590 100.0 1,571 100.0 328
Single modes 1,885 93.5 4,574 99.7 1,565 99.6 341
Truck 1,363 67.6 1,585 34.5 512 32.6 324
For-hire truck 941 46.7 S S S S 368
Private truck 422 20.9 261 5.7 84 5.3 259
Rail 279 13.8 S S S S 433
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 674
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 111 5.5 11 0.2 5 0.3 317
Parcel, USPS or courier 111 5.5 S S S S 317
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 497
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 4 0.1 S S 429

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 723 100.0 223 100.0 125 100.0 617
Single modes 655 90.5 219 98.4 122 98.3 639
Truck 646 89.3 219 98.2 122 98.1 623
For-hire truck 504 69.7 192 86.3 106 85.3 581
Private truck 124 17.2 25 11.4 15 12.1 652
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 732
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 67 9.3 3 1.1 2 1.3 607
Parcel, USPS or courier 67 9.3 3 1.1 2 1.3 607
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 579

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,283 100.0 1,360 100.0 1,545 100.0 1,014
Single modes 1,270 99.0 1,332 97.9 1,509 97.6 1,015
Truck 394 30.7 187 13.8 177 11.4 961
For-hire truck 372 29.0 185 13.6 174 11.3 963
Private truck S S S S S S 940
Rail S S 761 55.9 896 58.0 1,157
Water S S S S S S 1,236
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,236
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,345
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13 1.0 S S S S 1,013
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 0.8 1 S S 1,012
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,309
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 102 100.0 S S S S 1,490
Single modes 66 65.0 S S S S 1,453
Truck S S S S S S 1,456
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,445
Private truck S S S S S S 1,479
Rail S S S S S S 725
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,507
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,493
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,493
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,551

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 996
Single modes S S S S S S 984
Truck S S S S S S 970
For-hire truck S S S S S S 963
Private truck S S S S S S 1,091
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,251
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 36 16.5 S S S S 998
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 16.5 S S S S 998
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 995

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 296 100.0 S S S S 1,306
Single modes 202 68.2 S S S S 1,332
Truck 198 66.6 S S S S 1,333
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,278
Private truck S S S S S S 1,472
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 5 1.6 S S S S 1,301
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 87 29.4 2 3.9 3 4.1 1,280
Parcel, USPS or courier 87 29.4 2 3.9 3 4.1 1,280
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,445

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,334 100.0 898 100.0 443 100.0 569
Single modes 1,991 85.3 879 97.8 430 96.9 625
Truck 1,813 77.7 825 91.8 385 86.8 486
For-hire truck 1,590 68.1 660 73.5 321 72.3 498
Private truck S S 165 18.3 64 14.5 430
Rail S S 54 6.0 44 10.0 579
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 863
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 335 14.3 15 1.7 S S 555
Parcel, USPS or courier 240 10.3 8 0.8 4 1.0 553
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 869
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 561

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,732 100.0 7,052 100.0 1,620 100.0 245
Single modes 4,262 90.1 6,868 97.4 1,509 93.2 240
Truck 4,174 88.2 6,203 88.0 1,224 75.6 228
For-hire truck 3,293 69.6 5,385 76.4 1,091 67.4 237
Private truck 853 18.0 804 11.4 131 8.1 210
Rail 73 1.5 594 8.4 257 15.9 441
Water S S S S S S 398
Shallow draft S S S S S S 398
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 10 0.2 S S S S 947
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 386 8.1 S S S S 251
Parcel, USPS or courier 380 8.0 17 0.2 4 0.3 251
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,035
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 141

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 343 100.0 342 100.0 271 100.0 691
Single modes 328 95.6 341 99.9 271 99.9 695
Truck 282 82.4 127 37.2 92 33.9 677
For-hire truck 266 77.6 115 33.7 83 30.7 675
Private truck S S S S S S 765
Rail S S S S S S 844
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 847
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 682
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 682
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,216 100.0 5,649 100.0 1,766 100.0 293
Single modes 3,661 86.8 5,554 98.3 1,737 98.3 268
Truck 3,315 78.6 2,578 45.6 693 39.2 261
For-hire truck 2,165 51.4 1,422 25.2 410 23.2 269
Private truck 1,150 27.3 S S S S 254
Rail 345 8.2 S S S S 352
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,080
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 479 11.4 S S S S 313
Parcel, USPS or courier 462 10.9 14 0.3 4 0.2 313
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 245
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 77 1.8 S S S S 280

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 151 100.0 182 100.0 1,146
Single modes 33 84.3 151 99.8 181 99.8 1,056
Truck 17 41.8 47 31.3 53 29.3 1,017
For-hire truck 11 28.0 37 24.6 41 22.6 997
Private truck S S S S S S 1,120
Rail 17 42.2 104 68.5 128 70.6 1,126
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,380
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 14.5 0.2 0.2 1,160
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 14.5 0.2 0.2 1,160
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,306

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,386 100.0 3,874 100.0 566 100.0 162
Single modes 3,749 69.6 3,811 98.4 555 98.0 156
Truck 3,729 69.2 3,675 94.9 535 94.6 120
For-hire truck 2,795 51.9 2,058 53.1 399 70.4 169
Private truck 934 17.3 1,617 41.7 137 24.1 85
Rail 16 0.3 136 3.5 S S 125
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 827
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,571 29.2 20 0.5 4 0.7 178
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,571 29.2 20 0.5 4 0.7 178
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 66 1.2 43 1.1 7 1.3 S

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 70 100.0 8 100.0 14 100.0 1,653
Single modes 57 81.4 8 95.8 13 95.9 2,247
Truck S S 6 77.0 10 75.9 1,574
For-hire truck S S 6 77.0 10 75.9 1,574
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,716
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,529
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 18.6 4.2 1 4.1 1,586
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 18.6 4.2 1 4.1 1,586
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 116 100.0 S S S S 1,296
Single modes 89 76.3 S S S S 1,280
Truck 85 73.4 S S S S 1,280
For-hire truck 77 66.1 S S S S 1,282
Private truck S S S S S S 1,248
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,296
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 23.3 S S S S 1,305
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 23.3 S S S S 1,305
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,440

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,326 100.0 S S S S 1,094
Single modes S S S S S S 1,071
Truck S S S S S S 1,082
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,071
Private truck S S S S S S 1,147
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 977
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 281 21.2 11 2.6 12 2.6 1,105
Parcel, USPS or courier 281 21.2 11 2.6 12 2.6 1,105
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 992

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 15 100.0 90 100.0 105 100.0 1,167
Single modes 11 73.3 90 99.9 105 99.9 1,114
Truck 7 45.5 26 28.5 29 27.3 1,092
For-hire truck 6 41.1 15 16.6 16 15.5 1,074
Private truck S S S S S S 1,162
Rail S S S S S S 1,185
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 26.7 1,179
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 26.7 1,179
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,233 100.0 366 100.0 356 100.0 1,013
Single modes 1,046 84.9 360 98.5 350 98.4 977
Truck 801 65.0 360 98.4 349 98.2 964
For-hire truck 736 59.7 241 66.1 245 68.9 962
Private truck S S S S S S 992
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,160
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 182 14.8 5 1.5 6 1.6 1,025
Parcel, USPS or courier 182 14.8 5 1.5 6 1.6 1,025
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,075

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,087 100.0 466 100.0 483 100.0 1,034
Single modes 874 80.4 453 97.1 470 97.3 1,057
Truck 867 79.7 453 97.1 470 97.3 1,058
For-hire truck 814 74.9 390 83.7 409 84.6 1,054
Private truck 53 4.8 S S S S 1,079
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 982
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 193 17.7 4 0.8 4 0.8 1,027
Parcel, USPS or courier 193 17.7 4 0.8 4 0.8 1,027
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,001

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 218 100.0 263 100.0 148 100.0 490
Single modes 164 75.1 259 98.5 146 98.6 485
Truck 120 55.2 113 42.8 51 34.4 474
For-hire truck 101 46.5 101 38.4 45 30.2 469
Private truck 19 8.7 12 4.4 6 4.2 479
Rail 43 19.9 146 55.6 95 64.2 648
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 492
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 492
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 482

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,711 100.0 1,420 100.0 848 100.0 650
Single modes 2,059 76.0 1,375 96.8 820 96.7 651
Truck 1,882 69.4 1,305 91.9 770 90.8 645
For-hire truck 1,710 63.1 1,137 80.1 675 79.5 647
Private truck 172 6.4 168 11.9 96 11.3 635
Rail S S S S S S 796
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 8 0.3 S S S S 821
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 625 23.1 32 2.2 21 2.5 650
Parcel, USPS or courier 546 20.1 22 1.6 14 1.6 650
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 739
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 592

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 548 100.0 905 100.0 527 100.0 609
Single modes 497 90.7 903 99.8 526 99.8 582
Truck 334 60.9 238 26.3 133 25.3 556
For-hire truck 254 46.3 191 21.1 105 20.0 542
Private truck 78 14.2 45 5.0 27 5.1 603
Rail 154 28.2 665 73.5 392 74.4 601
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,164
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 9.3 1 624
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 9.3 1 624
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 619

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 238 100.0 S S S S 2,105
Single modes 225 94.6 S S S S 2,349
Truck 151 63.5 46 13.6 84 12.0 1,859
For-hire truck 137 57.7 27 7.9 49 7.0 1,862
Private truck S S S S S S 1,766
Rail 68 28.6 S S S S 2,021
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,687
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 5.3 S S S S 1,822
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 5.3 S S S S 1,822
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,639

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,128 100.0 242 100.0 214 100.0 981
Single modes 804 71.3 233 96.5 206 95.9 948
Truck 792 70.2 228 94.2 199 92.9 923
For-hire truck 713 63.2 202 83.7 176 82.0 927
Private truck 78 6.9 23 9.5 S S 849
Rail S S S S S S 1,161
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,316
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 296 26.2 5 2.1 5 2.1 988
Parcel, USPS or courier 296 26.2 5 2.1 5 2.1 988
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,192

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,260
Single modes 44 33.1 S S S S 1,295
Truck 44 33.1 S S S S 1,296
For-hire truck 41 30.8 S S S S 1,292
Private truck S S S S S S 1,332
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,262
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,256
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,256
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 704 100.0 197 100.0 209 100.0 1,042
Single modes 657 93.3 196 99.6 208 99.6 1,035
Truck 657 93.3 196 99.6 208 99.6 1,035
For-hire truck 647 91.9 185 94.1 197 94.1 1,035
Private truck S S S S S S 1,047
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,034
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 6.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,054
Parcel, USPS or courier 47 6.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,054
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 981

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,805 100.0 4,604 100.0 819 100.0 205
Single modes 1,610 89.2 4,508 97.9 812 99.2 150
Truck 1,530 84.8 4,247 92.3 651 79.5 142
For-hire truck 940 52.1 2,686 58.3 488 59.6 195
Private truck 560 31.0 1,338 29.1 154 18.8 115
Rail S S S S S S 620
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,104
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 92 5.1 2 1 285
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 5.1 2 1 285
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 83

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,500 100.0 389 100.0 261 100.0 682
Single modes 1,310 87.3 368 94.5 247 94.4 751
Truck 1,182 78.8 340 87.3 226 86.3 717
For-hire truck 1,036 69.1 241 61.9 163 62.5 718
Private truck S S S S S S 697
Rail S S S S S S 749
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 898
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 182 12.2 7 1.8 5 1.7 660
Parcel, USPS or courier 181 12.1 5 1.2 3 1.2 660
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 615
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 568

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,282 100.0 1,811 100.0 1,751 100.0 878
Single modes 2,015 88.3 1,793 99.0 1,735 99.1 874
Truck 1,439 63.1 1,097 60.6 952 54.4 829
For-hire truck 606 26.5 441 24.4 394 22.5 823
Private truck S S S S S S 857
Rail 565 24.8 S S S S 1,125
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,774
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 250 10.9 8 0.4 7 0.4 881
Parcel, USPS or courier 250 10.9 8 0.4 7 0.4 881
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 17 0.7 S S S S 824

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 147 100.0 S S S S 1,158
Single modes 104 71.0 S S S S 1,374
Truck 80 54.3 178 37.0 195 33.5 1,120
For-hire truck 72 49.3 S S S S 1,140
Private truck S S S S S S 1,042
Rail S S S S S S 1,281
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 42 28.6 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,143
Parcel, USPS or courier 42 28.6 1 0.2 1 0.2 1,143
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,039

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22 100.0 2 100.0 3 100.0 1,190
Single modes 7 32.0 1 50.5 1 49.7 1,192
Truck 7 31.3 1 50.4 1 49.6 1,187
For-hire truck 7 30.4 1 42.8 1 42.1 1,188
Private truck S S S S S S 1,180
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,267
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 13 59.5 S S S S 1,190
Parcel, USPS or courier 13 59.5 S S S S 1,190
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,072

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 476 100.0 244 100.0 268 100.0 1,010
Single modes 401 84.2 242 99.3 266 99.3 995
Truck 360 75.5 151 62.1 145 54.1 985
For-hire truck 350 73.5 144 59.1 139 51.9 991
Private truck 10 2.1 S S S S 946
Rail S S S S S S 1,283
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,207
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 0.7 2 0.7 1,011
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.7 2 0.7 1,011
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 401 100.0 S S S S 1,770
Single modes 306 76.4 S S S S 1,890
Truck 277 69.2 64 16.2 106 14.0 1,806
For-hire truck 277 69.2 64 16.2 106 14.0 1,806
Private truck
Rail 24 6.0 S S S S 2,004
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,910
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,745
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,741
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,147
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 103 100.0 153 100.0 124 100.0 904
Single modes 99 96.2 S S 123 99.9 837
Truck 58 56.1 58 37.9 47 38.1 835
For-hire truck 46 44.5 49 32.3 39 31.5 778
Private truck S S S S S S 928
Rail S S S S S S 816
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,114
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 3.8 931
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 3.8 931
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,152 100.0 3,339 100.0 985 100.0 270
Single modes 3,855 92.8 3,318 99.4 979 99.4 207
Truck 3,832 92.3 3,155 94.5 914 92.9 203
For-hire truck 2,759 66.5 1,618 48.4 456 46.3 296
Private truck 1,071 25.8 S S S S 141
Rail 18 0.4 S S S S 394
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,113
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 243 5.8 10 0.3 3 0.3 313
Parcel, USPS or courier 243 5.8 10 0.3 3 0.3 313
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 3 0.3 267

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 189 100.0 15,056 100.0 13,486 100.0 686
Single modes 165 87.6 15,056 100.0 13,486 100.0 804
Truck 16 8.6 75 0.5 53 0.4 783
For-hire truck S S 67 0.4 47 0.4 766
Private truck S S S S S S 882
Rail 149 79.1 14,981 99.5 13,433 99.6 825
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 671
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 671
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 922

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.