Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 115,396 109,871 5 232,544 218,789 6.3 107,728 56,882 89.4 340 276 23.3
Single modes 105,265 99,936 5.3 218,532 214,967 1.7 104,456 53,604 94.9 152 111 37.1
Truck 92,849 91,224 1.8 163,776 178,197 −8.1 29,198 23,010 26.9 136 101 34.5
Rail 8,528 7,224 18 45,536 30,467 49.5 S 22,570 S 865 836 3.5
Water 1,096 975 12.4 8,635 6,064 42.4 11,112 7,968 39.5 1,287 1,203 6.9
Air (including truck and air) S 460 S S 20 S S 20 S 1,429 1,107 29.1
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7,211 7,201 0.1 1,485 2,046 −27.4 1,824 S S 746 631 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,910 6,364 −7.1 295 296 −0.3 223 171 30.6 746 630 18.3
Truck and Rail S 691 S 241 700 −65.6 291 802 −63.7 1,269 1,319 −3.8
Other multiple modes 174 S S S S S S S S 1,778 S S
Other and unknown modes 2,920 2,734 6.8 S 1,775 S S 801 S S 74 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 21,372 28,051 −23.8 89,538 80,425 11.3 S 26,362 S 293 114 156.2
Single modes 19,978 27,467 −27.3 80,356 78,620 2.2 S 24,436 S 130 84 53.6
Truck 15,808 24,114 −34.4 41,344 58,904 −29.8 6,325 6,689 −5.4 119 78 52.9
Rail S 2,444 S S 14,258 S S 10,526 S 864 768 12.5
Water 1,090 908 20 8,561 5,458 56.9 11,014 7,221 52.5 1,287 1,303 −1.3
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 841 3,151 −73.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 273 S S S S S S S 1,022 717 42.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S 14 S S 2 S S 1 S 1,022 700 46
Truck and Rail S 126 S S 145 S S S S 1,083 1,711 −36.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,507 1,439 4.7
Other and unknown modes S 311 S S 628 S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 14,036 14,227 −1.3 29,078 24,025 21 15,368 14,783 4 582 143 307.1
Single modes 13,465 13,895 −3.1 26,352 23,676 11.3 15,218 14,350 6.1 234 141 66.4
Truck 10,693 10,873 −1.7 16,305 14,192 14.9 6,017 4,553 32.2 197 124 58.7
Rail 2,772 2,960 −6.4 10,045 8,881 13.1 9,201 9,053 1.6 907 1,005 −9.7
Water S S S S S S 1,235
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 927 1,023 −9.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 6 S S S S 1,003 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,003 327 206.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,187 2,310 −5.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,135 1,180 80.9
Other and unknown modes S 322 S S 343 S S 419 S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 644 S S 56,177 54,564 3 S 3,215 S 59 54 9.2
Single modes 637 S S 55,739 54,271 2.7 S 3,101 S 57 54 5.6
Truck 627 S S 55,445 53,457 3.7 S 2,855 S 56 53 6.1
Rail S 6 S S 814 S S 246 S 470 310 51.7
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 913 608 50.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 913 137 566.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 697
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,066 3,184 −3.7 10,738 13,594 −21 1,211 633 91.2 S 26 S
Single modes 3,036 3,157 −3.8 10,637 13,456 −20.9 1,195 617 93.5 S 25 S
Truck 2,750 3,066 −10.3 10,071 13,087 −23 1,116 503 122 S 25 S
Rail S S S S S S 525
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,991
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 264 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 204 S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 666 13 S
Other and unknown modes S 17 S S S S S S S 35 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 16,823 12,222 37.6 19,810 7,590 161 5,536 2,521 119.6 352 222 58.7
Single modes 15,215 11,263 35.1 19,604 7,445 163.3 5,316 2,446 117.3 231 105 120.7
Truck 13,566 10,601 28 17,089 6,306 171 3,247 1,569 106.9 216 97 122.8
Rail 1,573 652 141.1 S 1,137 S 2,066 875 136.1 864 803 7.5
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 10 S S 2 S S 1 S 1,881 1,774 6
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,478 736 100.0.8 168 75 124.5 S 65 S 736 503 46.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 570 616 −7.6 40 36 10.5 29 18 58.4 733 501 46.5
Truck and Rail S 118 S S 39 S S 46 S 1,335 1,515 −11.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,860 945 96.9
Other and unknown modes 129 223 −42.1 39 70 −44.6 30 11 177.8 S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,396 5,995 23.4 5,064 3,520 43.9 2,235 1,253 78.4 597 550 8.5
Single modes 6,549 5,017 30.5 4,957 3,349 48 2,174 1,191 82.5 189 155 21.9
Truck 6,238 4,996 24.9 4,661 3,296 41.4 1,888 1,143 65.2 167 148 13.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,203 929 29.5
Water
Air (including truck and air) 15 9 66.8 1 1 −7.7 1 1 −1.1 1,701 1,000 70.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 778 875 −11.1 S 47 S S 41 S 854 888 −3.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 777 868 −10.4 S 38 S S 29 S 854 888 −3.8
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,648
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5 494 −99.1
Other and unknown modes S 103 S S S S S 20 S 45 78 −42.7

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 21,122 18,839 12.1 15,189 23,686 −35.9 4,819 4,428 8.8 346 278 24.6
Single modes 20,071 16,548 21.3 14,274 23,223 −38.5 4,704 4,000 17.6 309 143 115.7
Truck 19,184 15,982 20 12,467 21,865 −43 3,659 3,340 9.5 267 127 111
Rail 652 466 40 1,795 1,352 32.8 1,030 654 57.3 623 729 −14.5
Water S S S S S S 456
Air (including truck and air) S 95 S S 3 S S 3 S 1,247 1,242 0.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 519 1,948 −73.3 41 347 −88.3 66 S S 557 465 19.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 423 1,547 −72.6 20 76 −73.9 12 43 −72 553 464 19.1
Truck and Rail 56 401 −86.1 15 S S 29 S S 1,968 1,177 67.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,054 3,713 9.2
Other and unknown modes 532 344 54.7 S 116 S S 33 S 66 S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 16,405 16,212 1.2 2,486 2,505 −0.8 1,603 1,410 13.7 518 326 58.7
Single modes 13,874 12,321 12.6 2,324 2,190 6.1 1,497 1,232 21.5 337 76 345.9
Truck 11,687 11,840 −1.3 2,249 2,095 7.3 1,420 1,146 23.9 240 67 260.5
Rail 43 194 −77.9 72 80 −10.1 72 72 −0.9 855 1,146 −25.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 286 S S S S S S S 1,424 867 64.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,970 2,619 −24.8 88 117 −24.8 75 66 15 628 651 −3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,851 2,596 −28.7 41 109 −62 32 55 −42.7 627 651 −3.6
Truck and Rail S S S 46 S S 42 S S 847 1,378 −38.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 8,789
Other and unknown modes S 1,272 S S 199 S 30 112 −73.3 S 108 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 14,295 9,386 52.3 4,077 5,406 −24.6 1,406 1,497 −6 268 481 −44.2
Single modes 12,206 8,586 42.2 3,912 5,275 −25.8 1,338 1,452 −7.9 S 252 S
Truck 12,167 8,384 45.1 3,908 4,269 −8.5 1,334 1,149 16.1 S 243 S
Rail S 144 S S 1,004 S S 302 S 523 474 10.3
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 59 S S 1 S S 1 S 1,747 1,088 60.7
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,784 708 151.9 98 S S 61 38 62.2 710 780 −9
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,782 700 154.7 97 34 187 61 24 156.1 710 781 −9.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,470 S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,419 4,404 −45.1
Other and unknown modes S 91 S S 33 S S 7 S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 238 677 −64.9 388 S S S S S 553 143 285.7
Single modes 234 608 −61.5 377 S S S S S 398 S S
Truck 129 299 −56.7 S S S S S S 395 S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 617 721 −14.5
Water S S S S S S 1,335
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,304
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 870 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 870 S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 9 S S S S 7 S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.