Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 5.0 9.6 8.9 12.0
Single modes 4.9 0.8 7.6 2.4 9.1 0.4 19.1
Truck 5.1 1.1 10.4 3.8 7.5 4.8 19.5
For-hire truck 5.2 2.6 19.3 5.9 6.1 3.6 7.6
Private truck 11.3 2.4 19.1 5.9 17.6 2.3 20.0
Rail 13.6 0.5 17.9 3.2 19.6 5.2 11.5
Water S S S S S S 30.5
Shallow draft S S S S S S 30.5
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 31.5 0.3 14.7 26.0 10.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7.0 0.5 17.7 29.7 0.3 5.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 7.9 0.6 8.6 12.9 5.7
Truck and rail S S 34.3 47.1 0.2 23.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 26.1
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 36.0
Other and unknown modes 21.9 0.6 S S 21.6 0.3 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 32.5 31.8 2.4
Single modes S S 33.0 2.9 32.3 2.6 2.1
Truck S S 36.5 5.1 36.5 5.9 2.2
For-hire truck S S 38.3 11.5 38.3 11.7 2.3
Private truck 41.0 5.8 45.8 9.7 45.9 10.0 18.9
Rail 29.5 1.4 36.1 4.7 35.5 5.8 14.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 34.5 0.3 33.1 0.3 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 34.5 0.3 33.1 0.3 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.0

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 37.6 47.0 46.3 2.3
Single modes S S S S S S 3.2
Truck S S S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.5 15.5 S S S S 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.8 15.3 S S S S 15.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.9 21.5 26.7 4.8
Single modes 18.0 3.4 22.6 2.5 28.8 4.5 3.8
Truck 18.3 4.5 15.4 6.3 18.2 8.3 3.4
For-hire truck 21.1 9.6 21.9 7.9 25.6 8.6 3.6
Private truck 48.5 10.3 36.6 6.9 33.9 6.4 18.5
Rail S S S S S S 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.4 3.0 S S S S 5.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.2 3.0 36.9 0.7 37.4 0.6 5.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.1

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.1 24.0 23.9 1.0
Single modes S S 24.4 6.9 24.1 6.9 1.5
Truck S S 27.7 8.1 27.6 8.2 0.9
For-hire truck S S 28.2 8.4 28.1 8.5 0.8
Private truck S S S S S S 15.1
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 45.9 5.5 S S S S 15.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 0.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.2

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.3 46.3 49.3 3.0
Single modes 34.4 10.6 48.1 7.8 S S 7.4
Truck 37.1 10.1 42.9 7.0 45.0 7.6 3.3
For-hire truck 40.6 10.0 41.6 8.2 42.6 8.4 2.9
Private truck S S S S S S 21.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.2 10.3 S S S S 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.2 10.6 21.4 5.5 22.1 5.8 2.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.1 S S S S 1.7
Single modes 44.5 9.9 S S S S 1.7
Truck 44.7 10.1 S S S S 1.9
For-hire truck 45.7 10.6 S S S S 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.7 10.5 45.7 9.5 44.3 9.4 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.7 10.5 45.7 9.5 44.3 9.4 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 45.8 48.2 2.0
Single modes 30.6 15.3 S S S S 11.0
Truck 39.9 13.4 S S S S 10.8
For-hire truck 43.2 11.6 S S S S 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 40.5 13.0 46.4 12.0 48.1 12.4 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.4 11.1 S S S S 10.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.9
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.8 S S S S 1.8
Single modes 28.4 8.0 S S S S 2.1
Truck 25.1 5.4 S S S S 2.8
For-hire truck 25.2 5.4 S S S S 2.8
Private truck S S 47.2 1.2 S S 21.4
Rail 47.8 7.3 S S S S 3.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 16.1 8.1 46.8 1.3 45.3 1.2 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 16.2 8.1 37.1 0.5 38.0 0.5 2.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.4 25.3 26.7 1.8
Single modes 24.0 4.1 25.8 0.7 27.1 0.8 2.5
Truck 24.9 5.0 29.4 8.9 31.5 9.5 2.8
For-hire truck 26.6 5.9 31.0 8.8 33.2 9.5 3.3
Private truck S S S S S S 11.1
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 19.4 3.9 24.0 0.4 23.3 0.4 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.4 3.9 24.0 0.4 23.3 0.4 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.2

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.3
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.3 34.8 34.5 6.5
Single modes 18.5 0.9 34.8 34.5 5.7
Truck 27.9 11.2 25.8 13.7 25.4 13.9 2.4
For-hire truck 31.4 11.7 27.0 13.2 26.4 13.4 2.7
Private truck S S 49.1 4.3 S S 25.9
Rail 42.9 11.5 47.5 13.7 46.3 13.9 18.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.2 0.9 34.5 30.7 7.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.2 0.9 34.5 30.7 7.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 10.8 25.4 13.0 5.3
Single modes 12.0 3.5 25.5 0.4 13.2 0.8 10.6
Truck 12.3 3.3 28.0 4.1 14.7 5.6 10.4
For-hire truck 10.0 3.8 16.9 7.0 12.2 3.8 7.2
Private truck 27.5 2.7 S S 32.7 4.2 18.0
Rail 34.1 0.7 22.0 3.9 23.0 5.5 16.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 17.6 3.3 30.0 0.3 33.6 0.5 5.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.7 3.3 29.1 0.2 32.5 0.4 5.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 38.8 0.6 S S S S 21.5

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.3 24.8 23.2 3.8
Single modes 24.1 3.0 25.7 3.6 23.8 3.8 4.3
Truck 24.5 3.0 26.2 10.2 25.8 9.6 4.9
For-hire truck 36.9 9.2 31.8 8.9 31.1 8.4 3.6
Private truck 33.2 8.2 40.6 6.1 32.2 6.5 8.7
Rail 46.7 2.8 33.9 9.9 29.6 9.2 20.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.7 2.5 33.5 0.2 31.7 0.2 4.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.7 2.5 33.5 0.2 31.7 0.2 4.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.2

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 9.7 16.5 20.0 12.2
Single modes 8.8 2.1 14.5 3.3 20.7 1.8 11.6
Truck 8.9 1.9 14.6 3.1 21.1 2.6 10.7
For-hire truck 11.0 4.0 33.9 8.3 18.4 6.8 17.9
Private truck 13.0 3.8 21.9 8.4 32.3 6.9 11.8
Rail 34.4 0.3 35.4 0.5 47.8 2.5 13.0
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 22.3 0.5 38.1 S S 9.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.6 0.5 42.4 47.9 0.1 8.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 40.1 1.9 S S S S S

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.5 47.8 49.1 4.5
Single modes 18.2 1.9 48.0 0.3 49.3 0.3 5.1
Truck 18.5 7.3 49.2 10.8 46.2 10.6 4.1
For-hire truck 15.5 6.3 S S S S 4.9
Private truck 43.4 5.9 27.4 4.9 30.8 4.5 8.4
Rail 44.2 5.3 S S S S 17.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.0
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 35.9 1.8 44.0 0.2 47.9 0.2 4.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.9 1.8 S S S S 4.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 46.4 0.2 S S 17.5

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.4 12.4 11.5 2.7
Single modes 19.8 2.8 12.8 0.7 11.9 0.7 3.9
Truck 19.5 2.8 12.8 0.6 11.9 0.7 3.3
For-hire truck 24.6 7.7 14.9 5.3 14.3 5.4 2.2
Private truck 46.5 6.0 40.2 4.8 38.1 4.9 18.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.3 2.6 23.7 0.4 25.8 0.5 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.3 2.6 23.7 0.4 25.8 0.5 2.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.4 30.3 32.3 2.4
Single modes 36.8 0.8 30.7 1.4 32.8 1.7 2.5
Truck 22.0 13.0 23.1 10.8 23.7 10.7 10.7
For-hire truck 23.4 11.3 23.6 10.1 24.2 10.1 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail S S 44.5 10.0 46.1 10.2 10.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 37.9 0.8 S S S S 15.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.5 0.8 49.4 S S 15.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.0 S S S S 2.1
Single modes 47.8 11.9 S S S S 5.5
Truck S S S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.0
Single modes S S S S S S 4.7
Truck S S S S S S 4.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 10.9
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.7 13.5 S S S S 2.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.7 13.5 S S S S 2.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.9 S S S S 1.6
Single modes 48.2 12.6 S S S S 1.4
Truck 49.6 12.8 S S S S 1.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 33.7 0.7 S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.5 12.0 31.8 10.3 32.0 10.3 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.5 12.0 31.8 10.3 32.0 10.3 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.5 16.0 15.3 5.5
Single modes 22.2 6.7 16.5 1.0 15.8 1.4 7.3
Truck 21.7 6.7 17.4 2.8 16.6 4.2 2.5
For-hire truck 26.0 8.5 23.4 8.0 21.9 7.6 2.8
Private truck S S 45.3 7.4 39.5 6.1 11.6
Rail S S 40.7 2.4 44.8 3.7 23.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.2 6.6 47.6 0.9 S S 4.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.9 3.6 23.3 0.3 26.6 0.5 4.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.9

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.9 32.5 29.1 2.2
Single modes 17.0 3.2 33.5 2.3 31.1 3.9 4.2
Truck 17.1 3.1 36.0 4.9 36.9 7.3 2.7
For-hire truck 21.1 4.4 40.3 7.6 40.2 8.1 2.8
Private truck 16.2 4.7 16.7 3.4 14.6 2.0 6.2
Rail 29.8 0.5 45.5 3.5 48.7 6.9 7.4
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 40.5 S S S S 16.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.1 3.2 S S S S 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.7 3.2 42.8 0.5 38.6 0.4 3.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 27.9
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.1

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.3 46.6 48.5 2.8
Single modes 27.2 4.4 46.6 48.5 3.4
Truck 33.4 8.7 22.1 16.1 21.7 16.8 3.2
For-hire truck 35.5 8.7 25.8 14.6 25.3 15.2 3.2
Private truck S S S S S S 23.8
Rail S S S S S S 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 46.3 47.6 19.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 46.3 47.6 19.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.6 31.4 36.0 4.5
Single modes 20.8 2.8 32.1 2.5 36.8 2.2 6.4
Truck 19.8 3.8 32.2 14.4 35.2 15.3 6.4
For-hire truck 14.6 6.9 19.7 12.7 18.2 13.8 3.7
Private truck 44.0 6.5 S S S S 9.8
Rail 46.0 3.4 S S S S 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.2 3.0 S S S S 4.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.3 3.1 23.8 0.1 23.5 0.2 4.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 39.7 1.0 S S S S 19.4

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 23.8 32.0 30.5 3.8
Single modes 24.4 3.5 32.0 0.2 30.5 0.1 5.4
Truck 24.6 10.9 29.1 15.3 29.8 15.6 5.1
For-hire truck 25.7 11.4 31.6 14.4 31.6 14.6 8.1
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail 36.4 9.9 43.2 15.3 38.9 15.7 22.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.5 3.7 19.8 0.2 20.9 0.1 4.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.5 3.7 19.8 0.2 20.9 0.1 4.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.7 23.8 35.1 10.9
Single modes 17.4 9.3 24.1 0.7 35.8 1.2 17.3
Truck 17.4 9.3 24.8 2.6 37.7 4.8 9.3
For-hire truck 20.2 8.3 37.2 8.7 46.2 8.7 11.2
Private truck 20.5 2.2 40.2 8.2 33.5 7.5 10.0
Rail 49.9 0.2 45.6 2.6 S S 38.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.2 9.4 30.4 0.2 34.4 0.2 7.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.2 9.4 30.4 0.2 34.4 0.2 7.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 30.5 0.6 47.3 0.7 47.4 1.2 S

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.8 28.9 29.4 4.0
Single modes 40.3 8.8 29.8 8.2 30.2 8.0 7.8
Truck S S 33.4 11.8 33.4 11.8 10.8
For-hire truck S S 33.4 11.8 33.4 11.8 10.8
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.3 8.8 36.6 8.2 36.2 8.0 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.3 8.8 36.6 8.2 36.2 8.0 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.0 S S S S 1.7
Single modes 40.1 10.1 S S S S 1.8
Truck 40.2 9.6 S S S S 2.0
For-hire truck 45.5 9.8 S S S S 2.0
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.2 10.3 S S S S 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.2 10.3 S S S S 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.5 S S S S 1.7
Single modes S S S S S S 3.1
Truck S S S S S S 3.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2.6
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.8 7.8 30.3 3.0 28.9 3.1 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.8 7.8 30.3 3.0 28.9 3.1 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.7 46.9 48.0 6.0
Single modes 29.1 13.7 46.9 15.0 48.1 15.1 15.0
Truck 26.5 10.7 42.9 16.6 46.0 16.8 15.0
For-hire truck 27.4 10.1 45.2 17.5 48.6 17.7 15.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.7 13.7 40.7 15.0 39.4 15.1 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.7 13.7 40.7 15.0 39.4 15.1 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.4 45.2 44.2 1.7
Single modes 35.5 4.5 45.9 4.2 44.9 4.1 2.5
Truck 23.5 4.5 46.0 5.8 45.0 5.9 2.4
For-hire truck 22.8 4.8 34.9 8.3 35.8 7.5 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 18.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 12.7 4.3 21.3 4.2 24.3 4.1 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 12.7 4.3 21.3 4.2 24.3 4.1 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.8

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.6 32.7 30.4 2.6
Single modes 20.7 5.0 33.4 1.0 31.0 0.8 2.0
Truck 20.6 5.0 33.4 1.0 31.0 0.8 2.0
For-hire truck 21.7 5.1 29.4 4.1 27.3 4.2 2.0
Private truck 23.3 1.2 S S S S 11.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.9 4.1 16.8 0.4 17.1 0.4 3.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.9 4.1 16.8 0.4 17.1 0.4 3.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.7 25.0 24.7 3.4
Single modes 20.2 6.0 25.3 1.7 25.0 1.6 4.6
Truck 19.9 8.3 24.0 10.5 20.3 11.7 4.9
For-hire truck 25.0 7.1 26.8 6.4 22.6 7.6 4.7
Private truck 27.3 6.4 22.5 5.3 26.4 6.1 9.8
Rail 40.6 8.2 31.6 11.1 31.5 12.3 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.0

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.5 32.2 34.0 3.2
Single modes 21.8 6.5 33.4 1.9 35.3 2.1 4.2
Truck 19.5 5.7 35.4 6.6 37.4 6.7 4.4
For-hire truck 21.1 5.0 39.4 6.5 42.0 6.5 4.6
Private truck 33.4 2.7 49.1 4.4 47.1 4.7 4.7
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 28.9 0.2 S S S S 13.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 22.2 6.6 38.4 1.6 41.8 1.9 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.5 6.6 36.7 1.7 40.2 1.9 3.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.4 28.9 29.9 3.3
Single modes 21.9 6.9 29.0 0.9 30.0 1.1 5.5
Truck 20.5 7.4 27.5 15.4 29.8 15.3 3.6
For-hire truck 31.5 10.0 35.9 12.4 39.2 12.2 4.3
Private truck 37.2 5.2 30.2 7.5 29.9 7.9 18.4
Rail 36.4 6.9 34.4 15.9 34.6 16.0 21.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.4 6.8 36.5 0.5 36.7 0.5 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.4 6.8 36.5 0.5 36.7 0.5 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.0 S S S S 3.6
Single modes 13.9 5.4 S S S S 5.2
Truck 22.5 10.9 32.7 14.2 32.4 14.3 1.6
For-hire truck 24.4 10.1 27.2 7.5 27.8 7.3 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail 40.5 10.3 S S S S 15.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.9 5.4 S S S S 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.9 5.4 S S S S 1.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.3 26.2 25.9 2.3
Single modes 32.6 5.0 27.0 2.7 26.6 2.7 2.2
Truck 33.5 5.5 28.1 4.7 28.1 5.1 1.9
For-hire truck 37.5 6.4 30.3 5.1 29.7 5.1 2.1
Private truck 38.6 4.3 49.6 4.3 S S 21.3
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.3 4.9 27.9 1.0 29.0 1.1 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.3 4.9 27.9 1.0 29.0 1.1 2.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 1.5
Single modes 43.3 13.3 S S S S 15.2
Truck 43.3 13.3 S S S S 15.2
For-hire truck 44.7 12.6 S S S S 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.8 22.6 23.6 1.6
Single modes 28.0 4.0 22.7 0.2 23.7 0.2 1.8
Truck 28.0 4.0 22.7 0.2 23.7 0.2 1.9
For-hire truck 28.5 3.9 24.8 5.6 25.8 5.5 2.0
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.0 4.0 33.9 0.2 32.9 0.2 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.0 4.0 33.9 0.2 32.9 0.2 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.9 20.3 28.8 9.7
Single modes 20.1 3.3 20.3 1.9 29.0 1.2 9.4
Truck 17.7 3.2 20.4 3.8 27.6 8.3 10.1
For-hire truck 26.1 7.7 29.0 11.0 39.6 10.5 13.6
Private truck 18.6 7.9 35.8 11.6 27.5 11.2 11.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.6 2.0 27.8 28.2 13.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.6 2.0 27.8 28.2 13.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.0

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.8 30.8 30.1 2.5
Single modes 22.1 7.9 33.3 5.0 32.5 5.0 3.9
Truck 24.4 8.2 34.7 5.1 33.6 5.2 3.5
For-hire truck 20.8 7.6 23.5 7.9 24.8 7.7 3.5
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 11.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.2 8.0 33.8 2.6 33.0 2.4 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.5 8.0 31.7 1.3 31.8 1.2 1.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.3

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.3 27.8 28.4 3.2
Single modes 27.0 4.7 28.2 1.2 28.8 1.1 3.8
Truck 35.9 7.7 36.2 10.0 35.3 10.7 3.1
For-hire truck 18.8 10.2 17.3 11.1 19.3 11.2 3.2
Private truck S S S S S S 4.6
Rail 41.7 6.8 S S S S 10.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.7 4.7 28.4 0.4 28.4 0.4 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.7 4.7 28.4 0.4 28.4 0.4 3.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 40.1 0.3 S S S S 21.5

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.6 S S S S 1.8
Single modes 28.0 7.2 S S S S 6.0
Truck 31.7 8.2 41.7 17.3 42.9 18.2 1.9
For-hire truck 34.0 8.9 S S S S 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 18.8 7.3 25.1 0.8 23.5 0.8 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.8 7.3 25.1 0.8 23.5 0.8 3.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.7 33.7 33.1 2.7
Single modes 39.2 9.0 35.0 13.7 34.7 13.7 10.9
Truck 40.0 9.0 35.1 13.8 34.8 13.7 15.1
For-hire truck 41.9 9.5 42.3 13.2 41.9 13.1 18.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.1 11.0 S S S S 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.1 11.0 S S S S 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.4 23.1 28.9 2.5
Single modes 16.0 3.6 23.2 0.2 29.2 0.2 1.3
Truck 15.2 4.3 17.8 11.2 17.5 12.8 1.1
For-hire truck 15.8 4.5 19.0 11.6 18.5 12.9 1.2
Private truck 45.0 1.2 S S S S 23.8
Rail S S S S S S 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 34.6 0.2 35.7 0.2 3.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 34.6 0.2 35.7 0.2 3.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.4 S S S S 2.8
Single modes 35.1 9.5 S S S S 2.3
Truck 38.0 10.9 47.0 17.1 46.7 17.5 2.6
For-hire truck 38.0 10.9 47.0 17.1 46.7 17.5 2.6
Private truck
Rail 46.9 5.8 S S S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.4 50.0 47.9 3.7
Single modes 29.6 8.6 S S 47.9 5.9 3.6
Truck 28.0 11.6 37.6 16.3 37.3 16.3 3.4
For-hire truck 29.8 12.4 41.2 16.9 40.9 17.2 3.8
Private truck S S S S S S 23.9
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.6 8.6 36.2 6.9 40.8 5.9 11.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.6 8.6 36.2 6.9 40.8 5.9 11.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 11.3 26.4 29.6 7.9
Single modes 12.5 2.2 26.6 0.6 29.8 0.5 13.6
Truck 12.7 2.4 29.0 5.3 33.2 6.1 13.5
For-hire truck 14.4 4.7 26.2 8.3 27.8 8.7 3.0
Private truck 15.4 3.3 S S S S 24.3
Rail 48.1 0.3 S S S S 24.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 17.9 2.1 24.1 0.2 21.5 0.2 5.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.9 2.1 24.1 0.2 21.5 0.2 5.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 46.6 0.4 23.8

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.1 31.6 34.6 10.1
Single modes 28.8 5.8 31.6 34.6 4.5
Truck 48.9 5.9 43.0 0.6 40.8 0.5 18.9
For-hire truck S S 46.2 0.6 44.2 0.5 18.9
Private truck S S S S S S 26.2
Rail 32.6 7.0 31.8 0.6 34.8 0.5 3.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 34.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 34.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.