Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 95,285 100.0 192,854 100.0 44,857 100.0
Less than 50 miles 21,313 22.4 99,966 51.8 1,752 3.9
50 to 99 miles 6,268 6.6 23,332 12.1 2,195 4.9
100 to 249 miles 11,631 12.2 27,145 14.1 5,549 12.4
250 to 499 miles 12,975 13.6 17,200 8.9 7,758 17.3
500 to 749 miles 15,870 16.7 13,041 6.8 11,189 24.9
750 to 999 miles 9,658 10.1 6,087 3.2 7,041 15.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 17,136 18.0 5,844 3.0 8,926 19.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 391 0.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 44 6 20

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 84,020 100.0 188,327 100.0 43,458 100.0
Less than 50 miles 18,818 22.4 98,680 52.4 1,724 4.0
50 to 99 miles 5,898 7.0 23,199 12.3 2,183 5.0
100 to 249 miles 10,520 12.5 24,943 13.2 4,957 11.4
250 to 499 miles 11,263 13.4 16,904 9.0 7,610 17.5
500 to 749 miles 13,037 15.5 12,712 6.7 10,970 25.2
750 to 999 miles 8,867 10.6 6,024 3.2 6,975 16.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 15,245 18.1 5,631 3.0 8,608 19.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 351 0.4 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 21 S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 69,645 100.0 159,838 100.0 23,549 100.0
Less than 50 miles 18,011 25.9 94,746 59.3 1,674 7.1
50 to 99 miles 5,640 8.1 20,462 12.8 1,866 7.9
100 to 249 miles 10,030 14.4 22,302 14.0 4,323 18.4
250 to 499 miles 9,864 14.2 12,161 7.6 4,885 20.7
500 to 749 miles 8,270 11.9 3,989 2.5 2,929 12.4
750 to 999 miles 6,517 9.4 2,757 1.7 2,954 12.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 10,990 15.8 3,325 2.1 4,739 20.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 310 0.4 94 174 0.7
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 44,488 100.0 92,269 100.0 19,507 100.0
Less than 50 miles 5,243 11.8 41,971 45.5 853 4.4
50 to 99 miles 2,292 5.2 14,694 15.9 1,376 7.1
100 to 249 miles 4,828 10.9 15,715 17.0 3,142 16.1
250 to 499 miles 8,417 18.9 10,738 11.6 4,285 22.0
500 to 749 miles 7,100 16.0 3,365 3.6 2,485 12.7
750 to 999 miles 5,977 13.4 2,600 2.8 2,797 14.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 10,333 23.2 3,100 3.4 4,410 22.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 287 0.6 83 154 0.8
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 25,124 100.0 67,446 100.0 4,012 100.0
Less than 50 miles 12,768 50.8 52,674 78.1 819 20.4
50 to 99 miles 3,346 13.3 5,766 8.5 490 12.2
100 to 249 miles 5,202 20.7 6,587 9.8 1,181 29.4
250 to 499 miles 1,447 5.8 1,423 2.1 600 15.0
500 to 749 miles 1,169 4.7 624 0.9 444 11.1
750 to 999 miles 540 2.1 156 0.2 157 3.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 630 2.5 206 0.3 300 7.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 9,141 100.0 23,685 100.0 18,861 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 212 2.3 1,531 6.5 386 2.0
250 to 499 miles 1,076 11.8 4,739 20.0 2,722 14.4
500 to 749 miles 2,766 30.3 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,469 16.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,194 34.9 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,271 100.0 23 100.0 35 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 36 0.8 2.0 S S
250 to 499 miles 323 7.6 3 14.3 3 9.7
500 to 749 miles 1,959 45.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 881 20.6 3 12.3 4 11.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,061 24.8 7 31.1 16 45.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,344 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 956 15.1 S S 1
50 to 99 miles 201 3.2 10 0.4 1 0.1
100 to 249 miles 839 13.2 S S S S
250 to 499 miles 1,204 19.0 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 1,014 16.0 41 1.7 31 3.7
750 to 999 miles 629 9.9 19 0.8 21 2.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,457 23.0 81 3.3 128 15.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 31 0.5 1 3 0.3
2,000 miles or more 13 0.2 2 7 0.9

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,973 100.0 233 100.0 136 100.0
Less than 50 miles 955 16.0 S S 1 0.6
50 to 99 miles 201 3.4 10 4.3 1 0.7
100 to 249 miles 639 10.7 41 17.5 8 5.9
250 to 499 miles 1,194 20.0 31 13.1 15 10.9
500 to 749 miles 982 16.4 34 14.5 25 18.2
750 to 999 miles 624 10.5 18 7.9 20 14.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,335 22.4 40 17.1 60 43.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 31 0.5 1 0.6 3 1.9
2,000 miles or more 10 0.2 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,921 100.0 2,056 100.0 550 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,540 31.3 1,228 59.7 S S
50 to 99 miles 168 3.4 123 6.0 10 1.9
100 to 249 miles 272 5.5 111 5.4 23 4.1
250 to 499 miles 508 10.3 129 6.3 59 10.7
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 132 6.4 191 34.7
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.