Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 95,285 100.0 192,854 100.0 44,857 100.0 503
Less than 50 lbs 8,198 8.6 177 98 0.2 675
50 to 99 lbs 2,088 2.2 143 38 266
100 to 499 lbs 6,219 6.5 759 0.4 153 0.3 211
500 to 749 lbs 2,188 2.3 412 0.2 64 0.1 155
750 to 999 lbs 1,204 1.3 371 0.2 62 0.1 170
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 17,146 18.0 9,635 5.0 1,481 3.3 138
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 40,915 42.9 65,677 34.1 13,125 29.3 196
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 8,678 9.1 78,179 40.5 7,417 16.5 96
100,000 lbs or more 8,650 9.1 37,500 19.4 22,419 50.0 498

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 84,020 100.0 188,327 100.0 43,458 100.0 241
Less than 50 lbs 3,609 4.3 59 19 389
50 to 99 lbs 985 1.2 64 15 242
100 to 499 lbs 4,954 5.9 665 0.4 119 0.3 179
500 to 749 lbs 2,050 2.4 385 0.2 59 0.1 153
750 to 999 lbs 1,161 1.4 360 0.2 55 0.1 154
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 14,922 17.8 9,387 5.0 1,426 3.3 136
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 39,337 46.8 64,321 34.2 12,743 29.3 194
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 8,608 10.2 77,923 41.4 7,341 16.9 95
100,000 lbs or more 8,392 10.0 35,162 18.7 21,681 49.9 519

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 69,645 100.0 159,838 100.0 23,549 100.0 146
Less than 50 lbs 1,901 2.7 52 9 139
50 to 99 lbs 714 1.0 60 8 132
100 to 499 lbs 3,655 5.2 657 0.4 108 0.5 163
500 to 749 lbs 2,015 2.9 385 0.2 58 0.2 151
750 to 999 lbs 1,157 1.7 360 0.2 54 0.2 153
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 14,262 20.5 9,382 5.9 1,419 6.0 135
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 37,376 53.7 64,158 40.1 12,535 53.2 191
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 7,124 10.2 77,641 48.6 7,051 29.9 92
100,000 lbs or more 1,441 2.1 7,142 4.5 S S 441

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 44,488 100.0 92,269 100.0 19,507 100.0 432
Less than 50 lbs 521 1.2 9 S S 656
50 to 99 lbs 226 0.5 10 5 470
100 to 499 lbs 1,577 3.5 111 0.1 69 0.4 603
500 to 749 lbs S S 47 36 0.2 767
750 to 999 lbs 623 1.4 56 37 0.2 656
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8,175 18.4 1,524 1.7 960 4.9 659
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 25,456 57.2 28,325 30.7 10,275 52.7 391
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,764 13.0 58,269 63.2 6,038 31.0 104
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 736

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 25,124 100.0 67,446 100.0 4,012 100.0 55
Less than 50 lbs 1,380 5.5 43 2 42
50 to 99 lbs 488 1.9 50 3 65
100 to 499 lbs 2,077 8.3 546 0.8 38 1.0 72
500 to 749 lbs 720 2.9 337 0.5 22 0.5 65
750 to 999 lbs 535 2.1 304 0.5 18 0.4 59
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 6,085 24.2 7,858 11.7 459 11.4 54
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 11,892 47.3 35,723 53.0 2,231 55.6 62
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,358 5.4 19,361 28.7 1,013 25.2 54
100,000 lbs or more S S 3,224 4.8 226 5.6 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 9,141 100.0 23,685 100.0 18,861 100.0 653
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 938
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 2 S S 1,053
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 162 0.7 207 1.1 1,363
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 1,484 16.2 281 1.2 290 1.5 1,083
100,000 lbs or more 5,987 65.5 23,240 98.1 18,361 97.4 564

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,415
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,415

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 1,415
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,415

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,271 100.0 23 100.0 35 100.0 1,498
Less than 50 lbs 1,707 40.0 7 31.0 10 28.7 1,479
50 to 99 lbs 272 6.4 4 16.8 7 20.5 1,853
100 to 499 lbs S S 8 33.5 11 31.5 1,434
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,317
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,129
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,972
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,877
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,344 100.0 S S S S 834
Less than 50 lbs 4,118 64.9 96 3.9 77 9.1 867
50 to 99 lbs 963 15.2 63 2.6 21 2.5 351
100 to 499 lbs 836 13.2 63 2.6 32 3.7 523
500 to 749 lbs 22 0.4 S S 2 0.2 427
750 to 999 lbs 35 0.5 6 0.2 7 0.8 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,561
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,200
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 538
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 276

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,973 100.0 233 100.0 136 100.0 834
Less than 50 lbs 4,118 69.0 96 41.3 77 56.7 867
50 to 99 lbs 963 16.1 63 27.2 21 15.7 351
100 to 499 lbs 836 14.0 63 27.2 32 23.2 523
500 to 749 lbs 22 0.4 S S 2 1.4 427
750 to 999 lbs 33 0.6 6 2.4 4 3.0 748
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 472
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,706
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,221
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,370
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 538
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 276

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 5,145
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 3,978
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 5,801
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,246
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 78
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 119
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,921 100.0 2,056 100.0 550 100.0 73
Less than 50 lbs 471 9.6 22 1.1 1 0.2 S
50 to 99 lbs 139 2.8 16 0.8 1 0.2 62
100 to 499 lbs 429 8.7 31 1.5 3 0.6 85
500 to 749 lbs S S 22 1.1 S S 140
750 to 999 lbs 8 0.2 S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 245 11.9 53 9.6 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 1,292 62.8 303 55.0 261
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 725

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.