Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 95,285 100.0 192,854 100.0 44,857 100.0 503
Single modes 84,020 88.2 188,327 97.7 43,458 96.9 241
Truck3 69,645 73.1 159,838 82.9 23,549 52.5 146
For-hire Truck 44,488 46.7 92,269 47.8 19,507 43.5 432
Private Truck 25,124 26.4 67,446 35.0 4,012 8.9 55
Rail 9,141 9.6 23,685 12.3 18,861 42.0 653
Water S S S S S S 1,415
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,415
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4,271 4.5 23 35 1,498
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,344 6.7 S S S S 834
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,973 6.3 233 0.1 136 0.3 834
Truck and rail S S S S S S 472
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,145
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 78
Other and unknown modes 4,921 5.2 2,056 1.1 550 1.2 73

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 703 100.0 S S 47 100.0 153
Single modes S S S S S S 105
Truck3 S S S S S S 105
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 105
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 158

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,877 100.0 59,902 100.0 18,539 100.0 90
Single modes 5,640 96.0 57,914 96.7 18,006 97.1 90
Truck3 3,861 65.7 41,089 68.6 3,988 21.5 87
For-hire Truck 3,681 62.6 39,512 66.0 3,964 21.4 90
Private Truck 180 3.1 S S 24 0.1 S
Rail 1,737 29.6 16,304 27.2 13,282 71.6 S
Water S S S S S S 1,415
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,415
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 225
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 130
Truck and rail S S S S S S 276
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck 588 71.1 3,639 88.4 S S 160
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,951 100.0 6,854 100.0 1,701 100.0 S
Single modes 1,904 97.6 6,785 99.0 1,700 100.0 S
Truck3 1,452 74.4 5,964 87.0 789 46.4 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 652 38.3 S
Private Truck 641 32.8 S S 137 8.1 S
Rail 452 23.2 821 12.0 912 53.6 1,143
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,638
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,638
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,099 100.0 2,839 100.0 2,257 100.0 744
Single modes 8,047 99.4 2,792 98.4 2,215 98.2 744
Truck3 8,034 99.2 2,784 98.1 2,199 97.4 742
For-hire Truck 7,579 93.6 2,475 87.2 2,105 93.3 874
Private Truck 455 5.6 309 10.9 94 4.2 242
Rail S S S S S S 2,046
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 769

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,314 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 2,236 96.6 S S S S S
Truck3 2,127 91.9 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 1,939 83.8 S S S S 453
Private Truck S S 169 3.1 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 818
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,089
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 744
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 744
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 490

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,169 100.0 7,333 100.0 2,987 100.0 S
Single modes 3,152 99.5 7,321 99.8 2,982 99.8 S
Truck3 2,842 89.7 5,988 81.7 2,114 70.8 S
For-hire Truck 1,436 45.3 3,655 49.8 S S 277
Private Truck S S S S S S 87
Rail 309 9.8 1,333 18.2 867 29.0 658
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,499
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,055
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 760
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,246
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 13 0.4 12 0.2 5 0.2 256

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 747 100.0 539 100.0 14 100.0 24
Single modes 682 91.3 488 90.5 14 95.5 25
Truck3 682 91.3 488 90.5 14 95.5 25
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 682 91.3 488 90.5 14 95.5 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 69
Single modes S S S S S S 65
Truck3 S S S S S S 65
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 65
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 295
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 295
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 40
Single modes S S S S S S 47
Truck3 S S S S S S 47
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 47
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 28
Single modes S S S S S S 29
Truck3 S S S S S S 29
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 16
Private Truck S S S S S S 31
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 164 100.0 22,096 100.0 999 100.0 44
Single modes 161 98.0 21,558 97.6 968 96.9 44
Truck3 161 98.0 21,558 97.6 968 96.9 44
For-hire Truck 61 37.4 9,616 43.5 573 57.4 53
Private Truck 99 60.2 11,841 53.6 393 39.4 36
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 52

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,433 100.0 S S 243
Single modes S S S S S S 242
Truck3 S S 1,074 74.9 S S 220
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 715
Private Truck 9 9.4 487 34.0 111 13.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,232
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3 3.4 S S 46 5.7 572
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail 3 3.4 S S 46 5.7 572
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,340
Single modes S S S S S S 1,340
Truck3 S S S S S S 1,340
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,340
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 45
Single modes S S S S S S 45
Truck3 S S S S S S 45
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 45
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,966 100.0 8,152 100.0 478 100.0 25
Single modes 1,966 100.0 8,152 100.0 478 100.0 25
Truck3 1,481 75.4 5,932 72.8 220 46.0 25
For-hire Truck 618 31.4 2,473 30.3 150 31.3 60
Private Truck S S S S S S 19
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,809 100.0 7,701 100.0 257 100.0 20
Single modes 1,808 100.0 7,700 100.0 257 100.0 20
Truck3 1,391 76.9 5,781 75.1 239 92.9 20
For-hire Truck 512 28.3 2,500 32.5 195 75.9 68
Private Truck 880 48.6 S S S S 16
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 888 100.0 2,549 100.0 783 100.0 S
Single modes 768 86.5 2,517 98.7 783 100.0 S
Truck3 698 78.6 1,778 69.7 242 30.9 S
For-hire Truck 362 40.7 1,327 52.0 225 28.8 435
Private Truck 336 37.8 S S S S 36
Rail S S S S S S 732
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 337 100.0 1,837 100.0 1,022 100.0 315
Single modes 336 99.8 1,835 99.9 1,022 100.0 379
Truck3 202 59.9 677 36.9 236 23.1 214
For-hire Truck 173 51.2 579 31.5 212 20.7 470
Private Truck 29 8.7 98 5.3 24 2.3 S
Rail 124 36.9 1,143 62.2 786 76.9 693
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,346
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 98
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 98
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 915 100.0 26 100.0 15 100.0 944
Single modes 589 64.4 S S 12 80.6 1,169
Truck3 452 49.4 S S 8 53.3 417
For-hire Truck 445 48.7 S S 8 53.0 447
Private Truck S S S S S S 10
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,329
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 750
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 750
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 473

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 299 100.0 1,741 100.0 S S 19
Single modes S S 1,628 93.5 S S 20
Truck3 267 89.4 1,522 87.4 S S 20
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 101
Private Truck S S S S 21 32.3 14
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,952 100.0 990 100.0 451 100.0 S
Single modes 1,832 93.9 983 99.3 450 99.9 402
Truck3 1,688 86.5 879 88.8 S S 250
For-hire Truck 675 34.6 S S S S 705
Private Truck 1,013 51.9 499 50.4 S S 92
Rail S S S S S S 1,144
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 12 0.6 S S S S 1,529
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,016 100.0 2,174 100.0 1,732 100.0 421
Single modes 4,599 91.7 2,127 97.8 1,679 96.9 326
Truck3 4,588 91.5 2,120 97.5 1,667 96.2 324
For-hire Truck 4,204 83.8 1,837 84.5 1,546 89.3 739
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,755
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,446
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 365 7.3 S S S S 678
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 10 0.5 6 0.3 673
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,388
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,593
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5
Single modes S S S S S S 5
Truck3 S S S S S S 5
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 5
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 511 100.0 608 100.0 83 100.0 119
Single modes 503 98.4 595 98.0 82 98.2 104
Truck3 503 98.4 595 98.0 82 98.2 104
For-hire Truck 50 9.7 110 18.1 44 52.8 507
Private Truck 453 88.7 485 79.9 38 45.4 73
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2 0.3 S S S S 407
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 0.3 S S S S 407
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 112

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 149 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 81 54.4 S S S
Truck3 S S 81 54.4 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 534
Private Truck S S S S S S 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 47
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 47
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 13

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 947 100.0 698 100.0 229 100.0 312
Single modes 891 94.0 677 97.1 222 96.7 S
Truck3 889 93.9 677 97.0 222 96.6 163
For-hire Truck 616 65.0 490 70.2 186 80.9 385
Private Truck 273 28.9 187 26.9 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,514
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 764
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 764
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,637 100.0 278 100.0 134 100.0 1,025
Single modes 984 60.1 234 83.9 100 75.1 463
Truck3 972 59.4 233 83.8 100 74.7 276
For-hire Truck 661 40.4 195 70.1 93 69.5 608
Private Truck 311 19.0 S S S S 188
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 12 0.7 0.1 0.4 1,818
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 511 31.2 32 11.6 27 20.2 1,055
Parcel, USPS or courier 511 31.2 32 11.6 27 20.2 1,055
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 142 8.7 12 4.5 S S 234

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 956
Single modes S S S S S S 738
Truck3 S S S S S S 594
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 811
Private Truck S S 1 0.3 S S 45
Rail S S S S S S 163
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,949
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 438 10.9 13 4.1 11 3.2 1,040
Parcel, USPS or courier 438 10.9 13 4.1 11 3.2 1,040
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 0.1 S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,080 100.0 20,585 100.0 3,265 100.0 146
Single modes 2,040 98.1 20,368 98.9 3,179 97.4 138
Truck3 1,921 92.4 18,681 90.8 2,276 69.7 126
For-hire Truck 1,257 60.5 5,365 26.1 1,562 47.8 366
Private Truck 664 31.9 S S S S 39
Rail S S S S S S 614
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,009
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 606
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 0.1 S S S S 600
Truck and rail S S S S S S 686
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 119
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,636 100.0 587 100.0 349
Single modes S S 1,559 95.3 503 85.8 319
Truck3 S S 1,358 83.0 386 65.8 304
For-hire Truck S S 508 31.0 S S 727
Private Truck S S 850 52.0 S S 60
Rail S S S S S S 582
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,648
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 620
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 620
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 257

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 692 100.0 491 100.0 306
Single modes 1,819 52.0 670 96.8 477 97.3 222
Truck3 1,667 47.7 661 95.6 467 95.2 198
For-hire Truck 1,293 37.0 442 64.0 340 69.3 738
Private Truck 374 10.7 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,248
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,888
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 184 5.3 S S S S 590
Parcel, USPS or courier 184 5.3 S S S S 586
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,122
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 110

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,784 100.0 768 100.0 565 100.0 252
Single modes 5,018 86.8 723 94.1 546 96.6 232
Truck3 4,922 85.1 665 86.6 487 86.2 209
For-hire Truck 3,192 55.2 388 50.6 292 51.6 479
Private Truck 1,730 29.9 277 36.0 195 34.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,150
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 22 0.4 1 0.1 1 0.3 1,385
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 497 8.6 19 2.4 11 1.9 401
Parcel, USPS or courier 487 8.4 17 2.2 8 1.4 400
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,306
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,978
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 269 4.6 27 3.5 S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,931 100.0 S S 772 100.0 S
Single modes 3,270 66.3 S S 729 94.5 331
Truck3 2,765 56.1 S S 725 93.9 170
For-hire Truck 1,700 34.5 S S 557 72.1 395
Private Truck 1,038 21.1 283 15.8 139 18.0 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 505 10.2 S S 5 0.6 1,303
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,104 22.4 17 0.9 8 1.1 410
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,104 22.4 17 0.9 8 1.1 410
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 557 11.3 S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,311 100.0 919 100.0 702 100.0 213
Single modes 6,687 80.5 698 75.9 552 78.7 235
Truck3 2,303 27.7 350 38.1 175 24.9 204
For-hire Truck 1,205 14.5 166 18.1 142 20.2 621
Private Truck 1,098 13.2 184 20.0 33 4.7 87
Rail 4,378 52.7 348 37.8 377 53.7 1,103
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 1,356
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 360 4.3 S S 10 1.4 252
Parcel, USPS or courier 333 4.0 S S 5 0.7 252
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,277
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,353 100.0 S S S S 988
Single modes 8,909 95.3 S S S S 1,029
Truck3 4,314 46.1 S S S S 267
For-hire Truck 3,334 35.6 S S S S 599
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 1,397
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2,990 32.0 5 0.9 7 1.6 1,580
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 427 4.6 S S S S 736
Parcel, USPS or courier 427 4.6 S S S S 736
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 241

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,538 100.0 S S 47 100.0 984
Single modes 674 43.8 S S 27 56.9 991
Truck3 485 31.5 S S S S 698
For-hire Truck 240 15.6 7 1.2 S S 1,190
Private Truck S S S S S S 91
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,395
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 755 49.1 S S 19 41.1 1,006
Parcel, USPS or courier 755 49.1 S S 19 41.1 1,006
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,474 100.0 302 100.0 253 100.0 601
Single modes 1,382 93.7 296 98.1 246 97.5 519
Truck3 1,379 93.5 296 98.1 246 97.5 483
For-hire Truck S S 211 70.1 240 95.1 823
Private Truck S S S S S S 51
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,359
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 957
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 957
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 100

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,061 100.0 279 100.0 177 100.0 952
Single modes 1,287 62.4 241 86.2 140 79.3 541
Truck3 1,261 61.2 240 85.9 138 78.3 240
For-hire Truck 857 41.6 158 56.6 114 64.5 800
Private Truck 404 19.6 82 29.3 24 13.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 938
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,112
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 735 35.7 S S S S 1,017
Parcel, USPS or courier 734 35.6 S S S S 1,017
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,578
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 39 1.9 4 1.4 S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 247 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 169 68.6 S S 168
Truck3 S S 169 68.6 S S 168
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 206
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,604 100.0 4,445 100.0 985 100.0 169
Single modes 9,215 95.9 4,303 96.8 966 98.1 92
Truck3 9,214 95.9 4,303 96.8 966 98.0 91
For-hire Truck 1,423 14.8 S S S S 529
Private Truck 7,790 81.1 3,005 67.6 464 47.1 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,309
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 1 0.1 512
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 1 0.1 512
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 85

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 139 100.0 S S 12 100.0 362
Single modes 131 94.2 S S 12 96.5 529
Truck3 54 38.6 S S 11 88.6 S
For-hire Truck S S S S 9 73.8 347
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,593
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 7 5.1 S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 5.1 S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.