Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 95,285 100.0 192,854 100.0 44,857 100.0 503
Single modes 84,020 88.2 188,327 97.7 43,458 96.9 241
Truck 69,645 73.1 159,838 82.9 23,549 52.5 146
For-hire truck 44,488 46.7 92,269 47.8 19,507 43.5 432
Private truck 25,124 26.4 67,446 35.0 4,012 8.9 55
Rail 9,141 9.6 23,685 12.3 18,861 42.0 653
Water S S S S S S 1,415
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,415
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4,271 4.5 23 35 1,498
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,344 6.7 S S S S 834
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,973 6.3 233 0.1 136 0.3 834
Truck and rail S S S S S S 472
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,145
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 78
Other and unknown modes 4,921 5.2 2,056 1.1 550 1.2 73

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 533 100.0 226 100.0 200 100.0 929
Single modes 504 94.6 223 98.9 198 99.0 945
Truck 382 71.6 106 46.8 87 43.4 860
For-hire truck 325 61.0 88 39.2 73 36.3 860
Private truck 57 10.6 17 7.6 14 7.0 852
Rail 120 22.5 S S S S 925
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,203
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 25 4.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 925
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 4.7 1 0.4 1 0.4 925
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 897

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16 100.0 S S S S 2,845
Single modes S S S S S S 4,022
Truck S S S S S S 1,456
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,456
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,267
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,765
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,765
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,680 100.0 520 100.0 616 100.0 1,434
Single modes 1,544 91.9 507 97.4 600 97.5 1,391
Truck S S 293 56.3 329 53.5 1,178
For-hire truck S S 287 55.2 323 52.4 1,163
Private truck 39 2.3 6 1.1 7 1.1 1,256
Rail 147 8.8 S S S S 1,281
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 0.1 2,295
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 80 4.8 3 0.6 4 0.7 1,443
Parcel, USPS or courier 80 4.8 3 0.6 4 0.7 1,443
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,111

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 862 100.0 1,910 100.0 596 100.0 421
Single modes 785 91.1 1,869 97.9 585 98.2 452
Truck 697 80.9 1,538 80.5 388 65.0 296
For-hire truck 548 63.6 S S S S 321
Private truck 149 17.3 S S 73 12.3 244
Rail 65 7.6 S S S S 596
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,020
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 29 3.3 1 1 374
Parcel, USPS or courier 29 3.3 1 1 374
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 396

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,923 100.0 1,468 100.0 2,364 100.0 1,865
Single modes 4,391 89.2 1,402 95.5 2,256 95.4 2,118
Truck 3,287 66.8 902 61.5 1,414 59.8 1,729
For-hire truck 3,041 61.8 813 55.4 1,274 53.9 1,777
Private truck 219 4.4 69 4.7 111 4.7 1,523
Rail 675 13.7 497 33.9 834 35.3 1,698
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 429 8.7 3 0.2 8 0.3 2,559
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 349 7.1 S S S S 1,791
Parcel, USPS or courier 295 6.0 8 0.5 14 0.6 1,791
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,821
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,561

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,301 100.0 1,891 100.0 550 100.0 592
Single modes 1,099 84.5 1,856 98.1 532 96.7 614
Truck 1,034 79.5 1,678 88.7 416 75.6 405
For-hire truck 796 61.2 1,456 77.0 350 63.6 398
Private truck 238 18.3 222 11.7 66 12.0 418
Rail 50 3.9 S S S S 657
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,207
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 71 5.5 2 0.1 1 0.2 589
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 5.5 2 0.1 1 0.2 589
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 471

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 224 100.0 44 100.0 64 100.0 1,394
Single modes 80 35.8 38 85.0 54 84.5 1,495
Truck 76 33.9 38 84.8 54 84.3 1,394
For-hire truck 76 33.8 38 84.7 54 84.3 1,394
Private truck S S S S S S 1,518
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 0.3 1,602
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 113 50.4 2 4.4 3 4.3 1,386
Parcel, USPS or courier 113 50.4 2 4.4 3 4.3 1,386
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,509

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 36 100.0 9 100.0 10 100.0 1,214
Single modes 25 69.7 8 95.7 10 95.7 1,203
Truck 22 60.9 8 94.3 10 94.2 1,199
For-hire truck 17 48.1 6 73.3 8 73.1 1,175
Private truck S S S S S S 1,305
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,217
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 30.3 4.3 4.3 1,215
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 30.3 4.3 4.3 1,215
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12 100.0 S S S S 1,182
Single modes S S S S S S 1,157
Truck S S S S S S 1,157
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,157
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 95.7 36.3 37.9 1,182
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 95.7 36.3 37.9 1,182
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,751 100.0 371 100.0 524 100.0 1,391
Single modes 1,519 86.8 358 96.3 504 96.3 1,487
Truck 1,016 58.0 312 83.9 437 83.4 1,207
For-hire truck 961 54.9 294 79.2 413 78.8 1,199
Private truck S S 18 4.7 24 4.6 1,402
Rail S S 45 12.2 66 12.6 1,414
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 146 8.3 S S S S 1,753
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 199 11.4 8 2.0 10 2.0 1,365
Parcel, USPS or courier 199 11.4 8 2.0 10 2.0 1,365
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 32 1.8 6 1.6 9 1.7 1,234

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,350 100.0 560 100.0 560 100.0 970
Single modes 1,150 85.1 546 97.6 545 97.4 1,058
Truck 858 63.5 411 73.4 400 71.5 909
For-hire truck 831 61.6 404 72.2 394 70.4 904
Private truck 26 2.0 7 1.2 6 1.1 944
Rail 203 15.0 131 23.5 140 25.1 1,016
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 89 6.6 S S S S 1,264
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 196 14.5 11 1.9 12 2.1 953
Parcel, USPS or courier 181 13.4 4 0.7 4 0.7 953
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,119
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 867

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 S S S S 4,527
Single modes S S S S S S 5,022
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,022
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 34.9 1 34.1 4 40.3 4,468
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,426
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,145
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,049

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 231 100.0 S S S S 1,441
Single modes 211 91.1 S S S S 1,451
Truck 175 75.5 59 33.5 73 33.7 1,296
For-hire truck 147 63.6 45 25.8 56 25.8 1,291
Private truck S S S S S S 1,334
Rail S S S S S S 1,219
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,423
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 8.9 S S S S 1,433
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 8.9 S S S S 1,433
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,408 100.0 1,508 100.0 878 100.0 577
Single modes 2,879 65.3 1,478 98.0 859 97.9 631
Truck 2,461 55.8 1,216 80.6 693 78.9 536
For-hire truck 2,186 49.6 1,045 69.3 606 69.0 567
Private truck 275 6.2 171 11.4 S S 438
Rail 302 6.9 261 17.3 166 18.9 589
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 116 2.6 1 1 0.1 850
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 257 5.8 6 0.4 4 0.4 557
Parcel, USPS or courier 257 5.8 6 0.4 4 0.4 557
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 23 1.6 15 1.7 694

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 953 100.0 380 100.0 251 100.0 656
Single modes 769 80.7 369 97.2 245 97.4 641
Truck 702 73.6 369 97.1 245 97.3 637
For-hire truck 631 66.2 346 91.0 230 91.6 616
Private truck S S 23 6.1 14 5.7 752
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 658
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 105 11.0 4 0.9 2 0.9 661
Parcel, USPS or courier 105 11.0 4 0.9 2 0.9 661
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 606

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,016 100.0 4,590 100.0 1,571 100.0 328
Single modes 1,885 93.5 4,574 99.7 1,565 99.6 341
Truck 1,363 67.6 1,585 34.5 512 32.6 324
For-hire truck 941 46.7 S S S S 368
Private truck 422 20.9 261 5.7 84 5.3 259
Rail 279 13.8 S S S S 433
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 674
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 111 5.5 11 0.2 5 0.3 317
Parcel, USPS or courier 111 5.5 S S S S 317
Truck and rail S S S S S S 497
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 4 0.1 S S 429

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25,965 100.0 127,668 100.0 7,026 100.0 45
Single modes 22,867 88.1 124,262 97.3 6,379 90.8 38
Truck 21,745 83.7 117,269 91.9 5,928 84.4 36
For-hire truck 8,490 32.7 60,455 47.4 4,120 58.6 71
Private truck 13,251 51.0 56,712 44.4 1,807 25.7 30
Rail S S S S S S 104
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,382
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,336 5.1 S S S S 73
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,127 4.3 81 5 72
Truck and rail S S S S S S 322
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 78
Other and unknown modes 1,762 6.8 1,267 1.0 47 0.7 36

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 702 100.0 216 100.0 161 100.0 723
Single modes 588 83.7 196 91.0 150 93.3 876
Truck 270 38.5 129 60.0 96 59.8 710
For-hire truck 237 33.8 110 51.1 83 51.7 720
Private truck 33 4.7 19 8.8 13 8.1 635
Rail S S S S S S 823
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 309 44.0 S S S S 990
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 94 13.4 S S S S 701
Parcel, USPS or courier 81 11.5 S S S S 701
Truck and rail S S S S S S 697
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 515

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,630 100.0 4,192 100.0 4,844 100.0 898
Single modes 1,526 93.7 4,003 95.5 S S 1,100
Truck 1,209 74.2 S S S S 869
For-hire truck 946 58.0 S S S S 875
Private truck S S 40 0.9 32 0.7 794
Rail S S S S S S 984
Water S S S S S S 1,415
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,415
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,450
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 3.2 2 2 864
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 3.2 2 2 864
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 658

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 113 100.0 25 100.0 45 100.0 1,601
Single modes 81 71.9 24 95.9 43 96.3 1,699
Truck 81 71.9 24 95.9 43 96.3 1,701
For-hire truck 80 71.1 24 95.8 43 96.2 1,704
Private truck S S S S S S 1,574
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,592
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 32 28.1 S S S S 1,592
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 27.8 S S S S 1,592
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,706
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,562 100.0 S S S S 1,178
Single modes 1,470 94.1 S S S S 1,167
Truck 910 58.3 S S S S 1,200
For-hire truck 851 54.5 S S S S 1,197
Private truck S S S S S S 1,257
Rail S S S S S S 1,451
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,147
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 86 5.5 S S S S 1,180
Parcel, USPS or courier 86 5.5 S S S S 1,180
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,118

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 663 100.0 126 100.0 202 100.0 1,514
Single modes 606 91.4 110 87.2 175 87.0 1,578
Truck 462 69.7 99 78.8 160 79.3 1,545
For-hire truck 455 68.7 98 77.8 158 78.4 1,550
Private truck S S S S S S 1,452
Rail 128 19.3 10 8.1 15 7.3 1,447
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,589
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 53 8.0 2 1.6 3 1.5 1,510
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 7.8 2 1.5 3 1.4 1,510
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,449
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,466

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,965 100.0 629 100.0 536 100.0 861
Single modes 2,712 91.5 599 95.3 511 95.2 892
Truck 1,743 58.8 503 80.0 434 81.0 804
For-hire truck 1,608 54.2 471 74.9 406 75.7 792
Private truck 134 4.5 32 5.1 28 5.2 894
Rail 711 24.0 95 15.1 76 14.1 797
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 258 8.7 1 0.1 1 0.2 1,140
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 147 5.0 3 0.4 2 0.4 854
Parcel, USPS or courier 147 5.0 3 0.4 2 0.4 854
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 864

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,354 100.0 S S S S 584
Single modes 1,187 87.7 S S S S 647
Truck 792 58.5 491 46.0 272 39.6 584
For-hire truck 564 41.6 266 25.0 142 20.6 514
Private truck S S 224 21.0 131 19.0 653
Rail 366 27.1 S S S S 695
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 826
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 111 8.2 5 0.5 3 0.4 569
Parcel, USPS or courier 111 8.2 5 0.5 3 0.4 569
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 573

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 456 100.0 266 100.0 202 100.0 805
Single modes 397 87.1 265 99.6 201 99.7 920
Truck 352 77.2 174 65.5 127 63.0 704
For-hire truck 313 68.7 154 58.2 114 56.6 704
Private truck S S S S S S 705
Rail S S S S S S 822
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,135
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.3 1 0.3 740
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.3 1 0.3 740
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 872

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,552 100.0 11,257 100.0 1,245 100.0 91
Single modes 8,775 91.9 10,995 97.7 1,194 96.0 64
Truck 8,699 91.1 10,309 91.6 1,041 83.6 60
For-hire truck 2,485 26.0 3,433 30.5 575 46.2 125
Private truck 6,214 65.1 6,876 61.1 466 37.4 48
Rail S S S S S S 211
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 629
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 566 5.9 S S S S 153
Parcel, USPS or courier 565 5.9 21 0.2 4 0.3 153
Truck and rail S S S S S S 426
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 211 2.2 S S S S S

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 205 100.0 69 100.0 84 100.0 1,094
Single modes 167 81.4 67 97.3 82 97.4 1,287
Truck 164 80.0 41 59.2 49 58.5 1,171
For-hire truck 152 74.4 31 45.3 39 45.9 1,172
Private truck S S S S S S 1,106
Rail S S S S S S 1,242
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,393
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 37 18.0 1 2.0 2 2.1 1,050
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 18.0 1 2.0 2 2.1 1,050
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,057

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,011 100.0 2,951 100.0 993 100.0 289
Single modes 1,879 93.5 2,944 99.8 990 99.8 291
Truck 1,857 92.4 2,835 96.1 944 95.1 274
For-hire truck 771 38.3 2,029 68.8 726 73.2 315
Private truck 1,086 54.0 806 27.3 218 22.0 242
Rail 9 0.5 109 3.7 46 4.6 438
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 420
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 120 6.0 4 0.1 1 0.1 291
Parcel, USPS or courier 120 6.0 4 0.1 1 0.1 291
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 167

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 228 100.0 65 100.0 93 100.0 2,011
Single modes 198 86.8 65 98.9 91 98.4 2,086
Truck 176 77.3 63 96.9 89 96.1 1,876
For-hire truck 176 77.3 63 96.9 89 96.1 1,883
Private truck S S S S S S 1,326
Rail S S S S S S 1,596
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,421
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 13.2 S S S S 1,983
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 13.2 S S S S 1,983
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 118 100.0 S S S S 1,498
Single modes 103 86.7 S S S S 1,666
Truck 88 74.6 S S S S 1,576
For-hire truck 57 48.2 S S S S 1,570
Private truck S S S S S S 1,635
Rail S S S S S S 1,804
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,685
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 7.5 S S S S 1,477
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 7.5 S S S S 1,477
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,619

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,330 100.0 395 100.0 524 100.0 1,297
Single modes 1,148 86.4 336 85.2 444 84.8 1,333
Truck 899 67.6 302 76.6 399 76.1 1,271
For-hire truck 853 64.2 293 74.3 387 73.8 1,268
Private truck S S S S S S 1,333
Rail 201 15.1 33 8.5 45 8.6 1,345
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,383
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 167 12.5 S S S S 1,288
Parcel, USPS or courier 105 7.9 2 0.6 3 0.6 1,288
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,411
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,330

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 396 100.0 317 100.0 223 100.0 973
Single modes 317 80.1 316 99.8 222 99.7 1,231
Truck 272 68.7 151 47.7 98 44.1 747
For-hire truck S S 129 40.7 83 37.0 711
Private truck S S 22 7.0 16 7.1 822
Rail 31 7.8 165 52.1 124 55.6 776
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,773
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 79 19.9 1 0.2 S S 870
Parcel, USPS or courier 79 19.9 1 0.2 S S 870
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 677

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,158 100.0 373 100.0 494 100.0 1,291
Single modes 1,959 90.8 360 96.6 478 96.8 1,450
Truck 1,615 74.8 345 92.5 458 92.8 1,280
For-hire truck 1,492 69.1 303 81.4 400 80.9 1,276
Private truck 123 5.7 41 11.1 58 11.8 1,305
Rail S S 14 3.7 17 3.4 1,265
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 291 13.5 2 0.4 3 0.6 1,658
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 142 6.6 5 1.3 6 1.3 1,274
Parcel, USPS or courier 142 6.6 5 1.3 6 1.3 1,274
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,220

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,198 100.0 1,039 100.0 1,261 100.0 1,140
Single modes 1,127 94.1 1,037 99.7 1,258 99.8 1,179
Truck 1,007 84.0 464 44.6 513 40.7 1,147
For-hire truck 963 80.4 428 41.1 470 37.3 1,146
Private truck 44 3.7 S S S S 1,166
Rail S S S S S S 1,309
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 33 2.7 S S S S 1,229
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 71 5.9 3 0.3 3 0.2 1,127
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 5.9 3 0.3 3 0.2 1,127
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,127

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 417 100.0 116 100.0 95 100.0 982
Single modes 401 96.0 115 99.2 94 99.1 1,282
Truck 181 43.4 87 75.0 65 68.5 783
For-hire truck 147 35.3 59 50.7 45 47.6 787
Private truck S S S S S S 746
Rail S S S S S S 1,042
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,771
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 16 4.0 S S S S 857
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 4.0 S S S S 857
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 640

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,509 100.0 621 100.0 497 100.0 831
Single modes 3,278 93.4 600 96.6 481 96.7 846
Truck 1,569 44.7 548 88.3 438 88.1 775
For-hire truck 1,226 34.9 486 78.2 382 76.8 772
Private truck S S 63 10.1 56 11.3 830
Rail 411 11.7 50 8.1 41 8.3 844
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2 0.3 1 0.3 930
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 187 5.3 5 0.8 4 0.8 827
Parcel, USPS or courier 187 5.3 5 0.8 4 0.8 827
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 758

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,429 100.0 8,461 100.0 1,214 100.0 188
Single modes 2,206 90.8 8,381 99.1 1,204 99.2 154
Truck 2,138 88.0 7,994 94.5 1,104 91.0 137
For-hire truck 1,362 56.1 7,262 85.8 989 81.5 151
Private truck 776 31.9 732 8.7 115 9.5 130
Rail S S S S S S 260
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,368
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 120 5.0 5 1 0.1 258
Parcel, USPS or courier 120 5.0 5 1 0.1 258
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 183

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 270 100.0 S S S S 1,968
Single modes 215 79.5 S S S S 2,249
Truck 202 74.9 S S S S 1,937
For-hire truck 192 70.9 S S S S 1,950
Private truck S S S S S S 1,744
Rail S S S S S S 1,805
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,852
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 17 6.4 S S S S 1,883
Parcel, USPS or courier 17 6.4 S S S S 1,883
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,777

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,215 100.0 355 100.0 416 100.0 1,128
Single modes 1,067 87.8 344 96.7 402 96.7 1,125
Truck 927 76.3 324 91.1 377 90.5 1,074
For-hire truck 847 69.7 288 81.1 337 81.0 1,045
Private truck 80 6.6 S S 40 9.6 1,244
Rail 110 9.1 20 5.5 25 6.0 1,274
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,208
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 103 8.5 3 0.9 4 0.9 1,132
Parcel, USPS or courier 103 8.5 3 0.9 4 0.9 1,132
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 910

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 13 100.0 18 100.0 1,513
Single modes S S 12 97.5 18 97.4 1,464
Truck S S 12 97.5 18 97.4 1,464
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,465
Private truck S S S S S S 1,432
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,514
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,514
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,400

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 506 100.0 119 100.0 143 100.0 1,161
Single modes 425 84.0 116 97.5 140 97.6 1,212
Truck 233 46.0 95 79.7 114 79.7 1,156
For-hire truck 219 43.3 91 76.1 110 76.7 1,181
Private truck S S S S S S 951
Rail S S 21 17.7 25 17.8 1,193
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,267
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 77 15.2 2 2.1 3 1.9 1,152
Parcel, USPS or courier 72 14.3 2 1.4 2 1.3 1,152
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,131
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,074

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 159 100.0 80 100.0 566
Single modes S S 158 99.5 80 99.5 575
Truck S S 158 99.4 80 99.3 458
For-hire truck S S 136 85.9 69 86.3 448
Private truck S S 21 13.5 10 13.0 554
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,028
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 2.7 1 0.5 0.5 559
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 2.7 1 0.5 0.5 559
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,128 100.0 S S S S 726
Single modes 872 77.2 S S S S 889
Truck 623 55.2 451 36.7 326 29.6 712
For-hire truck 581 51.5 279 22.7 196 17.8 702
Private truck 42 3.7 S S S S 761
Rail S S S S S S 731
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,093
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 203 18.0 4 0.4 3 0.3 673
Parcel, USPS or courier 203 18.0 4 0.4 3 0.3 673
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,024

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,210 100.0 13,844 100.0 9,146 100.0 701
Single modes 6,377 88.4 13,764 99.4 9,094 99.4 825
Truck 5,106 70.8 5,702 41.2 2,301 25.2 503
For-hire truck 4,676 64.9 5,388 38.9 2,120 23.2 505
Private truck 429 6.0 314 2.3 181 2.0 489
Rail 975 13.5 S S S S 736
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 296 4.1 2 3 1,770
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 451 6.2 14 0.1 9 650
Parcel, USPS or courier 446 6.2 13 0.1 8 650
Truck and rail S S S S S S 647
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 66 0.5 44 0.5 465

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 641 100.0 94 100.0 102 100.0 1,312
Single modes S S 93 98.7 101 98.6 1,599
Truck S S 81 85.7 86 84.5 1,076
For-hire truck S S 77 81.8 83 81.2 1,082
Private truck S S S S S S 1,029
Rail S S S S S S 1,165
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 0.2 2,029
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 29 4.5 1 0.9 1 1.1 1,219
Parcel, USPS or courier 29 4.5 1 0.9 1 1.1 1,219
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,094

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 21 100.0 2 100.0 2 100.0 1,431
Single modes 8 38.1 1 49.8 1 51.3 1,623
Truck 3 15.7 1 49.4 1 50.8 1,442
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,438
Private truck S S S S S S 1,457
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,676
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,426
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,426
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 793 100.0 202 100.0 241 100.0 1,115
Single modes 746 94.0 194 96.3 229 95.2 1,163
Truck 642 81.0 168 83.0 198 82.3 1,145
For-hire truck 572 72.1 155 76.5 185 76.6 1,147
Private truck S S S S S S 1,077
Rail 82 10.4 S S S S 1,198
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 1,187
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 47 6.0 S S S S 1,104
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 5.5 1 0.7 2 0.7 1,104
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,631
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,097

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,723 100.0 S S S S 1,862
Single modes S S S S S S 2,150
Truck 701 25.7 S S S S 2,073
For-hire truck 676 24.8 S S 257 8.3 2,079
Private truck 25 0.9 S S S S 1,847
Rail S S S S S S 2,106
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,718
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 158 5.8 4 0.2 7 0.2 1,839
Parcel, USPS or courier 158 5.8 4 0.2 7 0.2 1,839
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,870

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 44 100.0 12 100.0 11 100.0 962
Single modes 25 56.2 S S 8 74.9 1,040
Truck 22 50.5 S S 8 74.1 945
For-hire truck 22 50.3 S S S S 945
Private truck S S S S S S 922
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 5.7 0.6 0.8 1,080
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 18.2 S S S S 921
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 18.2 S S S S 921
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,001

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 903 100.0 541 100.0 346 100.0 699
Single modes 780 86.4 534 98.6 342 98.6 772
Truck 691 76.6 516 95.3 331 95.7 622
For-hire truck 654 72.4 482 89.1 310 89.5 620
Private truck 37 4.1 33 6.2 22 6.2 651
Rail S S 18 3.3 10 2.9 575
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,123
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 114 12.6 3 0.6 2 0.7 659
Parcel, USPS or courier 114 12.6 3 0.6 2 0.7 659
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 740

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 80 100.0 S S S S 758
Single modes 61 76.4 S S S S 1,222
Truck 55 68.6 S S S S 850
For-hire truck 43 54.3 S S S S 862
Private truck 11 14.3 11 14.9 7 19.4 637
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,866
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 693
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 693
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 791

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.