Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 87,391 100.0 185,853 100.0 39,809 100.0 386
Single modes 73,555 84.2 181,772 97.8 38,594 96.9 201
Truck 68,307 78.2 149,349 80.4 19,769 49.7 170
For-hire truck 43,099 49.3 79,818 42.9 13,976 35.1 425
Private truck 25,099 28.7 69,208 37.2 5,716 14.4 68
Rail 2,615 3.0 27,536 14.8 18,082 45.4 552
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,627 1.9 12 S S 1,612
Pipeline3 1,007 1.2 4,875 2.6 S S S
Multiple modes 11,374 13.0 S S S S 645
Parcel, USPS or courier 9,901 11.3 322 0.2 191 0.5 645
Truck and Rail 1,213 1.4 S S S S 573
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,126
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 78
Other and unknown modes 2,462 2.8 1,440 0.8 144 0.4 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 668 100.0 506 100.0 396 100.0 783
Single modes 613 91.9 503 99.6 394 99.5 827
Truck 563 84.3 395 78.1 313 79.2 778
For-hire truck 442 66.2 371 73.5 295 74.6 778
Private truck S S 23 4.6 18 4.6 753
Rail S S 109 21.5 80 20.3 727
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,141
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.2 1 0.2 759
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.2 1 0.2 759
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 945

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,940
Single modes S S S S S S 2,110
Truck S S S S S S 1,321
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 1,321
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,148
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,380
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,380
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 679 100.0 43 100.0 56 100.0 1,456
Single modes S S 41 96.9 54 97.1 1,802
Truck 205 30.2 23 54.0 28 50.1 1,204
For-hire truck 97 14.2 16 36.4 19 34.6 1,160
Private truck S S S S S S 1,259
Rail S S S S S S 1,407
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1.1 S S 2,420
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,206
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,206
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,446 100.0 714 100.0 292 100.0 325
Single modes 1,357 93.9 710 99.5 291 99.7 366
Truck 1,295 89.6 596 83.5 225 77.1 342
For-hire truck S S 437 61.2 176 60.5 412
Private truck 463 32.0 159 22.3 48 16.6 206
Rail 60 4.2 115 16.1 66 22.6 578
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,341
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1 0.3 302
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 0.3 302
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 439

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,458 100.0 1,119 100.0 1,890 100.0 1,619
Single modes 1,611 65.5 S S S S 1,752
Truck 1,295 52.7 S S S S 1,574
For-hire truck 1,138 46.3 S S S S 1,568
Private truck S S S S S S 1,623
Rail S S S S S S 1,713
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 2,731
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 836 34.0 S S S S 1,593
Parcel, USPS or courier 800 32.6 13 1.1 20 1.0 1,593
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,901
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 11 0.5 S S S S 1,617

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,424 100.0 2,192 100.0 807 100.0 440
Single modes 1,197 84.1 2,185 99.7 804 99.7 431
Truck 1,145 80.4 1,804 82.3 602 74.6 411
For-hire truck 837 58.8 1,643 75.0 534 66.1 395
Private truck 308 21.7 161 7.3 69 8.5 456
Rail S S S S S S 462
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,098
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 214 15.0 3 0.1 1 0.2 442
Parcel, USPS or courier 214 15.0 3 0.1 1 0.2 442
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 589

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 130 100.0 S S S S 1,427
Single modes 65 50.3 S S 9 39.3 1,453
Truck 64 49.7 S S 9 39.1 1,429
For-hire truck 64 49.2 S S 9 38.1 1,489
Private truck S S S S S S 1,369
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,535
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 38 29.2 2 9.4 2 9.6 1,424
Parcel, USPS or courier 38 29.2 2 9.4 2 9.6 1,424
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,302

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,235
Single modes S S S S S S 1,348
Truck S S S S S S 1,166
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,166
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,659
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,235
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,235
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,245

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,178
Single modes S S S S S S 1,114
Truck S S S S S S 1,114
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,114
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,182
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,182
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,103 100.0 183 100.0 235 100.0 1,405
Single modes 743 67.4 173 94.5 222 94.2 1,460
Truck S S 106 57.9 141 59.9 1,448
For-hire truck S S 97 53.0 130 55.3 1,450
Private truck 26 2.4 S S S S 1,302
Rail 35 3.2 67 36.3 80 33.9 1,192
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,695
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 347 31.4 4 2.3 6 2.5 1,389
Parcel, USPS or courier 346 31.4 3 1.7 4 1.8 1,389
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,388
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,321

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 365 100.0 185 100.0 183 100.0 946
Single modes 289 79.1 182 98.3 180 98.4 916
Truck 279 76.4 171 92.7 169 92.4 900
For-hire truck 261 71.5 157 85.1 158 86.0 899
Private truck 18 4.9 S S S S 915
Rail S S S S S S 1,097
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,186
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 72 19.7 3 1.6 3 1.5 953
Parcel, USPS or courier 72 19.7 3 1.6 3 1.5 953
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,113

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,848
Single modes S S S S S S 4,949
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,949
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,790
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,241
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,115
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 114 100.0 153 100.0 195 100.0 1,720
Single modes 105 92.8 153 99.9 194 99.9 1,951
Truck 48 42.2 56 36.9 75 38.3 1,301
For-hire truck 31 27.7 30 19.7 43 21.9 1,391
Private truck S S 26 16.8 31 16.0 1,164
Rail 37 32.3 96 62.9 S S 1,327
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,302
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,520
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,520
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 996

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,752 100.0 1,860 100.0 967 100.0 618
Single modes 2,133 77.5 1,819 97.8 940 97.2 580
Truck 2,008 73.0 1,208 64.9 601 62.1 567
For-hire truck 1,635 59.4 1,026 55.1 506 52.3 571
Private truck 366 13.3 178 9.5 93 9.6 567
Rail S S S S S S 655
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 5 0.2 S S S S 1,179
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 602 21.9 28 1.5 17 1.8 635
Parcel, USPS or courier 559 20.3 25 1.3 15 1.6 635
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 659
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 18 0.6 14 0.7 9 1.0 570

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,378 100.0 1,172 100.0 777 100.0 635
Single modes 2,113 88.9 1,162 99.1 772 99.2 667
Truck 2,092 88.0 1,127 96.1 751 96.6 651
For-hire truck 1,967 82.7 1,062 90.6 715 92.0 655
Private truck 124 5.2 S S S S 605
Rail S S S S S S 538
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 945
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 265 11.1 10 0.9 6 0.8 632
Parcel, USPS or courier 265 11.1 10 0.9 6 0.8 632
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,290 100.0 1,909 100.0 675 100.0 431
Single modes 2,111 92.2 1,895 99.3 670 99.3 520
Truck 1,768 77.2 1,768 92.6 608 90.0 364
For-hire truck 1,008 44.0 920 48.2 336 49.7 375
Private truck 761 33.2 848 44.4 272 40.3 349
Rail 27 1.2 S S S S 483
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,327
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 162 7.1 9 0.5 3 0.5 388
Parcel, USPS or courier 162 7.1 9 0.5 3 0.5 388
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 17 0.8 5 0.3 S S 346

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 25,965 100.0 127,668 100.0 7,026 100.0 45
Single modes 22,867 88.1 124,262 97.3 6,379 90.8 38
Truck 21,745 83.7 117,269 91.9 5,928 84.4 36
For-hire truck 8,490 32.7 60,455 47.4 4,120 58.6 71
Private truck 13,251 51.0 56,712 44.4 1,807 25.7 30
Rail S S S S S S 104
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,382
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,336 5.1 S S S S 73
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,127 4.3 81 5 72
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 322
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 78
Other and unknown modes 1,762 6.8 1,267 1.0 47 0.7 36

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 670
Single modes S S S S S S 681
Truck S S S S S S 675
For-hire truck S S S S S S 671
Private truck S S S S S S 770
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 799
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 77 3.8 3 0.9 2 0.8 665
Parcel, USPS or courier 77 3.8 3 0.9 2 0.8 665
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 537

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 451 100.0 462 100.0 395 100.0 762
Single modes 441 97.8 462 99.9 395 99.9 743
Truck 289 64.0 123 26.6 83 21.0 707
For-hire truck 230 51.0 98 21.1 67 16.9 709
Private truck S S S S S S 631
Rail 152 33.8 339 73.3 312 78.9 896
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,224
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 2.2 S S S S 777
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 2.2 S S S S 777
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 28 100.0 48 100.0 1,621
Single modes 37 78.1 28 99.1 48 99.1 1,612
Truck S S S S S S 1,597
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,617
Private truck S S S S S S 1,558
Rail S S S S S S 1,844
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,722
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 13.4 S S S S 1,623
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 13.4 S S S S 1,623
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,723

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 478 100.0 98 100.0 115 100.0 1,230
Single modes 416 87.0 97 99.1 114 99.0 1,183
Truck 403 84.2 97 99.0 114 99.0 1,184
For-hire truck 402 84.0 96 98.4 113 98.3 1,183
Private truck S S S S S S 1,259
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,142
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 62 13.0 1 0.9 1 1.0 1,240
Parcel, USPS or courier 62 13.0 1 0.9 1 1.0 1,240
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 638 100.0 36 100.0 56 100.0 1,466
Single modes 379 59.4 S S S S 1,535
Truck 312 48.8 S S S S 1,509
For-hire truck 311 48.8 S S S S 1,509
Private truck S S S S S S 1,402
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,626
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,457
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,457
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,482

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,127 100.0 418 100.0 325 100.0 837
Single modes 1,189 55.9 342 81.7 266 82.0 1,014
Truck 953 44.8 252 60.3 198 60.8 817
For-hire truck 882 41.5 239 57.1 188 58.0 820
Private truck S S S S S S 708
Rail 218 10.3 89 21.3 69 21.1 849
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,273
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 57 17.4 809
Parcel, USPS or courier 197 9.3 S S S S 809
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 731
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 917

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,245 100.0 S S S S 591
Single modes 825 66.2 S S S S 607
Truck 603 48.5 302 33.1 165 28.0 495
For-hire truck 541 43.5 283 31.0 154 26.2 523
Private truck 62 5.0 20 2.2 11 1.8 442
Rail S S S S S S 696
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1,161
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 418 33.6 6 0.7 4 0.6 587
Parcel, USPS or courier 418 33.6 6 0.7 4 0.6 587
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 581

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 813 100.0 219 100.0 159 100.0 595
Single modes 766 94.2 210 95.7 153 96.7 611
Truck 750 92.2 189 86.2 137 86.7 595
For-hire truck 732 89.9 179 81.6 S S 595
Private truck S S S S S S 632
Rail 12 1.5 21 9.5 16 10.0 754
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,025
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 518
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 518
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 603

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,736 100.0 9,871 100.0 1,538 100.0 145
Single modes 8,579 88.1 9,757 98.8 1,524 99.1 122
Truck 8,418 86.5 8,715 88.3 1,339 87.1 121
For-hire truck 3,592 36.9 4,307 43.6 832 54.1 188
Private truck 4,766 49.0 4,214 42.7 447 29.1 84
Rail 159 1.6 S S 184 12.0 194
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,419
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,054 10.8 55 0.6 10 0.6 201
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,045 10.7 32 0.3 8 0.5 201
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 93
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 102 1.1 60 0.6 4 0.3 S

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26 100.0 14 100.0 19 100.0 1,175
Single modes 22 85.6 14 99.4 19 99.5 1,223
Truck 20 78.5 11 74.2 13 68.0 1,189
For-hire truck 20 75.5 10 73.1 13 67.3 1,203
Private truck S S S S S S 1,055
Rail S S S S S S 1,709
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,329
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 13.9 0.6 0.5 1,164
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 13.9 0.6 0.5 1,164
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,110

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,481 100.0 2,223 100.0 S S 249
Single modes 1,359 91.8 2,213 99.6 S S 237
Truck 1,274 86.0 1,168 52.5 251 38.0 217
For-hire truck 792 53.5 602 27.1 141 21.4 250
Private truck 482 32.5 566 25.4 110 16.7 198
Rail S S S S S S 359
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 813
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 120 8.1 S S S S 263
Parcel, USPS or courier 113 7.6 S S S S 263
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 256
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2 0.1 S S 120

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 121 100.0 10 100.0 14 100.0 1,802
Single modes 53 44.0 8 80.7 12 82.4 2,498
Truck S S 6 61.4 8 60.0 1,544
For-hire truck S S 6 61.4 8 60.0 1,544
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.6 1.1 2,731
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,469
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,469
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 168 100.0 14 100.0 21 100.0 1,578
Single modes 95 56.9 11 79.3 16 78.1 1,492
Truck 95 56.7 11 79.2 16 78.0 1,481
For-hire truck 92 54.7 10 72.6 15 71.7 1,482
Private truck S S S S S S 1,420
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,631
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 71 42.5 S S S S 1,594
Parcel, USPS or courier 71 42.5 S S S S 1,594
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,571

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 71 100.0 89 100.0 1,296
Single modes S S 52 73.3 65 73.0 1,245
Truck S S 43 60.6 53 59.2 1,230
For-hire truck S S 41 57.5 50 56.0 1,229
Private truck S S S S S S 1,238
Rail S S S S S S 1,351
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 0.1 0.1 1,293
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,305
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,305
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,162

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 170 100.0 182 100.0 121 100.0 776
Single modes 160 94.1 182 99.7 121 99.8 796
Truck 156 91.5 152 83.5 101 83.0 588
For-hire truck 108 63.7 41 22.6 38 31.4 877
Private truck S S 111 60.9 62 51.5 456
Rail S S S S S S 713
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,854
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 0.1 772
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 0.1 772
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 315

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,347 100.0 S S S S 1,286
Single modes 1,532 65.3 S S S S 1,319
Truck 1,235 52.6 S S S S 1,257
For-hire truck 1,026 43.7 S S S S 1,257
Private truck S S S S S S 1,270
Rail S S S S S S 1,017
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,492
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 811 34.5 11 4.2 S S 1,272
Parcel, USPS or courier 554 23.6 6 2.2 7 2.2 1,249
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,044
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,045

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,148 100.0 264 100.0 305 100.0 1,091
Single modes 999 87.0 252 95.3 292 95.8 1,047
Truck 987 85.9 238 90.0 266 87.4 1,045
For-hire truck 841 73.2 217 81.9 243 79.8 1,066
Private truck S S 21 8.1 23 7.5 975
Rail S S S S S S 1,833
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,101
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 124 10.8 5 2.0 6 1.8 1,099
Parcel, USPS or courier 124 10.8 5 2.0 6 1.8 1,099
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,118

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 203 100.0 S S S S 754
Single modes 192 94.2 S S S S 850
Truck 91 45.0 47 5.9 33 4.4 739
For-hire truck 32 15.8 28 3.5 20 2.7 772
Private truck S S 19 2.3 13 1.7 703
Rail S S S S S S 971
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,622
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 5.8 692
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 5.8 692
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 734

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,816 100.0 920 100.0 715 100.0 826
Single modes 3,124 81.9 873 94.9 674 94.3 822
Truck 2,963 77.6 815 88.6 624 87.3 805
For-hire truck 2,840 74.4 777 84.5 595 83.2 805
Private truck S S 38 4.1 29 4.1 798
Rail S S 58 6.3 50 6.9 1,016
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 11 0.3 1,114
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 665 17.4 S S S S 828
Parcel, USPS or courier 496 13.0 9 1.0 8 1.1 828
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 953
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 699

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,576 100.0 4,140 100.0 981 100.0 228
Single modes 2,389 92.7 4,075 98.4 959 97.7 207
Truck 2,259 87.7 3,533 85.3 767 78.1 204
For-hire truck 1,789 69.5 2,098 50.7 524 53.4 246
Private truck 468 18.2 S S S S 168
Rail 105 4.1 428 10.3 168 17.1 376
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 172 6.7 S S S S 248
Parcel, USPS or courier 172 6.7 9 0.2 2 0.2 248
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 389
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 165

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 140 100.0 61 100.0 117 100.0 1,877
Single modes 80 57.5 59 97.0 114 97.0 2,301
Truck 60 42.6 S S S S 1,777
For-hire truck 52 37.4 18 28.8 30 25.9 1,790
Private truck S S S S S S 1,737
Rail S S S S S S 2,090
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,008
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 59 41.9 2 2.9 3 2.9 1,806
Parcel, USPS or courier 57 40.5 1 1.6 2 1.5 1,806
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,998
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,911

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,780 100.0 438 100.0 452 100.0 1,065
Single modes 1,357 76.2 415 94.8 428 94.6 1,071
Truck 1,340 75.3 408 93.2 419 92.7 1,061
For-hire truck 1,237 69.5 384 87.8 394 87.2 1,058
Private truck S S S S S S 1,113
Rail S S S S S S 1,179
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,257
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 236 13.3 S S S S 1,064
Parcel, USPS or courier 236 13.3 S S S S 1,064
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,086

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 S S S S 1,485
Single modes S S S S S S 1,462
Truck S S S S S S 1,485
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,499
Private truck S S S S S S 1,450
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,374
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 34.7 1 6.3 1 6.3 1,486
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 34.7 1 6.3 1 6.3 1,486
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 402 100.0 132 100.0 145 100.0 1,095
Single modes 367 91.4 131 99.2 144 99.2 1,036
Truck 329 81.8 103 77.9 111 76.6 1,029
For-hire truck 317 78.9 102 77.1 110 75.9 1,061
Private truck S S S S S S 966
Rail S S S S S S 1,165
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,208
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.8 1 0.8 1,112
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.8 1 0.8 1,112
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 280 100.0 224 100.0 105 100.0 443
Single modes 199 71.2 222 99.2 104 99.4 483
Truck 198 70.6 222 99.2 104 99.4 447
For-hire truck 113 40.3 190 84.7 89 84.8 470
Private truck S S S S S S 389
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,507
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 0.2 517
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 0.2 517
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 299

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,168 100.0 405 100.0 290 100.0 662
Single modes 944 80.8 394 97.1 282 97.3 783
Truck 882 75.5 356 87.8 254 87.8 661
For-hire truck 791 67.8 207 51.1 140 48.2 661
Private truck 90 7.7 S S S S 659
Rail S S S S S S 748
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,268
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 201 17.2 S S S S 638
Parcel, USPS or courier 201 17.2 S S S S 638
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 513

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,617 100.0 7,464 100.0 3,643 100.0 543
Single modes 5,180 92.2 7,445 99.7 3,633 99.7 578
Truck 4,565 81.3 S S S S 517
For-hire truck 2,427 43.2 1,483 19.9 844 23.2 574
Private truck S S S S S S 457
Rail 357 6.4 983 13.2 651 17.9 675
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,661
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 431 7.7 17 0.2 9 0.2 528
Parcel, USPS or courier 431 7.7 17 0.2 9 0.2 528
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 409

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 330 100.0 S S S S 1,119
Single modes 164 49.7 S S S S 1,595
Truck 82 24.7 S S S S 1,078
For-hire truck 80 24.1 S S S S 1,078
Private truck S S S S S S 1,104
Rail S S S S S S 1,252
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,100
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 118 35.8 S S S S 1,037
Parcel, USPS or courier 113 34.3 3 1.0 3 0.9 1,037
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,357
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,046

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 26 100.0 7 100.0 10 100.0 1,485
Single modes 18 66.9 6 82.5 8 81.1 1,434
Truck 18 66.9 6 82.5 8 81.1 1,431
For-hire truck 18 66.8 6 81.4 8 80.0 1,431
Private truck S S S S S S 1,412
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,681
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 33.1 S S S S 1,488
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 33.1 S S S S 1,488
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 379 100.0 121 100.0 135 100.0 1,140
Single modes 270 71.2 119 98.6 134 98.6 1,095
Truck 268 70.7 119 98.6 133 98.5 1,096
For-hire truck 246 64.8 113 93.3 126 93.3 1,092
Private truck 23 6.0 S S S S 1,187
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,089
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 1.4 2 1.4 1,149
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 1.4 2 1.4 1,149
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 254 100.0 37 100.0 67 100.0 1,792
Single modes 83 32.7 32 87.7 59 87.5 1,857
Truck 79 31.1 24 64.1 41 61.2 1,832
For-hire truck 79 31.1 24 64.1 41 61.2 1,832
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,996
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 164 64.3 4 11.9 8 12.2 1,770
Parcel, USPS or courier 162 63.5 3 6.9 5 6.9 1,770
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,929
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,947

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 123 100.0 23 100.0 22 100.0 1,125
Single modes 90 73.1 S S 22 98.2 928
Truck 81 66.5 14 61.0 14 63.3 907
For-hire truck 81 65.7 14 59.8 14 62.3 907
Private truck S S S S S S 780
Rail S S S S S S 926
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,419
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 8 6.4 1.7 1.7 1,139
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 6.4 1.7 1.7 1,139
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,060

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,135 100.0 1,589 100.0 1,242 100.0 649
Single modes 1,026 90.4 1,584 99.7 1,239 99.7 704
Truck 983 86.6 976 61.4 694 55.9 683
For-hire truck 765 67.4 776 48.8 550 44.3 684
Private truck S S S S S S 678
Rail 24 2.1 608 38.2 545 43.9 891
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,181
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 101 8.9 4 0.2 2 0.2 633
Parcel, USPS or courier 101 8.9 4 0.2 2 0.2 633
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 490

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 211 100.0 16,013 100.0 12,178 100.0 713
Single modes 210 99.3 16,013 100.0 12,178 100.0 828
Truck S S 69 0.4 43 0.4 673
For-hire truck S S S S 41 0.3 685
Private truck S S S S S S 376
Rail 191 90.6 15,944 99.6 12,135 99.6 792
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,286
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 646
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 646
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.