Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 95,285 73,899 28.9 192,854 140,583 37.2 44,857 46,813 −4.2 503 313 60.4
Single modes 84,020 66,268 26.8 188,327 137,876 36.6 43,458 44,845 −3.1 241 182 32
Truck 69,645 54,820 27 159,838 95,486 67.4 23,549 18,075 30.3 146 146 0.3
Rail 9,141 5,762 58.6 23,685 35,431 −33.2 18,861 25,292 −25.4 653 730 −10.6
Water S S S S S S S S S 1,415 1 S
Air (including truck and air) 4,271 3,880 10.1 23 25 −8.8 35 33 7.1 1,498 1,336 12.1
Pipeline S 1,742 S S 6,411 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,344 5,891 7.7 S 1,286 S S 1,566 S 834 682 22.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 5,973 5,382 11 233 199 17.2 136 122 11.7 834 680 22.7
Truck and Rail S 486 S S 911 S S 1,032 S 472 1,320 −64.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 3,414 5,351 −36.2
Other and unknown modes 4,921 1,740 182.9 2,056 1,421 44.7 550 402 37 73 S S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 17,458 14,342 21.7 74,155 53,009 39.9 23,131 21,461 7.8 100 122 −18.6
Single modes 17,001 14,097 20.6 72,027 52,532 37.1 22,547 20,540 9.8 S 114 S
Truck 14,757 11,640 26.8 54,374 32,531 67.1 7,600 6,538 16.2 S 104 S
Rail 2,202 2,390 −7.9 17,133 19,433 −11.8 14,210 13,991 1.6 S 554 S
Water S S S S S S S S S 1,415 1 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,766
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 223 S S 411 S S 913 S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S 249 S
Truck and Rail S 196 S S 337 S S 547 S 276 1,609 −82.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5,314
Other and unknown modes S 23 S 197 S S S S S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 6,583 6,963 −5.5 13,376 9,279 44.2 5,300 4,221 25.5 101 135 −25.1
Single modes 6,420 6,727 −4.6 13,058 8,854 47.5 5,162 3,828 34.9 99 67 48.4
Truck 6,002 6,067 −1.1 11,236 6,405 75.4 3,949 1,298 204.2 97 63 52.4
Rail 418 656 −36.2 1,821 2,448 −25.6 1,213 2,528 −52 704 1,026 −31.4
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,342 1,337 0.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7 140 −95.1 S S S S S 844 839 0.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S 645 838 −23.1
Truck and Rail 68 S S S S 979
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4,246
Other and unknown modes S 96 S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 330 324 1.8 44,591 29,987 48.7 2,437 2,680 −9.1 45 56 −19.7
Single modes 323 293 10.5 43,861 29,389 49.2 2,358 2,510 −6.1 45 54 −16
Truck 306 257 19.2 43,644 27,837 56.8 2,116 1,529 38.4 44 50 −11.6
Rail S S S S 1,552 S S 982 S 1,232 555 122.1
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3 4 −21.9 S 271 S 46 149 −68.8 572 504 13.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 378
Truck and Rail 3 4 −15.2 S 271 S 46 149 −68.8 572 706 −19
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 48 S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 4,676 3,472 34.7 18,954 17,368 9.1 1,543 4,014 −61.6 32 77 −57.9
Single modes 4,555 3,430 32.8 18,920 17,196 10 1,542 3,996 −61.4 36 76 −52.8
Truck 3,584 1,468 144.1 14,042 5,611 150.3 725 678 6.9 34 59 −42.1
Rail S 280 S S S S S 1,887 S 732 363 101.7
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,762
Pipeline S 1,681 S S 6,109 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 2 S S S S S 1 S S 913 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 920 S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 504
Other multiple modes S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 22 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,519 8,266 3.1 6,768 12,415 −45.5 3,285 8,786 −62.6 395 273 44.6
Single modes 7,637 7,446 2.6 6,594 11,974 −44.9 3,227 8,586 −62.4 506 212 139.2
Truck 7,198 6,398 12.5 5,216 6,126 −14.8 2,305 3,377 −31.8 262 172 51.9
Rail 263 874 −69.9 1,253 5,590 −77.6 917 5,202 −82.4 838 911 −8
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 118 S S 1 S S 2 S 1,342 1,507 −11
Pipeline S 56 S S 256 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 779 598 30.3 S 221 S S 170 S 387 607 −36.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 666 469 42 20 20 3.1 10 12 −19.5 385 605 −36.3
Truck and Rail S 115 S S 95 S S 118 S 1,388 1,276 8.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 5,593 370 S
Other and unknown modes 104 222 −53.4 S 220 S S S S S 45 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 7,228 6,759 6.9 2,040 3,768 −45.9 817 1,424 −42.6 968 575 68.4
Single modes 6,044 5,594 8 1,882 3,663 −48.6 763 1,376 −44.6 388 323 20
Truck 6,005 5,532 8.5 1,880 3,606 −47.9 760 1,320 −42.4 269 291 −7.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S 163 1,009 −83.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) 36 28 30 1 S S 3 S S 1,900 1,194 59.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 969 1,082 −10.4 49 70 −30.9 40 41 −2.1 1,050 692 51.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 969 1,082 −10.4 49 70 −30.9 40 41 −2.1 1,050 692 51.8
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 215 84 157.8 S 34 S 14 7 111.3 S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 13,037 10,770 21.1 23,679 9,788 141.9 4,907 2,158 127.4 252 239 5.2
Single modes 10,446 9,496 10 23,319 9,531 144.7 4,706 2,111 122.9 211 191 10.5
Truck 9,980 9,163 8.9 21,364 9,203 132.2 3,616 1,901 90.2 192 167 15.1
Rail S 99 S S 324 S S 206 S 625 624 0.2
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 232 S S 4 S S 4 S 1,484 1,231 20.5
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 724 805 −10.1 S 33 S S 26 S 440 477 −7.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 695 795 −12.5 26 31 −16.6 14 17 −17.5 438 476 −8.1
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 733 1,978 −62.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,852 7,965 −64.2
Other and unknown modes S 469 S S 224 S S 21 S 80 S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 24,133 15,557 55.1 3,804 1,307 191.1 1,970 1,011 94.8 478 375 27.4
Single modes 19,541 12,439 57.1 3,444 1,158 197.4 1,754 918 90.9 576 254 127.2
Truck 9,868 7,745 27.4 2,860 1,077 165.6 1,082 750 44.2 269 135 98.8
Rail 5,982 S S 571 S S 654 S S 1,239 2,243 −44.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) 3,691 3,429 7.7 13 11 22 18 15 23.2 1,456 1,347 8.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,647 2,475 6.9 73 67 9.8 40 56 −28.8 598 758 −21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,620 2,382 10 70 41 69 35 31 12.4 598 758 −21.1
Truck and Rail S 93 S S 25 S S 25 S 1,277 988 29.2
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,946 644 202.3 287 82 249.3 S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 13,182 6,968 89.2 5,273 3,421 54.1 1,455 830 75.4 670 532 26.1
Single modes 11,922 6,371 87.1 5,009 3,375 48.4 1,387 803 72.7 217 383 −43.5
Truck 11,892 6,187 92.2 5,008 2,957 69.4 1,385 603 129.6 149 353 −57.8
Rail S 117 S S 418 S S 199 S 938 614 52.8
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 67 S S 1 S S 1 S 2,029 1,415 43.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 896 470 90.6 S 20 S S 16 S 964 788 22.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 895 467 91.4 S 18 S S 14 S 964 787 22.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,578 1,600 −1.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 7,861
Other and unknown modes S 126 S S 26 S S S S 127 S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 139 478 −70.9 S S S 12 S S 362 322 12.2
Single modes 131 377 −65.3 S S S 12 S S 529 284 86.4
Truck 54 364 −85.3 S 134 S 11 S S S 271 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,417
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,593 1,316 21.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7 S S S S S S S S 429 S
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 S S S S S S S S 429 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.