Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table B-15 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 4.4 17.2 8.8 7.9
Single modes 5.3 1.3 16.7 0.6 8.8 1.1 10.7
Truck 5.7 1.6 20.6 3.3 11.9 3.7 11.1
For-hire truck 9.0 2.3 17.3 3.5 7.8 2.6 6.0
Private truck 4.3 1.7 25.7 3.8 31.4 3.3 13.2
Rail 16.1 0.5 15.7 2.6 14.9 4.2 15.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 18.2 0.3 49.8 S S 3.4
Pipeline 44.7 0.5 43.2 1.3 S S S
Multiple modes 8.4 1.1 S S S S 7.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 6.0 0.8 10.4 10.7 0.1 7.6
Truck and rail 48.0 0.7 S S S S 40.0
Truck and water S S S S S S 36.7
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 32.1
Other and unknown modes 23.9 0.7 30.1 0.5 21.0 0.1 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.5 33.8 35.0 4.0
Single modes 25.9 6.6 34.0 1.8 35.2 1.5 3.7
Truck 27.2 7.0 38.6 8.7 40.5 8.9 2.4
For-hire truck 20.3 8.4 41.1 8.1 43.1 8.4 2.3
Private truck S S 49.8 4.7 49.9 4.5 23.8
Rail S S 45.9 9.0 44.8 9.2 23.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 33.6 1.7 34.7 1.4 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 33.6 1.7 34.7 1.4 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 30.7
Single modes S S S S S S 31.8
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.1 44.5 47.5 6.8
Single modes S S 45.5 13.2 48.6 12.7 7.8
Truck 37.3 14.0 34.3 14.6 36.3 14.6 3.0
For-hire truck 32.2 11.8 39.7 10.9 41.5 10.6 2.5
Private truck S S S S S S 21.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 48.4 1.2 S S 10.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.6 23.1 22.9 8.8
Single modes 33.7 3.3 23.1 0.2 23.0 0.2 4.9
Truck 34.3 3.3 27.2 6.8 27.4 8.1 6.2
For-hire truck S S 34.6 7.1 35.4 7.3 3.8
Private truck 24.3 8.2 32.1 7.0 27.8 6.6 19.7
Rail 45.4 2.7 48.1 6.9 48.6 8.2 18.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 34.8 0.2 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 34.8 0.2 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.0

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.5 48.4 46.5 2.6
Single modes 22.1 4.1 S S S S 5.0
Truck 24.5 7.2 S S S S 1.4
For-hire truck 28.9 7.1 S S S S 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 18.5
Rail S S S S S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 49.6 0.1 S S 2.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 23.6 4.3 S S S S 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.2 3.9 33.7 3.9 34.4 3.8 2.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 18.3
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 37.9 0.2 S S S S 23.6

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.0 34.7 24.0 5.7
Single modes 21.7 6.4 34.7 0.2 24.0 0.3 7.9
Truck 22.3 6.6 41.9 9.4 30.9 10.6 7.4
For-hire truck 30.2 10.8 46.5 12.0 34.6 11.7 8.7
Private truck 33.1 8.9 45.7 5.8 48.2 4.0 12.4
Rail S S S S S S 27.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.8 6.3 44.6 0.2 40.0 0.2 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.8 6.3 44.6 0.2 40.0 0.2 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.7

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.3 S S S S 0.9
Single modes 42.0 9.5 S S 47.5 9.5 1.5
Truck 42.2 9.4 S S 47.7 9.4 1.7
For-hire truck 42.7 9.5 S S 49.3 9.4 1.6
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 26.2 11.8 37.6 12.8 36.9 12.5 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.2 11.8 37.6 12.8 36.9 12.5 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 10.9
Single modes S S S S S S 25.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.4
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.6 16.9 17.8 1.7
Single modes 48.2 10.6 18.1 3.5 19.0 3.9 1.4
Truck S S 27.1 10.4 29.7 10.7 1.8
For-hire truck S S 28.2 10.5 30.7 10.9 1.4
Private truck 48.9 1.4 S S S S 23.9
Rail 32.4 1.2 27.8 10.1 27.1 10.2 18.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 11.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 20.2 10.2 32.1 0.5 31.9 0.5 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.3 10.2 30.1 0.4 29.5 0.4 1.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.5 20.5 22.9 1.7
Single modes 18.1 5.6 21.0 1.2 23.4 1.1 3.4
Truck 18.7 5.9 22.4 3.6 25.4 4.1 2.9
For-hire truck 20.1 6.7 25.5 8.0 28.0 8.0 2.9
Private truck 45.4 2.4 S S S S 21.3
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 22.1 5.9 27.1 1.2 25.5 1.2 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.1 5.9 27.1 1.2 25.5 1.2 1.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.9
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.2 27.6 27.8 6.3
Single modes 17.3 3.6 27.7 0.2 27.8 0.3 8.4
Truck 29.9 9.8 31.4 11.2 31.5 11.1 3.4
For-hire truck 37.9 8.5 37.1 7.1 37.9 7.8 3.6
Private truck S S 47.8 8.7 48.8 8.4 25.8
Rail 29.8 7.5 49.3 11.3 S S 12.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.2 35.9 36.9 3.2
Single modes 17.6 6.0 36.3 0.7 37.4 0.8 2.7
Truck 16.1 5.8 28.6 11.0 27.3 11.5 2.1
For-hire truck 19.9 6.9 32.2 9.9 30.5 10.5 3.1
Private truck 29.3 4.0 41.3 4.0 40.8 3.9 4.0
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48.6 0.1 S S S S 19.1
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 17.9 6.1 24.5 0.7 22.3 0.9 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.7 6.1 20.4 0.7 19.4 0.9 3.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 41.7 0.3 46.0 0.3 46.6 0.3 21.8

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.5 44.0 45.3 1.6
Single modes 45.7 7.4 44.4 1.0 45.6 0.8 2.3
Truck 46.2 7.6 45.7 6.5 46.9 6.4 2.6
For-hire truck 49.6 9.8 49.3 11.0 49.9 10.9 2.2
Private truck 45.8 6.5 S S S S 15.4
Rail S S S S S S 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.0 7.4 37.5 1.0 33.3 0.8 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.0 7.4 37.5 1.0 33.3 0.8 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.8 22.7 22.5 6.1
Single modes 20.4 3.4 22.9 0.9 22.6 1.0 15.4
Truck 21.8 6.5 24.5 3.8 23.6 3.7 5.6
For-hire truck 31.1 6.8 30.4 9.7 30.4 9.2 3.3
Private truck 20.3 6.9 44.4 10.1 40.5 9.1 10.1
Rail 48.7 1.1 S S S S 26.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.1 3.3 29.8 0.6 27.6 0.6 4.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.1 3.3 29.8 0.6 27.6 0.6 4.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 48.6 0.4 47.4 0.4 S S 26.2

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 6.7 24.0 17.3 12.8
Single modes 6.8 1.8 23.4 0.9 14.6 3.8 14.4
Truck 7.6 2.2 25.5 4.3 17.1 5.7 14.0
For-hire truck 13.8 3.0 21.5 4.7 21.2 8.0 14.0
Private truck 5.0 3.3 30.8 4.4 28.8 4.6 15.6
Rail S S S S S S 37.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 29.5 1.1 S S S S 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.4 0.7 40.8 27.2 19.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 32.1
Other and unknown modes 23.5 1.7 34.8 0.9 30.8 0.6 30.5

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.3
Single modes S S S S S S 3.1
Truck S S S S S S 3.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2.7
Private truck S S S S S S 21.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 47.2 48.2 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.1 8.9 33.1 4.4 32.7 4.3 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.1 8.9 33.1 4.4 32.7 4.3 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.3 24.0 25.5 2.0
Single modes 25.3 6.6 24.1 0.6 25.5 0.7 2.9
Truck 31.7 9.4 23.2 15.4 23.1 16.4 3.5
For-hire truck 37.8 11.4 23.2 16.3 23.6 17.0 3.7
Private truck S S S S S S 28.2
Rail 40.9 10.2 31.6 15.8 32.0 16.8 18.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.2 6.6 S S S S 13.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.2 6.6 S S S S 13.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.1 41.7 42.2 10.6
Single modes 44.4 13.5 42.2 13.2 42.7 13.4 14.9
Truck S S S S S S 14.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 49.8 12.3 S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.8 12.3 S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.3 38.3 38.9 2.0
Single modes 41.7 9.7 38.6 3.3 39.1 3.7 1.5
Truck 43.7 11.3 38.6 3.3 39.1 3.7 1.4
For-hire truck 43.9 11.7 39.0 4.3 39.5 4.6 1.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.1 9.7 44.8 3.3 44.8 3.7 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.1 9.7 44.8 3.3 44.8 3.7 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.5 48.2 49.0 1.2
Single modes 40.4 11.2 S S S S 1.4
Truck 47.0 10.8 S S S S 1.1
For-hire truck 47.1 10.7 S S S S 1.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 0.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.4 20.4 19.2 3.8
Single modes 20.4 10.3 21.4 8.3 20.3 8.2 6.4
Truck 18.8 9.9 19.7 9.5 18.9 9.2 2.2
For-hire truck 19.9 10.1 19.0 9.1 18.1 8.9 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 21.2
Rail 40.9 3.8 42.9 5.8 41.0 5.4 18.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 45.3 46.1 0.1 10.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 49.5 7.3 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.0 4.2 S S S S 3.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 26.0
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.3 S S S S 4.0
Single modes 23.3 9.7 S S S S 8.3
Truck 22.6 10.0 30.5 16.3 28.8 17.1 4.3
For-hire truck 24.7 8.9 32.3 15.2 30.6 15.9 3.4
Private truck 46.8 3.6 43.1 2.6 38.7 2.4 11.7
Rail S S S S S S 22.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 45.2 S S 17.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.8 9.8 22.2 1.9 22.1 1.5 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 24.8 9.8 22.2 1.9 22.1 1.5 3.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.0 38.2 41.6 4.0
Single modes 34.7 6.6 40.0 4.9 43.1 5.0 6.2
Truck 35.3 7.1 45.4 7.2 49.3 8.0 2.9
For-hire truck 35.6 8.1 46.7 7.4 S S 3.9
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail 45.6 2.7 47.9 6.6 46.8 7.4 26.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 20.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 20.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.4

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 8.7 18.0 15.6 10.1
Single modes 9.0 1.8 18.1 0.3 15.7 0.3 11.0
Truck 9.3 1.7 20.6 5.0 18.5 5.0 10.8
For-hire truck 10.9 6.1 18.2 6.6 23.0 7.8 6.5
Private truck 17.8 6.0 32.1 6.7 32.0 6.2 19.1
Rail 45.5 0.9 S S 40.6 4.9 26.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 18.8 1.6 40.0 0.2 20.4 0.3 9.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.3 1.7 11.6 13.0 0.2 9.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 38.5 0.4 46.0 0.3 36.3 0.1 S

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.6 30.9 32.1 3.3
Single modes 38.0 8.2 31.1 1.6 32.3 1.4 9.6
Truck 42.1 11.0 38.9 12.8 44.2 13.4 12.2
For-hire truck 44.5 13.0 39.8 13.0 44.8 13.4 15.8
Private truck S S S S S S 28.2
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.3 8.1 30.3 1.6 30.6 1.4 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.3 8.1 30.3 1.6 30.6 1.4 3.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.8 41.9 S S 3.2
Single modes 15.7 2.9 41.9 0.2 S S 2.8
Truck 14.6 5.1 20.2 14.0 18.9 17.6 4.8
For-hire truck 20.2 7.5 18.2 12.2 15.1 14.2 3.0
Private truck 27.1 7.0 41.5 9.5 41.0 8.6 5.8
Rail S S S S S S 28.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.3 2.8 S S S S 4.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.6 2.8 S S S S 4.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 48.1 S S 48.9 30.9

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.4 30.8 29.9 8.1
Single modes 48.6 12.0 39.3 13.5 37.9 13.6 14.3
Truck S S 43.4 13.4 42.2 13.3 11.2
For-hire truck S S 43.4 13.4 42.2 13.3 11.2
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 38.6 0.5 37.9 1.0 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.4 28.2 28.3 1.7
Single modes 36.2 8.6 31.1 10.5 31.3 10.4 2.1
Truck 36.2 8.7 31.1 10.7 31.4 10.6 1.4
For-hire truck 37.9 8.9 31.5 10.6 31.6 10.5 1.7
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.9 8.7 S S S S 1.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.9 8.7 S S S S 1.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 24.5 24.9 1.8
Single modes S S 28.4 8.3 29.4 8.4 1.1
Truck S S 20.6 9.1 20.4 9.3 1.3
For-hire truck S S 22.0 9.4 21.9 9.6 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 47.7 0.3 47.3 0.3 18.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.8 41.2 35.6 8.6
Single modes 35.1 4.0 41.3 1.0 35.6 0.5 10.8
Truck 36.4 7.3 41.6 5.8 31.6 5.6 17.3
For-hire truck 28.9 9.2 28.7 13.0 28.9 12.6 4.3
Private truck S S 49.6 10.1 41.9 8.8 25.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 49.3 0.4 15.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 49.3 0.4 15.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 35.4

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 40.0 S S S S 1.5
Single modes 42.6 9.5 S S S S 2.2
Truck 42.1 8.6 S S S S 2.1
For-hire truck 41.9 7.9 S S S S 2.1
Private truck S S S S S S 21.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.5 9.5 46.9 2.9 S S 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.0 10.3 31.0 2.3 30.6 2.2 0.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.0

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.3 28.8 29.6 1.6
Single modes 23.4 6.5 30.2 2.4 31.0 2.4 2.0
Truck 23.7 6.7 32.4 5.1 34.1 6.1 2.1
For-hire truck 27.5 7.8 35.6 7.4 37.4 7.9 1.9
Private truck S S 25.2 4.8 25.3 4.9 15.1
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 29.8 6.4 34.0 2.0 32.9 1.9 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.8 6.4 34.0 2.0 32.9 1.9 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.4 S S S S 4.5
Single modes 45.9 8.6 S S S S 5.5
Truck 48.3 10.9 30.3 17.1 30.6 16.8 2.5
For-hire truck 49.8 9.0 42.0 6.5 40.6 6.1 10.9
Private truck S S 42.4 14.2 42.5 14.0 21.2
Rail S S S S S S 19.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.4 8.6 37.5 2.2 37.4 2.2 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.4 8.6 37.5 2.2 37.4 2.2 3.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.9 28.0 27.6 2.8
Single modes 39.1 6.4 26.7 1.5 25.8 1.5 1.7
Truck 41.7 7.4 28.9 4.9 28.2 4.8 2.1
For-hire truck 43.6 7.5 30.3 4.6 29.4 4.3 2.2
Private truck S S 40.7 1.8 44.3 1.7 3.7
Rail S S 35.7 4.7 36.1 4.6 21.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 33.7 0.2 37.0 36.2 16.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.2 6.6 S S S S 3.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.7 6.4 24.7 0.5 24.3 0.6 3.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.3 30.1 25.3 4.0
Single modes 20.7 3.8 30.6 1.3 25.8 2.1 5.0
Truck 22.0 4.4 34.5 6.7 29.4 6.3 5.2
For-hire truck 26.9 8.6 24.2 8.1 26.9 7.8 4.2
Private truck 21.8 5.3 S S S S 6.1
Rail 36.6 2.7 32.4 4.9 33.6 5.9 16.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 38.5 49.6 S
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 26.2 3.8 S S S S 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.2 3.8 38.4 0.1 39.0 0.1 3.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.2

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.8 44.0 45.2 5.9
Single modes 32.0 10.5 45.4 14.0 46.7 14.1 12.7
Truck 37.2 8.7 S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck 37.3 6.8 46.0 11.4 45.7 11.3 14.9
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.2 10.6 34.2 14.0 34.9 14.1 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.5 10.6 47.0 11.0 47.1 10.9 1.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.9 35.6 33.2 3.3
Single modes 27.8 5.7 37.9 5.1 35.4 4.9 2.2
Truck 28.2 5.5 38.9 6.0 36.5 5.8 2.7
For-hire truck 31.5 7.1 41.6 7.1 39.1 7.0 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 21.5
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.3 4.1 S S S S 3.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.3 4.1 S S S S 3.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.3 S S S S 1.3
Single modes S S S S S S 1.5
Truck S S S S S S 1.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 36.5 15.3 48.9 14.5 49.9 14.7 1.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.5 15.3 48.9 14.5 49.9 14.7 1.4
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.3 36.1 36.4 2.1
Single modes 21.1 2.8 36.3 0.4 36.7 0.4 2.4
Truck 24.3 5.9 46.2 10.7 47.0 10.8 2.4
For-hire truck 25.5 6.1 46.8 10.6 47.5 10.7 2.4
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 28.4 0.4 27.2 0.4 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 28.4 0.4 27.2 0.4 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.5 39.3 38.7 5.2
Single modes 30.4 12.2 39.8 9.1 39.0 8.5 7.3
Truck 30.9 12.2 39.8 9.1 39.0 8.5 6.7
For-hire truck 30.4 12.6 47.1 11.2 46.3 10.6 5.7
Private truck S S S S S S 16.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 41.9 0.8 43.5 1.1 5.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 41.9 0.8 43.5 1.1 5.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.4

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.1 29.6 33.7 4.5
Single modes 10.5 4.0 30.8 1.9 34.9 2.2 5.0
Truck 11.7 3.3 34.7 6.5 39.4 6.8 2.7
For-hire truck 12.9 4.0 12.7 11.1 10.9 12.0 2.4
Private truck 25.6 1.7 S S S S 11.2
Rail S S S S S S 28.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.7 3.5 S S S S 4.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.7 3.5 S S S S 4.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.7 43.4 38.9 4.8
Single modes 24.6 1.9 43.6 0.3 39.0 0.3 7.3
Truck 29.0 4.8 S S S S 7.4
For-hire truck 12.0 8.1 20.1 11.5 20.1 10.5 6.6
Private truck S S S S S S 4.1
Rail 43.0 2.8 44.1 7.6 37.2 7.9 5.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 23.2 1.9 40.6 0.3 36.7 0.2 4.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.2 1.9 40.6 0.3 36.7 0.2 4.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.3

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.8 S S S S 2.7
Single modes 32.5 10.7 S S S S 8.5
Truck 28.7 11.2 S S S S 10.7
For-hire truck 30.0 11.3 S S S S 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 21.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.4 9.8 S S S S 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.0 9.0 45.0 2.0 45.6 2.0 3.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.0 37.0 36.5 1.0
Single modes 31.2 13.1 37.5 11.2 36.7 11.2 10.8
Truck 31.2 13.1 37.5 11.2 36.7 11.2 10.7
For-hire truck 31.3 13.2 38.3 13.2 37.6 13.0 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.6 13.1 S S S S 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.6 13.1 S S S S 1.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.5 26.1 24.6 2.4
Single modes 21.6 9.4 26.5 1.9 24.9 1.9 2.7
Truck 21.6 9.3 26.5 1.9 24.9 1.9 2.8
For-hire truck 24.3 8.9 26.0 2.0 24.5 2.1 2.8
Private truck 43.7 4.6 S S S S 25.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 28.1 1.9 28.4 1.9 3.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 28.1 1.9 28.4 1.9 3.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.8 36.4 35.8 1.9
Single modes 27.8 7.9 40.1 5.4 39.6 5.7 4.2
Truck 29.2 8.0 49.9 8.1 49.1 8.4 1.6
For-hire truck 29.2 8.0 49.9 8.1 49.1 8.4 1.6
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.4 8.5 32.5 5.4 33.1 5.7 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.5 8.3 40.3 4.8 41.3 5.0 1.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.6 49.9 49.3 4.5
Single modes 39.5 13.1 S S 50.0 13.1 11.2
Truck 42.6 12.8 32.4 11.5 33.7 11.3 11.0
For-hire truck 43.4 13.4 33.3 11.0 34.4 10.9 11.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.4 12.6 42.9 11.9 41.7 11.9 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.4 12.6 42.9 11.9 41.7 11.9 11.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.4 34.1 35.3 4.2
Single modes 19.5 2.8 34.2 0.3 35.3 0.2 1.4
Truck 20.3 3.3 39.9 10.5 41.7 11.2 2.1
For-hire truck 14.7 4.3 39.7 8.7 40.9 9.3 2.3
Private truck S S S S S S 4.2
Rail 47.6 0.8 43.8 10.6 44.9 11.3 21.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.1 2.9 22.5 0.3 19.8 0.3 5.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 21.1 2.9 22.5 0.3 19.8 0.3 5.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.2

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.5 25.7 24.6 10.7
Single modes 17.7 0.7 25.7 24.6 9.5
Truck S S 45.3 0.3 38.5 0.2 13.8
For-hire truck S S S S 41.7 0.2 16.5
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 17.0 4.0 25.8 0.3 24.6 0.2 4.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 18.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.