Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 189,390 100.0 336,341 100.0 99,630 100.0
Less than 50 miles 31,786 16.8 127,603 37.9 2,008 2.0
50 to 99 miles 15,652 8.3 22,475 6.7 2,319 2.3
100 to 249 miles 34,023 18.0 79,440 23.6 20,802 20.9
250 to 499 miles 50,049 26.4 69,493 20.7 35,587 35.7
500 to 749 miles 34,338 18.1 26,769 8.0 22,595 22.7
750 to 999 miles 10,673 5.6 6,400 1.9 7,560 7.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,479 1.8 1,244 0.4 1,870 1.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 8,003 4.2 2,682 0.8 6,314 6.3
2,000 miles or more 1,386 0.7 236 575 0.6

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 169,254 100.0 300,080 100.0 95,842 100.0
Less than 50 miles 29,888 17.7 94,991 31.7 1,719 1.8
50 to 99 miles 13,707 8.1 22,208 7.4 2,294 2.4
100 to 249 miles 30,810 18.2 78,993 26.3 20,668 21.6
250 to 499 miles 44,837 26.5 69,071 23.0 35,346 36.9
500 to 749 miles 30,438 18.0 25,543 8.5 21,478 22.4
750 to 999 miles 8,670 5.1 5,303 1.8 6,001 6.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,834 1.7 1,211 0.4 1,826 1.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,893 4.1 2,532 0.8 5,956 6.2
2,000 miles or more 1,178 0.7 229 553 0.6

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 157,473 100.0 159,849 100.0 28,648 100.0
Less than 50 miles 28,986 18.4 89,964 56.3 1,620 5.7
50 to 99 miles 13,405 8.5 15,756 9.9 1,466 5.1
100 to 249 miles 26,813 17.0 20,252 12.7 4,062 14.2
250 to 499 miles 42,103 26.7 22,044 13.8 9,424 32.9
500 to 749 miles 28,115 17.9 7,125 4.5 5,172 18.1
750 to 999 miles 7,882 5.0 2,281 1.4 2,236 7.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,664 1.7 784 0.5 1,093 3.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6,372 4.0 1,416 0.9 3,028 10.6
2,000 miles or more 1,133 0.7 227 0.1 548 1.9

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 106,083 100.0 88,049 100.0 23,055 100.0
Less than 50 miles 11,947 11.3 38,278 43.5 691 3.0
50 to 99 miles 4,885 4.6 8,831 10.0 813 3.5
100 to 249 miles 17,027 16.1 11,306 12.8 2,282 9.9
250 to 499 miles 31,919 30.1 18,723 21.3 8,114 35.2
500 to 749 miles 24,832 23.4 6,531 7.4 4,719 20.5
750 to 999 miles S S 2,129 2.4 2,082 9.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,382 2.2 697 0.8 975 4.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,876 4.6 1,351 1.5 2,893 12.5
2,000 miles or more 690 0.7 202 0.2 487 2.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 51,199 100.0 71,721 100.0 5,585 100.0
Less than 50 miles 17,037 33.3 51,629 72.0 929 16.6
50 to 99 miles 8,494 16.6 6,917 9.6 652 11.7
100 to 249 miles 9,681 18.9 8,937 12.5 1,779 31.8
250 to 499 miles S S 3,319 4.6 1,309 23.4
500 to 749 miles S S 592 0.8 452 8.1
750 to 999 miles 355 0.7 152 0.2 153 2.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 257 0.5 85 0.1 114 2.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S 65 135 2.4
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 6,955 100.0 106,722 100.0 55,166 100.0
Less than 50 miles 121 1.7 S S S S
50 to 99 miles 241 3.5 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,826 26.3 37,559 35.2 11,831 21.4
250 to 499 miles 2,468 35.5 45,492 42.6 24,819 45.0
500 to 749 miles 1,544 22.2 12,922 12.1 11,016 20.0
750 to 999 miles 295 4.2 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 407 5.9 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 32,887 100.0 11,999 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S 76 0.6
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 21,182 64.4 4,775 39.8
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 627 17.8 5,491 16.7 5,286 44.0
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S 32,887 100.0 11,999 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S 76 0.6
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S 21,182 64.4 4,775 39.8
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 627 17.8 5,491 16.7 5,286 44.0
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,100 100.0 23 100.0 26 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 8 0.7 0.8 0.3
250 to 499 miles 254 23.1 9 39.1 4 14.8
500 to 749 miles 152 13.8 5 22.4 4 16.6
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 113 10.3 3 14.2 7 28.2
2,000 miles or more S S 1 4.8 4 16.7

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 201 100.0 599 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 198 98.7 599 100.0 S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 18,021 100.0 3,099 100.0 3,234 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,042 5.8 S S 1
50 to 99 miles 1,610 8.9 42 1.4 4 0.1
100 to 249 miles 2,975 16.5 324 10.5 110 3.4
250 to 499 miles 4,950 27.5 361 11.6 216 6.7
500 to 749 miles 3,659 20.3 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 1,862 10.3 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 631 3.5 19 0.6 26 0.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,086 6.0 129 4.2 315 9.7
2,000 miles or more 205 1.1 7 0.2 19 0.6

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16,979 100.0 443 100.0 287 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,042 6.1 29 6.5 1 0.2
50 to 99 miles 1,610 9.5 42 9.5 4 1.4
100 to 249 miles 2,833 16.7 64 14.5 14 4.7
250 to 499 miles 4,915 28.9 113 25.5 50 17.5
500 to 749 miles 3,493 20.6 104 23.6 78 27.0
750 to 999 miles 1,370 8.1 37 8.3 37 12.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 618 3.6 17 3.7 22 7.8
1,500 to 1,999 miles 897 5.3 31 6.9 66 23.0
2,000 miles or more 202 1.2 7 1.5 16 5.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 465 100.0 1,329 100.0 1,830 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles 126 27.1 S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 81 17.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 189 40.8 98 7.4 249 13.6
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,115 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 856 40.5 S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S 225 0.7 21 3.8
100 to 249 miles 238 11.3 122 0.4 24 4.4
250 to 499 miles 262 12.4 61 0.2 25 4.5
500 to 749 miles 241 11.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.