Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 189,390 100.0 336,341 100.0 99,630 100.0 437
Less than 50 lbs 16,018 8.5 325 0.1 162 0.2 562
50 to 99 lbs 4,315 2.3 236 56 251
100 to 499 lbs 16,132 8.5 1,284 0.4 330 0.3 252
500 to 749 lbs 4,508 2.4 597 0.2 128 0.1 220
750 to 999 lbs 2,499 1.3 603 0.2 123 0.1 199
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 41,152 21.7 14,097 4.2 3,528 3.5 244
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 80,781 42.7 86,585 25.7 19,236 19.3 246
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 40,523 12.0 S S 105
100,000 lbs or more 11,168 5.9 192,090 57.1 71,047 71.3 327

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 169,254 100.0 300,080 100.0 95,842 100.0 214
Less than 50 lbs 4,132 2.4 108 25 249
50 to 99 lbs 2,500 1.5 164 14 90
100 to 499 lbs 13,055 7.7 1,114 0.4 234 0.2 193
500 to 749 lbs 3,978 2.4 571 0.2 114 0.1 204
750 to 999 lbs 2,454 1.4 595 0.2 120 0.1 196
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 40,166 23.7 13,806 4.6 3,395 3.5 238
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 79,459 46.9 85,604 28.5 18,702 19.5 240
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 40,176 13.4 S S 106
100,000 lbs or more 10,738 6.3 157,941 52.6 68,233 71.2 326

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 157,473 100.0 159,849 100.0 28,648 100.0 189
Less than 50 lbs 3,745 2.4 102 S S 185
50 to 99 lbs 2,366 1.5 162 0.1 13 83
100 to 499 lbs 12,965 8.2 1,110 0.7 228 0.8 186
500 to 749 lbs 3,942 2.5 569 0.4 112 0.4 203
750 to 999 lbs 2,435 1.5 594 0.4 118 0.4 194
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 39,477 25.1 13,758 8.6 3,354 11.7 235
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 77,863 49.4 85,101 53.2 18,256 63.7 237
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 39,492 24.7 S S 102
100,000 lbs or more 2,053 1.3 18,960 11.9 1,830 6.4 125

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 106,083 100.0 88,049 100.0 23,055 100.0 482
Less than 50 lbs 518 0.5 10 5 675
50 to 99 lbs 568 0.5 16 9 516
100 to 499 lbs 3,922 3.7 293 0.3 173 0.8 594
500 to 749 lbs 1,714 1.6 175 0.2 86 0.4 492
750 to 999 lbs 1,533 1.4 160 0.2 84 0.4 521
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 29,030 27.4 5,545 6.3 2,762 12.0 512
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 63,386 59.8 47,302 53.7 14,913 64.7 353
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 3,606 3.4 26,028 29.6 S S 124
100,000 lbs or more S S 8,519 9.7 1,290 5.6 172

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 51,199 100.0 71,721 100.0 5,585 100.0 88
Less than 50 lbs 3,224 6.3 93 0.1 S S 129
50 to 99 lbs S S 146 0.2 4 30
100 to 499 lbs S S 812 1.1 50 0.9 59
500 to 749 lbs S S 393 0.5 27 0.5 69
750 to 999 lbs 901 1.8 434 0.6 34 0.6 78
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 10,437 20.4 8,211 11.4 593 10.6 75
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 14,372 28.1 37,750 52.6 3,341 59.8 93
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 13,441 18.7 985 17.6 68
100,000 lbs or more 247 0.5 10,441 14.6 539 9.7 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 6,955 100.0 106,722 100.0 55,166 100.0 521
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 22
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 432
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 419
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 294
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,423
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 237 3.4 42 33 760
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 1,591 22.9 S S 444 0.8 921
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 145 2.1 684 0.6 S S 406
100,000 lbs or more 4,962 71.3 105,496 98.9 54,402 98.6 442

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 32,887 100.0 11,999 100.0 379
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,539
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S 32,886 100.0 11,999 100.0 378

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S 32,887 100.0 11,999 100.0 379
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,539
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S 32,886 100.0 11,999 100.0 378

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 1,100 100.0 23 100.0 26 100.0 1,189
Less than 50 lbs 385 35.0 6 25.2 8 31.5 1,213
50 to 99 lbs 133 12.1 2 8.9 1 4.9 613
100 to 499 lbs 89 8.1 4 18.8 6 23.2 1,476
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 686
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,543
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S 5 23.7 S S 1,480
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 328
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 201 100.0 599 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S
100,000 lbs or more 198 98.7 599 100.0 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 18,021 100.0 3,099 100.0 3,234 100.0 700
Less than 50 lbs 11,748 65.2 210 6.8 137 4.2 704
50 to 99 lbs 1,778 9.9 65 2.1 42 1.3 644
100 to 499 lbs 2,968 16.5 143 4.6 94 2.9 652
500 to 749 lbs 457 2.5 20 0.6 14 0.4 715
750 to 999 lbs 33 0.2 6 0.2 3 0.1 587
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,628
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 272 8.8 443 13.7 1,684
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,636
100,000 lbs or more 130 0.7 2,380 76.8 2,494 77.1 738

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16,979 100.0 443 100.0 287 100.0 699
Less than 50 lbs 11,748 69.2 210 47.4 137 47.8 704
50 to 99 lbs 1,778 10.5 65 14.7 41 14.4 644
100 to 499 lbs 2,965 17.5 143 32.3 92 31.9 643
500 to 749 lbs 456 2.7 20 4.4 14 4.9 714
750 to 999 lbs 32 0.2 6 1.3 3 1.0 523
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 465 100.0 1,329 100.0 1,830 100.0 1,798
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,626
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,551
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 350 75.3 127 9.6 263 14.4 2,054
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,636
100,000 lbs or more 80 17.3 1,198 90.2 S S 780

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,338
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 4,671
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 7,644
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,944
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,706
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,657
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 340

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 706
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 706

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 1
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 8
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 5
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,082

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 2,115 100.0 S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs 138 6.5 7 S
50 to 99 lbs 37 1.8 7 S
100 to 499 lbs 109 5.2 26 1 0.2 41
500 to 749 lbs S S 6 29
750 to 999 lbs 12 0.6 2 S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 953 45.0 288 0.9 S S 502
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 709 2.1 92 16.5 S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 347 1.0 S S S
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.