Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 189,390 100.0 336,341 100.0 99,630 100.0 437
Single modes 169,254 89.4 300,080 89.2 95,842 96.2 214
Truck3 157,473 83.1 159,849 47.5 28,648 28.8 189
For-hire Truck 106,083 56.0 88,049 26.2 23,055 23.1 482
Private Truck 51,199 27.0 71,721 21.3 5,585 5.6 88
Rail 6,955 3.7 106,722 31.7 55,166 55.4 521
Water S S 32,887 9.8 11,999 12.0 379
Shallow draft S S 32,887 9.8 11,999 12.0 379
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,100 0.6 23 26 1,189
Pipeline4 201 0.1 599 0.2 S S S
Multiple modes 18,021 9.5 3,099 0.9 3,234 3.2 700
Parcel, USPS or courier 16,979 9.0 443 0.1 287 0.3 699
Truck and rail 465 0.2 1,329 0.4 1,830 1.8 1,798
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,338
Rail and water S S S S S S 706
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,115 1.1 S S S S S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 323
Single modes S S S S S S 323
Truck3 S S S S S S 323
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 323
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 596
Single modes S S S S S S 596
Truck3 S S S S S S 24
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 24
Rail
Water S S S S S S 967
Shallow draft S S S S S S 967
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,024 100.0 1,109 100.0 S S 316
Single modes 875 85.5 1,044 94.1 S S 135
Truck3 S S 307 27.6 S S 99
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 750
Private Truck S S S S S S 42
Rail
Water S S S S S S 284
Shallow draft S S S S S S 284
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,418
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 935
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 935
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 587

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 82 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 82 100.0 S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 66
Rail 20 23.7 9 1.3 9 6.5 959
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,662 100.0 743 100.0 220 100.0 S
Single modes 1,636 98.4 739 99.5 218 99.0 S
Truck3 1,636 98.4 739 99.5 218 99.0 S
For-hire Truck 648 39.0 291 39.1 152 68.8 576
Private Truck 988 59.4 448 60.3 67 30.2 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 983
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 768
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 768
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,025 100.0 S S 607 100.0 216
Single modes 3,025 100.0 S S 607 100.0 216
Truck3 3,025 100.0 S S 607 100.0 216
For-hire Truck 1,416 46.8 650 35.8 410 67.6 648
Private Truck S S S S S S 152
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 6

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,110 100.0 5,747 100.0 2,214 100.0 179
Single modes 4,041 98.3 5,685 98.9 2,178 98.4 152
Truck3 3,796 92.3 4,731 82.3 1,318 59.5 149
For-hire Truck 2,105 51.2 2,187 38.1 1,029 46.5 522
Private Truck 1,690 41.1 2,543 44.3 289 13.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 689
Water S S S S S S 976
Shallow draft S S S S S S 976
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 911
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 992
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 504
Truck and rail S S S S S S 569
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,562
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 617

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,197 100.0 408 100.0 231 100.0 S
Single modes 1,138 95.0 388 95.1 200 86.6 S
Truck3 1,079 90.1 374 91.8 170 73.3 S
For-hire Truck 935 78.1 237 58.3 165 71.4 753
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 2,086
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 709
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,297
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 732
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,497
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,750
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,313

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 28 100.0 10 100.0 338
Single modes S S 28 99.9 10 100.0 339
Truck3 S S 28 99.9 10 100.0 339
For-hire Truck 324 46.5 25 88.9 9 95.3 455
Private Truck S S S S S S 113
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 47
Single modes S S S S S S 47
Truck3 S S S S S S 47
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 55
Private Truck S S S S S S 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 28 100.0 5,615 100.0 132 100.0 22
Single modes 27 95.2 5,371 95.7 131 99.3 23
Truck3 27 95.2 5,371 95.7 131 99.3 23
For-hire Truck 4 16.0 854 15.2 S S 23
Private Truck 22 78.3 4,464 79.5 111 84.2 24
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 266 100.0 47,667 100.0 4,775 100.0 31
Single modes 263 98.9 47,154 98.9 4,735 99.2 31
Truck3 214 80.4 37,292 78.2 1,092 22.9 29
For-hire Truck 75 28.2 12,392 26.0 355 7.4 25
Private Truck 139 52.1 24,897 52.2 736 15.4 30
Rail 7 2.6 S S S S 419
Water S S S S S S 362
Shallow draft S S S S S S 362
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 140
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 466
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 5
Other and unknown modes 3 1.0 423 0.9 S S 20

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 120
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 72
Rail S S S S S S 645
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 813
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 751
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 751
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 457
Single modes S S S S S S 457
Truck3 S S S S S S 457
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 740
Private Truck S S S S S S 313
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,419 100.0 148,013 100.0 52,095 100.0 200
Single modes 3,115 91.1 114,446 77.3 49,621 95.2 200
Truck3 522 15.3 22,645 15.3 S S 164
For-hire Truck 458 13.4 19,913 13.5 S S 163
Private Truck 64 1.9 2,732 1.8 S S 186
Rail 2,500 73.1 87,229 58.9 45,141 86.6 335
Water S S S S S S 225
Shallow draft S S S S S S 225
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 49 1.4 1,917 1.3 2,192 4.2 830
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,100
Truck and water S S S S S S 278
Rail and water S S S S S S 639
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,418 100.0 S S S S 13
Single modes 4,417 100.0 S S S S 13
Truck3 2,477 56.1 8,943 48.0 S S 13
For-hire Truck 979 22.2 4,151 22.3 97 5.9 25
Private Truck 1,498 33.9 4,792 25.7 S S 12
Rail
Water S S S S S S 150
Shallow draft S S S S S S 150
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,980 100.0 8,514 100.0 187 100.0 S
Single modes 1,978 99.9 8,506 99.9 186 100.0 S
Truck3 1,563 78.9 6,839 80.3 182 97.5 S
For-hire Truck 267 13.5 1,370 16.1 S S 30
Private Truck 1,296 65.5 5,468 64.2 S S 11
Rail
Water S S S S S S 3
Shallow draft S S S S S S 3
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,920 100.0 23,345 100.0 S S S
Single modes 3,900 99.5 23,340 100.0 S S S
Truck3 3,327 84.9 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 91
Private Truck S S S S S S 41
Rail S S S S S S 666
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 551
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 77
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 77
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,314 100.0 4,070 100.0 1,160 100.0 S
Single modes 3,177 95.9 4,051 99.5 1,153 99.4 S
Truck3 2,600 78.5 S S 433 37.3 S
For-hire Truck 2,332 70.4 971 23.9 383 33.0 393
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 384 11.6 905 22.2 459 39.5 474
Water S S S S S S 889
Shallow draft S S S S S S 889
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 810
Pipeline4 169 5.1 451 11.1 S S S
Multiple modes 126 3.8 17 0.4 S S 287
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 0.3 S S S S 288
Truck and rail S S S S S S 262
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,326

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,498 100.0 S S S S 359
Single modes 4,551 60.7 S S S S S
Truck3 4,477 59.7 S S S S 183
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 427
Private Truck 2,808 37.4 54 35.0 9 16.4 128
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,802
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 2,923 39.0 S S S S 386
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,923 39.0 S S S S 386
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 76

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 119
Single modes S S S S S S 118
Truck3 S S S S S S 118
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 261
Private Truck S S S S S S 61
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 209

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,767 100.0 2,900 100.0 1,511 100.0 584
Single modes 5,209 90.3 2,834 97.7 1,487 98.4 502
Truck3 5,134 89.0 2,824 97.4 1,472 97.4 491
For-hire Truck S S 2,377 82.0 S S 687
Private Truck 406 7.0 447 15.4 74 4.9 114
Rail S S S S S S 1,242
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 881
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 16 0.6 18 1.2 801
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 9 0.3 S S 801
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,198
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,711 100.0 3,625 100.0 1,803 100.0 519
Single modes 6,408 95.5 3,590 99.0 1,787 99.2 321
Truck3 5,919 88.2 2,937 81.0 1,356 75.3 311
For-hire Truck 4,105 61.2 2,198 60.6 1,103 61.2 490
Private Truck 1,812 27.0 739 20.4 253 14.1 126
Rail S S S S S S 675
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 785
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 269 4.0 S S S S 744
Parcel, USPS or courier 267 4.0 S S S S 743
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,626
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,594
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 122 100.0 18 100.0 80
Single modes S S 120 98.7 17 97.1 S
Truck3 S S 120 98.7 17 97.1 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 169
Private Truck S S S S 6 34.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 300

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,944 100.0 5,227 100.0 1,363 100.0 131
Single modes 1,902 97.8 5,109 97.8 1,289 94.6 133
Truck3 1,745 89.8 3,940 75.4 842 61.8 121
For-hire Truck 942 48.5 1,524 29.2 580 42.5 318
Private Truck 802 41.2 S S S S 66
Rail S S S S S S 384
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 242
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,094
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,432 100.0 3,821 100.0 2,143 100.0 592
Single modes 2,374 97.6 3,802 99.5 2,124 99.1 353
Truck3 1,852 76.2 2,491 65.2 1,213 56.6 331
For-hire Truck 1,712 70.4 2,399 62.8 1,195 55.8 436
Private Truck S S 92 2.4 18 0.8 S
Rail 523 21.5 1,311 34.3 S S 607
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 993
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 741
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 740
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,251
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,708 100.0 1,114 100.0 879 100.0 522
Single modes 1,649 96.5 1,091 98.0 843 95.9 425
Truck3 1,626 95.2 1,078 96.8 831 94.5 400
For-hire Truck 1,433 83.9 904 81.2 741 84.2 565
Private Truck S S S S S S 127
Rail S S S S S S 752
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 982
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 42 2.4 S S S S 660
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 1.8 2 0.2 1 650
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,477
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 159

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,529 100.0 676 100.0 351 100.0 900
Single modes 1,810 71.6 635 93.8 311 88.5 443
Truck3 1,776 70.2 631 93.2 307 87.4 391
For-hire Truck 1,508 59.6 521 77.0 283 80.6 494
Private Truck 263 10.4 110 16.2 24 6.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 1,114
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 29 1.1 4 0.6 4 1.0 932
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 692 27.4 31 4.6 27 7.6 926
Parcel, USPS or courier 692 27.4 31 4.6 27 7.6 926
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 137

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,758 100.0 558 100.0 354 100.0 764
Single modes 9,651 89.7 523 93.7 325 91.9 746
Truck3 S S 520 93.2 321 90.8 565
For-hire Truck S S 395 70.8 S S 783
Private Truck 859 8.0 117 21.1 15 4.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,424
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 961 8.9 30 5.4 25 7.2 782
Parcel, USPS or courier 961 8.9 30 5.4 25 7.2 782
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 146 1.4 5 0.9 S S S

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 13,530 100.0 S S 399
Single modes S S 13,468 99.5 S S 336
Truck3 S S 11,857 87.6 S S 330
For-hire Truck S S 7,252 53.6 S S 367
Private Truck S S 4,605 34.0 S S 289
Rail S S S S S S 1,160
Water S S S S S S 214
Shallow draft S S S S S S 214
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 787
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 579
Parcel, USPS or courier 44 0.8 S S S S 576
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,207
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 81

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,134 100.0 7,287 100.0 3,149 100.0 317
Single modes 7,957 97.8 7,136 97.9 3,027 96.1 322
Truck3 7,640 93.9 6,243 85.7 2,132 67.7 320
For-hire Truck 6,497 79.9 4,716 64.7 1,790 56.8 448
Private Truck 1,141 14.0 1,526 20.9 S S 81
Rail 174 2.1 412 5.6 246 7.8 598
Water S S S S S S 1,398
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,398
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 684
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 280
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,316
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 76 0.9 90 1.2 S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,415 100.0 1,450 100.0 664 100.0 S
Single modes 3,064 89.7 1,425 98.3 655 98.7 S
Truck3 2,959 86.6 1,193 82.3 501 75.5 S
For-hire Truck 1,556 45.6 775 53.5 389 58.7 428
Private Truck 1,403 41.1 418 28.9 112 16.8 S
Rail S S 15 1.0 S S 753
Water S S S S S S 1,160
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,160
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4 0.1 S S 788
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 265 7.8 14 1.0 7 1.0 378
Parcel, USPS or courier 265 7.8 14 1.0 7 1.0 378
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 11 0.7 2 0.4 S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 481
Single modes S S S S S S 429
Truck3 S S S S S S 402
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 588
Private Truck 1,124 3.3 295 5.3 160 4.6 S
Rail S S S S 394 11.3 831
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,163
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 3,119 9.1 S S S S 537
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,620 7.6 62 1.1 38 1.1 533
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,239
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,723
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 126 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,662 100.0 1,176 100.0 907 100.0 475
Single modes 6,263 53.7 1,093 92.9 855 94.3 355
Truck3 6,074 52.1 1,090 92.7 850 93.8 268
For-hire Truck 5,506 47.2 817 69.5 734 81.0 603
Private Truck 560 4.8 S S S S 55
Rail S S S S S S 2,468
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 164 1.4 2 0.1 S S 934
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 51 5.6 514
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 514
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,527
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 27,238 100.0 6,044 100.0 2,053 100.0 599
Single modes 25,814 94.8 5,846 96.7 1,976 96.2 242
Truck3 25,382 93.2 5,740 95.0 1,925 93.7 206
For-hire Truck 16,662 61.2 4,346 71.9 1,518 73.9 393
Private Truck S S S S S S 75
Rail 404 1.5 S S 48 2.4 680
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 3 0.1 1,461
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 695 2.6 56 0.9 60 2.9 847
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 847
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,518
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,671
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 82

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 626
Single modes S S S S S S 625
Truck3 S S S S S S 625
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 996
Private Truck S S S S S S 622
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 663
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 663
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 631

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 783
Single modes S S 3 18.6 S S S
Truck3 S S 3 18.6 S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 670
Private Truck S S S S S S 39
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 634
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 891
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 891
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 695 100.0 368 100.0 160 100.0 287
Single modes 657 94.4 349 94.9 112 70.3 229
Truck3 656 94.3 349 94.8 112 70.2 220
For-hire Truck 487 70.0 255 69.2 93 58.4 504
Private Truck S S S S S S 100
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,126
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 921
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 652
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,527
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,531 100.0 857 100.0 S S 599
Single modes 3,059 86.6 819 95.6 S S 315
Truck3 3,038 86.0 818 95.5 S S 278
For-hire Truck 2,631 74.5 652 76.0 S S 422
Private Truck 381 10.8 164 19.2 29 5.6 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,128
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 385 10.9 14 1.6 10 1.9 763
Parcel, USPS or courier 385 10.9 14 1.6 10 1.9 763
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 877 100.0 334 100.0 545
Single modes S S 580 66.1 S S 544
Truck3 S S S S S S 553
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 563
Private Truck S S 8 1.0 32
Rail 4 1.3 41 4.7 S S 214
Water S S S S S S 127
Shallow draft S S S S S S 127
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 27 8.3 298 33.9 181 54.2 618
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 379
Rail and water S S S S S S 836
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,082
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13,929 100.0 5,671 100.0 1,025 100.0 525
Single modes 12,233 87.8 5,505 97.1 880 85.9 395
Truck3 12,167 87.4 5,502 97.0 877 85.6 360
For-hire Truck 3,941 28.3 1,969 34.7 425 41.5 776
Private Truck 8,226 59.1 3,534 62.3 452 44.2 284
Rail S S S S S S 432
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,146
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,463 10.5 59 1.0 53 5.1 727
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,454 10.4 S S S S 727
Truck and rail 9 S S S S 2,543
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 261 100.0 S S 23 100.0 S
Single modes 223 85.4 S S 21 89.8 S
Truck3 223 85.4 S S 21 89.7 S
For-hire Truck 174 66.4 S S 19 79.9 S
Private Truck S S S S 2 9.9 S
Rail S S S S S S 30
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.2 260
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.2 260
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 259

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.