Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 189,390 100.0 336,341 100.0 99,630 100.0 437
Single modes 169,254 89.4 300,080 89.2 95,842 96.2 214
Truck 157,473 83.1 159,849 47.5 28,648 28.8 189
For-hire truck 106,083 56.0 88,049 26.2 23,055 23.1 482
Private truck 51,199 27.0 71,721 21.3 5,585 5.6 88
Rail 6,955 3.7 106,722 31.7 55,166 55.4 521
Water S S 32,887 9.8 11,999 12.0 379
Shallow draft S S 32,887 9.8 11,999 12.0 379
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1,100 0.6 23 26 1,189
Pipeline3 201 0.1 599 0.2 S S S
Multiple modes 18,021 9.5 3,099 0.9 3,234 3.2 700
Parcel, USPS or courier 16,979 9.0 443 0.1 287 0.3 699
Truck and rail 465 0.2 1,329 0.4 1,830 1.8 1,798
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,338
Rail and water S S S S S S 706
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,115 1.1 S S S S S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,468 100.0 S S S S 401
Single modes 1,979 80.2 S S S S 369
Truck 1,537 62.3 748 13.2 274 15.1 373
For-hire truck 1,004 40.7 574 10.1 206 11.4 366
Private truck S S 175 3.1 68 3.8 403
Rail S S S S S S 338
Water S S S S S S 422
Shallow draft S S S S S S 422
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 2 461
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 476 19.3 S S S S 408
Parcel, USPS or courier 470 19.1 7 0.1 3 0.2 408
Truck and rail S S S S S S 456
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 326

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,611
Single modes S S S S S S 3,567
Truck S S S S S S 1,897
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,897
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,204
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,594
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,594
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 625 100.0 174 100.0 298 100.0 1,845
Single modes 446 71.4 170 97.8 292 97.7 1,794
Truck 435 69.6 169 97.3 290 97.1 1,751
For-hire truck 412 66.0 165 95.1 283 94.8 1,747
Private truck S S S S S S 1,805
Rail S S S S S S 2,040
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,838
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 178 28.6 4 2.2 7 2.3 1,856
Parcel, USPS or courier 178 28.6 4 2.2 7 2.3 1,856
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,843

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 1,300 100.0 505
Single modes S S S S S S 494
Truck S S S S S S 480
For-hire truck S S S S S S 574
Private truck 275 6.4 148 4.6 64 4.9 448
Rail S S S S S S 467
Water S S S S S S 291
Shallow draft S S S S S S 291
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 819
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 217 5.0 276 8.6 S S 516
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.2 3 0.2 516
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 379
Rail and water S S S S S S 836
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 673

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,006 100.0 1,862 100.0 4,321 100.0 2,206
Single modes 6,141 87.7 1,765 94.8 4,096 94.8 2,165
Truck 5,773 82.4 1,268 68.1 2,748 63.6 2,202
For-hire truck 3,946 56.3 1,220 65.5 2,643 61.2 2,201
Private truck S S 48 2.6 105 2.4 2,209
Rail 302 4.3 S S S S 2,415
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 3 0.1 5 0.1 2,048
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 841 12.0 76 4.1 182 4.2 2,215
Parcel, USPS or courier 720 10.3 22 1.2 49 1.1 2,215
Truck and rail 120 1.7 54 2.9 133 3.1 2,491
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,089

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 983 100.0 149 100.0 173 100.0 1,219
Single modes 690 70.2 144 97.0 167 96.9 1,249
Truck 687 69.9 144 97.0 167 96.9 1,232
For-hire truck 532 54.1 125 83.8 142 82.4 1,176
Private truck S S 20 13.2 25 14.5 1,249
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,723
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 293 29.8 3 2.3 4 2.3 1,208
Parcel, USPS or courier 293 29.8 3 2.3 4 2.3 1,208
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,132

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 642 100.0 S S S S 828
Single modes 390 60.8 S S S S 835
Truck 389 60.7 S S S S 831
For-hire truck 383 59.6 S S S S 881
Private truck S S S S S S 803
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 927
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 1.2 2 1.0 826
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 1.2 2 1.0 826
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 784

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 85 100.0 25 100.0 16 100.0 621
Single modes 64 75.8 24 98.0 16 98.0 614
Truck 64 75.5 24 97.9 16 98.0 613
For-hire truck 46 53.8 20 81.6 13 79.3 667
Private truck S S S S S S 608
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 723
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 24.2 1 2.0 2.0 631
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 24.2 1 2.0 2.0 631
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 615
Single modes S S S S S S 602
Truck S S S S S S 680
For-hire truck S S S S S S 680
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 522
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 617
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 617
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,198 100.0 12,743 100.0 11,031 100.0 916
Single modes 4,234 81.4 12,678 99.5 10,966 99.4 947
Truck 3,210 61.8 942 7.4 858 7.8 928
For-hire truck 2,996 57.6 859 6.7 788 7.1 940
Private truck 214 4.1 S S S S 906
Rail 580 11.2 11,733 92.1 10,104 91.6 1,048
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,062
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 908 17.5 26 0.2 25 0.2 909
Parcel, USPS or courier 888 17.1 19 0.1 16 0.1 909
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,174
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,013

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,865 100.0 22,578 100.0 9,037 100.0 445
Single modes 6,324 92.1 22,548 99.9 9,022 99.8 441
Truck 5,420 79.0 2,768 12.3 1,139 12.6 433
For-hire truck 4,674 68.1 2,199 9.7 S S 436
Private truck S S S S S S 411
Rail 802 11.7 19,779 87.6 7,882 87.2 458
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 1 499
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 529 7.7 S S S S 447
Parcel, USPS or courier 519 7.6 7 3 447
Truck and rail S S S S S S 569
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 473

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 53 100.0 S S S S 4,908
Single modes S S S S S S 4,953
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,953
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 18.5 S S S S 4,867
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,661
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,397
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4,507

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 35 100.0 S S S S 2,004
Single modes 22 63.4 4 68.7 8 67.1 2,017
Truck 22 62.8 4 68.6 8 67.1 2,000
For-hire truck 22 62.5 4 68.5 8 67.0 1,999
Private truck S S S S S S 2,022
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,068
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,003
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,003
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,062 100.0 5,482 100.0 1,367 100.0 232
Single modes 7,322 90.8 5,437 99.2 1,354 99.0 167
Truck 7,148 88.7 4,895 89.3 1,119 81.9 157
For-hire truck 5,329 66.1 3,213 58.6 881 64.4 326
Private truck 1,812 22.5 S S 238 17.4 93
Rail S S 537 9.8 233 17.1 382
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 63 0.8 S S S S 385
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 649 8.0 17 0.3 6 0.4 322
Parcel, USPS or courier 649 8.0 17 0.3 6 0.4 322
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 309

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 9,807 100.0 7,840 100.0 1,449 100.0 119
Single modes 8,910 90.9 7,723 98.5 1,407 97.1 98
Truck 8,521 86.9 6,561 83.7 860 59.3 98
For-hire truck 4,982 50.8 3,551 45.3 588 40.6 167
Private truck 3,539 36.1 3,010 38.4 272 18.8 72
Rail S S S S S S 311
Water S S S S S S 174
Shallow draft S S S S S S 174
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 358
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 725 7.4 S S S S 149
Parcel, USPS or courier 723 7.4 22 0.3 4 0.2 149
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,082
Other and unknown modes S S 68 0.9 S S 90

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 723 100.0 223 100.0 125 100.0 617
Single modes 655 90.5 219 98.4 122 98.3 639
Truck 646 89.3 219 98.2 122 98.1 623
For-hire truck 504 69.7 192 86.3 106 85.3 581
Private truck 124 17.2 25 11.4 15 12.1 652
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 732
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 67 9.3 3 1.1 2 1.3 607
Parcel, USPS or courier 67 9.3 3 1.1 2 1.3 607
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 579

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 670
Single modes S S S S S S 681
Truck S S S S S S 675
For-hire truck S S S S S S 671
Private truck S S S S S S 770
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 799
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 77 3.8 3 0.9 2 0.8 665
Parcel, USPS or courier 77 3.8 3 0.9 2 0.8 665
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 537

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41,730 100.0 142,574 100.0 5,397 100.0 38
Single modes 38,371 92.0 109,789 77.0 5,085 94.2 28
Truck 37,716 90.4 99,582 69.8 3,319 61.5 27
For-hire truck 15,265 36.6 43,037 30.2 1,485 27.5 57
Private truck 22,342 53.5 56,478 39.6 1,833 34.0 24
Rail 359 0.9 S S S S 185
Water S S S S S S 160
Shallow draft S S S S S S 160
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 311
Pipeline3 169 0.4 451 0.3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,478 5.9 95 6 0.1 96
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,478 5.9 66 6 0.1 96
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4
Other and unknown modes 880 2.1 S S S S 17

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,145 100.0 7,509 100.0 6,851 100.0 744
Single modes 1,986 92.6 7,330 97.6 6,687 97.6 780
Truck 1,356 63.2 522 7.0 395 5.8 762
For-hire truck S S 379 5.1 285 4.2 770
Private truck S S S S S S 680
Rail S S S S S S 694
Water 600 28.0 6,099 81.2 5,835 85.2 956
Shallow draft 600 28.0 6,099 81.2 5,835 85.2 956
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,057
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 146 6.8 S S S S 734
Parcel, USPS or courier 142 6.6 4 3 734
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,102
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,163
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 756

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 151 100.0 54 100.0 62 100.0 1,115
Single modes 130 86.2 52 96.7 60 96.4 1,036
Truck 129 85.4 52 96.6 60 96.4 1,035
For-hire truck 126 83.2 51 95.0 59 94.8 1,032
Private truck S S S S S S 1,116
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,062
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 13.8 2 3.3 2 3.6 1,172
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 12.9 S S S S 1,172
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,411
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,691 100.0 S S S S 585
Single modes 1,402 82.9 S S S S 561
Truck 1,117 66.1 308 29.9 179 24.6 558
For-hire truck 1,050 62.1 280 27.2 160 22.0 569
Private truck S S 28 2.8 19 2.6 550
Rail S S S S S S 900
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 533
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 255 15.1 7 0.7 4 0.6 597
Parcel, USPS or courier 255 15.1 7 0.7 4 0.6 597
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 746

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 457 100.0 443 100.0 943
Single modes S S 439 96.0 425 95.8 935
Truck S S 350 76.5 324 73.0 909
For-hire truck S S 322 70.5 298 67.1 906
Private truck 17 0.8 28 6.1 26 5.9 995
Rail S S S S S S 1,194
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,200
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 333 15.9 7 1.6 7 1.7 944
Parcel, USPS or courier 330 15.7 6 1.4 6 1.4 944
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,151
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,063

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,996 100.0 11,445 100.0 5,381 100.0 416
Single modes 10,424 94.8 10,606 92.7 4,637 86.2 393
Truck 9,933 90.3 3,379 29.5 1,293 24.0 389
For-hire truck 6,341 57.7 2,587 22.6 1,004 18.7 388
Private truck S S S S S S 393
Rail 478 4.3 S S S S 592
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 459
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 491 4.5 S S S S 429
Parcel, USPS or courier 471 4.3 12 0.1 5 429
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 902
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 13 0.1 5 0.1 453

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,083 100.0 741 100.0 610 100.0 781
Single modes 1,541 74.0 729 98.3 601 98.5 767
Truck 1,482 71.1 423 57.0 330 54.0 758
For-hire truck 1,417 68.0 382 51.5 297 48.7 757
Private truck 65 3.1 41 5.5 32 5.3 804
Rail S S S S S S 796
Water S S S S S S 889
Shallow draft S S S S S S 889
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 962
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 528 25.3 12 1.6 9 1.5 785
Parcel, USPS or courier 528 25.3 12 1.6 9 1.5 785
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 751

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,549 100.0 701 100.0 286 100.0 483
Single modes 1,511 97.5 698 99.6 285 99.5 429
Truck 1,509 97.4 500 71.4 214 74.6 424
For-hire truck 1,010 65.2 413 59.0 175 61.0 515
Private truck S S 87 12.4 39 13.6 285
Rail S S S S S S 361
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 600
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 37 2.4 2 0.3 1 0.4 546
Parcel, USPS or courier 37 2.4 2 0.3 1 0.4 546
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 523

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,557 100.0 2,020 100.0 819 100.0 396
Single modes 4,053 89.0 1,946 96.3 785 95.9 411
Truck 3,841 84.3 1,859 92.0 756 92.3 406
For-hire truck 2,391 52.5 1,351 66.9 593 72.4 411
Private truck S S 508 25.1 163 19.9 401
Rail S S S S S S 383
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 796
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 488 10.7 S S S S 389
Parcel, USPS or courier 485 10.7 9 0.4 4 0.4 388
Truck and rail S S S S S S 654
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 3 0.1 1 0.1 355

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 109 100.0 S S S S 1,750
Single modes 82 75.3 S S S S 1,845
Truck 77 70.5 S S S S 1,714
For-hire truck 76 69.1 S S S S 1,712
Private truck S S S S S S 1,882
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,917
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 27 24.7 1 3.3 1 3.5 1,723
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 24.7 1 3.3 1 3.5 1,723
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 344 100.0 111 100.0 82 100.0 803
Single modes 228 66.3 104 94.2 77 93.7 785
Truck 227 65.8 92 82.6 68 82.3 784
For-hire truck 211 61.4 76 68.7 56 67.7 784
Private truck 15 4.5 S S S S 789
Rail S S S S S S 795
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 904
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 805
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 805
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 745

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 291 100.0 55 100.0 112 100.0 1,959
Single modes 264 90.5 51 94.3 105 93.7 2,062
Truck 257 88.1 49 89.1 99 87.8 1,985
For-hire truck 250 85.8 45 82.8 91 81.1 1,977
Private truck S S S S S S 2,149
Rail S S S S S S 2,374
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 1.2 0.1 0.1 2,156
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 9.5 S S S S 1,941
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 7.6 S S S S 1,941
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,420
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 58 100.0 59 100.0 958
Single modes S S 56 96.8 57 97.0 910
Truck S S 56 96.8 57 97.0 905
For-hire truck S S 53 92.0 54 92.3 900
Private truck S S S S S S 984
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,032
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 46 12.8 2 3.2 2 3.0 970
Parcel, USPS or courier 46 12.8 2 3.2 2 3.0 970
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,306 100.0 1,992 100.0 1,561 100.0 730
Single modes 3,878 90.1 1,884 94.6 1,446 92.6 710
Truck 3,748 87.1 908 45.6 689 44.1 698
For-hire truck 3,718 86.4 885 44.5 671 43.0 697
Private truck 30 0.7 S S S S 733
Rail S S S S S S 1,025
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 795
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 388 9.0 S S S S 737
Parcel, USPS or courier 351 8.2 15 0.8 10 0.7 736
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,094
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,248
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 841

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 85 100.0 29 100.0 39 100.0 1,359
Single modes 48 56.3 21 74.1 29 74.8 1,799
Truck 47 54.9 21 73.7 29 74.2 1,353
For-hire truck 34 40.2 15 50.9 20 51.0 1,350
Private truck S S S S S S 1,373
Rail S S S S S S 1,546
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,176
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,347
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,347
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,165 100.0 S S S S 712
Single modes S S S S S S 691
Truck S S 1,455 53.1 1,026 57.4 683
For-hire truck S S S S S S 677
Private truck S S 168 6.1 112 6.2 693
Rail S S S S S S 937
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 27 0.3 1 1 774
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 606 7.4 40 1.5 36 2.0 717
Parcel, USPS or courier 551 6.7 20 0.7 14 0.8 717
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,035
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,128
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 126 1.5 S S S S 836

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,876 100.0 20,781 100.0 8,925 100.0 509
Single modes 3,501 90.3 20,768 99.9 8,918 99.9 468
Truck 2,878 74.2 936 4.5 419 4.7 468
For-hire truck 2,423 62.5 843 4.1 377 4.2 465
Private truck 455 11.7 93 0.4 42 0.5 491
Rail 605 15.6 19,831 95.4 8,500 95.2 453
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 17 0.4 472
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 367 9.5 12 6 517
Parcel, USPS or courier 367 9.5 12 6 517
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 531

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 125 100.0 71 100.0 82 100.0 1,239
Single modes 107 85.8 69 98.2 80 98.0 1,186
Truck 93 73.9 S S 61 75.4 1,185
For-hire truck 82 65.1 S S S S 1,185
Private truck S S S S S S 1,182
Rail S S S S S S 1,229
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,256
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,256
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 14,419 100.0 31,304 100.0 7,100 100.0 210
Single modes 13,156 91.2 31,148 99.5 7,065 99.5 198
Truck 10,360 71.8 14,051 44.9 S S 195
For-hire truck 7,398 51.3 12,226 39.1 S S 239
Private truck 2,961 20.5 1,824 5.8 311 4.4 154
Rail 307 2.1 S S S S 316
Water S S S S S S 100
Shallow draft S S S S S S 100
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 608
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,178 8.2 S S S S 221
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,175 8.1 29 6 221
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 278
Rail and water S S S S S S 294
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 85 0.6 S S 8 0.1 142

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,267 100.0 435 100.0 343 100.0 747
Single modes 1,973 87.0 427 98.2 337 98.2 769
Truck 1,963 86.6 411 94.4 318 92.5 761
For-hire truck S S 360 82.9 280 81.6 792
Private truck S S 50 11.5 38 11.0 706
Rail S S S S S S 1,138
Water S S S S S S 1,248
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,248
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,029
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 8 1.8 S S 740
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 8 1.8 S S 740
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 852

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 653 100.0 S S S S 2,376
Single modes 568 87.0 S S S S 2,313
Truck 484 74.1 128 17.3 301 16.1 2,371
For-hire truck 443 67.8 120 16.2 282 15.1 2,361
Private truck 40 6.1 S S S S 2,449
Rail 73 11.1 S S S S 2,544
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,154
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 85 13.0 6 0.8 15 0.8 2,393
Parcel, USPS or courier 77 11.7 3 0.4 7 0.4 2,393
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,586
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,748 100.0 2,862 100.0 1,581 100.0 534
Single modes 4,844 84.3 2,840 99.2 1,568 99.2 485
Truck 4,581 79.7 1,312 45.8 746 47.2 473
For-hire truck 4,164 72.4 1,228 42.9 704 44.6 513
Private truck 417 7.3 84 2.9 42 2.6 435
Rail 202 3.5 S S S S 811
Water S S S S S S 392
Shallow draft S S S S S S 392
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 636
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 891 15.5 20 0.7 11 0.7 557
Parcel, USPS or courier 891 15.5 20 0.7 11 0.7 557
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 570

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 25 100.0 23 100.0 929
Single modes S S 24 98.5 23 98.5 978
Truck S S 24 98.5 23 98.5 963
For-hire truck S S 22 89.3 21 88.7 962
Private truck S S S S S S 1,006
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,163
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 5.4 1.5 1.5 922
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 5.4 1.5 1.5 922
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,029 100.0 12,965 100.0 6,950 100.0 500
Single modes 2,601 85.9 12,956 99.9 6,944 99.9 498
Truck 2,202 72.7 S S 421 6.1 465
For-hire truck 1,265 41.8 399 3.1 205 3.0 494
Private truck S S S S S S 442
Rail 396 13.1 11,928 92.0 6,523 93.9 577
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 824
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 9 6 500
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 6 3 500
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,035
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 632

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 S S S S 961
Single modes S S S S S S 1,016
Truck S S S S S S 982
For-hire truck S S S S S S 982
Private truck S S S S S S 998
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,184
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 53 48.5 S S S S 955
Parcel, USPS or courier 53 48.5 S S S S 955
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 946

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,178 100.0 14,415 100.0 3,469 100.0 208
Single modes 9,887 88.5 14,304 99.2 3,452 99.5 167
Truck 9,647 86.3 6,129 42.5 1,135 32.7 160
For-hire truck 5,309 47.5 3,061 21.2 664 19.1 229
Private truck 4,316 38.6 3,062 21.2 470 13.5 121
Rail S S S S S S 322
Water S S S S S S 322
Shallow draft S S S S S S 322
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 5 S S S S 412
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 27 0.2 7 0.2 263
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 12 3 0.1 263
Truck and rail 125 1.1 15 0.1 3 211
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 11 0.3 S

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,628 100.0 6,351 100.0 7,748 100.0 987
Single modes 7,286 84.5 5,338 84.1 6,269 80.9 1,019
Truck 6,468 75.0 1,856 29.2 1,796 23.2 1,008
For-hire truck 6,163 71.4 1,691 26.6 1,618 20.9 1,033
Private truck 305 3.5 165 2.6 178 2.3 873
Rail 611 7.1 S S S S 1,207
Water S S S S S S 1,675
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,675
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 1 1,059
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,274 14.8 S S S S 977
Parcel, USPS or courier 782 9.1 24 0.4 22 0.3 973
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,560
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,723
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,183

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 473 100.0 133 100.0 214 100.0 1,627
Single modes 454 96.0 132 99.6 213 99.6 1,641
Truck 453 95.7 132 99.5 213 99.5 1,632
For-hire truck 383 80.9 109 81.9 175 81.6 1,630
Private truck 44 9.2 S S S S 1,622
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,728
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 4.0 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,619
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 4.0 1 0.4 1 0.4 1,619
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 71 100.0 10 100.0 9 100.0 934
Single modes 21 29.0 7 73.6 7 72.3 994
Truck 21 29.0 7 73.6 7 72.3 994
For-hire truck 20 28.7 7 73.6 7 72.3 1,012
Private truck S S S S S S 869
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 930
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 930
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,623 100.0 5,641 100.0 2,942 100.0 470
Single modes 3,393 93.6 5,602 99.3 2,925 99.4 408
Truck 3,132 86.4 1,316 23.3 571 19.4 387
For-hire truck S S 822 14.6 376 12.8 469
Private truck 902 24.9 493 8.7 195 6.6 341
Rail 233 6.4 4,285 76.0 2,353 80.0 417
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 699
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 216 6.0 S S S S 527
Parcel, USPS or courier 191 5.3 8 0.1 4 0.1 527
Truck and rail S S S S S S 733
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,038 100.0 177 100.0 430 100.0 2,335
Single modes 795 76.6 132 74.5 314 73.0 2,239
Truck 738 71.1 123 69.5 291 67.7 2,274
For-hire truck 708 68.2 105 59.1 247 57.4 2,271
Private truck S S S S S S 2,309
Rail S S S S S S 2,594
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,170
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 243 23.4 45 25.5 116 27.0 2,348
Parcel, USPS or courier 188 18.1 6 3.3 13 3.1 2,348
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,608
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,097 100.0 6,485 100.0 1,115 100.0 252
Single modes 1,811 86.4 6,478 99.9 1,113 99.8 182
Truck 1,659 79.1 2,687 41.4 431 38.7 178
For-hire truck 995 47.5 1,558 24.0 225 20.2 197
Private truck S S S S 206 18.5 158
Rail S S S S S S 393
Water S S S S S S 327
Shallow draft S S S S S S 327
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 723
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 7 0.1 2 0.2 292
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 7 0.1 2 0.2 292
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1 16

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,080 100.0 S S S S 525
Single modes 1,734 83.4 S S S S 495
Truck 1,694 81.4 742 41.9 400 37.0 494
For-hire truck 1,597 76.8 704 39.8 382 35.3 514
Private truck 97 4.7 37 2.1 18 1.7 470
Rail S S S S S S 646
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 0.1 442
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 346 16.6 9 0.5 5 0.4 539
Parcel, USPS or courier 346 16.6 9 0.5 5 0.4 539
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 518

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 7 100.0 9 100.0 1,346
Single modes S S S S S S 1,420
Truck S S S S S S 1,420
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,420
Private truck S S S S S S 1,507
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 6 6.6 7.2 1 7.6 1,339
Parcel, USPS or courier 6 6.6 7.2 1 7.6 1,339
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,506

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.