Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 159,694 100.0 266,383 100.0 63,269 100.0 344
Single modes 141,825 88.8 228,942 85.9 58,651 92.7 184
Truck 125,545 78.6 166,233 62.4 25,203 39.8 140
For-hire truck 78,766 49.3 93,896 35.2 20,236 32.0 371
Private truck 46,452 29.1 71,980 27.0 4,864 7.7 56
Rail 8,775 5.5 28,776 10.8 18,423 29.1 812
Water 1,815 1.1 30,215 11.3 14,568 23.0 494
Shallow draft 1,815 1.1 30,215 11.3 14,568 23.0 494
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 4,822 3.0 66 71 0.1 1,067
Pipeline3 868 0.5 3,651 1.4 S S S
Multiple modes 15,719 9.8 2,543 1.0 2,719 4.3 567
Parcel, USPS or courier 15,310 9.6 352 0.1 190 0.3 567
Truck and Rail S S 103 70 0.1 768
Truck and water 23 S S 215 0.3 S
Rail and water 19 1,298 0.5 2,120 3.4 1,630
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,150 1.3 S S 1,899 3.0 117

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,795 100.0 1,659 100.0 645 100.0 360
Single modes 1,700 94.7 1,633 98.4 632 97.9 355
Truck 1,310 73.0 1,336 80.5 477 74.1 351
For-hire truck 930 51.8 1,005 60.6 378 58.7 350
Private truck 380 21.1 331 19.9 99 15.4 359
Rail 215 12.0 287 17.3 149 23.1 516
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 412
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 59 3.3 2 0.1 S S 365
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 3.3 2 0.1 S S 365
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 450

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,841
Single modes S S S S S S 1,843
Truck S S S S S S 1,843
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,843
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,827
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,827
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 21 100.0 38 100.0 1,697
Single modes S S 20 95.3 36 95.5 1,668
Truck S S 16 76.8 29 78.1 1,804
For-hire truck S S 16 76.8 29 78.1 1,804
Private truck S S S S S S 1,726
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,646
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 4.7 2 4.5 1,723
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 4.7 2 4.5 1,723
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,239 100.0 770 100.0 403 100.0 555
Single modes 1,156 93.4 711 92.4 386 95.8 536
Truck 1,033 83.4 467 60.7 224 55.6 526
For-hire truck 595 48.1 327 42.5 172 42.7 544
Private truck 433 35.0 137 17.8 51 12.6 407
Rail 96 7.8 207 26.9 148 36.8 730
Water S S S S S S 362
Shallow draft S S S S S S 362
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 720
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 41 3.3 S S S S 565
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 2.7 2 0.3 1 0.3 565
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 533
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 459

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,669 100.0 S S S S 2,163
Single modes 3,164 55.8 S S S S 2,151
Truck 2,644 46.6 S S S S 2,164
For-hire truck 2,389 42.1 S S S S 2,164
Private truck S S S S S S 2,172
Rail 80 1.4 79 7.2 193 7.5 2,377
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 440 7.8 2 0.2 4 0.2 2,050
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,406 42.4 23 2.1 53 2.1 2,168
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,370 41.8 21 1.9 47 1.8 2,168
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,445
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,144

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 338 100.0 2,641 100.0 4,175 100.0 1,225
Single modes 206 61.1 S S S S 1,239
Truck 146 43.2 36 1.4 44 1.1 1,186
For-hire truck 129 38.2 29 1.1 36 0.9 1,203
Private truck S S S S S S 1,148
Rail S S S S S S 1,511
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 34 10.0 S S S S 1,434
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 109 32.2 1,044 39.5 1,681 40.3 1,224
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 27.3 S S S S 1,223
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water 17 4.9 1,043 39.5 1,679 40.2 1,610
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,129

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 432 100.0 58 100.0 50 100.0 851
Single modes 250 57.8 56 96.4 48 96.6 902
Truck 213 49.4 53 91.0 45 90.0 863
For-hire truck 176 40.7 52 89.4 44 88.5 865
Private truck S S S S S S 820
Rail S S S S S S 1,043
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,059
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 181 42.0 2 3.6 2 3.4 844
Parcel, USPS or courier 181 42.0 2 3.6 2 3.4 844
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 832

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 31 100.0 S S S S 620
Single modes 21 67.6 S S S S 700
Truck 14 43.9 12 38.2 S S 667
For-hire truck 13 43.2 12 38.0 S S 666
Private truck S S S S S S 701
Rail S S S S S S 963
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 832
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 619
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 619
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 746
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 746
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 746
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,458 100.0 636 100.0 556 100.0 911
Single modes 1,004 68.8 621 97.6 543 97.7 908
Truck 867 59.5 475 74.8 404 72.6 880
For-hire truck 855 58.6 463 72.8 394 70.9 882
Private truck 4 0.3 4 0.7 3 0.6 835
Rail S S S S S S 1,014
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,004
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 450 30.8 11 1.7 9 1.7 911
Parcel, USPS or courier 448 30.7 9 1.5 8 1.4 911
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 915
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 974

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,915 100.0 2,115 100.0 1,054 100.0 419
Single modes 3,532 90.2 1,981 93.7 1,011 95.9 439
Truck 2,836 72.4 1,369 64.7 562 53.3 417
For-hire truck 1,837 46.9 1,192 56.4 478 45.3 413
Private truck S S 143 6.8 62 5.9 417
Rail 492 12.6 S S S S 705
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 571
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 298 7.6 S S S S 411
Parcel, USPS or courier 292 7.5 8 0.4 3 0.3 411
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 471
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 386

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,984
Single modes S S S S S S 5,879
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 5,879
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,927
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,853
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 8,259
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 173 100.0 339 100.0 1,863
Single modes S S 173 100.0 339 100.0 1,870
Truck 38 31.1 96 55.5 170 50.2 1,793
For-hire truck 37 30.0 94 54.0 166 48.9 1,794
Private truck S S S S S S 1,768
Rail S S S S S S 2,058
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 9 7.8 S S S S 1,875
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,790
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,790
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,571 100.0 20,269 100.0 4,884 100.0 352
Single modes 6,603 87.2 19,718 97.3 4,766 97.6 330
Truck 5,471 72.3 4,418 21.8 1,390 28.5 333
For-hire truck 4,002 52.9 2,622 12.9 817 16.7 359
Private truck 1,410 18.6 S S S S 296
Rail 152 2.0 2,743 13.5 413 8.4 328
Water S S S S S S 279
Shallow draft S S S S S S 279
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 144 1.9 7 2 314
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 910 12.0 S S S S 366
Parcel, USPS or courier 893 11.8 25 0.1 10 0.2 368
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 548
Truck and water S S S S S S 191
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 306
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 319

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16,924 100.0 12,461 100.0 1,856 100.0 159
Single modes 16,318 96.4 12,402 99.5 1,845 99.4 125
Truck 16,105 95.2 10,450 83.9 1,578 85.0 124
For-hire truck 9,940 58.7 7,599 61.0 1,191 64.1 164
Private truck 6,126 36.2 2,742 22.0 361 19.4 101
Rail 189 1.1 489 3.9 S S 362
Water 6 1,462 11.7 S S 85
Shallow draft 6 1,462 11.7 S S 85
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 284
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 507 3.0 25 0.2 S S 205
Parcel, USPS or courier 484 2.9 18 0.1 3 0.2 205
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 413
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 98 0.6 S S S S 77

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 945 100.0 731 100.0 471 100.0 598
Single modes 839 88.7 723 99.0 466 99.0 612
Truck 821 86.9 641 87.7 414 88.0 610
For-hire truck 794 84.0 634 86.7 410 87.2 611
Private truck S S S S S S 610
Rail S S S S S S 627
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 642
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 596
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 595
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 772
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 599

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 702 100.0 216 100.0 161 100.0 723
Single modes 588 83.7 196 91.0 150 93.3 876
Truck 270 38.5 129 60.0 96 59.8 710
For-hire truck 237 33.8 110 51.1 83 51.7 720
Private truck 33 4.7 19 8.8 13 8.1 635
Rail S S S S S S 823
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 309 44.0 S S S S 990
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 94 13.4 S S S S 701
Parcel, USPS or courier 81 11.5 S S S S 701
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 697
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 515

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 41,730 100.0 142,574 100.0 5,397 100.0 38
Single modes 38,371 92.0 109,789 77.0 5,085 94.2 28
Truck 37,716 90.4 99,582 69.8 3,319 61.5 27
For-hire truck 15,265 36.6 43,037 30.2 1,485 27.5 57
Private truck 22,342 53.5 56,478 39.6 1,833 34.0 24
Rail 359 0.9 S S S S 185
Water S S S S S S 160
Shallow draft S S S S S S 160
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 311
Pipeline3 169 0.4 451 0.3 S S S
Multiple modes 2,478 5.9 95 6 0.1 96
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,478 5.9 66 6 0.1 96
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 4
Other and unknown modes 880 2.1 S S S S 17

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,672 100.0 7,253 100.0 7,035 100.0 771
Single modes 1,644 98.3 7,243 99.9 7,028 99.9 819
Truck 307 18.3 153 2.1 108 1.5 753
For-hire truck 288 17.2 143 2.0 102 1.5 759
Private truck S S 10 0.1 6 624
Rail 374 22.4 S S S S 859
Water 963 57.6 4,467 61.6 4,673 66.4 1,043
Shallow draft 963 57.6 4,467 61.6 4,673 66.4 1,043
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 735
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 1.7 S S S S 750
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 1.7 S S S S 750
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 740

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 398 100.0 431 100.0 500 100.0 1,071
Single modes 382 96.0 430 99.9 499 99.9 1,107
Truck 139 34.9 110 25.4 128 25.6 1,095
For-hire truck 135 34.1 109 25.4 128 25.6 1,128
Private truck S S S S S S 1,045
Rail 242 60.9 321 74.5 371 74.2 1,155
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,162
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.1 1 0.1 1,060
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.1 1 0.1 1,060
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,266

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 430 100.0 258 100.0 599
Single modes S S 427 99.5 256 99.5 579
Truck S S 291 67.8 169 65.5 582
For-hire truck S S S S 160 62.1 578
Private truck S S S S S S 623
Rail S S S S S S 661
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 491
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 65 8.2 2 0.5 1 0.5 602
Parcel, USPS or courier 65 8.2 2 0.5 1 0.5 602
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 620

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 863 100.0 107 100.0 97 100.0 942
Single modes 609 70.5 100 93.5 90 93.5 966
Truck 462 53.6 96 90.3 88 90.5 935
For-hire truck 450 52.1 94 88.0 86 88.5 935
Private truck S S S S S S 921
Rail S S S S S S 826
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 991
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 238 27.5 4 4.2 4 4.2 935
Parcel, USPS or courier 238 27.5 4 4.2 4 4.2 935
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 848

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,643 100.0 3,590 100.0 1,729 100.0 425
Single modes 6,952 91.0 3,475 96.8 1,686 97.5 422
Truck 5,973 78.1 2,207 61.5 907 52.5 413
For-hire truck 5,507 72.1 1,975 55.0 803 46.5 412
Private truck 465 6.1 232 6.5 104 6.0 416
Rail 827 10.8 S S S S 574
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 436
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 640 8.4 11 0.3 5 0.3 427
Parcel, USPS or courier 640 8.4 11 0.3 5 0.3 427
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 341

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,535 100.0 2,587 100.0 2,320 100.0 777
Single modes 1,096 71.4 975 37.7 941 40.6 850
Truck 964 62.8 501 19.4 415 17.9 826
For-hire truck 876 57.0 490 18.9 406 17.5 807
Private truck S S S S S S 869
Rail 36 2.4 66 2.5 64 2.8 975
Water S S S S S S 1,035
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,035
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 48 3.1 S S 1 960
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 7 0.3 6 0.2 765
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 7 0.3 6 0.2 765
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 63 4.1 S S S S 854

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 935 100.0 668 100.0 310 100.0 418
Single modes 867 92.7 653 97.7 305 98.4 434
Truck 763 81.5 504 75.4 199 64.0 321
For-hire truck 541 57.8 305 45.7 140 45.2 340
Private truck 222 23.7 199 29.7 58 18.7 263
Rail S S S S S S 713
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 7 0.7 S S S S 2,215
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 2.4 S S S S 370
Parcel, USPS or courier 21 2.3 2 0.2 1 0.2 370
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 317
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 403

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 1,500 100.0 399
Single modes S S S S 1,495 99.6 340
Truck 2,112 34.9 S S S S 322
For-hire truck 1,592 26.3 S S S S 327
Private truck 518 8.6 S S S S 281
Rail S S S S S S 580
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 451
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 360 5.9 14 0.3 5 0.4 433
Parcel, USPS or courier 360 5.9 14 0.3 5 0.4 433
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 535

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,775
Single modes S S S S S S 1,749
Truck S S S S S S 1,702
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,694
Private truck S S S S S S 1,817
Rail S S S S S S 1,831
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,822
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 15.7 0.1 0.1 1,779
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 15.7 0.1 0.1 1,779
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,846

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 445 100.0 105 100.0 88 100.0 796
Single modes 399 89.6 104 98.9 87 98.9 811
Truck 399 89.6 104 98.9 87 98.9 811
For-hire truck 392 88.2 102 97.0 86 97.1 816
Private truck 6 1.4 2 1.9 2 1.8 738
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 46 10.4 1 1.1 1 1.1 787
Parcel, USPS or courier 46 10.4 1 1.1 1 1.1 787
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 736

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 12 100.0 25 100.0 2,084
Single modes S S 10 88.5 22 89.2 2,162
Truck S S 7 58.4 14 57.3 2,044
For-hire truck S S 7 57.4 14 56.2 2,041
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,326
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,170
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 53 18.9 1 10.6 2 10.0 2,038
Parcel, USPS or courier 53 18.9 1 10.6 2 10.0 2,038
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,967

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 205 100.0 19 100.0 20 100.0 986
Single modes 98 47.9 17 90.6 18 90.9 990
Truck 88 43.1 17 90.6 18 90.9 987
For-hire truck 65 31.8 16 82.7 16 83.1 986
Private truck S S 1 7.9 2 7.7 990
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,071
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 5.2 1 5.1 986
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 5.2 1 5.1 986
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 995

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,279 100.0 250 100.0 187 100.0 743
Single modes 724 56.6 237 94.8 176 94.4 745
Truck 699 54.6 210 84.0 152 81.5 725
For-hire truck 468 36.6 171 68.5 124 66.7 723
Private truck S S S S S S 744
Rail S S S S S S 903
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 875
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 555 43.4 13 5.2 10 5.6 743
Parcel, USPS or courier 555 43.4 13 5.2 10 5.6 743
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 707

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 49 100.0 42 100.0 60 100.0 1,542
Single modes 46 93.8 42 99.7 60 99.7 1,863
Truck 39 81.1 23 54.7 32 53.9 1,367
For-hire truck 39 80.9 21 49.0 29 48.7 1,369
Private truck S S S S S S 1,322
Rail S S S S S S 1,459
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,106
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 6.1 S S S S 1,367
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 6.1 S S S S 1,367
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,318

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,811 100.0 892 100.0 648 100.0 730
Single modes 3,338 87.6 871 97.6 631 97.3 698
Truck 3,174 83.3 865 97.0 626 96.6 704
For-hire truck 2,934 77.0 830 93.1 602 92.9 706
Private truck S S 32 3.6 22 3.4 666
Rail S S S S S S 889
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 597
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 193 5.1 3 0.4 3 0.4 753
Parcel, USPS or courier 193 5.1 3 0.4 3 0.4 753
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 739

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,676 100.0 893 100.0 392 100.0 475
Single modes 2,457 91.8 872 97.6 380 97.0 438
Truck 2,425 90.6 861 96.4 371 94.9 439
For-hire truck 1,912 71.5 750 84.0 324 82.7 441
Private truck 471 17.6 78 8.8 34 8.8 422
Rail S S S S S S 625
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 26 1.0 412
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 207 7.7 10 1.2 5 1.3 492
Parcel, USPS or courier 207 7.7 10 1.2 5 1.3 492
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 12 0.5 S S S S 596

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 33 100.0 28 100.0 29 100.0 1,069
Single modes 25 73.6 28 99.2 29 99.1 1,194
Truck 21 64.2 24 86.7 25 85.0 1,036
For-hire truck 11 34.3 S S S S 1,058
Private truck S S S S S S 996
Rail S S S S S S 1,184
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,436
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 9 26.2 0.6 0.7 1,052
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 26.2 0.6 0.7 1,052
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,093

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 17,598 100.0 20,888 100.0 S S 181
Single modes 16,167 91.9 20,837 99.8 S S 145
Truck 15,716 89.3 S S S S 143
For-hire truck 8,402 47.7 S S S S 196
Private truck 7,314 41.6 4,387 21.0 592 11.1 98
Rail S S S S S S 236
Water S S S S S S 275
Shallow draft S S S S S S 275
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1 370
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,363 7.7 38 0.2 9 0.2 230
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,363 7.7 38 0.2 9 0.2 230
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 68 0.4 14 S S 133

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 353 100.0 240 100.0 174 100.0 852
Single modes 316 89.6 232 96.8 168 96.2 779
Truck 242 68.7 123 51.3 88 50.7 781
For-hire truck 183 52.0 93 38.6 68 39.0 800
Private truck 59 16.7 31 12.7 20 11.7 711
Rail 46 13.2 109 45.3 79 45.3 721
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 27 7.7 0.2 0.2 781
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 35 9.8 4 1.5 S S 870
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 8.8 S S S S 870
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 934
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 815

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 254 100.0 64 100.0 153 100.0 2,313
Single modes 147 57.9 38 60.1 96 62.9 2,292
Truck S S 20 31.7 47 30.6 2,411
For-hire truck S S 20 31.7 47 30.6 2,411
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,748
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,253
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 79 31.2 S S S S 2,330
Parcel, USPS or courier 75 29.4 S S S S 2,329
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,585
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,245

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,024 100.0 1,269 100.0 656 100.0 541
Single modes 2,566 84.8 1,238 97.6 638 97.4 527
Truck 2,475 81.8 1,142 90.0 583 88.9 520
For-hire truck 2,248 74.3 1,030 81.2 522 79.6 528
Private truck 227 7.5 112 8.8 61 9.3 431
Rail S S S S S S 582
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 680
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 391 12.9 11 0.8 6 1.0 544
Parcel, USPS or courier 391 12.9 11 0.8 6 1.0 544
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 590

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 897
Single modes S S S S S S 883
Truck S S S S S S 882
For-hire truck S S S S S S 882
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,361
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 22 3.7 1 2.8 1 2.8 903
Parcel, USPS or courier 22 3.7 1 2.8 1 2.8 903
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,000

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,217 100.0 780 100.0 414 100.0 448
Single modes 1,164 95.6 779 99.8 414 99.9 465
Truck 1,088 89.4 653 83.8 328 79.2 470
For-hire truck 961 79.0 612 78.4 309 74.5 474
Private truck S S S S S S 318
Rail 43 3.5 125 16.1 86 20.7 692
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 425
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 54 4.4 1 0.2 0.1 432
Parcel, USPS or courier 54 4.4 1 0.2 0.1 432
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 168 100.0 56 100.0 57 100.0 1,044
Single modes 94 56.2 56 99.6 57 99.6 1,059
Truck 92 54.6 56 99.6 57 99.6 1,028
For-hire truck 66 39.5 S S S S 1,035
Private truck S S S S S S 953
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,153
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,043
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,043
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,295 100.0 12,116 100.0 S S 207
Single modes 9,579 93.0 12,039 99.4 S S 175
Truck 8,762 85.1 7,492 61.8 S S 161
For-hire truck 5,847 56.8 3,913 32.3 700 14.8 208
Private truck 2,899 28.2 3,552 29.3 429 9.1 133
Rail 133 1.3 S S S S 365
Water S S S S S S 839
Shallow draft S S S S S S 839
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 427
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 623 6.1 36 0.3 S S 250
Parcel, USPS or courier 612 5.9 20 0.2 4 250
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 250
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 93 0.9 S S S S 207

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,641 100.0 2,510 100.0 2,596 100.0 950
Single modes 2,623 72.0 2,386 95.0 2,461 94.8 1,000
Truck 1,309 35.9 689 27.4 628 24.2 976
For-hire truck 1,212 33.3 655 26.1 598 23.0 979
Private truck 96 2.6 34 1.3 30 1.2 904
Rail 970 26.6 1,583 63.1 1,709 65.8 1,079
Water S S S S S S 1,092
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,092
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2 2 1,010
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,007 27.7 S S S S 913
Parcel, USPS or courier 949 26.1 10 0.4 9 0.4 913
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,096
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 966

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,671
Single modes S S S S S S 1,721
Truck S S S S S S 1,597
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,597
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,964
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 2 1.8 1,664
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 2 1.8 1,664
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,752

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 60 100.0 9 100.0 8 100.0 904
Single modes 40 66.8 8 95.7 8 95.7 861
Truck 37 60.8 8 90.4 7 91.6 932
For-hire truck 31 52.3 8 89.3 7 90.6 928
Private truck S S S S S S 933
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 735
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 19 32.0 4.0 4.0 927
Parcel, USPS or courier 19 32.0 4.0 4.0 927
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 782

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,698 100.0 1,511 100.0 594 100.0 389
Single modes 2,423 89.8 1,505 99.6 591 99.5 294
Truck 2,223 82.4 1,481 98.0 576 96.9 278
For-hire truck 1,522 56.4 972 64.3 467 78.6 376
Private truck 699 25.9 508 33.6 108 18.2 236
Rail S S S S S S 652
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 423
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 273 10.1 6 0.4 3 0.5 470
Parcel, USPS or courier 273 10.1 6 0.4 3 0.5 470
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 139

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 827 100.0 104 100.0 239 100.0 2,272
Single modes 665 80.4 100 96.3 230 96.2 2,106
Truck 314 38.0 59 56.8 137 57.1 2,317
For-hire truck 314 38.0 59 56.8 137 57.1 2,317
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,410
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 332 40.1 S S S S 2,037
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 162 19.6 4 3.7 9 3.8 2,355
Parcel, USPS or courier 161 19.4 3 2.5 6 2.5 2,355
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,449
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,645 100.0 13,583 100.0 S S 124
Single modes 2,314 87.5 13,325 98.1 S S 102
Truck 2,033 76.9 S S 403 9.9 98
For-hire truck 1,651 62.4 S S 350 8.6 219
Private truck 382 14.4 345 2.5 53 1.3 75
Rail 142 5.4 S S S S 424
Water S S S S S S 389
Shallow draft S S S S S S 389
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 547
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 148
Parcel, USPS or courier 126 4.8 S S S S 147
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 324
Truck and water S S S S S S 361
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,101 100.0 1,152 100.0 556 100.0 513
Single modes 1,809 86.1 1,130 98.1 542 97.5 475
Truck 1,755 83.5 1,108 96.2 527 94.8 492
For-hire truck 1,483 70.6 923 80.2 436 78.5 478
Private truck 271 12.9 185 16.0 91 16.3 551
Rail 18 0.9 21 1.8 14 2.6 673
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36 1.7 1 0.1 1 412
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 274 13.1 7 0.6 4 0.6 520
Parcel, USPS or courier 274 13.1 7 0.6 4 0.6 520
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 556

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 55 100.0 4,005 100.0 5,586 100.0 1,363
Single modes 37 66.8 3,750 93.6 5,145 92.1 1,400
Truck 9 16.7 S S S S 1,326
For-hire truck 9 15.8 S S S S 1,423
Private truck S S S S S S 1,228
Rail 27 50.0 S S S S 1,562
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,373
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,362
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,361
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,730
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.