Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 189,390 125,885 50.4 336,341 361,179 −6.9 99,630 101,285 −1.6 437 196 122.9
Single modes 169,254 99,218 70.6 300,080 309,908 −3.2 95,842 82,207 16.6 214 113 88.4
Truck 157,473 89,694 75.6 159,849 171,441 −6.8 28,648 17,145 67.1 189 105 80.2
Rail 6,955 5,629 23.6 106,722 90,552 17.9 55,166 44,098 25.1 521 579 −9.9
Water S 3,283 S 32,887 47,887 −31.3 11,999 20,935 −42.7 379 456 −16.9
Air (including truck and air) 1,100 613 79.6 23 28 −16.8 26 29 −10.5 1,189 959 24.1
Pipeline 201 S S 599 S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 18,021 15,659 15.1 3,099 18,911 −83.6 3,234 17,378 −81.4 700 497 40.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 16,979 5,219 225.3 443 S S 287 86 234.4 699 483 44.9
Truck and Rail 465 9,763 −95.2 1,329 1,779 −25.3 1,830 1,798 1.8 1,798 1,060 69.6
Other multiple modes S 677 S S 16,833 S S 15,494 S 2,069 S S
Other and unknown modes 2,115 11,009 −80.8 S 32,360 S S 1,700 S S 58 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,825 4,857 −21.2 7,618 11,092 −31.3 5,072 5,265 −3.7 204 S S
Single modes 3,651 4,594 −20.5 7,548 10,814 −30.2 5,029 5,229 −3.8 S S S
Truck 3,030 3,738 −18.9 2,473 4,989 −50.4 622 483 28.9 S S S
Rail 20 238 −91.8 9 2,089 −99.6 9 1,090 −99.2 959 514 86.6
Water 597 617 −3.2 S 3,735 S S 3,656 S 869 982 −11.5
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 2,404 485 395.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 861 S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 861 S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,458
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S 75 S S 107 S S 10 S S S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 9,030 14,109 −36 7,999 8,608 −7.1 3,062 3,462 −11.6 169 68 149.3
Single modes 8,899 13,856 −35.8 7,917 8,448 −6.3 2,995 3,282 −8.8 154 64 141.4
Truck 8,594 13,290 −35.3 6,949 6,717 3.5 2,104 1,791 17.5 151 62 143.1
Rail S 391 S S 834 S S 625 S 869 882 −1.5
Water S S S S S S S S S 976 870 12.2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 907 818 11
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 90 177 −49.2 S 77 S 45 152 −70.5 1,003 720 39.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 1 S S 1 S 506 619 −18.3
Truck and Rail S 151 S S 73 S 40 141 −71.7 1,330 1,821 −26.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 7,546 5,028 50.1
Other and unknown modes S 76 S S 84 S S S S 544 S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 375 515 −27.2 56,231 71,772 −21.7 5,255 8,127 −35.3 39 27 45
Single modes 369 507 −27.3 55,319 70,161 −21.2 5,194 7,698 −32.5 38 26 47.4
Truck 313 410 −23.6 45,308 54,944 −17.5 1,452 1,343 8.2 35 20 74.5
Rail 13 S S 1,338 1,070 25 S 730 S 473 728 −34.9
Water S 61 S S 14,147 S S 5,626 S 362 440 −17.8
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 813 390 108.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 4 S S 548 S S S S 454 211 114.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 751 211 256.3
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 466 821 −43.2
Other multiple modes S 2 S S 545 S S S S 5 142 −96.5
Other and unknown modes 5 4 35.2 822 1,063 −22.7 S S S S S S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 13,736 11,362 20.9 198,519 218,602 −9.2 60,909 67,838 −10.2 30 64 −53
Single modes 13,411 10,229 31.1 164,937 172,770 −4.5 58,434 51,533 13.4 30 38 −21.2
Truck 7,889 5,903 33.6 49,108 64,331 −23.7 S 2,613 S 27 34 −20
Rail 3,073 2,259 36 99,888 82,284 21.4 51,217 39,168 30.8 371 510 −27.3
Water S 2,067 S S 26,156 S S 9,753 S 137 436 −68.5
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 551
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 64 619 −89.7 1,918 16,446 −88.3 2,192 15,370 −85.7 S 508 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S 77 140 −45
Truck and Rail S 9 S S S S S S S 1,100 S S
Other multiple modes S 609 S S 16,097 S S 15,227 S 530 542 −2.3
Other and unknown modes S 514 S S 29,387 S S 935 S S S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 23,399 12,037 94.4 11,460 6,908 65.9 4,611 2,893 59.4 411 233 76.9
Single modes 19,452 10,547 84.4 11,301 6,755 67.3 4,552 2,788 63.3 298 186 60.8
Truck 18,238 10,049 81.5 8,990 5,348 68.1 3,385 2,044 65.6 274 175 56.6
Rail 903 461 95.9 1,566 1,351 15.9 904 728 24.2 689 608 13.2
Water S S S S S S S S S 889 230 287
Air (including truck and air) 120 33 262.7 1 S S 1 5 −70.7 1,335 1,009 32.3
Pipeline 169 451 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,865 1,286 200.5 83 55 49 45 79 −42.9 525 400 31.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,713 S S 62 23 172.5 30 9 236 524 398 31.8
Truck and Rail S S S S 32 S S 67 S 1,077 2,158 −50.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,594 4,504 −64.6
Other and unknown modes 82 203 −59.5 S 98 S 14 26 −46.4 81 26 213.3

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 19,425 10,902 78.2 11,517 8,710 32.2 5,108 2,967 72.2 814 353 130.4
Single modes 17,441 10,164 71.6 11,280 8,510 32.5 4,910 2,782 76.5 464 263 76.3
Truck 16,582 9,839 68.5 8,779 7,913 10.9 3,531 2,269 55.7 372 253 46.8
Rail 708 254 178.6 2,494 591 322.1 1,371 506 171.2 547 862 −36.5
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 71 S 7 6 6.7 8 8 −1.8 1,314 1,170 12.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,758 502 249.9 153 72 113.2 169 113 50.1 891 651 37
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,730 463 273.4 75 23 222.9 60 15 313.8 891 649 37.3
Truck and Rail S 39 S S 49 S S 98 S 1,639 1,996 −17.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 227 235 −3.6 S 128 S S 72 S S S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 51,288 18,300 180.3 27,838 24,058 15.7 10,585 5,740 84.4 336 244 38
Single modes S 16,242 S 27,438 23,152 18.5 10,221 5,180 97.3 244 164 49
Truck S 14,645 S 24,237 19,635 23.4 8,357 3,598 132.3 230 141 63.5
Rail 1,615 1,060 52.4 967 1,087 −11.1 714 676 5.6 799 606 31.7
Water 313 297 5.2 2,229 2,420 −7.9 S 896 S 601 S S
Air (including truck and air) S 240 S 6 9 −28.2 8 10 −14.6 1,063 1,002 6.1
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3,594 1,607 123.7 272 450 −39.6 S 434 S 505 472 7
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,963 1,229 141.2 92 28 229 49 15 225.1 501 469 7
Truck and Rail 107 327 −67.3 S 235 S S 253 S 2,072 1,539 34.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,656 2,236 −25.9
Other and unknown modes 290 451 −35.8 128 457 −71.9 24 126 −81.3 S 59 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 49,563 46,713 6.1 7,242 5,738 26.2 2,974 3,308 −10.1 550 274 100.0.3
Single modes 42,152 26,921 56.6 6,949 3,790 83.4 2,838 2,115 34.2 292 128 128
Truck 41,531 26,015 59.6 6,840 3,728 83.5 2,782 2,088 33.2 240 117 106.1
Rail 426 S S S 57 S 51 S S 753 S S
Water
Air (including truck and air) 192 242 −20.5 S 5 S 5 5 7.2 1,073 821 30.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 6,569 10,626 −38.2 147 1,062 −86.1 117 1,091 −89.2 664 632 5.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 6,529 1,597 308.8 136 38 258.3 89 28 216 664 603 10.1
Truck and Rail S 9,025 S S 1,023 S S 1,062 S 2,520 1,035 143.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,671 17 S
Other and unknown modes S 9,166 S S 887 S S S S S S S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 18,487 6,963 165.5 7,773 5,641 37.8 2,032 1,658 22.5 536 347 54.4
Single modes 16,253 6,075 167.5 7,253 5,469 32.6 1,648 1,582 4.2 383 215 78.3
Truck 16,143 5,723 182.1 7,028 3,796 85.1 1,611 899 79.1 349 203 72.2
Rail 5 S S 41 S S S S S 381 472 −19.4
Water S 61 S S 482 S S 127 S 127 258 −50.7
Air (including truck and air) S S S S 1 S S 2 S 1,144 960 19.2
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,914 633 202.4 389 29 S 290 20 S 736 547 34.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,841 627 193.6 68 23 197.6 50 15 245.9 735 547 34.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 2,531 915 176.6
Other multiple modes 27 298 181 618
Other and unknown modes 321 254 26.1 S S S S S S S 185 S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 261 128 104.6 S 51 S 23 S S S 273 S
Single modes 223 83 168.3 S 40 S 21 S S S 194 S
Truck 223 82 171.1 S 40 S 21 S S S 137 S
Rail S S S S S S 30
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 981
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S 260 232 12.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S 260 226 14.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,425
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 8 S S S S 259 320 −19

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.