Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.2 9.4 14.7 9.0
Single modes 18.6 3.0 9.4 6.0 15.5 1.5 13.8
Truck 20.5 3.9 6.2 6.3 17.8 5.7 16.2
For-hire truck 27.6 4.5 12.2 4.2 20.6 5.0 9.8
Private truck 26.1 4.2 6.1 3.3 13.9 1.6 26.5
Rail 14.8 0.8 23.1 5.7 23.6 6.4 14.9
Water S S 30.3 3.2 23.8 2.5 14.2
Shallow draft S S 30.3 3.2 23.8 2.5 14.2
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 43.8 0.3 22.3 24.2 6.4
Pipeline 34.5 34.0 S S S
Multiple modes 20.3 3.1 30.6 0.4 34.2 1.5 6.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.3 3.1 19.2 20.9 0.1 6.9
Truck and rail 18.9 43.9 0.3 46.9 1.4 7.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 35.2
Rail and water S S S S S S 26.8
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 24.7 0.3 S S S S S

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.7 S S S S 4.5
Single modes 22.9 5.5 S S S S 4.6
Truck 18.7 7.6 16.8 19.6 11.4 18.8 4.5
For-hire truck 16.2 9.6 22.8 14.2 17.2 13.5 5.1
Private truck S S 35.2 9.2 33.1 9.0 6.2
Rail S S S S S S 21.9
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 47.5 46.3 43.8 16.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.2 5.2 S S S S 5.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.9 5.2 22.6 0.2 23.6 0.2 5.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.8

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 32.7
Single modes S S S S S S 30.3
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.2 25.1 23.9 1.5
Single modes 21.9 10.1 26.0 2.8 24.8 2.9 1.3
Truck 22.0 9.8 26.1 3.1 24.9 3.2 0.9
For-hire truck 23.5 10.5 26.8 7.0 25.6 7.2 0.9
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.4 10.1 45.6 2.8 46.0 2.9 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.4 10.1 45.6 2.8 46.0 2.9 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S 43.7 6.2
Single modes S S S S S S 6.2
Truck S S S S S S 7.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 5.3
Private truck 24.4 8.0 43.4 6.2 40.0 5.5 9.6
Rail S S S S S S 25.2
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.9 6.8 43.9 9.9 S S 6.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 49.0 0.5 45.5 0.4 6.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 28.9
Rail and water S S S S S S 29.8
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.0 24.0 27.3 0.9
Single modes 34.4 4.0 25.0 2.0 28.4 2.0 1.3
Truck 37.2 6.0 20.2 8.1 19.4 8.8 0.7
For-hire truck 20.5 6.8 21.2 8.2 20.3 8.9 0.7
Private truck S S 34.6 0.8 34.8 0.7 1.3
Rail 46.4 3.7 S S S S 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 40.2 41.8 10.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 13.8 3.9 19.3 1.3 20.1 1.4 0.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 18.6 4.0 19.6 1.0 19.9 1.0 0.7
Truck and rail 27.3 0.7 29.7 0.5 29.7 0.6 1.5
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23.6

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.8 24.5 24.6 1.5
Single modes 33.7 11.1 25.2 1.8 25.4 1.9 1.9
Truck 33.8 11.1 25.2 1.8 25.4 1.9 1.5
For-hire truck 36.7 11.1 25.7 9.0 25.8 9.0 1.2
Private truck S S 44.8 7.9 47.3 8.0 15.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 37.0 11.1 25.4 1.7 26.0 1.8 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 37.0 11.1 25.4 1.7 26.0 1.8 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.3 S S S S 2.6
Single modes 40.3 11.2 S S S S 2.6
Truck 40.3 11.2 S S S S 2.9
For-hire truck 41.3 10.9 S S S S 2.2
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 49.5 S S 21.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 26.4 1.3 23.9 1.1 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 26.4 1.3 23.9 1.1 2.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.6 32.5 32.2 3.7
Single modes 25.3 9.3 33.3 8.6 33.0 8.8 3.5
Truck 25.5 9.1 33.3 8.6 33.0 8.8 3.2
For-hire truck 28.3 11.7 39.0 11.0 37.6 11.0 2.8
Private truck S S S S S S 30.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.8 9.3 40.4 8.6 39.4 8.8 4.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.8 9.3 40.4 8.6 39.4 8.8 4.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.4
Single modes S S S S S S 23.9
Truck S S S S S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 32.1 32.6 1.3
Single modes 26.2 5.9 32.2 1.1 32.8 1.3 1.4
Truck 35.9 9.0 41.8 13.4 44.1 13.2 1.4
For-hire truck 37.9 9.0 46.7 13.2 48.8 13.0 1.5
Private truck 43.4 2.9 S S S S 10.9
Rail 23.8 3.8 35.7 14.1 36.6 14.0 5.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 7.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.3 6.1 20.9 1.0 25.1 1.2 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.5 6.0 15.0 0.6 16.7 0.6 2.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.4 30.2 27.2 2.4
Single modes 36.0 4.4 30.2 1.1 27.3 1.3 3.3
Truck 42.9 6.2 39.4 11.8 42.5 11.2 3.5
For-hire truck 49.0 6.7 48.2 10.8 S S 3.7
Private truck S S S S S S 5.2
Rail 25.5 4.2 34.3 12.3 31.5 11.8 5.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 26.5 27.9 3.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.8 4.5 S S S S 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.1 4.4 20.0 19.8 2.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 24.1

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.1 S S S S 11.5
Single modes S S S S S S 18.8
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.2 13.5 S S S S 24.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 26.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.2 S S S S 2.0
Single modes 46.5 13.3 46.5 12.4 46.3 12.3 15.0
Truck 47.1 13.3 46.5 12.4 46.3 12.2 15.0
For-hire truck 47.4 13.6 46.6 12.5 46.4 12.3 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.0 30.8 15.9 13.2
Single modes 20.6 3.2 31.1 0.4 16.0 0.2 26.1
Truck 21.4 3.6 34.9 3.8 16.5 4.9 27.7
For-hire truck 26.1 5.7 27.7 7.2 16.6 6.2 6.5
Private truck 26.4 4.8 S S 43.4 5.0 42.8
Rail S S 37.7 3.9 43.0 5.1 22.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 39.3 0.5 S S S S 8.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 23.3 3.3 18.4 0.2 18.5 0.1 4.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 23.3 3.3 18.4 0.2 18.5 0.1 4.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 19.5

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.0 16.8 33.5 9.2
Single modes 13.8 1.6 16.9 0.6 32.6 0.8 9.7
Truck 15.5 3.1 14.2 5.2 19.1 11.0 10.0
For-hire truck 21.2 5.0 17.7 4.7 23.0 7.6 5.5
Private truck 26.3 5.9 16.8 3.9 20.6 6.2 13.3
Rail S S S S S S 20.9
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 22.8 1.9 S S S S 8.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 22.8 1.8 17.7 0.1 14.2 0.1 8.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S 45.1 0.5 S S 21.1

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.4 12.4 11.5 2.7
Single modes 19.8 2.8 12.8 0.7 11.9 0.7 3.9
Truck 19.5 2.8 12.8 0.6 11.9 0.7 3.3
For-hire truck 24.6 7.7 14.9 5.3 14.3 5.4 2.2
Private truck 46.5 6.0 40.2 4.8 38.1 4.9 18.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.3 2.6 23.7 0.4 25.8 0.5 2.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.3 2.6 23.7 0.4 25.8 0.5 2.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 2.3
Single modes S S S S S S 3.1
Truck S S S S S S 3.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2.7
Private truck S S S S S S 21.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 47.2 48.2 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.1 8.9 33.1 4.4 32.7 4.3 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.1 8.9 33.1 4.4 32.7 4.3 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.1 20.2 12.4 13.6
Single modes 14.5 2.1 7.3 8.6 12.6 3.6 13.6
Truck 14.8 2.5 5.4 8.4 14.5 9.5 13.9
For-hire truck 22.8 5.6 12.6 4.5 13.0 3.1 9.3
Private truck 22.9 5.3 7.5 6.4 18.9 7.6 17.0
Rail 36.9 0.4 S S S S 24.1
Water S S S S S S 31.2
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.2
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline 41.6 0.2 41.1 0.2 S S S
Multiple modes 25.0 2.1 39.4 24.0 8.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.0 2.1 24.1 23.4 8.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.7
Other and unknown modes 31.6 0.6 S S S S 14.6

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.1 31.3 33.5 1.9
Single modes 32.4 5.6 32.4 2.3 34.6 2.5 2.3
Truck 48.0 11.6 33.8 5.7 35.5 5.7 2.6
For-hire truck S S 41.6 5.3 43.5 5.3 2.9
Private truck S S S S S S 18.5
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water 41.6 10.4 40.4 13.1 41.0 13.5 14.9
Shallow draft 41.6 10.4 40.4 13.1 41.0 13.5 14.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 21.8 5.7 S S S S 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.2 5.3 19.0 19.7 1.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.4 47.6 43.9 2.6
Single modes 36.0 9.3 48.6 4.2 44.7 4.7 3.5
Truck 36.0 9.2 48.6 4.2 44.7 4.7 3.6
For-hire truck 35.4 9.4 49.1 9.1 45.0 9.2 3.7
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.3 9.3 45.7 4.2 45.0 4.7 2.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.5 9.4 S S S S 2.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.0 S S S S 2.2
Single modes 21.5 7.3 S S S S 3.6
Truck 24.6 8.3 30.0 17.9 30.0 19.0 2.8
For-hire truck 27.0 8.8 28.7 16.8 28.8 17.7 4.1
Private truck S S 50.0 2.6 48.3 2.9 16.3
Rail S S S S S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 46.8 0.1 48.0 0.1 22.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.3 5.7 25.2 1.0 26.8 1.0 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.3 5.7 25.2 1.0 26.8 1.0 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.0

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 35.0 32.3 1.0
Single modes S S 34.0 1.3 31.1 1.4 1.9
Truck S S 44.8 10.0 42.7 10.2 1.7
For-hire truck S S 49.2 9.2 47.1 9.2 1.6
Private truck 41.3 1.6 46.2 4.7 45.6 4.7 18.4
Rail S S S S S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 22.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 27.0 10.7 23.2 1.4 24.6 1.5 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.1 10.7 24.7 1.4 26.5 1.5 1.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.4 38.9 37.3 1.5
Single modes 27.0 1.6 42.5 6.7 42.7 8.1 1.7
Truck 28.4 3.6 20.0 13.8 18.4 14.2 2.1
For-hire truck 16.5 7.8 12.1 14.0 11.1 13.9 2.0
Private truck S S S S S S 3.2
Rail 32.8 2.6 S S S S 13.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 38.4 32.7 17.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.9 1.6 S S S S 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 25.2 1.6 17.5 0.1 17.5 0.1 2.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 42.0 47.7 19.3

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.5 41.2 44.3 1.3
Single modes 41.0 8.9 41.7 1.1 44.8 1.1 2.0
Truck 42.9 9.4 18.3 13.4 18.3 14.2 1.7
For-hire truck 45.0 8.9 19.5 12.4 19.4 13.1 1.7
Private truck 38.3 2.4 40.0 3.6 39.4 3.6 11.0
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 33.9 8.8 41.8 1.1 42.0 1.1 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.9 8.8 41.8 1.1 42.0 1.1 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.9 27.8 24.2 6.7
Single modes 27.8 3.6 27.9 0.4 24.3 0.4 6.7
Truck 27.9 3.6 20.5 9.6 15.8 8.7 6.9
For-hire truck 26.1 9.6 20.0 8.9 15.7 8.1 4.8
Private truck S S 34.0 4.3 29.1 4.2 22.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 38.0 3.4 29.1 0.2 36.0 0.2 6.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 38.0 3.4 29.1 0.2 36.0 0.2 6.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.8 35.6 39.7 4.7
Single modes 38.7 6.5 37.3 3.6 41.7 3.9 6.0
Truck 38.5 7.8 38.8 7.0 43.1 7.0 6.1
For-hire truck 46.9 8.1 41.1 7.5 45.7 7.3 3.1
Private truck S S 43.4 6.2 43.5 5.7 10.2
Rail S S S S S S 25.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.6 6.4 S S S S 5.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.0 6.4 28.0 0.5 25.0 0.4 6.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 30.1
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 48.7 0.2 49.1 0.1 23.0

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.6 S S S S 1.9
Single modes 40.4 15.6 S S S S 15.2
Truck 44.3 16.0 S S S S 15.1
For-hire truck 43.9 15.6 S S S S 15.1
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.1 15.6 33.1 17.8 32.8 17.8 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.1 15.6 33.1 17.8 32.8 17.8 2.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.7 36.2 34.1 2.9
Single modes 37.3 7.7 36.2 2.4 34.0 2.5 1.7
Truck 37.6 8.3 29.9 5.1 27.8 5.5 1.7
For-hire truck 40.1 9.2 26.2 7.2 24.6 7.6 2.0
Private truck 49.5 1.9 S S S S 23.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.4

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 42.3 20.9 21.2 1.2
Single modes 47.4 8.3 22.5 4.1 22.9 4.3 1.7
Truck 48.7 10.8 23.9 6.1 24.4 6.6 2.5
For-hire truck 49.9 10.5 21.3 5.7 21.1 6.2 2.5
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 35.9 2.8 46.9 3.2 46.8 3.8 18.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 25.8 8.3 S S S S 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.2 8.0 S S S S 1.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 37.0 35.1 3.2
Single modes S S 38.2 6.3 36.1 6.3 4.8
Truck S S 38.2 6.3 36.1 6.3 5.1
For-hire truck S S 39.9 6.9 37.7 7.0 5.4
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.9 13.3 40.1 6.3 39.4 6.3 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.9 13.3 40.1 6.3 39.4 6.3 3.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.5 30.8 30.0 1.7
Single modes 35.9 4.4 32.6 6.1 32.4 7.0 1.4
Truck 37.6 4.7 39.0 12.5 40.4 12.4 1.1
For-hire truck 37.9 5.0 40.0 12.0 41.6 11.9 1.1
Private truck 39.2 0.7 S S S S 1.3
Rail S S S S S S 23.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 30.3 4.3 S S S S 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.5 4.1 32.3 0.7 30.1 0.8 1.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.9 38.1 37.8 1.4
Single modes 40.2 12.2 41.3 13.7 41.3 13.8 16.9
Truck 41.2 12.1 41.6 13.6 41.6 13.6 14.9
For-hire truck 29.5 10.4 39.0 13.3 37.7 13.3 15.0
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.6 S S S S 2.4
Single modes S S S S S S 3.5
Truck S S 48.6 12.6 47.2 11.2 3.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3.8
Private truck S S 48.8 5.6 49.3 5.1 5.0
Rail S S S S S S 30.2
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 32.3 0.3 41.2 42.5 0.1 5.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 16.2 5.6 39.2 0.9 46.8 0.8 2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.6 5.6 35.9 0.8 34.6 0.7 2.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47.3 2.5 S S S S 12.5

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.6 24.2 24.4 2.6
Single modes 16.8 3.3 24.2 24.4 1.9
Truck 20.2 5.0 12.0 1.9 11.4 2.2 2.2
For-hire truck 17.5 5.9 13.0 1.8 12.4 2.1 2.3
Private truck 47.7 3.8 27.0 0.1 32.2 0.1 7.1
Rail 22.9 3.6 25.4 2.0 25.7 2.2 4.7
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 43.7 0.3 28.3 26.8 17.3
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 26.7 3.2 27.9 28.1 3.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.7 3.2 27.9 28.1 3.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.2

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 27.9 37.4 36.4 2.7
Single modes 35.5 11.7 38.5 10.7 37.6 11.1 4.8
Truck 40.9 11.2 S S 49.1 12.6 4.8
For-hire truck 48.2 13.1 S S S S 11.4
Private truck S S S S S S 26.0
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.9 35.0 41.7 6.6
Single modes 23.4 3.4 35.1 0.3 41.7 0.3 9.8
Truck 18.7 5.5 44.5 9.8 S S 10.0
For-hire truck 25.4 5.9 49.9 8.8 S S 7.4
Private truck 13.3 5.4 14.3 3.7 20.4 3.9 12.4
Rail 34.8 0.9 S S S S 16.4
Water S S S S S S 27.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 45.3 S S 19.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 33.6 3.2 S S S S 7.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.8 3.2 21.7 0.1 26.6 0.2 7.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 29.6 0.4 S S 41.3 0.2 31.7

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.3 25.0 25.8 1.8
Single modes 45.5 8.8 25.7 2.6 26.5 2.6 2.2
Truck 45.8 8.8 26.3 3.1 27.1 3.5 2.4
For-hire truck S S 32.0 10.0 32.7 9.9 2.9
Private truck S S 48.5 8.5 45.8 8.2 15.4
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 47.9 2.6 S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 47.9 2.6 S S 2.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.7 S S S S 1.0
Single modes 35.6 13.3 S S S S 3.0
Truck 39.5 13.4 43.1 19.1 43.1 19.2 10.6
For-hire truck 42.6 14.5 46.1 18.1 46.3 18.2 10.5
Private truck 48.3 4.0 S S S S 21.1
Rail 49.4 5.6 S S S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 19.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.5 13.3 28.5 10.5 29.4 10.5 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 26.2 12.8 24.4 10.5 23.6 10.5 0.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.4 28.6 29.2 3.6
Single modes 35.9 6.2 28.8 0.4 29.4 0.5 4.0
Truck 38.3 6.4 21.1 12.4 23.4 10.9 3.5
For-hire truck 43.2 8.2 23.4 10.4 25.4 9.0 6.2
Private truck 32.3 4.0 25.7 2.9 25.4 2.6 8.7
Rail 46.6 3.8 S S S S 19.6
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 42.6 45.4 3.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.0 6.1 30.6 0.4 32.4 0.5 4.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.0 6.1 30.6 0.4 32.4 0.5 4.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 36.2 35.9 1.7
Single modes S S 36.8 13.6 36.5 13.6 3.0
Truck S S 36.8 15.4 36.5 15.4 10.7
For-hire truck S S 33.8 13.8 34.0 13.7 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 41.4 15.9 36.7 13.6 36.2 13.6 14.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.4 15.9 36.7 13.6 36.2 13.6 14.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.0 35.8 35.1 2.9
Single modes 38.5 6.6 35.8 0.1 35.1 0.1 1.9
Truck 42.4 6.8 S S 43.1 15.3 3.5
For-hire truck 36.8 5.0 18.0 12.5 19.2 12.3 2.1
Private truck S S S S S S 5.7
Rail 31.7 4.9 36.2 15.2 36.0 15.4 12.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 24.3
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 29.3 0.1 39.5 0.1 3.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 30.2 0.1 30.9 0.1 3.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 38.4 S S S S 4.6
Single modes S S S S S S 12.0
Truck S S S S S S 15.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 15.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 43.6 12.7 S S S S 11.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 43.6 12.7 S S S S 11.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.0 39.2 36.4 6.8
Single modes 17.5 5.3 39.6 0.8 36.7 0.5 8.5
Truck 18.3 5.4 15.6 12.6 15.9 14.5 7.7
For-hire truck 22.8 5.3 16.6 9.6 20.6 10.4 2.5
Private truck 29.3 6.8 24.0 4.4 16.1 5.0 15.9
Rail S S S S S S 17.4
Water S S S S S S 26.4
Shallow draft S S S S S S 26.4
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 40.3 S S S S 16.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 30.3 0.2 32.6 0.2 4.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 34.7 40.2 4.0
Truck and rail 44.1 0.8 44.3 0.2 45.0 0.1 25.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 49.5 0.4 S

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.9 28.4 28.5 2.3
Single modes 36.6 2.7 33.0 8.6 34.7 9.7 2.9
Truck 42.6 6.4 29.0 13.5 27.2 14.4 2.8
For-hire truck 44.9 6.8 30.8 12.9 28.5 13.8 2.2
Private truck 22.1 1.2 27.6 0.9 29.0 0.8 6.8
Rail 32.9 3.7 S S S S 18.7
Water S S S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 43.1 40.7 4.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.6 2.1 S S S S 2.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.1 2.9 26.6 0.5 24.2 0.5 2.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 29.8
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.5

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.0 28.2 28.2 0.4
Single modes 43.6 3.5 28.3 1.4 28.3 1.3 0.6
Truck 43.8 8.0 28.3 3.0 28.3 3.0 0.3
For-hire truck 47.7 12.0 33.2 10.8 33.1 10.8 10.5
Private truck 49.5 10.0 S S S S 21.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 26.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.2 3.5 32.7 1.4 32.7 1.3 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.2 3.5 32.7 1.4 32.7 1.3 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.6 35.8 35.9 3.2
Single modes 32.7 15.2 40.4 14.0 39.9 14.1 15.3
Truck 32.7 15.2 40.4 14.0 39.9 14.1 15.3
For-hire truck 33.1 15.3 40.4 14.0 39.9 14.0 15.3
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 11.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 11.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.2 36.6 37.0 4.2
Single modes 33.2 1.9 36.8 0.6 37.2 0.6 8.8
Truck 36.1 4.4 27.3 17.7 27.9 18.2 6.3
For-hire truck S S 29.5 14.5 29.0 14.8 3.7
Private truck 42.1 9.0 31.2 6.1 34.0 5.9 10.1
Rail 47.5 4.1 48.3 18.0 46.9 18.5 24.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 22.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 22.8 1.9 S S S S 4.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 27.4 1.9 25.5 0.1 23.7 0.2 4.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.7
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 31.7 22.3 21.9 1.1
Single modes 42.4 8.4 30.6 8.6 30.2 8.8 1.8
Truck 42.3 7.5 32.1 8.2 31.7 8.4 1.8
For-hire truck 44.3 7.5 28.6 7.2 28.1 7.3 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 21.1
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 15.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 24.0 8.4 45.8 8.6 46.9 8.8 1.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 34.8 8.7 31.1 3.2 29.0 3.1 1.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.3 33.1 27.8 11.1
Single modes 26.8 6.0 33.1 0.1 27.8 12.6
Truck 29.9 7.9 28.5 16.7 26.0 17.3 12.6
For-hire truck 32.2 9.9 36.0 12.9 35.7 13.2 11.0
Private truck S S S S 47.4 12.8 14.8
Rail S S S S S S 25.1
Water S S S S S S 30.1
Shallow draft S S S S S S 30.1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 41.3 0.1 37.1 9.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 41.3 0.1 37.1 9.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 47.7 41.7 43.6 26.1

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.1 S S S S 2.1
Single modes 21.8 5.2 S S S S 3.4
Truck 22.7 6.0 19.0 16.2 20.7 17.2 2.9
For-hire truck 24.2 6.1 19.9 15.0 21.7 16.0 2.5
Private truck 25.0 1.6 32.2 2.2 31.9 2.3 4.5
Rail S S S S S S 24.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 38.7 47.8 47.7 20.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.7 5.2 26.7 1.7 26.2 1.9 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.7 5.2 26.7 1.7 26.2 1.9 1.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 42.1 41.7 10.7
Single modes S S S S S S 21.4
Truck S S S S S S 21.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.9 19.1 41.2 17.4 41.6 17.4 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.9 19.1 41.2 17.4 41.6 17.4 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.