Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 139,843 100.0 495,703 100.0 131,293 100.0
Less than 50 miles 60,253 43.1 304,812 61.5 6,982 5.3
50 to 99 miles 13,084 9.4 37,631 7.6 3,263 2.5
100 to 249 miles 16,479 11.8 33,682 6.8 7,093 5.4
250 to 499 miles 14,448 10.3 32,448 6.5 15,684 11.9
500 to 749 miles 15,004 10.7 42,909 8.7 35,010 26.7
750 to 999 miles 10,656 7.6 18,089 3.6 22,130 16.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 7,180 5.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,324 1.7 1,900 0.4 4,719 3.6
2,000 miles or more 415 0.3 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 130,528 100.0 479,467 100.0 124,940 100.0
Less than 50 miles 57,632 44.2 293,268 61.2 6,852 5.5
50 to 99 miles 12,353 9.5 36,752 7.7 3,190 2.6
100 to 249 miles 14,582 11.2 33,404 7.0 7,021 5.6
250 to 499 miles 13,266 10.2 32,061 6.7 15,476 12.4
500 to 749 miles 14,140 10.8 42,499 8.9 34,685 27.8
750 to 999 miles 9,909 7.6 17,116 3.6 20,446 16.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,324 4.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,962 1.5 1,814 0.4 4,529 3.6
2,000 miles or more 359 0.3 S S S S

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 55,481 100.0 130,369 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 20,983 37.8 78,935 60.5 1,710 4.8
50 to 99 miles 6,899 12.4 11,292 8.7 968 2.7
100 to 249 miles 8,864 16.0 10,495 8.0 2,211 6.2
250 to 499 miles 6,964 12.6 7,069 5.4 2,897 8.1
500 to 749 miles 4,626 8.3 4,119 3.2 3,035 8.5
750 to 999 miles 3,098 5.6 1,745 1.3 1,768 4.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,940 5.3 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 988 1.8 581 0.4 1,163 3.2
2,000 miles or more 120 0.2 44 117 0.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 32,211 100.0 73,918 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 6,302 19.6 37,922 51.3 S S
50 to 99 miles 3,141 9.8 5,548 7.5 474 1.5
100 to 249 miles 5,810 18.0 4,215 5.7 895 2.9
250 to 499 miles 5,712 17.7 5,105 6.9 2,153 6.9
500 to 749 miles 4,420 13.7 2,967 4.0 2,209 7.1
750 to 999 miles 2,950 9.2 1,625 2.2 1,644 5.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,826 8.8 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 934 2.9 527 0.7 1,049 3.4
2,000 miles or more 117 0.4 44 116 0.4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 23,249 100.0 56,419 100.0 4,558 100.0
Less than 50 miles 14,676 63.1 40,997 72.7 764 16.8
50 to 99 miles 3,744 16.1 5,729 10.2 493 10.8
100 to 249 miles 3,052 13.1 6,280 11.1 1,316 28.9
250 to 499 miles 1,251 5.4 1,963 3.5 743 16.3
500 to 749 miles 207 0.9 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 148 0.6 120 0.2 124 2.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 114 0.5 125 0.2 179 3.9
1,500 to 1,999 miles 55 0.2 S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 17,128 100.0 29,927 100.0 25,986 100.0
Less than 50 miles 596 3.5 1,266 4.2 44 0.2
50 to 99 miles 625 3.6 1,148 3.8 143 0.6
100 to 249 miles 1,578 9.2 3,323 11.1 888 3.4
250 to 499 miles 2,795 16.3 6,390 21.4 3,304 12.7
500 to 749 miles 3,418 20.0 7,160 23.9 6,238 24.0
750 to 999 miles 4,271 24.9 5,786 19.3 6,697 25.8
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,699 15.8 3,422 11.4 5,348 20.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles 909 5.3 966 3.2 2,006 7.7
2,000 miles or more 236 1.4 S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 35,103 100.0 220,917 100.0 55,069 100.0
Less than 50 miles 20,739 59.1 147,776 66.9 4,807 8.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,797 5.1 9,394 4.3 2,531 4.6
250 to 499 miles 2,957 8.4 17,214 7.8 8,882 16.1
500 to 749 miles 5,987 17.1 30,555 13.8 24,982 45.4
750 to 999 miles 1,662 4.7 5,916 2.7 8,817 16.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 16,741 100.0 88,220 100.0 29,662 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,631 45.6 41,050 46.5 S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles 1,793 10.7 9,252 10.5 2,445 8.2
250 to 499 miles 2,834 16.9 16,430 18.6 8,423 28.4
500 to 749 miles 1,219 7.3 6,743 7.6 7,176 24.2
750 to 999 miles 1,662 9.9 5,916 6.7 8,817 29.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 18,362 100.0 132,697 100.0 25,407 100.0
Less than 50 miles 13,108 71.4 106,726 80.4 3,729 14.7
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 4,768 26.0 23,812 17.9 17,806 70.1
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 133 100.0 5 100.0 6 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 42 31.8 1 19.4 1 14.1
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 12 9.0 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 6 4.4 8.7 S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 22,681 100.0 98,249 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles 15,314 67.5 65,291 66.5 S S
50 to 99 miles 3,253 14.3 15,801 16.1 S S
100 to 249 miles 2,338 10.3 10,192 10.4 S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 5,644 100.0 3,780 100.0 5,521 100.0
Less than 50 miles 762 13.5 38 1.0 S S
50 to 99 miles 627 11.1 S S S S
100 to 249 miles 619 11.0 129 3.4 42 0.8
250 to 499 miles 1,021 18.1 S S S S
500 to 749 miles 758 13.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles 684 12.1 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 793 14.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 326 5.8 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 54 0.9 S S S S

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 4,792 100.0 193 100.0 110 100.0
Less than 50 miles 758 15.8 23 12.2 1 0.6
50 to 99 miles 452 9.4 23 11.8 2 1.9
100 to 249 miles 581 12.1 32 16.6 6 5.2
250 to 499 miles 929 19.4 42 21.9 19 17.5
500 to 749 miles 709 14.8 27 13.9 19 17.3
750 to 999 miles 497 10.4 20 10.6 21 19.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 553 11.5 18 9.4 S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles 263 5.5 6 3.1 13 11.5
2,000 miles or more 50 1.0 1 0.5 2 2.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 321 100.0 344 100.0 390 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles 37 11.4 S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 101 29.3 165 42.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles S S S S S S
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 3,672 100.0 S S S S
Less than 50 miles 1,859 50.6 S S 127 15.3
50 to 99 miles 104 2.8 95 0.8 8 1.0
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 160 4.4 128 1.0 52 6.2
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 63 1.7 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.