Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

Excel | CSV

All modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 139,843 100.0 495,703 100.0 131,293 100.0 214
Less than 50 lbs 8,651 6.2 215 45 265
50 to 99 lbs 2,058 1.5 215 34 161
100 to 499 lbs 7,782 5.6 1,348 0.3 157 0.1 128
500 to 749 lbs 1,510 1.1 457 37 80
750 to 999 lbs 957 0.7 297 52 166
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 12,006 8.6 5,129 1.0 983 0.7 181
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 27,050 19.3 53,881 10.9 12,742 9.7 215
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,275 3.8 42,069 8.5 3,226 2.5 73
100,000 lbs or more 74,553 53.3 392,093 79.1 114,016 86.8 675

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 130,528 100.0 479,467 100.0 124,940 100.0 109
Less than 50 lbs 5,221 4.0 131 10 86
50 to 99 lbs 1,276 1.0 164 12 71
100 to 499 lbs 5,336 4.1 1,198 0.2 112 97
500 to 749 lbs 1,382 1.1 436 34 76
750 to 999 lbs 882 0.7 267 35 128
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 11,511 8.8 4,529 0.9 915 0.7 187
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 26,027 19.9 44,675 9.3 12,034 9.6 246
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 5,012 3.8 40,144 8.4 3,098 2.5 73
100,000 lbs or more 73,880 56.6 387,922 80.9 108,689 87.0 670

Truck2

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 55,481 100.0 130,369 100.0 S S 93
Less than 50 lbs 5,187 9.3 130 0.1 9 75
50 to 99 lbs 1,191 2.1 163 0.1 11 63
100 to 499 lbs 5,269 9.5 1,193 0.9 109 0.3 95
500 to 749 lbs 1,378 2.5 435 0.3 33 75
750 to 999 lbs 882 1.6 267 0.2 35 0.1 128
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 8,668 15.6 4,275 3.3 607 1.7 130
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 25,136 45.3 43,874 33.7 11,492 32.1 238
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 4,366 7.9 39,024 29.9 2,462 6.9 62
100,000 lbs or more 3,404 6.1 41,007 31.5 S S 125

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 32,211 100.0 73,918 100.0 S S 321
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 249
50 to 99 lbs 372 1.2 16 7 420
100 to 499 lbs 1,929 6.0 142 0.2 70 0.2 479
500 to 749 lbs 348 1.1 46 20 445
750 to 999 lbs 352 1.1 48 24 488
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 3,896 12.1 843 1.1 441 1.4 507
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 18,297 56.8 21,155 28.6 8,818 28.2 424
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,078 6.4 23,133 31.3 1,327 4.2 58
100,000 lbs or more 2,423 7.5 S S S S 395

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 23,249 100.0 56,419 100.0 4,558 100.0 37
Less than 50 lbs 2,671 11.5 110 0.2 4 30
50 to 99 lbs 819 3.5 147 0.3 4 29
100 to 499 lbs 3,339 14.4 1,051 1.9 40 0.9 38
500 to 749 lbs 1,030 4.4 390 0.7 13 0.3 32
750 to 999 lbs 530 2.3 219 0.4 12 0.3 53
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 4,767 20.5 3,429 6.1 166 3.6 47
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 6,823 29.3 22,691 40.2 2,672 58.6 100
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 2,288 9.8 15,891 28.2 1,135 24.9 69
100,000 lbs or more 981 4.2 S S 512 11.2 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 17,128 100.0 29,927 100.0 25,986 100.0 983
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 63
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 611
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 775
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,282
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 585 3.4 386 1.3 523 2.0 1,334
50,000 to 99,999 lbs 573 3.3 866 2.9 569 2.2 714
100,000 lbs or more 13,133 76.7 28,439 95.0 24,586 94.6 851

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 35,103 100.0 220,917 100.0 55,069 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 6
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 386 0.2 S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 24
100,000 lbs or more 34,697 98.8 220,366 99.8 55,056 100.0 367

Shallow draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 16,741 100.0 88,220 100.0 29,662 100.0 208
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 222
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 73 0.4 233 0.3 S S 5
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 24
100,000 lbs or more 16,621 99.3 87,833 99.6 29,659 100.0 366

Great Lakes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 18,362 100.0 132,697 100.0 25,407 100.0 S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 2
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 2
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S 6
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 9
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 18,077 98.4 132,533 99.9 25,397 100.0 369

Air (including truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 133 100.0 5 100.0 6 100.0 1,364
Less than 50 lbs 27 20.0 S S S S 1,393
50 to 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,195
100 to 499 lbs 19 14.5 S S 2 38.8 1,498
500 to 749 lbs S S S S S S 866
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,602
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,165
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Pipeline3

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 22,681 100.0 98,249 100.0 S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S
50 to 99 lbs S S S
100 to 499 lbs S S S S S S S
500 to 749 lbs S S S
750 to 999 lbs S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 7 28 S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S
100,000 lbs or more 22,646 99.8 98,110 99.9 S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 5,644 100.0 3,780 100.0 5,521 100.0 601
Less than 50 lbs 3,004 53.2 61 1.6 34 0.6 601
50 to 99 lbs 674 11.9 38 1.0 21 0.4 586
100 to 499 lbs 971 17.2 70 1.9 36 0.7 577
500 to 749 lbs 92 1.6 7 0.2 S S 302
750 to 999 lbs 52 0.9 16 0.4 S S 950
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,018
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S 107 2.8 156 2.8 1,405
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,932
100,000 lbs or more 600 10.6 3,457 91.5 5,212 94.4 1,117

Parcel, USPS or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 4,792 100.0 193 100.0 110 100.0 599
Less than 50 lbs 3,004 62.7 61 31.8 34 30.6 602
50 to 99 lbs 674 14.1 38 19.8 21 19.3 586
100 to 499 lbs 971 20.3 70 36.4 36 33.2 577
500 to 749 lbs 92 1.9 7 3.5 S S 302
750 to 999 lbs 52 1.1 16 8.5 S S 955
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 321 100.0 344 100.0 390 100.0 1,330
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,711
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,155
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more 77 23.9 239 69.3 261 66.9 1,030

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S 2,473
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 4,447
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S 232
1,000 to 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,818
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,932
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,932
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 1,721

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S S

Other Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1
50 to 99 lbs
100 to 499 lbs
500 to 749 lbs
750 to 999 lbs
1,000 to 9,999 lbs
10,000 to 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 6,181
50,000 to 99,999 lbs
100,000 lbs or more S S S S S S 2,815

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All shipment sizes 3,672 100.0 S S S S 78
Less than 50 lbs 426 11.6 22 0.2 S S 75
50 to 99 lbs 108 2.9 13 0.1 S S 53
100 to 499 lbs S S 79 0.6 S S 103
500 to 749 lbs 36 1.0 S S S S 104
750 to 999 lbs S S S S S S S
1,000 to 9,999 lbs 400 10.9 S S 50 6.0 S
10,000 to 49,999 lbs 871 23.7 S S S S S
50,000 to 99,999 lbs S S 1,912 15.4 S S S
100,000 lbs or more 73 2.0 714 5.7 S S 538

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.