Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 139,843 100.0 495,703 100.0 131,293 100.0 214
Single modes 130,528 93.3 479,467 96.7 124,940 95.2 109
Truck3 55,481 39.7 130,369 26.3 S S 93
For-hire Truck 32,211 23.0 73,918 14.9 S S 321
Private Truck 23,249 16.6 56,419 11.4 4,558 3.5 37
Rail 17,128 12.2 29,927 6.0 25,986 19.8 983
Water 35,103 25.1 220,917 44.6 55,069 41.9 S
Shallow draft 16,741 12.0 88,220 17.8 29,662 22.6 208
Great Lakes
Deep draft 18,362 13.1 132,697 26.8 25,407 19.4 S
Air (including truck and air) 133 0.1 5 6 1,364
Pipeline4 22,681 16.2 98,249 19.8 S S S
Multiple modes 5,644 4.0 3,780 0.8 5,521 4.2 601
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,792 3.4 193 110 599
Truck and rail 321 0.2 344 390 0.3 1,330
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,473
Rail and water S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3,672 2.6 S S S S 78

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 8,538 100.0 92,152 100.0 3,027 100.0 S
Single modes 8,525 99.9 92,043 99.9 2,984 98.6 76
Truck3 1,313 15.4 13,969 15.2 268 8.8 76
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 176
Private Truck S S S S S S 61
Rail
Water 7,212 84.5 78,074 84.7 2,716 89.7 30
Shallow draft S S S S S S 14
Great Lakes
Deep draft 6,318 74.0 69,645 75.6 2,605 86.1 36
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,309
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,309
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 93

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,655 100.0 33,110 100.0 1,126 100.0 78
Single modes 6,618 99.5 33,103 100.0 1,125 100.0 63
Truck3 S S S S S S 63
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 66
Private Truck 615 9.2 S S S S 63
Rail
Water 5,005 75.2 28,110 84.9 1,005 89.3 34
Shallow draft 332 5.0 1,637 4.9 S S 8
Great Lakes
Deep draft 4,673 70.2 26,473 80.0 996 88.5 37
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 958
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 958
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 34

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 10,013 100.0 S S S
Single modes S S 10,009 100.0 S S S
Truck3 920 85.7 7,373 73.6 S S 50
For-hire Truck 307 28.7 S S S S 258
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 870
Water S S S S S S 823
Shallow draft S S S S S S 938
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 20
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,801
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1,666
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6,921
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 774 100.0 295 100.0 168 100.0 S
Single modes 773 100.0 295 100.0 168 100.0 S
Truck3 773 100.0 295 100.0 168 100.0 S
For-hire Truck 264 34.2 160 54.0 148 88.3 565
Private Truck S S S S S S 95
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 668
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 668
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 266 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 263 98.8 S S S S S
Truck3 196 73.5 542 61.3 S S S
For-hire Truck 189 70.9 532 60.1 S S S
Private Truck S S S S S S 11
Rail S S S S S S 1,079
Water S S S S S S 23
Shallow draft S S S S S S 23
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,095
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,095
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 5

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,421 100.0 6,792 100.0 2,124 100.0 S
Single modes 4,316 97.6 6,705 98.7 2,088 98.3 S
Truck3 3,878 87.7 5,120 75.4 1,032 48.6 S
For-hire Truck 2,499 56.5 3,255 47.9 901 42.4 360
Private Truck 1,379 31.2 1,864 27.4 131 6.2 S
Rail 242 5.5 S S S S 1,035
Water S S S S S S 198
Shallow draft S S S S S S 198
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 698
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 79 1.2 S S 550
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 495
Truck and rail S S S S S S 688
Truck and water S S S S S S 285
Rail and water S S S S S S 313
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 100

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,202 100.0 599 100.0 16 100.0 31
Single modes 1,192 99.2 590 98.5 16 98.8 31
Truck3 1,192 99.2 590 98.5 16 98.8 31
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 7
Private Truck 1,192 99.1 590 98.4 16 98.8 31
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 825 100.0 13 100.0 S S 38
Single modes 824 99.9 13 99.9 S S 38
Truck3 824 99.9 13 99.9 S S 38
For-hire Truck
Private Truck 824 99.9 13 99.9 S S 38
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 10
Single modes S S S S S S 10
Truck3 S S S S S S 10
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 10
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 43 100.0 S S 1,177 100.0 S
Single modes 36 82.9 S S S S 45
Truck3 36 82.9 S S S S 45
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck 13 31.0 5,464 29.5 203 17.2 38
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1,141 6.2 S S 528

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 14,414 100.0 795 100.0 55
Single modes S S 13,148 91.2 764 96.1 57
Truck3 S S 13,148 91.2 764 96.1 57
For-hire Truck 38 27.0 4,778 33.1 291 36.6 59
Private Truck S S 8,370 58.1 473 59.5 56
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,272
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,272
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1,266 8.8 31 3.9 S

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 172 100.0 1,624 100.0 S S 134
Single modes 172 100.0 1,624 100.0 S S 134
Truck3 S S 819 50.4 112 10.9 122
For-hire Truck S S 503 31.0 88 8.6 275
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 987
Water S S S S S S 1,073
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,073
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 3
Private Truck S S S S 1 78.3 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 141
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 141
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 27
Single modes S S S S S S 27
Truck3 S S S S S S 27
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 27
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 22,070 100.0 98,439 100.0 26,403 100.0 32
Single modes 22,001 99.7 98,166 99.7 26,393 100.0 31
Truck3 2,451 11.1 8,022 8.1 379 1.4 19
For-hire Truck 769 3.5 2,414 2.5 65 0.2 24
Private Truck 1,682 7.6 5,608 5.7 S S 17
Rail S S S S S S 2,876
Water 6,040 27.4 30,534 31.0 19,116 72.4 551
Shallow draft 1,638 7.4 8,978 9.1 2,607 9.9 322
Great Lakes
Deep draft 4,402 19.9 21,556 21.9 16,509 62.5 713
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 13,466 61.0 59,322 60.3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,932
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,932
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 11,635 100.0 61,598 100.0 15,045 100.0 S
Single modes 11,396 97.9 60,302 97.9 12,323 81.9 S
Truck3 853 7.3 3,460 5.6 103 0.7 S
For-hire Truck 160 1.4 682 1.1 18 0.1 29
Private Truck 693 6.0 2,778 4.5 85 0.6 S
Rail S S S S S S 673
Water 6,862 59.0 38,504 62.5 11,244 74.7 S
Shallow draft 5,511 47.4 30,732 49.9 7,432 49.4 S
Great Lakes
Deep draft 1,351 11.6 7,772 12.6 3,812 25.3 606
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 3,667 31.5 18,261 29.6 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,936
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,921
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,814
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,727 100.0 33,916 100.0 10,284 100.0 S
Single modes 6,533 97.1 32,059 94.5 8,436 82.0 S
Truck3 S S 2,082 6.1 S S S
For-hire Truck S S 1,415 4.2 S S 491
Private Truck 249 3.7 667 2.0 83 0.8 S
Rail 602 8.9 1,315 3.9 747 7.3 687
Water 3,085 45.9 22,346 65.9 6,774 65.9 303
Shallow draft 2,171 32.3 16,720 49.3 5,485 53.3 313
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 1,401 20.8 6,316 18.6 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 614
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 513
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,992
Rail and water S S S S S S 81
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,801 100.0 47,127 100.0 18,671 100.0 288
Single modes 18,592 98.9 46,487 98.6 18,179 97.4 285
Truck3 4,869 25.9 8,251 17.5 2,634 14.1 238
For-hire Truck 4,228 22.5 4,471 9.5 1,607 8.6 405
Private Truck 641 3.4 S S S S 132
Rail 4,693 25.0 8,985 19.1 6,649 35.6 746
Water 4,972 26.4 15,635 33.2 8,728 46.7 510
Shallow draft 4,620 24.6 14,595 31.0 8,550 45.8 533
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 232
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,025
Pipeline4 4,057 21.6 13,616 28.9 S S S
Multiple modes 169 0.9 322 0.7 456 2.4 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,850
Truck and water S S S S S S 695
Rail and water S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,510
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 237
Truck3 S S S S S S 237
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 243
Private Truck S S S S S S 59
Rail S S S S S S 257
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 662
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 662
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 239

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,906 100.0 S S S S 326
Single modes 1,902 99.8 S S S S 323
Truck3 668 35.0 S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 718
Private Truck 62 3.2 344 1.5 S S S
Rail S S 2,146 9.3 2,138 8.0 941
Water 370 19.4 4,964 21.5 3,973 14.8 765
Shallow draft 370 19.4 4,964 21.5 3,973 14.8 765
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 90 4.7 735 3.2 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,106

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,084 100.0 2,345 100.0 1,994 100.0 271
Single modes 5,729 94.2 2,294 97.8 1,985 99.5 S
Truck3 3,862 63.5 1,111 47.4 796 39.9 193
For-hire Truck 3,630 59.7 1,028 43.8 791 39.7 555
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail 1,300 21.4 982 41.9 1,178 59.1 1,506
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 18
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,770
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 375
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 378
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,985 100.0 6,616 100.0 4,589 100.0 302
Single modes 6,236 89.3 6,381 96.4 4,524 98.6 193
Truck3 2,923 41.9 1,476 22.3 832 18.1 170
For-hire Truck 2,432 34.8 1,410 21.3 826 18.0 473
Private Truck 492 7.0 66 1.0 6 0.1 S
Rail 3,292 47.1 4,904 74.1 3,691 80.4 771
Water S S S S S S 2
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,011
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 61 1.3 529
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 528
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,811
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 4 S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 205 100.0 64
Single modes S S S S 202 98.5 65
Truck3 S S S S S S 58
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 89
Private Truck S S S S S S 46
Rail S S S S S S 1,058
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 45

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,365 100.0 9,658 100.0 4,145 100.0 S
Single modes 4,165 95.4 9,443 97.8 4,021 97.0 S
Truck3 3,442 78.9 7,354 76.1 1,706 41.1 S
For-hire Truck 708 16.2 3,049 31.6 838 20.2 310
Private Truck S S 4,304 44.6 S S S
Rail 723 16.6 2,090 21.6 2,315 55.9 1,117
Water S S S S S S 2
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,308
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 135 1.4 S S S

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,250 100.0 8,630 100.0 6,582 100.0 615
Single modes 4,169 98.1 8,464 98.1 6,450 98.0 597
Truck3 2,271 53.4 3,866 44.8 2,427 36.9 521
For-hire Truck 2,172 51.1 3,713 43.0 2,352 35.7 624
Private Truck 99 2.3 153 1.8 S S S
Rail 1,897 44.6 4,598 53.3 4,023 61.1 851
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,185
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 869
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 874
Truck and rail S S S S S S 813
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 630
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 3 S S S S S

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 653 100.0 505 100.0 S S 142
Single modes 641 98.2 501 99.1 S S 127
Truck3 641 98.2 501 99.1 S S 126
For-hire Truck S S 349 69.1 S S 414
Private Truck 258 39.6 151 30.0 S S 73
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,367
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 0.1 215
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 0.1 215
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 118

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 298 100.0 34 100.0 14 100.0 343
Single modes 245 82.4 30 89.6 13 93.3 341
Truck3 234 78.5 30 87.5 12 85.3 S
For-hire Truck S S 13 39.6 11 81.5 677
Private Truck 149 49.9 S S S S 39
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,397
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 41 13.8 3 7.7 1 6.6 439
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 13.8 3 7.7 1 6.6 439
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 103 100.0 61 100.0 565
Single modes S S 97 94.0 60 98.2 626
Truck3 S S 97 93.8 60 98.2 630
For-hire Truck S S 56 54.4 57 93.6 1,021
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 686
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 3 3.1 1 1.6 550
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 3 3.1 1 1.6 546
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,402
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 91

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,117 100.0 S S 625 100.0 S
Single modes 738 66.1 5,047 37.9 554 88.7 S
Truck3 725 64.9 4,816 36.1 372 59.6 S
For-hire Truck 349 31.3 1,711 12.8 265 42.3 S
Private Truck 357 32.0 3,075 23.1 106 17.0 S
Rail S S S S S S 825
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,173
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,786
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 318
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 7,556
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,550 100.0 2,181 100.0 656 100.0 S
Single modes 1,517 97.9 2,167 99.4 651 99.2 S
Truck3 1,310 84.5 1,950 89.4 379 57.8 S
For-hire Truck 494 31.8 846 38.8 300 45.7 303
Private Truck 816 52.6 1,104 50.6 79 12.1 S
Rail 61 4.0 109 5.0 S S 935
Water 144 9.3 107 4.9 125 19.0 1,163
Shallow draft 144 9.3 107 4.9 125 19.0 1,163
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,419
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 S S 549
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 S S 549
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,750 100.0 1,829 100.0 718 100.0 114
Single modes 3,235 86.3 1,629 89.1 559 77.9 S
Truck3 2,628 70.1 1,288 70.4 294 41.0 S
For-hire Truck 1,541 41.1 754 41.2 273 38.0 344
Private Truck 1,087 29.0 534 29.2 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 840
Water S S S S S S 9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 6
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 9
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,016
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 13 0.7 S S 214
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 13 0.7 S S 214
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 232
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,849 100.0 289 100.0 108 100.0 240
Single modes 2,368 83.1 264 91.5 96 88.8 168
Truck3 2,351 82.5 264 91.3 95 88.3 148
For-hire Truck 1,654 58.1 198 68.4 86 79.9 445
Private Truck 697 24.5 66 22.9 9 8.4 39
Rail S S S S S S 63
Water S S S S S S 2
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,566
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 384 13.5 15 5.0 7 6.2 356
Parcel, USPS or courier 384 13.5 15 5.0 7 6.2 356
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,703
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 97 3.4 S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,131 100.0 268 100.0 118 100.0 99
Single modes 1,530 71.8 247 92.1 111 94.1 S
Truck3 1,464 68.7 237 88.2 102 86.4 S
For-hire Truck 786 36.9 141 52.6 100 84.6 S
Private Truck 678 31.8 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 859
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,217
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 558 26.2 S S S S 300
Parcel, USPS or courier 558 26.2 S S S S 300
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 265
Truck3 1,844 35.7 366 44.7 160 23.5 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 572
Private Truck 633 12.3 187 22.8 33 4.8 62
Rail S S S S S S 1,246
Water S S S S S S 2
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,177
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 259
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 243
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,711
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 14

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 585
Single modes S S S S S S 157
Truck3 S S S S S S 158
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 158
Private Truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 38
Shallow draft S S S S S S 38
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,196
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,196
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,101 100.0 16 100.0 S S 401
Single modes 442 40.2 7 46.7 S S 108
Truck3 434 39.4 7 46.2 S S 109
For-hire Truck 278 25.2 5 30.7 S S 144
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S 2
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 321
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 638 57.9 S S S S 451
Parcel, USPS or courier 638 57.9 S S S S 451
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 48

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 445 100.0 42 100.0 4 100.0 114
Single modes 419 94.1 41 97.2 4 91.9 S
Truck3 418 94.0 41 97.2 4 91.6 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 637
Private Truck 389 87.5 40 94.9 3 69.7 25
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,515
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 1.8 S S 371
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 1.8 S S 371
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 9

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,222 100.0 275 100.0 114 100.0 687
Single modes 1,241 38.5 192 69.9 68 59.5 101
Truck3 1,203 37.3 190 69.2 66 58.1 83
For-hire Truck S S S S 56 48.9 458
Private Truck 529 16.4 91 33.2 S S 24
Rail S S S S S S 2,019
Water S S S S S S 7
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 7
Air (including truck and air) 15 0.5 S S 1,462
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,530 47.5 49 17.7 S S 955
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,530 47.5 49 17.7 S S 955
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S 30 12.7 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 150
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 716
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,341 100.0 1,647 100.0 205 100.0 157
Single modes 3,800 87.5 1,528 92.8 189 92.2 71
Truck3 3,799 87.5 1,528 92.8 189 92.2 71
For-hire Truck 270 6.2 37 2.3 S S 413
Private Truck 3,528 81.3 1,491 90.5 174 85.2 31
Rail
Water S S S S S S 90
Shallow draft S S S S S S 222
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 11 0.7 S S 696
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 11 0.7 S S 696
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 108 100.0 216 100.0 S S S
Single modes 101 93.5 205 95.0 S S S
Truck3 60 55.9 74 34.2 S S S
For-hire Truck S S 39 18.1 6 6.5 607
Private Truck 35 32.3 35 16.1 2 2.5 S
Rail 33 30.8 S S S S 846
Water S S S S S S 38
Shallow draft S S S S S S 38
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 287
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.