Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 13 - Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 139,843 100.0 495,703 100.0 131,293 100.0 214
Single modes 130,528 93.3 479,467 96.7 124,940 95.2 109
Truck 55,481 39.7 130,369 26.3 S S 93
For-hire truck 32,211 23.0 73,918 14.9 S S 321
Private truck 23,249 16.6 56,419 11.4 4,558 3.5 37
Rail 17,128 12.2 29,927 6.0 25,986 19.8 983
Water 35,103 25.1 220,917 44.6 55,069 41.9 S
Shallow draft 16,741 12.0 88,220 17.8 29,662 22.6 208
Great Lakes
Deep draft 18,362 13.1 132,697 26.8 25,407 19.4 S
Air (including truck and air) 133 0.1 5 6 1,364
Pipeline3 22,681 16.2 98,249 19.8 S S S
Multiple modes 5,644 4.0 3,780 0.8 5,521 4.2 601
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,792 3.4 193 110 599
Truck and rail 321 0.2 344 390 0.3 1,330
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,473
Rail and water S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3,672 2.6 S S S S 78

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,802 100.0 3,058 100.0 1,337 100.0 280
Single modes 2,455 64.6 3,021 98.8 1,328 99.3 261
Truck 1,694 44.6 876 28.6 272 20.4 245
For-hire truck S S 720 23.5 226 16.9 255
Private truck 230 6.1 156 5.1 46 3.5 173
Rail 399 10.5 755 24.7 371 27.8 492
Water 358 9.4 S S S S 467
Shallow draft 358 9.4 S S S S 467
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,649
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 261 6.9 S S 3 0.3 330
Parcel, USPS or courier 261 6.9 S S 3 0.3 330
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 228

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,169
Single modes S S S S S S 2,292
Truck S S S S S S 2,192
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,192
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,138
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,138
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,136
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 4,951
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,350

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 441 100.0 677 100.0 955 100.0 1,470
Single modes 395 89.5 611 90.2 849 88.9 1,631
Truck 242 54.9 206 30.4 288 30.2 1,366
For-hire truck 232 52.5 160 23.7 218 22.8 1,358
Private truck 10 2.4 S S S S 1,418
Rail 150 33.9 405 59.8 561 58.7 1,446
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,533
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 46 10.5 S S S S 1,429
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 5.7 1 0.1 S S 1,427
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,606
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,604 100.0 3,710 100.0 1,365 100.0 350
Single modes 1,478 92.1 3,641 98.1 1,342 98.4 335
Truck 1,294 80.7 2,683 72.3 869 63.7 278
For-hire truck 871 54.3 1,292 34.8 450 33.0 270
Private truck S S S S S S 294
Rail 153 9.6 670 18.1 267 19.5 395
Water S S S S S S 716
Shallow draft S S S S S S 716
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,375
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 118 7.3 S S S S 363
Parcel, USPS or courier 66 4.1 5 0.1 2 0.1 362
Truck and rail S S S S S S 645
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 241

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,505 100.0 2,574 100.0 5,772 100.0 1,933
Single modes 2,139 85.4 2,492 96.8 5,605 97.1 1,995
Truck 1,003 40.0 646 25.1 1,212 21.0 1,949
For-hire truck 952 38.0 610 23.7 1,147 19.9 1,950
Private truck S S S S S S 1,930
Rail 1,074 42.9 1,579 61.3 3,033 52.5 1,963
Water S S S S S S 5,099
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 5,099
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,743
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 338 13.5 S S S S 1,901
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 0.1 5 1,903
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,788
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,020

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 242 100.0 244 100.0 298 100.0 1,294
Single modes 147 60.8 207 84.6 250 84.0 1,366
Truck 118 48.9 129 53.0 158 52.9 1,318
For-hire truck 110 45.5 114 46.5 139 46.7 1,323
Private truck S S S S S S 1,147
Rail 28 11.8 77 31.6 93 31.1 1,200
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,879
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.5 2 0.6 1,277
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.5 2 0.6 1,277
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,301

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 90 100.0 89 100.0 141 100.0 1,410
Single modes 81 90.2 89 99.8 140 99.8 1,503
Truck 69 77.0 S S S S 1,491
For-hire truck 61 67.6 S S S S 1,495
Private truck S S S S S S 1,394
Rail 12 13.1 S S S S 1,783
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,602
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,388
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,388
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,446

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 93 100.0 132 100.0 1,256
Single modes 40 98.9 93 99.8 131 99.9 1,273
Truck S S S S S S 1,258
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,258
Private truck
Rail 31 77.5 92 98.7 130 98.9 1,413
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,202
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,202
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 S S S S 1,150
Single modes 10 79.1 S S S S 1,164
Truck 10 76.8 S S S S 1,146
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,073
Private truck S S S S S S 1,149
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,247
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,111
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,111
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,132 100.0 27,318 100.0 19,884 100.0 531
Single modes 6,886 96.5 27,205 99.6 19,801 99.6 406
Truck 1,324 18.6 615 2.2 403 2.0 389
For-hire truck 1,236 17.3 554 2.0 362 1.8 381
Private truck 89 1.2 60 0.2 40 0.2 499
Rail 363 5.1 725 2.7 701 3.5 985
Water 5,199 72.9 25,865 94.7 18,698 94.0 638
Shallow draft S S S S S S 372
Great Lakes
Deep draft 4,889 68.5 24,464 89.6 18,176 91.4 720
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,890
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 184 2.6 S S S S 694
Parcel, USPS or courier 178 2.5 6 4 694
Truck and rail S S S S S S 975
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 604

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,259 100.0 2,894 100.0 1,875 100.0 600
Single modes 2,022 89.5 2,880 99.5 1,867 99.6 686
Truck 1,268 56.1 842 29.1 484 25.8 597
For-hire truck 1,237 54.8 805 27.8 463 24.7 597
Private truck S S 37 1.3 21 1.1 579
Rail 697 30.8 1,777 61.4 1,236 65.9 711
Water S S S S S S 609
Shallow draft S S S S S S 609
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 0.1 S S S S 1,368
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 226 10.0 10 0.4 6 0.3 566
Parcel, USPS or courier 219 9.7 9 0.3 4 0.2 566
Truck and rail S S S S S S 840
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 541

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 5,264
Single modes S S S S S S 7,068
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 7,068
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 7,068
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,220
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,597
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,943
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6,921
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,166
Single modes 32 58.9 S S S S 2,185
Truck S S S S S S 2,144
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,144
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,960
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,789
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,163
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,163
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,020 100.0 8,630 100.0 8,827 100.0 856
Single modes 3,854 95.9 8,530 98.8 8,712 98.7 864
Truck 818 20.3 906 10.5 712 8.1 826
For-hire truck 790 19.7 631 7.3 501 5.7 836
Private truck 28 0.7 S S S S 767
Rail 1,347 33.5 1,599 18.5 1,500 17.0 926
Water S S 3,420 39.6 4,294 48.6 1,228
Shallow draft S S 3,420 39.6 4,294 48.6 1,228
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,123
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 145 3.6 S S S S 858
Parcel, USPS or courier 123 3.1 3 3 857
Truck and rail S S S S S S 941
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,292
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 822

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 871 100.0 690 100.0 606 100.0 894
Single modes 810 93.0 683 99.1 600 99.1 881
Truck 406 46.6 160 23.2 131 21.7 861
For-hire truck 377 43.3 155 22.5 128 21.1 862
Private truck S S S S S S 802
Rail S S 364 52.8 350 57.7 903
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,240
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 41 4.7 S S S S 896
Parcel, USPS or courier 41 4.7 S S S S 896
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 903

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,283 100.0 1,360 100.0 1,545 100.0 1,014
Single modes 1,270 99.0 1,332 97.9 1,509 97.6 1,015
Truck 394 30.7 187 13.8 177 11.4 961
For-hire truck 372 29.0 185 13.6 174 11.3 963
Private truck S S S S S S 940
Rail S S 761 55.9 896 58.0 1,157
Water S S S S S S 1,236
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,236
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,345
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 13 1.0 S S S S 1,013
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 0.8 1 S S 1,012
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,309
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 451 100.0 462 100.0 395 100.0 762
Single modes 441 97.8 462 99.9 395 99.9 743
Truck 289 64.0 123 26.6 83 21.0 707
For-hire truck 230 51.0 98 21.1 67 16.9 709
Private truck S S S S S S 631
Rail 152 33.8 339 73.3 312 78.9 896
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,224
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 10 2.2 S S S S 777
Parcel, USPS or courier 10 2.2 S S S S 777
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,672 100.0 7,253 100.0 7,035 100.0 771
Single modes 1,644 98.3 7,243 99.9 7,028 99.9 819
Truck 307 18.3 153 2.1 108 1.5 753
For-hire truck 288 17.2 143 2.0 102 1.5 759
Private truck S S 10 0.1 6 624
Rail 374 22.4 S S S S 859
Water 963 57.6 4,467 61.6 4,673 66.4 1,043
Shallow draft 963 57.6 4,467 61.6 4,673 66.4 1,043
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 735
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 28 1.7 S S S S 750
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 1.7 S S S S 750
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 740

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 76,181 100.0 345,241 100.0 11,775 100.0 34
Single modes 72,754 95.5 333,565 96.6 11,619 98.7 31
Truck 29,579 38.8 89,873 26.0 3,012 25.6 31
For-hire truck 10,476 13.8 42,715 12.4 1,475 12.5 64
Private truck 19,084 25.1 47,127 13.7 1,536 13.0 27
Rail 1,638 2.2 2,426 0.7 240 2.0 92
Water 23,022 30.2 160,403 46.5 7,153 60.7 S
Shallow draft 9,905 13.0 53,532 15.5 3,338 28.3 28
Great Lakes
Deep draft 13,117 17.2 106,871 31.0 3,815 32.4 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 673
Pipeline3 18,516 24.3 80,863 23.4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,407 1.8 87 S S 87
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,398 1.8 56 5 87
Truck and rail S S S S S S 166
Truck and water S S S S S S 232
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 2,020 2.7 S S 145 1.2 11

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 S S S S 1,788
Single modes 37 77.4 S S S S 1,714
Truck S S S S S S 1,713
For-hire truck 8 16.8 S S S S 1,786
Private truck S S S S S S 1,700
Rail S S S S S S 1,742
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 22.6 S S S S 1,800
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 22.6 S S S S 1,800
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 285 100.0 S S S S 1,163
Single modes 209 73.3 S S S S 1,184
Truck 182 64.0 S S S S 1,176
For-hire truck 151 52.8 S S S S 1,173
Private truck S S S S S S 1,205
Rail S S S S S S 1,354
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,301
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,169
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,164
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,236
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,992
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,139

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 248 100.0 253 100.0 421 100.0 1,567
Single modes 232 93.4 194 76.6 331 78.7 1,559
Truck 152 61.1 66 25.9 101 24.0 1,545
For-hire truck 152 61.1 66 25.9 101 24.0 1,545
Private truck
Rail 80 32.2 128 50.6 230 54.7 1,797
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,458
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 6.2 S S S S 1,575
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 5.7 1,575
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,654
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,510

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,960 100.0 1,156 100.0 1,316 100.0 1,132
Single modes 1,878 95.8 1,074 92.9 1,232 93.6 1,142
Truck 414 21.1 202 17.5 221 16.8 1,100
For-hire truck 398 20.3 194 16.7 211 16.1 1,101
Private truck 16 0.8 9 0.8 10 0.7 1,066
Rail S S 627 54.2 765 58.1 1,184
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,147
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 80 4.1 S S S S 1,130
Parcel, USPS or courier 74 3.8 3 0.3 3 0.3 1,130
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,130
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 991

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 706 100.0 540 100.0 S S 1,212
Single modes 662 93.7 514 95.3 S S 1,278
Truck 139 19.7 92 17.0 103 12.7 1,234
For-hire truck 131 18.5 90 16.6 101 12.4 1,245
Private truck S S S S S S 1,191
Rail S S 101 18.8 131 16.1 1,290
Water S S S S S S 1,701
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,701
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,416
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 42 5.9 S S S S 1,180
Parcel, USPS or courier 42 5.9 S S S S 1,180
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,305

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 5,011 100.0 14,659 100.0 2,369 100.0 153
Single modes 4,729 94.4 14,590 99.5 2,361 99.7 119
Truck 2,050 40.9 4,159 28.4 630 26.6 115
For-hire truck 1,156 23.1 2,981 20.3 488 20.6 180
Private truck 893 17.8 1,178 8.0 143 6.0 99
Rail 585 11.7 1,469 10.0 495 20.9 345
Water S S 635 4.3 S S 349
Shallow draft S S 635 4.3 S S 349
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 694
Pipeline3 1,947 38.8 8,327 56.8 S S S
Multiple modes 214 4.3 S S S S 195
Parcel, USPS or courier 210 4.2 10 2 195
Truck and rail S S S S S S 155
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 4 0.2 117

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,055 100.0 2,503 100.0 2,107 100.0 703
Single modes 1,958 95.3 2,358 94.2 2,011 95.5 761
Truck 1,466 71.3 717 28.6 490 23.3 658
For-hire truck 1,339 65.2 562 22.5 408 19.4 668
Private truck S S 155 6.2 82 3.9 556
Rail 336 16.3 496 19.8 394 18.7 779
Water 143 6.9 1,075 42.9 1,080 51.3 1,005
Shallow draft 143 6.9 1,075 42.9 1,080 51.3 1,005
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,145
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 53 2.6 1 1 682
Parcel, USPS or courier 53 2.6 1 1 682
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 661

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,075
Single modes S S S S S S 2,053
Truck S S S S S S 1,990
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,990
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,927
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,477
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,075
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,075
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,183

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 122 100.0 445 100.0 440 100.0 989
Single modes 112 92.0 428 96.3 421 95.6 1,011
Truck 64 52.7 59 13.3 54 12.2 979
For-hire truck 59 48.7 34 7.7 30 6.8 982
Private truck S S S S S S 953
Rail S S S S S S 1,202
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 9 7.0 S S S S 981
Parcel, USPS or courier 9 7.0 S S S S 981
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,173

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 80 100.0 70 100.0 138 100.0 1,789
Single modes 61 76.1 62 88.7 120 87.2 1,894
Truck 56 70.3 43 61.5 80 58.5 1,880
For-hire truck 56 70.1 40 56.9 75 54.5 1,886
Private truck S S S S S S 1,735
Rail S S S S S S 2,071
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,176
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,783
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,782
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,296
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 78 100.0 101 100.0 182 100.0 1,630
Single modes 66 84.2 101 99.9 182 99.9 1,690
Truck S S S S S S 1,634
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,626
Private truck S S S S S S 1,674
Rail S S S S S S 1,829
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,624
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,624
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,929 100.0 S S S S 1,331
Single modes 1,835 95.2 S S S S 1,353
Truck 872 45.2 S S S S 1,331
For-hire truck 851 44.1 S S S S 1,330
Private truck S S S S S S 1,340
Rail 369 19.1 539 3.1 799 3.3 1,484
Water S S S S S S 2,121
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 2,121
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,430
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 93 4.8 S S S S 1,318
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 1.7 1 2 1,317
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,364
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,815
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,368

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 52 100.0 52 100.0 988
Single modes 41 84.9 49 94.3 49 94.2 1,040
Truck 38 78.2 42 80.6 41 79.8 1,040
For-hire truck 34 69.9 32 61.2 33 63.1 1,066
Private truck S S S S S S 866
Rail S S S S S S 1,054
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 982
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 982
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,041

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,257 100.0 942 100.0 S S 1,409
Single modes 1,052 83.7 512 54.4 735 37.9 1,400
Truck 606 48.2 262 27.8 352 18.1 1,363
For-hire truck 593 47.2 256 27.2 343 17.7 1,361
Private truck S S S S S S 1,416
Rail 446 35.5 250 26.5 383 19.8 1,506
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,440
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 199 15.8 S S S S 1,411
Parcel, USPS or courier 154 12.2 3 0.3 4 0.2 1,411
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,814
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,436

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 944 100.0 1,388 100.0 1,271 100.0 881
Single modes 853 90.4 1,386 99.8 1,269 99.9 861
Truck 500 53.0 434 31.2 369 29.0 846
For-hire truck 485 51.4 411 29.6 350 27.5 846
Private truck 15 1.6 23 1.6 19 1.5 825
Rail 256 27.1 567 40.8 570 44.9 1,012
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,249
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 91 9.6 2 0.2 2 0.1 888
Parcel, USPS or courier 91 9.6 2 0.2 2 0.1 888
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 886

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,710
Single modes S S S S S S 1,808
Truck S S S S S S 1,772
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,772
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,446
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,927
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,591
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,591
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,038 100.0 4,526 100.0 6,270 100.0 1,022
Single modes 1,947 95.5 4,523 99.9 6,267 100.0 1,049
Truck 666 32.7 280 6.2 275 4.4 1,019
For-hire truck 642 31.5 266 5.9 262 4.2 1,021
Private truck S S S S S S 986
Rail 744 36.5 1,242 27.4 1,429 22.8 1,090
Water S S S S S S 1,483
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,483
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,058
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 91 4.4 3 3 1,016
Parcel, USPS or courier 91 4.4 3 3 1,016
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 875

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,038 100.0 1,827 100.0 1,285 100.0 557
Single modes 858 82.7 1,805 98.8 1,272 99.0 476
Truck 664 64.0 701 38.4 278 21.6 469
For-hire truck 480 46.3 303 16.6 145 11.3 441
Private truck S S S S S S 516
Rail 81 7.8 202 11.0 125 9.7 600
Water S S S S S S 963
Shallow draft S S S S S S 963
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 0.3 3 0.2 588
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.3 3 0.2 588
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 597

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 278 100.0 166 100.0 422 100.0 2,567
Single modes 245 87.9 150 90.4 382 90.4 2,576
Truck 110 39.5 55 33.1 134 31.8 2,574
For-hire truck 104 37.3 S S S S 2,591
Private truck 6 2.2 S S S S 2,404
Rail 134 48.3 95 57.3 248 58.6 2,594
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,768
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 16 5.9 0.1 0.1 2,565
Parcel, USPS or courier 16 5.9 0.1 0.1 2,565
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,555

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,112 100.0 1,021 100.0 1,517 100.0 1,218
Single modes 937 84.2 1,008 98.7 1,501 98.9 1,222
Truck 462 41.6 230 22.5 278 18.4 1,176
For-hire truck 453 40.7 225 22.0 272 17.9 1,175
Private truck S S S S S S 1,250
Rail 397 35.7 504 49.4 731 48.2 1,450
Water S S S S S S 1,812
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,812
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,348
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 175 15.7 S S S S 1,216
Parcel, USPS or courier 173 15.6 3 0.3 3 0.2 1,216
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,267
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,212

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 35 100.0 61 100.0 1,643
Single modes S S 35 99.9 61 99.9 1,719
Truck S S 5 15.5 8 13.6 1,668
For-hire truck S S 5 15.5 8 13.6 1,668
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,773
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,618
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,618
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 755 100.0 1,101 100.0 930 100.0 766
Single modes 703 93.1 1,080 98.1 915 98.3 814
Truck 354 46.9 287 26.0 216 23.2 740
For-hire truck 337 44.6 255 23.1 192 20.7 738
Private truck S S S S S S 752
Rail 347 46.0 794 72.1 699 75.1 882
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,296
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 50 6.6 S S S S 750
Parcel, USPS or courier 36 4.7 S S S S 750
Truck and rail S S S S S S 787
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 2 0.3 S S S S 794

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,133
Single modes S S S S S S 1,103
Truck S S S S S S 1,004
For-hire truck S S S S S S 996
Private truck S S S S S S 1,084
Rail S S S S S S 1,165
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,146
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,146
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 940

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,760 100.0 4,510 100.0 2,975 100.0 561
Single modes 1,609 91.4 4,342 96.3 2,862 96.2 566
Truck 792 45.0 960 21.3 570 19.1 566
For-hire truck 719 40.8 618 13.7 342 11.5 557
Private truck 73 4.1 S S S S 600
Rail 514 29.2 825 18.3 498 16.7 586
Water S S S S S S 626
Shallow draft S S S S S S 626
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 426
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 133 7.5 S S S S 559
Parcel, USPS or courier 121 6.9 5 0.1 3 559
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 724
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 524

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 12,651 100.0 32,726 100.0 10,906 100.0 345
Single modes 11,714 92.6 31,639 96.7 10,716 98.3 315
Truck 6,162 48.7 8,763 26.8 2,528 23.2 292
For-hire truck 4,491 35.5 3,849 11.8 1,305 12.0 348
Private truck 1,669 13.2 4,914 15.0 1,223 11.2 183
Rail 1,932 15.3 4,788 14.6 1,863 17.1 420
Water 2,641 20.9 14,618 44.7 5,623 51.6 367
Shallow draft 2,638 20.9 14,486 44.3 5,535 50.8 358
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 667
Air (including truck and air) 30 0.2 1 1 1,125
Pipeline3 948 7.5 3,469 10.6 S S S
Multiple modes 781 6.2 S S S S 383
Parcel, USPS or courier 540 4.3 27 12 0.1 383
Truck and rail S S S S S S 681
Truck and water S S S S S S 375
Rail and water S S S S S S 380
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 156 1.2 S S 42 0.4 395

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 110 100.0 S S S S 1,759
Single modes 107 97.2 S S S S 1,807
Truck 64 57.5 S S S S 1,736
For-hire truck 62 55.8 S S S S 1,736
Private truck S S S S S S 1,789
Rail S S S S S S 1,682
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,254
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 3 2.8 S S S S 1,731
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 2.8 S S S S 1,731
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,556
Single modes S S S S S S 1,566
Truck S S S S S S 1,566
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,566
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,555
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,555
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,789

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 894 100.0 S S S S 1,093
Single modes 673 75.3 978 56.6 1,103 43.3 1,115
Truck 214 23.9 124 7.2 129 5.1 1,039
For-hire truck 201 22.5 119 6.9 123 4.8 1,039
Private truck S S S S S S 1,065
Rail 409 45.8 664 38.4 794 31.1 1,261
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,189
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,086
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,077
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,932
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 482 100.0 S S S S 2,572
Single modes 407 84.4 S S S S 2,639
Truck 103 21.3 60 11.4 153 10.5 2,636
For-hire truck 99 20.6 45 8.5 115 7.9 2,641
Private truck S S S S S S 2,539
Rail 303 63.0 S S S S 2,616
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,839
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 73 15.2 S S S S 2,558
Parcel, USPS or courier 73 15.2 S S S S 2,558
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,029
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,610

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 391 100.0 724 100.0 958 100.0 1,039
Single modes 368 94.1 723 99.9 957 99.9 1,006
Truck 82 21.1 S S S S 965
For-hire truck 82 21.0 S S S S 964
Private truck S S S S S S 1,137
Rail 173 44.2 332 45.9 409 42.7 1,235
Water S S S S S S 1,545
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,545
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 23 5.9 1 0.1 1 1,049
Parcel, USPS or courier 23 5.9 1 0.1 1 1,049
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 640 100.0 1,474 100.0 1,802 100.0 1,109
Single modes 575 89.9 1,442 97.8 1,769 98.2 1,119
Truck 328 51.3 194 13.2 205 11.3 1,099
For-hire truck 317 49.5 188 12.8 198 11.0 1,100
Private truck 11 1.7 S S S S 1,072
Rail 215 33.6 S S S S 1,180
Water S S S S S S 1,527
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,527
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,725
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,106
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,106
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,022

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 40 100.0 23 100.0 37 100.0 1,584
Single modes 21 52.2 S S S S 1,567
Truck 9 23.4 S S S S 1,555
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,572
Private truck S S S S S S 1,431
Rail S S S S S S 1,620
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,584
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,584
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.