Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 159,495 100.0 561,053 100.0 253,014 100.0 405
Single modes 143,696 90.1 513,109 91.5 192,738 76.2 168
Truck 79,306 49.7 131,068 23.4 21,366 8.4 135
For-hire truck 46,938 29.4 67,335 12.0 15,180 6.0 434
Private truck 32,198 20.2 63,655 11.3 6,168 2.4 51
Rail 10,302 6.5 33,355 5.9 36,063 14.3 683
Water 34,333 21.5 266,795 47.6 132,906 52.5 428
Shallow draft 21,145 13.3 159,474 28.4 128,842 50.9 712
Great Lakes
Deep draft 13,187 8.3 107,320 19.1 4,063 1.6 S
Air (including truck and air) 964 0.6 15 24 1,645
Pipeline3 18,791 11.8 81,877 14.6 S S S
Multiple modes 12,623 7.9 S S S S 807
Parcel, USPS or courier 10,153 6.4 313 217 806
Truck and Rail 792 0.5 350 335 0.1 1,076
Truck and water 876 0.5 S S S S 1,855
Rail and water 647 0.4 S S S S 1,690
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 3,176 2.0 S S 1,853 0.7 104

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,266 100.0 6,871 100.0 3,437 100.0 318
Single modes 2,849 87.2 6,842 99.6 3,427 99.7 324
Truck 2,202 67.4 1,951 28.4 565 16.4 274
For-hire truck 1,383 42.4 1,051 15.3 365 10.6 296
Private truck 819 25.1 S S S S 253
Rail S S S S S S 536
Water S S S S S S 611
Shallow draft S S S S S S 631
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 213
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,316
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 352 10.8 S S S S 314
Parcel, USPS or courier 338 10.4 S S S S 314
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 238
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 12 0.2 5 0.1 336

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,843
Single modes S S S S S S 3,963
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 3,963
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,482
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,482
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 199 100.0 10 100.0 15 100.0 1,415
Single modes 50 25.1 9 82.0 12 82.2 1,442
Truck 50 25.1 9 82.0 12 82.2 1,438
For-hire truck 50 25.0 S S S S 1,439
Private truck S S S S S S 1,278
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,956
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,414
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,414
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,419 100.0 9,439 100.0 2,616 100.0 309
Single modes 2,235 92.4 9,329 98.8 2,579 98.6 249
Truck 2,148 88.8 S S 943 36.0 245
For-hire truck 1,673 69.2 S S 814 31.1 244
Private truck 474 19.6 577 6.1 129 4.9 246
Rail S S S S 208 8.0 331
Water S S 2,014 21.3 1,427 54.5 669
Shallow draft S S 2,014 21.3 1,427 54.5 669
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,116
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 145 6.0 S S S S 425
Parcel, USPS or courier 119 4.9 7 3 0.1 425
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 490
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 253

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,029 100.0 S S S S 1,940
Single modes S S S S S S 2,194
Truck S S 368 12.0 730 9.4 1,872
For-hire truck S S 367 12.0 727 9.4 1,872
Private truck S S S S S S 1,874
Rail 85 2.1 S S S S 2,124
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,863
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1,203 29.9 S S S S 1,871
Parcel, USPS or courier 917 22.8 13 0.4 24 0.3 1,870
Truck and Rail 13 0.3 S S S S 2,246
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,123
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,478
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 39 1.3 77 1.0 1,793

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 244 100.0 S S S S 1,173
Single modes 152 62.3 S S S S 1,418
Truck S S S S S S 1,295
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,281
Private truck S S S S S S 1,367
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,887
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 92 37.7 S S S S 1,166
Parcel, USPS or courier 92 37.7 S S S S 1,166
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,095

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 121 100.0 10 100.0 15 100.0 1,474
Single modes 37 30.5 8 72.7 11 71.6 1,474
Truck 34 27.8 7 71.5 11 70.4 1,444
For-hire truck 29 23.9 7 64.3 10 63.5 1,444
Private truck S S S S S S 1,425
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,579
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 84 69.5 3 27.3 4 28.4 1,474
Parcel, USPS or courier 84 69.5 3 27.3 4 28.4 1,474
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,461

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 72 100.0 S S S S 1,247
Single modes S S S S S S 1,236
Truck S S S S S S 1,223
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,223
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,417
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,331
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,254
Parcel, USPS or courier 8 10.6 0.6 0.6 1,247
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,317
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,177

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S 100.0 1,143
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 100.0 1,143
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 100.0 1,143
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,738 100.0 1,530 100.0 980 100.0 793
Single modes 1,419 81.6 1,521 99.4 974 99.4 821
Truck 1,225 70.5 837 54.7 578 59.0 740
For-hire truck 1,120 64.5 740 48.4 531 54.1 760
Private truck 99 5.7 92 6.0 44 4.5 482
Rail 93 5.4 S S S S 604
Water S S S S S S 545
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 545
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,467
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 308 17.7 6 0.4 4 0.4 789
Parcel, USPS or courier 308 17.7 6 0.4 4 0.4 789
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 696

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4,676 100.0 1,560 100.0 983 100.0 550
Single modes S S 1,536 98.4 970 98.7 563
Truck S S 1,043 66.9 592 60.2 551
For-hire truck S S 882 56.5 505 51.4 569
Private truck 330 7.1 162 10.4 87 8.8 523
Rail 257 5.5 492 31.5 377 38.4 756
Water S S S S S S 610
Shallow draft S S S S S S 610
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 S S 934
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 488 10.4 S S S S 547
Parcel, USPS or courier 480 10.3 9 0.6 5 0.5 547
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 529
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 5 0.3 3 0.3 540

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,687
Single modes S S S S S S 4,457
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,457
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 4,737
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 4,493
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,761
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 155 100.0 128 100.0 284 100.0 2,363
Single modes 149 96.2 112 87.1 240 84.5 2,456
Truck 51 33.2 36 27.7 72 25.3 2,017
For-hire truck 44 28.6 24 18.9 48 17.1 2,012
Private truck S S S S S S 2,047
Rail S S S S S S 2,294
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,533
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,176
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 1.8 S S S S 2,175
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,671
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,032

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,228 100.0 43,486 100.0 50,479 100.0 891
Single modes 5,827 80.6 35,693 82.1 41,018 81.3 939
Truck 2,027 28.0 1,697 3.9 1,431 2.8 883
For-hire truck 1,694 23.4 1,666 3.8 1,410 2.8 887
Private truck 333 4.6 31 22 793
Rail 216 3.0 S S S S 846
Water 3,573 49.4 33,040 76.0 38,777 76.8 1,177
Shallow draft 3,573 49.4 33,040 76.0 38,777 76.8 1,177
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,098
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,389 19.2 7,782 17.9 9,450 18.7 873
Parcel, USPS or courier 479 6.6 9 8 868
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,148
Truck and water 686 9.5 S S S S 1,320
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,138
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1,329
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 868

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,396 100.0 3,922 100.0 3,846 100.0 776
Single modes 1,029 73.7 3,456 88.1 3,530 91.8 922
Truck 442 31.7 139 3.6 118 3.1 889
For-hire truck 408 29.2 117 3.0 102 2.6 876
Private truck 34 2.4 S S S S 968
Rail 232 16.7 411 10.5 386 10.0 939
Water 350 25.1 2,906 74.1 3,026 78.7 1,042
Shallow draft 350 25.1 2,906 74.1 3,026 78.7 1,042
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,153
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 770
Parcel, USPS or courier 177 12.7 6 0.2 5 0.1 769
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,063
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 792

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,548 100.0 12,598 100.0 16,164 100.0 961
Single modes 2,431 95.4 12,096 96.0 15,460 95.6 1,077
Truck 363 14.3 256 2.0 242 1.5 979
For-hire truck 361 14.2 255 2.0 242 1.5 971
Private truck S S S S S S 1,020
Rail S S S S S S 1,196
Water 1,063 41.7 8,388 66.6 10,999 68.0 1,309
Shallow draft 1,063 41.7 8,388 66.6 10,999 68.0 1,309
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,674
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 920
Parcel, USPS or courier 27 1.1 2 2 919
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,406
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,076

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,630 100.0 4,192 100.0 4,844 100.0 898
Single modes 1,526 93.7 4,003 95.5 S S 1,100
Truck 1,209 74.2 S S S S 869
For-hire truck 946 58.0 S S S S 875
Private truck S S 40 0.9 32 0.7 794
Rail S S S S S S 984
Water S S S S S S 1,415
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,415
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,450
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 3.2 2 2 864
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 3.2 2 2 864
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 658

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,145 100.0 7,509 100.0 6,851 100.0 744
Single modes 1,986 92.6 7,330 97.6 6,687 97.6 780
Truck 1,356 63.2 522 7.0 395 5.8 762
For-hire truck S S 379 5.1 285 4.2 770
Private truck S S S S S S 680
Rail S S S S S S 694
Water 600 28.0 6,099 81.2 5,835 85.2 956
Shallow draft 600 28.0 6,099 81.2 5,835 85.2 956
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,057
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 146 6.8 S S S S 734
Parcel, USPS or courier 142 6.6 4 3 734
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,102
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,163
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 756

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 76,181 100.0 345,241 100.0 11,775 100.0 34
Single modes 72,754 95.5 333,565 96.6 11,619 98.7 31
Truck 29,579 38.8 89,873 26.0 3,012 25.6 31
For-hire truck 10,476 13.8 42,715 12.4 1,475 12.5 64
Private truck 19,084 25.1 47,127 13.7 1,536 13.0 27
Rail 1,638 2.2 2,426 0.7 240 2.0 92
Water 23,022 30.2 160,403 46.5 7,153 60.7 S
Shallow draft 9,905 13.0 53,532 15.5 3,338 28.3 28
Great Lakes
Deep draft 13,117 17.2 106,871 31.0 3,815 32.4 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 673
Pipeline3 18,516 24.3 80,863 23.4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,407 1.8 87 S S 87
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,398 1.8 56 5 87
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 166
Truck and water S S S S S S 232
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 1
Other and unknown modes 2,020 2.7 S S 145 1.2 11

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,644
Single modes S S S S S S 1,782
Truck S S S S S S 1,782
For-hire truck 19 13.3 S S S S 1,738
Private truck S S S S S S 1,801
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2.7 2.7 1,623
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2.7 2.7 1,623
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,700

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 49 100.0 55 100.0 1,167
Single modes S S 48 97.1 54 97.0 1,167
Truck S S 48 97.1 54 97.0 1,156
For-hire truck S S 44 90.2 50 90.3 1,157
Private truck S S S S S S 1,095
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,354
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 14.9 1 2.9 2 3.0 1,167
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 14.9 1 2.9 2 3.0 1,167
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 432 100.0 32 100.0 50 100.0 1,562
Single modes 224 52.0 18 58.3 29 58.4 1,564
Truck 211 48.8 18 57.9 29 58.1 1,561
For-hire truck 176 40.7 12 38.7 19 38.6 1,561
Private truck S S S S S S 1,587
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,595
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 193 44.8 5 14.5 7 14.4 1,562
Parcel, USPS or courier 193 44.8 5 14.5 7 14.4 1,562
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,580

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,817 100.0 310 100.0 344 100.0 1,087
Single modes 1,308 72.0 263 84.7 289 84.0 1,083
Truck 1,179 64.9 193 62.0 204 59.2 1,081
For-hire truck 1,005 55.3 168 54.1 176 51.3 1,082
Private truck S S S S S S 1,065
Rail S S 70 22.6 85 24.7 1,181
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,083
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 446 24.5 39 12.6 46 13.3 1,088
Parcel, USPS or courier 172 9.5 6 1.8 6 1.7 1,086
Truck and Rail 269 14.8 33 10.8 39 11.5 1,183
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,523
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,097

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,817 100.0 21,679 100.0 35,857 100.0 1,176
Single modes 2,629 93.3 21,676 100.0 35,853 100.0 1,253
Truck 592 21.0 S S S S 1,173
For-hire truck 582 20.6 S S S S 1,170
Private truck S S S S S S 1,193
Rail S S S S S S 1,308
Water 2,020 71.7 21,201 97.8 35,209 98.2 1,661
Shallow draft 2,020 71.7 21,201 97.8 35,209 98.2 1,661
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 10 0.4 1,426
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 182 6.5 3 4 1,163
Parcel, USPS or courier 182 6.5 3 4 1,163
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,225

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 6,057 100.0 6,388 100.0 1,399 100.0 229
Single modes 5,889 97.2 6,334 99.2 1,393 99.6 229
Truck 5,235 86.4 2,898 45.4 507 36.2 224
For-hire truck 2,822 46.6 1,820 28.5 326 23.3 241
Private truck 2,407 39.7 1,076 16.8 181 12.9 194
Rail 110 1.8 463 7.2 139 10.0 287
Water S S S S S S 315
Shallow draft S S S S S S 315
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 462
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 158 2.6 S S S S 227
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 0.7 2 228
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 93
Truck and water S S S S S S 200
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 204

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,026 100.0 11,930 100.0 10,727 100.0 718
Single modes 1,752 86.5 11,455 96.0 10,251 95.6 730
Truck 825 40.7 1,201 10.1 756 7.1 656
For-hire truck 643 31.7 1,022 8.6 643 6.0 657
Private truck S S S S S S 649
Rail 29 1.4 239 2.0 159 1.5 663
Water 855 42.2 10,015 83.9 S S 876
Shallow draft 855 42.2 10,015 83.9 S S 876
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,093
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 191 9.4 S S S S 717
Parcel, USPS or courier 191 9.4 S S S S 717
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 690

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 16 100.0 S S S S 2,008
Single modes 9 57.2 S S S S 2,030
Truck S S S S S S 2,024
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,007
Private truck S S S S S S 2,160
Rail S S S S S S 2,111
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 42.8 0.5 S S 2,005
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 42.8 0.5 S S 2,005
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 158 100.0 188 100.0 202 100.0 1,032
Single modes 132 83.7 187 99.7 202 99.7 995
Truck 116 73.3 S S S S 989
For-hire truck 115 73.0 S S S S 989
Private truck S S S S S S 983
Rail S S S S S S 1,066
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,342
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 26 16.3 1 0.3 1 0.3 1,043
Parcel, USPS or courier 26 16.3 1 0.3 1 0.3 1,043
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 43 100.0 87 100.0 1,960
Single modes S S 42 98.1 86 98.5 2,182
Truck S S 12 27.2 21 24.5 1,847
For-hire truck S S 12 27.2 21 24.5 1,847
Private truck
Rail 2 1.7 S S S S 1,989
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,737
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 25 20.5 S S S S 1,676
Parcel, USPS or courier 25 20.5 S S S S 1,676
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,674

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 145 100.0 9 100.0 15 100.0 1,667
Single modes 94 65.0 8 89.0 13 89.1 1,647
Truck 94 64.8 8 88.8 13 88.9 1,644
For-hire truck 93 64.4 8 87.8 13 87.9 1,644
Private truck S S S S S S 1,645
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 0.2 S S S S 1,682
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 35.0 1 11.0 2 10.9 1,668
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 35.0 1 11.0 2 10.9 1,668
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,563 100.0 S S S S 1,365
Single modes 481 30.8 S S S S 1,350
Truck 392 25.1 144 14.0 184 7.4 1,335
For-hire truck 383 24.5 133 12.9 169 6.8 1,321
Private truck S S S S S S 1,391
Rail 75 4.8 80 7.8 117 4.7 1,448
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,490
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,368
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 8 0.8 11 0.5 1,367
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,704
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,735
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,341

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 53 100.0 93 100.0 89 100.0 1,101
Single modes S S 88 94.7 84 94.6 1,328
Truck S S 47 50.6 41 45.8 995
For-hire truck S S S S 25 27.9 1,021
Private truck S S S S S S 845
Rail S S S S S S 1,058
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,950
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 16 30.2 S S S S 1,059
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 29.2 0.1 0.1 1,059
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 981
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 938

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,575 100.0 S S S S 1,363
Single modes 1,107 70.3 S S S S 1,362
Truck S S 108 9.6 149 10.1 1,350
For-hire truck S S 106 9.5 147 10.0 1,347
Private truck S S S S S S 1,403
Rail 239 15.2 130 11.6 175 11.9 1,335
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 16 1.0 1,507
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 448 28.4 12 1.0 16 1.1 1,363
Parcel, USPS or courier 448 28.4 12 1.0 16 1.1 1,363
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,667

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,304 100.0 345 100.0 282 100.0 825
Single modes 1,127 86.4 331 95.8 271 96.0 864
Truck 1,086 83.3 314 91.0 251 88.9 825
For-hire truck 1,006 77.1 279 80.9 221 78.3 825
Private truck 80 6.2 S S S S 838
Rail S S S S S S 1,203
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,237
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 151 11.6 5 1.6 5 1.6 816
Parcel, USPS or courier 148 11.3 5 1.5 5 1.6 816
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 988
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 814

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 80 100.0 S S S S 1,477
Single modes 53 66.6 136 44.8 223 37.8 1,473
Truck S S S S S S 1,412
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,449
Private truck S S S S S S 1,376
Rail S S 80 26.5 S S 1,776
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,478
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,477
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,205
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,442

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 5,854 100.0 7,056 100.0 969
Single modes S S 5,212 89.0 6,477 91.8 1,036
Truck 695 12.7 337 5.8 326 4.6 1,003
For-hire truck 662 12.1 316 5.4 304 4.3 1,001
Private truck 33 0.6 21 0.4 S S 1,051
Rail S S S S S S 1,144
Water 537 9.8 4,003 68.4 5,155 73.1 1,288
Shallow draft 537 9.8 4,003 68.4 5,155 73.1 1,288
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,133
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 562 10.3 22 0.4 23 0.3 965
Parcel, USPS or courier 485 8.9 13 0.2 12 0.2 965
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,151
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 933

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,315 100.0 1,381 100.0 1,045 100.0 544
Single modes 1,198 91.1 1,371 99.3 1,039 99.5 674
Truck 924 70.3 379 27.4 208 19.9 609
For-hire truck 666 50.7 282 20.4 155 14.8 600
Private truck 258 19.6 97 7.0 54 5.1 622
Rail 173 13.1 S S S S 705
Water 92 7.0 719 52.1 642 61.5 893
Shallow draft 92 7.0 719 52.1 642 61.5 893
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,313
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 113 8.6 5 0.3 3 0.2 508
Parcel, USPS or courier 113 8.6 5 0.3 3 0.2 508
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 511

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 136 100.0 75 100.0 199 100.0 2,529
Single modes 84 61.5 69 91.8 183 92.1 2,703
Truck 72 53.2 S S S S 2,543
For-hire truck 72 52.8 S S S S 2,539
Private truck S S S S S S 2,550
Rail S S S S S S 2,765
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,873
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 21.8 S S S S 2,445
Parcel, USPS or courier 28 20.6 1 2.0 4 1.9 2,445
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,546
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,671

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 960 100.0 S S S S 1,257
Single modes 770 80.3 S S S S 1,255
Truck 627 65.3 S S S S 1,248
For-hire truck 606 63.1 S S S S 1,248
Private truck S S S S S S 1,255
Rail S S S S S S 1,407
Water S S S S S S 1,816
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,816
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,290
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 181 18.8 8 0.8 10 0.6 1,257
Parcel, USPS or courier 174 18.2 5 0.5 6 0.4 1,257
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,309
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,326

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,504
Single modes S S S S S S 1,535
Truck S S S S S S 1,538
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,538
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,494
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 33 23.1 S S S S 1,503
Parcel, USPS or courier 33 23.1 S S S S 1,503
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 749 100.0 141 100.0 115 100.0 732
Single modes 719 95.9 140 99.2 115 99.3 691
Truck 702 93.7 113 79.9 84 72.4 671
For-hire truck 408 54.5 107 75.5 79 68.7 671
Private truck S S S S S S 671
Rail S S S S S S 1,136
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,123
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 30 4.1 1 0.5 1 0.4 763
Parcel, USPS or courier 30 4.1 1 0.5 1 0.4 763
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 693

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 36 100.0 S S S S 1,184
Single modes S S S S S S 1,155
Truck S S S S S S 1,152
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,154
Private truck S S S S S S 967
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,481
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.3 0.3 1,197
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.3 0.3 1,197
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,309

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,930 100.0 3,774 100.0 2,235 100.0 497
Single modes 2,614 89.2 3,733 98.9 2,212 99.0 521
Truck 1,859 63.4 745 19.7 326 14.6 454
For-hire truck 1,537 52.4 553 14.7 251 11.2 464
Private truck 315 10.7 191 5.1 75 3.3 430
Rail 142 4.9 S S S S 486
Water 280 9.6 2,236 59.2 1,525 68.2 686
Shallow draft 280 9.6 2,236 59.2 1,525 68.2 686
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 983
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 287 9.8 34 0.9 S S 490
Parcel, USPS or courier 247 8.4 13 0.3 6 0.3 489
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 716
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 29 1.0 S S 3 0.1 354

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 18,057 100.0 23,793 100.0 6,726 100.0 322
Single modes 16,286 90.2 23,466 98.6 6,623 98.5 307
Truck 14,738 81.6 18,202 76.5 5,137 76.4 300
For-hire truck 8,045 44.6 5,360 22.5 1,808 26.9 331
Private truck 6,562 36.3 S S S S 261
Rail 996 5.5 2,515 10.6 829 12.3 301
Water 329 1.8 S S 622 9.2 245
Shallow draft 328 1.8 S S 606 9.0 238
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 748
Air (including truck and air) 122 0.7 1,063
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,445 8.0 S S S S 338
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,391 7.7 62 0.3 22 0.3 338
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 443
Truck and water S S S S S S 361
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 327 1.8 189 0.8 53 0.8 229

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 89 100.0 S S S S 1,700
Single modes S S S S S S 1,668
Truck S S S S S S 1,596
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,596
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,243
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 35 39.5 1 2.7 1 2.7 1,702
Parcel, USPS or courier 35 39.5 1 2.7 1 2.7 1,702
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,549

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 S S S S 1,572
Single modes 7 55.6 S S S S 1,610
Truck 7 55.0 S S S S 1,610
For-hire truck 7 53.7 S S S S 1,593
Private truck S S S S S S 1,649
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,568
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,569
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,569
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 557 100.0 S S S S 1,038
Single modes 484 86.9 S S S S 1,109
Truck 463 83.0 S S S S 1,005
For-hire truck S S S S S S 996
Private truck S S 18 1.5 19 1.5 1,033
Rail S S S S S S 1,339
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 1,176
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 58 10.5 2 0.2 2 0.2 1,017
Parcel, USPS or courier 58 10.5 2 0.2 2 0.2 1,017
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,093

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 114 100.0 298 100.0 2,603
Single modes S S 110 96.5 287 96.4 2,700
Truck S S S S S S 2,619
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,619
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,754
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,791
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 48 16.3 S S S S 2,584
Parcel, USPS or courier 34 11.5 1 1.0 3 1.0 2,583
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,805
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,573

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 62 100.0 49 100.0 54 100.0 1,073
Single modes 51 82.4 48 99.0 54 99.0 1,022
Truck 41 66.7 32 66.3 33 61.7 1,009
For-hire truck 32 51.6 31 64.0 32 59.7 1,014
Private truck S S S S S S 949
Rail 10 15.6 16 32.7 20 37.3 1,249
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,392
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 17.5 S S S S 1,087
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 17.5 S S S S 1,087
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,221

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,688 100.0 S S S S 976
Single modes 1,359 80.5 S S S S 1,095
Truck 556 33.0 152 2.5 163 1.8 1,063
For-hire truck 486 28.8 133 2.2 143 1.5 1,036
Private truck S S S S S S 1,135
Rail S S S S S S 1,516
Water S S S S S S 1,510
Shallow draft S S S S S S 1,510
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 6 0.4 S S 1,319
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 269 16.0 11 0.2 11 0.1 965
Parcel, USPS or courier 263 15.6 9 0.1 9 0.1 965
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,106
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 909

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,514
Single modes S S S S S S 1,894
Truck S S S S S S 1,731
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,728
Private truck S S S S S S 1,757
Rail S S S S S S 1,641
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,448
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,453
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,429
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 1,782
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.