Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 139,843 118,795 17.7 495,703 392,334 26.3 131,293 115,138 14 214 205 4.7
Single modes 130,528 105,506 23.7 479,467 342,802 39.9 124,940 107,898 15.8 109 138 −20.7
Truck 55,481 52,426 5.8 130,369 121,245 7.5 S 20,921 S 93 93
Rail 17,128 18,561 −7.7 29,927 40,117 −25.4 25,986 30,618 −15.1 983 895 9.9
Water 35,103 16,635 111 220,917 99,142 122.8 55,069 44,764 23 S 417 S
Air (including truck and air) 133 466 −71.4 5 8 −37.9 6 7 −12.7 1,364 1,166 17
Pipeline 22,681 17,418 30.2 98,249 82,290 19.4 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,644 4,612 22.4 3,780 6,086 −37.9 5,521 4,687 17.8 601 578 3.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 4,792 3,225 48.6 193 97 98.9 110 50 121 599 576 4
Truck and Rail 321 510 −37.2 344 575 −40.1 390 761 −48.7 1,330 1,532 −13.2
Other multiple modes 531 S S 3,243 5,414 −40.1 5,021 3,876 29.5 1,188 783 51.7
Other and unknown modes 3,672 8,678 −57.7 S 43,446 S S 2,553 S 78 46 69.5

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 17,039 11,543 47.6 135,571 59,012 129.7 7,072 2,964 138.6 S S S
Single modes 16,987 5,999 183.1 135,450 22,894 491.6 6,997 1,625 330.5 S 41 S
Truck 4,620 2,422 90.7 26,630 3,744 611.3 1,332 438 204.1 S 40 S
Rail S 24 S S 90 S S S S 870 777 11.9
Water 12,298 3,553 246.1 106,784 19,060 460.3 3,895 1,132 244 S 191 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,116
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 155 S S 1,089 S S 101 S 1,103 336 228.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S 1,074 336 219.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,309
Other multiple modes S 152 S S 1,088 S S 101 S 6,921 93 S
Other and unknown modes S 5,389 S S 35,029 S S 1,238 S 35 S S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 6,715 7,604 −11.7 8,289 8,908 −7 2,548 2,082 22.4 56 76 −26.4
Single modes 6,596 7,271 −9.3 8,191 8,662 −5.4 2,512 1,903 32 53 53 −0.8
Truck 6,090 6,524 −6.7 6,265 6,668 −6 1,083 1,020 6.1 51 52 −1.8
Rail 309 296 4.3 1,277 690 85.3 1,345 768 75.1 1,046 1,177 −11.1
Water S S S S S S S S S 166 S S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 698 1,470 −52.5
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S 79 S S S S S 899 618 45.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 3 S S S S S S S S 914 618 47.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S S S S 688 848 −18.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 308 182 68.6
Other and unknown modes 32 205 −84.6 S 73 S S 41 S S 634 S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 401 433 −7.4 34,758 37,686 −7.8 3,003 S S 78 50 55.6
Single modes 379 413 −8.3 32,351 37,281 −13.2 2,558 S S 57 49 16.5
Truck 354 297 19.4 31,546 28,303 11.5 1,640 1,879 −12.7 56 45 25.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S 987 611 61.5
Water S 110 S S S S S S S 1,073 715 50
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 274 718 −61.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 274 1,217 −77.5
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 120
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 21 S S 2,407 363 563.1 S S S 274 59 365.1

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 40,444 29,428 37.4 194,657 145,049 34.2 51,750 34,876 48.4 S S S
Single modes 39,941 28,488 40.2 191,230 139,354 37.2 47,172 33,268 41.8 S S S
Truck 4,761 6,362 −25.2 14,267 20,365 −29.9 1,106 2,477 −55.3 S S S
Rail 659 1,034 −36.3 1,681 3,138 −46.4 1,629 1,744 −6.6 689 742 −7.2
Water 15,987 6,093 162.4 91,384 41,116 122.3 37,134 18,037 105.9 S 426 S
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline 18,534 14,999 23.6 83,898 74,735 12.3 S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S 2,878 S S 4,570 S S 867 546 58.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 513 440 16.6
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,335
Other multiple modes S S S 2,878 S S 4,570 S S 1,760 852 106.5
Other and unknown modes S 438 S S 3,083 S S S S 15 S S

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 37,949 33,550 13.1 79,216 80,174 −1.2 52,171 41,060 27.1 282 161 75.7
Single modes 35,273 31,417 12.3 78,230 74,783 4.6 51,557 38,632 33.5 234 135 73.9
Truck 15,127 12,659 19.5 S 19,602 S S 6,565 S 213 105 103.5
Rail 10,067 10,333 −2.6 17,019 20,146 −15.5 13,657 15,246 −10.4 851 758 12.3
Water 5,915 5,985 −1.2 20,800 28,179 −26.2 12,712 16,246 −21.8 295 451 −34.5
Air (including truck and air) S 24 S S 1 S S 1 S 1,235 1,285 −3.9
Pipeline 4,148 2,416 71.6 14,350 6,855 109.3 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,044 663 57.4 391 1,228 −68.2 524 1,650 −68.2 500 346 44.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 868 245 254 S 14 S S 4 S 499 337 48.2
Truck and Rail S 294 S 62 266 −76.9 102 383 −73.4 1,846 1,597 15.6
Other multiple modes 95 123 −23.4 280 948 −70.5 S 1,263 S S 582 S
Other and unknown modes S 1,469 S S 4,163 S S 778 S S 69 S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 11,226 14,890 −24.6 21,525 43,013 −50 11,182 18,561 −39.8 190 575 −66.9
Single modes 10,729 14,074 −23.8 21,119 42,588 −50.4 10,919 18,222 −40.1 178 342 −47.9
Truck 8,073 9,941 −18.8 14,378 27,664 −48 4,525 6,495 −30.3 140 316 −55.9
Rail 2,640 4,119 −35.9 6,739 S S 6,393 11,725 −45.5 917 827 10.8
Water S S S S S S S S S 2 11 −83.7
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,370 938 46
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 276 613 −54.9 S 144 S S 246 S 466 878 −47
Parcel, USPS or courier 189 535 −64.7 11 23 −54 3 20 −83.8 461 877 −47.4
Truck and Rail S 76 S S 119 S S 211 S 903 1,812 −50.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 2,448 7,296 −66.4
Other and unknown modes 221 204 8.3 156 281 −44.4 28 93 −70.2 S 191 S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 9,266 8,907 4 S 13,982 S 2,107 3,385 −37.7 132 166 −20.6
Single modes 7,858 7,740 1.5 9,108 12,909 −29.4 1,860 2,320 −19.8 93 125 −25.7
Truck 7,014 7,521 −6.7 8,318 11,993 −30.6 1,142 1,443 −20.9 85 120 −29.3
Rail S 166 S S S S 515 S S 716 1,035 −30.9
Water S S S 214 S S 203 S S S 266 S
Air (including truck and air) S 24 S S 1 S S 1 S 1,599 952 67.8
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 674 628 7.4 29 S S 14 S S 285 376 −24.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 674 529 27.3 29 19 53.3 13 7 88.5 284 376 −24.4
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,360
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 4,165 806 416.8
Other and unknown modes 733 539 36.1 S 317 S S 61 S S 44 S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,465 7,522 12.5 1,131 799 41.7 S 629 S 171 140 22.2
Single modes 6,981 5,950 17.3 1,069 750 42.6 S 486 S S S S
Truck 3,767 3,140 20 611 489 25.1 263 232 13.8 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S 1,246 1,221 2
Water S S S S S S S S S S 30 S
Air (including truck and air) S 23 S S S S S S S 1,206 1,135 6.3
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,373 1,330 3.2 50 21 139.6 S 9 S 356 477 −25.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,278 1,330 −4 42 21 103 S 9 S 354 477 −25.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,711
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 164
Other and unknown modes 111 242 −54.1 S S S S S S S 19 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,232 4,583 79.6 2,716 2,695 0.8 559 564 −1 437 403 8.2
Single modes 5,683 3,844 47.8 2,513 2,574 −2.4 497 519 −4.3 77 411 −81.2
Truck 5,614 3,413 64.5 2,221 2,296 −3.3 289 348 −17.1 73 99 −26.6
Rail S 24 S S S S S S S 2,019 828 143.8
Water S S S S S S S S S S 703 S
Air (including truck and air) 16 384 −95.9 1 −82.7 S 1 S 1,462 1,171 24.9
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,775 567 213 60 18 228.5 45 S S 906 468 93.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,775 557 218.9 60 15 296 45 8 437.4 906 468 93.7
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,927
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 774 172 350.5 S S S S S S 203 S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 108 335 −67.7 216 S S S S S S S S
Single modes 101 S S 205 S S S S S S S S
Truck 60 147 −58.9 74 S S S S S S S S
Rail 33 S S S S S S S S 846 280 202.3
Water S S S S S S S S S 38 509 −92.5
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 876
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S 18 S S S S S S S S 1,113 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S 1,076 S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 287 3,083 −90.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 25 161 −84.5

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.