Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-13 - Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Destination and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 3.9 6.5 17.8 11.8
Single modes 3.8 0.9 6.7 1.5 19.1 2.0 15.2
Truck 5.8 1.6 17.2 3.6 S S 18.2
For-hire truck 8.1 1.7 23.7 3.2 S S 12.1
Private truck 8.1 1.0 16.4 1.3 18.3 0.8 19.6
Rail 13.8 1.7 10.8 0.8 12.2 2.9 5.2
Water 10.1 2.3 15.4 5.0 10.3 3.2 S
Shallow draft 16.0 2.1 16.2 3.9 14.0 4.2 29.4
Great Lakes
Deep draft 30.3 3.7 32.2 7.4 26.9 4.6 S
Air (including truck and air) 45.5 25.8 23.4 6.6
Pipeline 17.7 2.8 16.8 4.1 S S S
Multiple modes 13.0 0.6 30.8 0.2 41.4 2.1 8.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 15.2 0.6 16.1 23.2 8.6
Truck and rail 37.7 44.6 35.2 0.2 18.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 27.2
Rail and water S S S S S S S
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 41.9 0.9 S S S S 27.9

Alabama

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.7 23.0 28.4 8.9
Single modes 29.0 8.9 23.4 0.9 28.6 0.4 13.9
Truck 42.6 9.0 15.4 9.4 12.4 8.7 9.6
For-hire truck S S 20.6 8.8 17.7 7.9 12.3
Private truck 39.5 6.5 23.7 2.3 24.3 2.0 28.2
Rail 42.2 5.5 23.1 5.7 23.5 7.0 5.3
Water 48.0 6.1 S S S S 26.0
Shallow draft 48.0 6.1 S S S S 26.0
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 31.1 5.3 S S 45.7 0.3 6.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.1 5.3 S S 45.7 0.3 6.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.7

Alaska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 24.2
Single modes S S S S S S 26.2
Truck S S S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water S S S S S S 31.6
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Arizona

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.3 16.6 15.5 1.9
Single modes 23.8 4.8 19.1 7.3 17.9 7.1 5.2
Truck 32.2 8.4 24.4 6.0 23.8 5.8 2.3
For-hire truck 33.8 8.4 31.8 5.7 30.3 5.5 2.2
Private truck 46.4 1.7 S S S S 18.4
Rail 36.6 8.8 22.3 6.8 20.2 6.7 2.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.2 4.8 S S S S 15.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.7 2.9 49.5 S S 15.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 28.0
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.1 23.4 22.6 5.3
Single modes 22.0 4.9 24.3 2.4 23.4 2.7 5.0
Truck 26.8 7.1 36.4 9.7 37.0 10.2 7.0
For-hire truck 21.6 5.4 27.9 5.8 32.1 6.3 10.2
Private truck S S S S S S 10.7
Rail 23.6 4.3 21.3 8.3 22.0 10.1 2.4
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.8 5.0 S S S S 7.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.1 2.3 43.5 46.3 0.1 7.4
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.2

California

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.3 11.7 23.2 1.7
Single modes 11.1 3.5 11.9 1.4 23.5 1.6 1.6
Truck 20.7 5.1 17.7 4.0 18.4 4.3 1.7
For-hire truck 20.0 4.8 16.7 3.5 17.2 3.8 1.9
Private truck S S S S S S 15.1
Rail 13.1 5.7 11.6 6.1 10.6 7.9 1.4
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.0 3.7 S S S S 2.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 45.3 44.0 2.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 21.3

Colorado

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.9 13.6 14.2 1.6
Single modes 20.9 10.5 12.7 8.0 12.6 8.0 4.3
Truck 29.1 10.5 27.2 14.4 26.4 14.2 10.8
For-hire truck 32.0 10.2 29.9 13.0 29.0 13.0 10.8
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail 43.4 11.8 43.5 14.7 44.0 14.6 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 40.5 0.3 41.4 0.4 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 40.5 0.3 41.4 0.4 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Connecticut

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 30.6 42.4 41.8 1.6
Single modes 35.2 9.2 42.6 1.1 42.0 1.0 1.1
Truck 40.2 10.3 S S S S 1.1
For-hire truck 43.6 9.9 S S S S 1.1
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 48.1 8.6 S S S S 25.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Delaware

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.9 40.6 40.5 15.2
Single modes 47.6 4.0 40.7 7.1 40.6 6.9 15.1
Truck S S S S S S 23.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 23.6
Private truck
Rail 43.5 15.0 41.1 18.0 40.9 18.1 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.2 S S S S 10.6
Single modes 38.8 12.7 S S S S 18.3
Truck 39.7 12.3 S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.0 31.1 31.9 12.2
Single modes 23.3 2.9 31.3 0.8 32.1 0.6 24.6
Truck 46.6 6.9 15.0 2.4 16.7 2.0 22.7
For-hire truck 50.0 6.8 15.9 2.3 16.7 1.7 28.5
Private truck 25.6 0.5 35.5 0.2 39.0 0.3 16.9
Rail 27.6 1.5 14.7 1.7 15.1 2.6 2.8
Water 31.7 8.7 33.3 4.5 34.4 4.6 11.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 29.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft 35.1 11.1 36.4 10.8 36.0 10.2 13.4
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.5
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.8 1.3 S S S S 7.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.2 1.3 31.4 31.0 7.0
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26.0

Georgia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.7 11.8 10.5 3.2
Single modes 15.1 3.0 11.9 0.2 10.5 0.2 6.0
Truck 22.6 6.3 13.7 4.3 13.3 4.0 2.3
For-hire truck 23.5 6.7 14.2 3.9 13.8 3.6 2.5
Private truck S S 32.1 0.6 35.3 0.6 18.6
Rail 17.3 6.6 13.1 6.2 11.7 6.0 1.6
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 35.6 S S S S 21.7
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 31.0 2.8 31.5 0.1 32.9 0.1 6.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.3 2.9 35.1 33.9 6.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Hawaii

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.9
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 24.0
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 30.0
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 11.1
Single modes 47.4 14.1 S S S S 18.6
Truck S S S S S S 21.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.3
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 23.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 23.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Illinois

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.2 27.4 24.8 1.5
Single modes 23.3 2.5 28.0 3.5 25.5 3.7 2.1
Truck 19.0 4.3 46.7 4.9 45.2 4.5 2.2
For-hire truck 19.5 4.3 29.1 2.5 27.8 2.1 2.3
Private truck 32.1 0.3 S S S S 15.5
Rail 19.6 9.3 18.8 8.6 19.7 8.0 2.3
Water S S 36.7 9.1 35.7 9.4 2.4
Shallow draft S S 36.7 9.1 35.7 9.4 2.4
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 18.4
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 18.9 1.8 S S S S 1.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 17.9 1.0 40.2 43.8 1.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Indiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.1 26.4 24.9 2.3
Single modes 26.1 4.4 26.8 1.5 25.3 1.5 3.3
Truck 21.8 9.5 12.7 12.9 12.6 13.0 3.6
For-hire truck 23.8 8.0 13.0 11.9 13.1 11.9 3.7
Private truck S S S S S S 23.8
Rail S S 32.8 12.3 32.7 12.6 2.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 39.6 3.6 S S S S 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 39.6 3.6 S S S S 10.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Iowa

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.4 30.3 32.3 2.4
Single modes 36.8 0.8 30.7 1.4 32.8 1.7 2.5
Truck 22.0 13.0 23.1 10.8 23.7 10.7 10.7
For-hire truck 23.4 11.3 23.6 10.1 24.2 10.1 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 23.7
Rail S S 44.5 10.0 46.1 10.2 10.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 37.9 0.8 S S S S 15.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 45.5 0.8 49.4 S S 15.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kansas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.3 24.0 25.5 2.0
Single modes 25.3 6.6 24.1 0.6 25.5 0.7 2.9
Truck 31.7 9.4 23.2 15.4 23.1 16.4 3.5
For-hire truck 37.8 11.4 23.2 16.3 23.6 17.0 3.7
Private truck S S S S S S 28.2
Rail 40.9 10.2 31.6 15.8 32.0 16.8 18.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.2 6.6 S S S S 13.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.2 6.6 S S S S 13.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.7 33.0 31.3 2.7
Single modes 27.1 1.4 33.1 0.3 31.4 0.2 2.0
Truck 24.7 6.8 19.5 3.4 20.9 3.1 2.2
For-hire truck 26.7 6.5 22.4 3.4 23.2 3.1 1.9
Private truck S S 42.7 0.2 42.8 26.0
Rail 31.3 6.5 S S S S 3.4
Water 39.9 11.5 23.4 11.1 22.6 10.9 10.7
Shallow draft 39.9 11.5 23.4 11.1 22.6 10.9 10.7
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.9 1.4 S S S S 15.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.9 1.4 S S S S 15.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Louisiana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 4.4 8.7 13.2 11.4
Single modes 4.2 1.0 9.2 2.3 13.6 0.9 19.8
Truck 8.5 2.6 22.2 4.4 20.2 4.7 20.1
For-hire truck 16.6 2.1 30.0 3.6 32.1 3.4 11.4
Private truck 9.2 1.7 19.1 1.5 14.3 2.1 13.8
Rail 17.7 0.5 17.1 0.1 16.5 0.5 19.2
Water 14.6 4.1 18.8 6.7 16.9 5.8 S
Shallow draft 22.7 3.3 22.8 4.8 25.8 6.7 36.2
Great Lakes
Deep draft 33.5 5.5 34.0 9.0 33.8 8.5 S
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.7
Pipeline 18.0 4.3 16.9 5.2 S S S
Multiple modes 20.2 0.4 35.5 S S 7.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.3 0.4 17.7 16.3 7.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 32.5 0.8 S S 47.0 0.9 22.2

Maine

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.1 S S S S 1.7
Single modes 44.8 15.1 S S S S 18.3
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck 48.6 13.8 S S S S 23.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.1 15.1 S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 42.1 15.1 S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maryland

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.1 S S S S 1.1
Single modes 22.6 7.3 S S S S 1.1
Truck 27.3 9.0 S S S S 1.2
For-hire truck 33.7 10.2 S S S S 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 18.5 25.4 24.8 0.9
Single modes 19.6 2.3 25.2 9.7 26.2 9.4 0.8
Truck 20.0 7.2 26.0 10.3 25.7 10.2 0.6
For-hire truck 20.0 7.2 26.0 10.3 25.7 10.2 0.6
Private truck
Rail 29.8 7.0 37.7 10.7 37.7 10.9 14.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 34.3 2.4 S S S S 1.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 36.2 2.1 43.7 1.3 43.7 1.3 1.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Michigan

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 36.1 23.7 22.3 1.4
Single modes 38.0 4.7 24.7 5.0 23.0 4.6 1.5
Truck 20.9 8.9 20.7 6.0 21.3 5.5 1.0
For-hire truck 21.3 8.6 21.1 5.7 21.7 5.3 1.1
Private truck 33.5 0.7 43.2 0.4 43.2 0.4 21.2
Rail S S 29.4 7.8 28.7 7.7 2.4
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 21.2
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 32.4 4.7 S S S S 1.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.5 4.4 42.1 0.3 41.2 0.3 1.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Minnesota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 39.9 47.6 S S 2.1
Single modes 43.6 6.8 49.2 6.3 S S 2.8
Truck 22.7 10.7 26.7 11.7 26.6 12.3 3.4
For-hire truck 23.9 10.1 27.4 11.6 27.4 12.1 3.7
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail S S 31.9 10.6 32.0 11.4 18.4
Water S S S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 35.3 6.0 S S S S 15.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 35.3 6.0 S S S S 15.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

Mississippi

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.3 25.4 19.5 6.5
Single modes 18.6 2.5 25.6 1.4 19.7 0.9 12.9
Truck 11.2 7.5 18.1 9.2 18.9 7.6 11.1
For-hire truck 22.0 4.7 22.1 5.2 24.3 5.0 8.6
Private truck 22.9 6.3 27.2 5.8 17.4 3.4 9.9
Rail 33.7 4.7 25.5 7.3 25.5 9.1 9.3
Water S S 49.6 3.8 S S 27.1
Shallow draft S S 49.6 3.8 S S 27.1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.3
Pipeline 44.1 11.3 43.4 15.3 S S S
Multiple modes 32.4 1.4 S S S S 6.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 33.4 1.4 39.2 38.8 6.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S 49.5 0.9 19.5

Missouri

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.5 23.8 27.4 4.2
Single modes 21.2 2.3 25.0 3.4 28.6 2.9 6.0
Truck 30.8 8.4 13.9 8.4 17.7 8.8 4.4
For-hire truck 35.1 10.2 18.9 6.6 22.9 7.4 4.6
Private truck S S 42.6 5.4 38.6 3.9 13.6
Rail 37.7 7.8 20.0 5.1 23.1 5.6 4.6
Water 43.8 3.1 42.5 10.2 42.4 11.8 21.1
Shallow draft 43.8 3.1 42.5 10.2 42.4 11.8 21.1
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 41.0 1.4 35.0 36.0 2.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 41.0 1.4 35.0 36.0 2.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.8

Montana

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 15.1
Single modes S S S S S S 23.7
Truck S S S S S S 25.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nebraska

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.6 46.1 41.8 2.8
Single modes 22.3 8.6 48.0 5.8 43.7 5.9 3.5
Truck 31.3 11.0 30.3 18.6 30.3 18.5 10.8
For-hire truck 35.4 11.3 43.3 19.6 41.9 19.5 11.1
Private truck S S S S S S 27.9
Rail S S S S S S 23.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 30.4 8.7 S S S S 15.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 30.4 8.7 S S S S 15.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Nevada

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.3 38.2 39.7 3.0
Single modes 44.1 9.2 43.7 9.0 46.1 9.2 4.4
Truck 43.8 9.3 40.7 11.7 43.9 12.5 4.5
For-hire truck 44.0 11.4 45.2 13.1 48.2 13.7 11.4
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.4 48.2 49.0 2.0
Single modes 41.2 14.1 48.3 14.9 49.0 14.9 15.0
Truck S S S S S S 18.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 18.3
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Jersey

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.9 S S S S 1.1
Single modes 26.4 4.7 S S S S 1.5
Truck 41.0 9.5 S S S S 1.2
For-hire truck 42.0 9.9 S S S S 1.2
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail 48.0 12.9 35.4 18.2 35.4 18.4 1.0
Water S S S S S S 29.8
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 29.8
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 45.9 4.7 S S S S 1.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 49.6 1.0 39.7 39.7 1.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 27.9

New Mexico

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 34.8 31.8 30.7 8.1
Single modes 38.8 11.5 34.8 13.3 33.8 13.3 11.1
Truck 41.8 11.3 39.1 13.6 38.0 13.7 11.1
For-hire truck 43.9 11.2 39.3 13.8 38.7 13.7 11.2
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 19.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 19.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

New York

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.0 43.1 S S 1.3
Single modes 24.3 9.1 21.8 15.1 21.4 19.7 1.5
Truck 29.9 10.5 30.8 14.8 29.7 16.6 2.7
For-hire truck 30.6 10.6 32.0 14.3 30.8 16.0 2.8
Private truck S S S S S S 25.8
Rail 46.8 11.7 35.8 12.7 36.1 13.9 21.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 42.4 8.4 S S S S 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.3 5.2 35.9 0.2 35.7 0.2 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

North Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 8.2 14.9 14.2 1.9
Single modes 9.2 3.0 15.0 14.2 2.5
Truck 20.8 7.9 19.5 8.4 17.4 8.0 2.1
For-hire truck 21.3 7.9 19.5 8.1 17.3 7.8 2.1
Private truck 40.5 0.6 38.1 0.7 38.1 0.6 18.6
Rail 20.4 6.5 13.3 8.4 13.1 8.2 1.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 27.9
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 32.1 3.0 36.7 34.3 2.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.1 3.0 36.7 34.3 2.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

North Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 21.1
Single modes S S S S S S 21.2
Truck S S S S S S 21.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S 21.1
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.5 37.2 44.3 1.4
Single modes 21.3 1.9 37.2 44.3 1.5
Truck 27.1 6.9 10.1 8.3 9.6 8.3 1.2
For-hire truck 28.9 7.1 10.9 8.2 10.2 8.1 1.3
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail 25.9 5.3 33.6 11.6 35.6 12.6 1.8
Water S S S S S S 23.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 23.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.1
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 29.4 1.9 27.8 28.2 2.0
Parcel, USPS or courier 29.4 1.9 27.8 28.2 2.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 14.1 29.7 39.1 5.8
Single modes 13.8 6.1 30.2 2.4 39.7 2.9 7.2
Truck 18.1 8.9 43.2 12.3 33.6 14.1 7.1
For-hire truck 22.6 10.7 26.6 11.2 24.0 11.7 8.1
Private truck S S S S S S 16.9
Rail 34.5 4.9 36.4 10.9 37.1 12.2 21.6
Water S S S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 25.4 0.2 29.1 0.2 6.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 25.4 0.2 29.1 0.2 6.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

Oregon

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.1 24.1 24.0 1.8
Single modes 27.7 5.4 27.3 7.5 27.3 7.6 1.9
Truck 45.8 12.4 44.6 12.4 44.8 12.5 2.4
For-hire truck 49.4 11.1 S S S S 2.4
Private truck 44.3 7.3 S S S S 21.2
Rail 36.2 12.3 40.8 13.2 40.2 13.3 18.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 48.9 3.0 39.5 39.6 1.6
Parcel, USPS or courier 48.9 3.0 39.5 39.6 1.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 17.1 17.5 19.7 1.8
Single modes 19.3 5.6 18.0 1.4 20.1 1.3 2.5
Truck 25.7 7.8 29.8 6.2 30.0 6.0 1.9
For-hire truck 26.2 7.6 30.9 6.3 31.0 6.1 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 25.9
Rail 48.4 8.8 16.2 10.1 15.9 10.8 1.4
Water S S S S S S 27.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 27.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.7
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 39.8 5.6 S S S S 0.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 40.0 5.5 41.4 0.2 42.2 0.2 0.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 48.2 48.7 18.3
Single modes S S 48.2 14.9 48.7 14.9 23.6
Truck S S 49.0 12.9 48.5 13.1 25.9
For-hire truck S S 49.0 12.9 48.5 13.1 25.9
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.8
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Carolina

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 15.0 15.1 15.8 2.2
Single modes 15.0 2.1 14.9 0.6 15.6 0.5 2.7
Truck 23.7 5.2 21.1 4.5 21.0 4.1 1.5
For-hire truck 22.8 4.4 20.7 4.0 20.4 3.7 1.8
Private truck S S S S S S 23.6
Rail 16.4 6.0 18.3 4.3 18.2 3.9 3.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.4 2.0 S S S S 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 31.7 2.0 S S S S 10.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 48.7 0.2 S S S S 26.0

South Dakota

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 18.5
Single modes S S S S S S 25.9
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Tennessee

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 16.7 37.2 41.7 3.1
Single modes 18.6 5.0 38.8 4.3 43.6 4.4 3.8
Truck 15.8 6.2 33.3 8.0 40.2 8.0 4.2
For-hire truck 16.6 6.0 16.5 7.0 17.8 7.2 3.7
Private truck 36.5 1.4 S S S S 12.6
Rail 25.1 5.4 16.4 7.6 17.2 8.1 4.3
Water S S S S S S 24.9
Shallow draft S S S S S S 24.9
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 19.5 5.1 S S S S 3.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.7 5.0 37.4 0.1 37.8 3.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 28.1

Texas

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 5.2 12.3 14.0 8.3
Single modes 7.0 2.9 12.8 2.2 14.3 0.8 9.8
Truck 12.0 4.2 19.5 4.8 21.4 4.0 9.6
For-hire truck 16.3 4.4 10.5 2.2 11.9 2.0 7.5
Private truck 20.3 2.6 29.0 3.8 37.1 3.2 17.5
Rail 9.2 1.4 11.1 1.9 8.9 1.8 4.1
Water 21.2 3.9 21.2 5.4 21.4 5.6 8.6
Shallow draft 21.3 3.9 21.8 5.7 22.2 6.0 7.5
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 45.5 0.1 47.9 44.4 14.3
Pipeline 30.4 2.4 29.8 3.9 S S S
Multiple modes 31.3 2.5 S S S S 8.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 19.6 0.9 23.1 31.7 8.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and water S S S S S S 30.0
Rail and water S S S S S S 27.9
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 36.9 0.5 S S 49.5 0.4 15.8

Utah

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 46.3 S S S S 2.3
Single modes 47.7 10.5 S S S S 10.8
Truck 29.8 12.7 S S S S 10.7
For-hire truck 30.1 12.6 S S S S 10.7
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail S S S S S S 27.9
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.7 10.5 S S S S 18.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.7 10.5 S S S S 18.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 25.9
Single modes S S S S S S 29.8
Truck S S S S S S 29.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.8
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.0 S S S S 2.7
Single modes 25.2 8.5 27.0 13.7 27.1 17.8 3.1
Truck 21.0 9.4 43.6 7.8 44.5 8.0 1.6
For-hire truck 21.4 9.1 46.3 7.9 47.3 8.0 1.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 46.7 9.8 31.9 15.1 33.3 17.2 4.5
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 8.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Washington

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 29.8 S S S S 0.9
Single modes 33.8 9.4 S S S S 1.0
Truck 27.8 12.1 29.2 17.8 29.2 18.0 10.6
For-hire truck 29.7 12.0 33.7 15.7 34.1 15.8 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 29.8
Rail 46.2 14.7 S S S S 21.1
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 23.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 46.8 9.5 S S S S 1.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 46.8 9.5 S S S S 1.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

West Virginia

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 36.0 39.3 2.6
Single modes 22.1 2.4 36.1 0.2 39.4 0.2 6.9
Truck 46.0 6.2 S S S S 10.6
For-hire truck 46.2 6.1 S S S S 10.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail 31.7 9.7 33.7 12.1 33.6 12.8 15.1
Water S S S S S S 25.8
Shallow draft S S S S S S 25.8
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 47.5 2.4 39.6 0.2 39.4 0.2 10.9
Parcel, USPS or courier 47.5 2.4 39.6 0.2 39.4 0.2 10.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 24.0 39.4 40.8 2.0
Single modes 23.1 4.0 39.7 1.3 41.0 1.2 2.2
Truck 43.6 10.0 41.4 12.7 41.9 12.8 2.4
For-hire truck 45.1 10.1 42.9 12.8 43.5 12.9 2.4
Private truck 42.8 2.0 S S S S 23.6
Rail 22.1 9.5 S S S S 10.8
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft S S S S S S 31.6
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 10.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 10.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.8

Wyoming

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 48.4 48.5 48.6 21.1
Single modes 49.1 12.6 S S S S 25.8
Truck 48.2 11.7 S S S S 25.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 25.8
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail S S S S S S 29.8
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.