Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 32,355 100.0 32,121 100.0 10,590 100.0
Less than 50 miles 8,451 26.1 12,916 40.2 255 2.4
50 to 99 miles 5,157 15.9 4,709 14.7 445 4.2
100 to 249 miles 6,265 19.4 5,002 15.6 959 9.1
250 to 499 miles 4,152 12.8 3,757 11.7 1,674 15.8
500 to 749 miles 1,525 4.7 1,323 4.1 1,006 9.5
750 to 999 miles 2,645 8.2 2,044 6.4 2,231 21.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,358 7.3 1,559 4.9 2,157 20.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 696 2.2 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 1,105 3.4 412 1.3 1,202 11.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 28,091 100.0 31,219 100.0 10,102 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,621 27.1 12,728 40.8 254 2.5
50 to 99 miles 4,765 17.0 4,629 14.8 437 4.3
100 to 249 miles 5,609 20.0 4,762 15.3 907 9.0
250 to 499 miles 3,414 12.2 3,584 11.5 1,603 15.9
500 to 749 miles 1,301 4.6 1,308 4.2 996 9.9
750 to 999 miles 2,191 7.8 1,949 6.2 2,131 21.1
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,981 7.1 1,498 4.8 2,065 20.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 498 1.8 S S S S
2,000 miles or more 710 2.5 366 1.2 1,059 10.5

Truck2

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 25,307 100.0 26,660 100.0 6,712 100.0
Less than 50 miles 7,574 29.9 11,876 44.5 247 3.7
50 to 99 miles 4,456 17.6 4,009 15.0 376 5.6
100 to 249 miles 5,454 21.6 4,476 16.8 845 12.6
250 to 499 miles 3,107 12.3 3,210 12.0 1,374 20.5
500 to 749 miles 967 3.8 869 3.3 636 9.5
750 to 999 miles 1,498 5.9 1,031 3.9 1,172 17.5
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,511 6.0 909 3.4 1,341 20.0
1,500 to 1,999 miles 284 1.1 121 0.5 233 3.5
2,000 miles or more 457 1.8 159 0.6 489 7.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 11,093 100.0 13,082 100.0 5,638 100.0
Less than 50 miles 1,064 9.6 3,356 25.7 S S
50 to 99 miles 571 5.1 1,392 10.6 136 2.4
100 to 249 miles 2,305 20.8 2,530 19.3 486 8.6
250 to 499 miles 2,834 25.5 2,871 21.9 1,227 21.8
500 to 749 miles 898 8.1 838 6.4 613 10.9
750 to 999 miles 1,411 12.7 945 7.2 1,085 19.3
1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,342 12.1 887 6.8 1,308 23.2
1,500 to 1,999 miles 241 2.2 105 0.8 202 3.6
2,000 miles or more 426 3.8 157 1.2 483 8.6

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 14,185 100.0 13,569 100.0 1,071 100.0
Less than 50 miles 6,508 45.9 8,519 62.8 148 13.8
50 to 99 miles 3,878 27.3 2,616 19.3 240 22.4
100 to 249 miles 3,132 22.1 1,943 14.3 358 33.4
250 to 499 miles 269 1.9 S S S S
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles 86 0.6 S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S 22 0.2 33 3.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,178 100.0 3,735 100.0 3,341 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles 158 7.2 618 16.5 61 1.8
100 to 249 miles 120 5.5 286 7.7 62 1.9
250 to 499 miles 233 10.7 371 9.9 226 6.8
500 to 749 miles 255 11.7 437 11.7 358 10.7
750 to 999 miles 624 28.7 916 24.5 957 28.6
1,000 to 1,499 miles 433 19.9 588 15.7 722 21.6
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Air (including truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 537 100.0 21 100.0 S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles 75 13.9 3 13.5 3 6.8
500 to 749 miles S S 2 9.7 2 5.1
750 to 999 miles 69 12.9 2 9.2 2 4.9
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 100 18.6 S S S S

Pipeline3

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles S S
100 to 249 miles S S
250 to 499 miles S S
500 to 749 miles S S
750 to 999 miles S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S
2,000 miles or more S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,925 100.0 106 100.0 95 100.0
Less than 50 miles 270 9.2 8 7.4 0.3
50 to 99 miles 240 8.2 9 8.5 1 1.0
100 to 249 miles 523 17.9 19 18.2 5 4.9
250 to 499 miles 627 21.4 14 12.9 6 6.2
500 to 749 miles 217 7.4 12 11.7 9 9.3
750 to 999 miles 234 8.0 11 10.2 10 10.4
1,000 to 1,499 miles 282 9.6 21 20.0 31 32.4
1,500 to 1,999 miles 174 6.0 3 2.7 6 6.2
2,000 miles or more 358 12.2 9 8.4 28 29.4

Parcel, USPS or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 2,865 100.0 69 100.0 59 100.0
Less than 50 miles 266 9.3 7 10.1 0.4
50 to 99 miles 224 7.8 7 9.6 1 1.1
100 to 249 miles 520 18.1 13 18.5 3 4.7
250 to 499 miles 627 21.9 14 19.7 6 10.2
500 to 749 miles 213 7.4 6 8.1 4 7.7
750 to 999 miles 229 8.0 7 10.1 8 13.0
1,000 to 1,499 miles 270 9.4 7 9.7 10 16.5
1,500 to 1,999 miles 173 6.0 3 4.1 6 10.0
2,000 miles or more 342 11.9 7 10.0 21 36.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 55 100.0 36 100.0 37 100.0
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles S S S S S S
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 15 27.2 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles S S S S S S
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances
Less than 50 miles
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S
50 to 99 miles
100 to 249 miles
250 to 499 miles
500 to 749 miles
750 to 999 miles
1,000 to 1,499 miles
1,500 to 1,999 miles
2,000 miles or more

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles1
2002
(million $)
Percent 2002
(thousands)
Percent 2002
(millions)
Percent
All distances 1,339 100.0 795 100.0 393 100.0
Less than 50 miles S S S S 1 0.3
50 to 99 miles S S 71 8.9 6 1.6
100 to 249 miles 133 9.9 220 27.7 48 12.1
250 to 499 miles 111 8.3 159 20.1 64 16.4
500 to 749 miles S S S S S S
750 to 999 miles S S S S S S
1,000 to 1,499 miles 95 7.1 S S S S
1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S S S S
2,000 miles or more 38 2.8 S S S S

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.