Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 6. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 32,355 100.0 32,121 100.0 10,590 100.0 570
Single modes 28,091 86.8 31,219 97.2 10,102 95.4 205
Truck3 25,307 78.2 26,660 83.0 6,712 63.4 183
For-hire Truck 11,093 34.3 13,082 40.7 5,638 53.2 631
Private Truck 14,185 43.8 13,569 42.2 1,071 10.1 98
Rail 2,178 6.7 3,735 11.6 3,341 31.6 968
Water S S S S S S 121
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 121
Air (including truck and air) 537 1.7 21 S S 1,843
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,925 9.0 106 0.3 95 0.9 918
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,865 8.9 69 0.2 59 0.6 919
Truck and rail 55 0.2 36 0.1 37 0.3 1,503
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 1,339 4.1 795 2.5 393 3.7 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 881
Single modes S S S S S S 884
Truck3 S S S S S S 884
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 904
Private Truck S S S S S S 768
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 70
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 70
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 504

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish,s eafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,243 100.0 231 100.0 103 100.0 541
Single modes 1,209 97.2 227 98.3 102 99.7 531
Truck3 1,178 94.8 215 93.1 73 71.0 351
For-hire Truck 511 41.1 108 47.0 50 48.3 641
Private Truck S S S S S S 171
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,121
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,251
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,251
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 20

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 160
Single modes S S S S S S 152
Truck3 S S S S S S 152
For-hire Truck 160 39.1 120 36.9 21 40.7 152
Private Truck S S S S S S 155
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,061
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,061
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared food stuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,334 100.0 S S S S 71
Single modes 1,326 99.4 S S S S 71
Truck3 1,326 99.4 S S S S 71
For-hire Truck 602 45.1 S S S S S
Private Truck 725 54.3 1,419 38.3 51 5.4 46
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 106

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 328 100.0 224 100.0 S S 48
Single modes 313 95.5 211 94.2 S S 50
Truck3 313 95.5 211 94.2 S S 50
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 581
Private Truck 274 83.6 195 87.0 S S 44
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 17

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 343
Private Truck S S S S S S 22
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1 100.0 156 100.0 2 100.0 9
Single modes 1 100.0 156 100.0 2 100.0 9
Truck3 1 100.0 156 100.0 2 100.0 9
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 15
Private Truck 1 98.1 154 98.8 2 98.4 9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 13, Non-metallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 108 100.0 S S 83 100.0 155
Single modes 96 89.0 1,240 93.3 82 99.4 84
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 107
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 97
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 285
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 285
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,741
Single modes S S S S S S 573
Truck3 S S S S S S 442
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 442
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,076
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,162
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,162
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,766

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 11
Single modes S S S S S S 11
Truck3 S S S S S S 11
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 11
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,084 100.0 3,731 100.0 175 100.0 47
Single modes 1,084 100.0 3,731 100.0 175 100.0 47
Truck3 1,084 100.0 3,731 100.0 175 100.0 47
For-hire Truck 103 9.5 318 8.5 19 11.0 49
Private Truck 982 90.5 3,412 91.5 156 89.0 46
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 713 100.0 3,090 100.0 133 100.0 28
Single modes 713 100.0 3,090 100.0 133 100.0 28
Truck3 713 100.0 3,090 100.0 133 100.0 28
For-hire Truck 104 14.6 512 16.6 9 6.6 18
Private Truck 609 85.4 2,577 83.4 124 93.4 28
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 333 100.0 1,204 100.0 S S 58
Single modes 331 99.6 1,200 99.7 S S 58
Truck3 321 96.4 1,093 90.8 S S 58
For-hire Truck 100 30.0 S S S S 30
Private Truck S S 368 30.5 S S 60
Rail S S S S S S 128
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 89
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 89
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 48

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 128 100.0 S S 96 100.0 S
Single modes 128 99.8 S S 96 100.0 S
Truck3 101 79.0 1,020 56.0 93 96.4 S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S S
Private Truck S S 639 35.1 62 64.5 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 191
Single modes
Truck3
For-hire Truck
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 191
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 191
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 89
Single modes S S S S S S 89
Truck3 S S S S S S 89
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 89
Private Truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 496
Single modes S S S S S S 848
Truck3 S S S S S S 844
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,472
Private Truck 14 6.9 S S S S 110
Rail S S S S S S 3,059
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 470
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,683
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 716 100.0 215 100.0 140 100.0 S
Single modes 541 75.6 175 81.4 137 98.3 234
Truck3 540 75.4 175 81.3 137 98.2 223
For-hire Truck 458 64.0 142 66.0 134 96.0 579
Private Truck S S S S S S 83
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,593
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 27 3.7 3 1.4 2 1.4 968
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 1.1 2 1.4 999
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 9
Single modes S S S S S S 9
Truck3 S S S S S S 9
For-hire Truck
Private Truck S S S S S S 9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,773 100.0 5,007 100.0 2,223 100.0 220
Single modes 1,743 98.3 4,893 97.7 2,193 98.7 215
Truck3 1,248 70.4 S S 1,109 49.9 180
For-hire Truck 803 45.3 S S 951 42.8 382
Private Truck 444 25.1 700 14.0 S S 74
Rail S S S S S S 1,297
Water S S S S S S 121
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 121
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,465
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 636
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 574
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,764
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 18 1.0 108 2.2 S S 134

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paper board

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 3,234 100.0 4,271 100.0 4,037 100.0 977
Single modes 3,184 98.4 4,221 98.8 3,993 98.9 970
Truck3 1,576 48.7 2,018 47.2 1,863 46.1 975
For-hire Truck 1,552 48.0 2,003 46.9 1,858 46.0 984
Private Truck S S S S S S 298
Rail 1,607 49.7 2,203 51.6 2,130 52.8 939
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,934
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 37 1.2 30 0.7 29 0.7 1,111
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,265
Truck and rail 37 1.1 30 0.7 29 0.7 1,055
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,800

SCTG 28, Paper or paper board articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 599 100.0 260 100.0 108 100.0 218
Single modes 599 99.9 260 100.0 108 100.0 202
Truck3 599 99.9 260 100.0 108 100.0 200
For-hire Truck 573 95.7 247 94.9 107 98.8 390
Private Truck 26 4.3 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,174
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 764
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 764
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 402 100.0 S S S S 781
Single modes 161 40.0 S S S S S
Truck3 159 39.5 S S S S 321
For-hire Truck 103 25.7 S S S S 594
Private Truck 56 13.8 7 2.0 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 646
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 3 1.1 944
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 3 1.1 944
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 108 26.9 S S S S 638

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather,and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,865 100.0 146 100.0 141 100.0 985
Single modes 1,579 55.1 113 78.0 107 75.8 1,252
Truck3 1,550 54.1 112 76.7 103 73.0 1,247
For-hire Truck 1,263 44.1 91 62.8 90 63.8 1,221
Private Truck 287 10.0 20 13.8 13 9.2 1,253
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 29 1.0 2 1.3 4 2.8 1,699
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 1,136 39.6 23 15.9 25 17.6 976
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,123 39.2 23 15.5 23 16.5 976
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,875
Truck and water S S S S S S 5,681
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 918

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 148 100.0 S S 44 100.0 S
Single modes 122 82.6 S S S S S
Truck3 122 82.6 S S S S S
For-hire Truck 61 41.2 15 1.9 14 30.9 515
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,004
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,010
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 188 100.0 S S S S S
Single modes 177 94.0 S S S S 134
Truck3 177 94.0 S S S S 132
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 258
Private Truck 125 66.5 S S S S 104
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,433
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 784
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 784
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.3 S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 171 100.0 57 100.0 S
Single modes S S 156 91.3 S S 167
Truck3 S S 155 90.7 S S 158
For-hire Truck S S 141 82.5 S S 249
Private Truck S S 14 8.3 1 1.8 75
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,473
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 722
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 730
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,849 100.0 110 100.0 84 100.0 348
Single modes 1,704 92.2 104 94.9 80 95.2 S
Truck3 1,648 89.1 103 93.5 79 93.0 S
For-hire Truck 1,473 79.7 84 76.9 77 91.3 783
Private Truck 174 9.4 18 16.6 2 1.8 27
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 56 3.0 2 1.4 2 2.2 1,441
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 107 5.8 3 2.8 S S 654
Parcel, USPS or courier 107 5.8 3 2.8 S S 656
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 38 2.0 S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,561 100.0 29 100.0 23 100.0 430
Single modes 970 62.2 19 65.0 14 59.3 S
Truck3 571 36.6 15 52.5 7 31.8 S
For-hire Truck 405 26.0 9 32.1 6 27.7 700
Private Truck S S 6 20.3 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 889
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 347 22.2 2 7.3 S S 1,819
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 370 23.7 4 14.8 S S 734
Parcel, USPS or courier 370 23.7 4 14.8 S S 734
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 221 14.1 6 20.2 S S 521

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 803 100.0 83 100.0 22 100.0 60
Single modes 542 67.5 73 88.1 20 92.7 S
Truck3 534 66.5 72 86.8 19 87.1 S
For-hire Truck 262 32.6 S S 18 81.3 S
Private Truck 271 33.7 28 34.1 1 5.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,145
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 248
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 248
Truck and rail S S S S S S 351
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 54

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,022
Single modes S S S S S S 1,022
Truck3 S S S S S S 1,022
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,079
Private Truck S S S S S S 721
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 72 100.0 1 100.0 100.0 504
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck3 S S S S S S S
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 246
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 831
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 831
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 4

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 677 100.0 76 100.0 32 100.0 496
Single modes 631 93.2 71 93.5 29 90.1 375
Truck3 631 93.2 71 93.5 29 90.1 374
For-hire Truck 284 41.9 S S S S 751
Private Truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,735
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 779
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 779
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 441

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,840 100.0 216 100.0 61 100.0 796
Single modes 1,027 55.8 199 92.1 45 74.0 325
Truck3 995 54.1 198 91.5 44 71.3 S
For-hire Truck 307 16.7 53 24.6 27 44.5 561
Private Truck 688 37.4 145 66.9 16 26.8 113
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,071
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes 455 24.7 10 4.4 11 18.6 997
Parcel, USPS or courier 455 24.7 10 4.4 11 18.6 997
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 169
Truck3 S S S S S S 169
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 168
Private Truck S S S S S S 182
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 84 14.9 S S 668

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 7,538 100.0 1,579 100.0 175 100.0 325
Single modes 7,375 97.8 1,572 99.5 170 97.1 157
Truck3 7,369 97.8 1,572 99.5 170 97.0 155
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 1,377
Private Truck 7,303 96.9 1,554 98.4 166 94.6 91
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,306
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 0.3 S S 794
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 0.3 S S 802
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 372
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 505

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 79
Single modes S S S S S S 116
Truck3 S S S S S S 102
For-hire Truck S S S S S S 175
Private Truck S S S S S S 98
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,788
Pipeline4 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 42

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
3 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private tuck and for-hire truck.
4 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.