Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

Table 15 - Shipment Characteristics by Origin State and Mode of Transportation for State of Destination: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Total

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 29,237 100.0 25,955 100.0 6,791 100.0 568
Single modes 24,222 82.8 25,306 97.5 6,481 95.4 250
Truck 23,244 79.5 22,561 86.9 5,006 73.7 192
For-hire truck 12,393 42.4 9,909 38.2 3,914 57.6 663
Private truck 10,733 36.7 12,630 48.7 1,070 15.7 63
Rail 671 2.3 1,898 7.3 1,450 21.3 761
Water S S S S S S 384
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 384
Air (including truck and air) 270 0.9 2 5 1,554
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 4,094 14.0 178 0.7 183 2.7 950
Parcel, USPS or courier 3,843 13.1 122 0.5 115 1.7 951
Truck and Rail S S 53 0.2 67 1.0 1,232
Truck and water S S S S S S 509
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes 921 3.2 470 1.8 128 1.9 S

Alabama

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 44 100.0 S S S S 1,336
Single modes 36 83.6 S S S S 1,346
Truck 36 83.6 S S S S 1,346
For-hire truck 35 79.8 S S S S 1,346
Private truck S S S S S S 1,299
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 7 15.3 S S S S 1,326
Parcel, USPS or courier 7 15.3 S S S S 1,326
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,451

Alaska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 4,991
Single modes S S S S S S 4,962
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 4,962
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 5,004
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 5,004
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arizona

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 100.0 1 100.0 2,730
Single modes S S 71.0 1 72.3 2,649
Truck S S S S S S 3,005
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,005
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,635
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 20 38.5 29.0 27.7 2,851
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 38.5 29.0 27.7 2,851
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Arkansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 37 100.0 60 100.0 1,582
Single modes S S 37 99.9 60 99.9 1,567
Truck S S 35 93.0 56 93.2 1,567
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,566
Private truck S S S S S S 1,600
Rail S S S S S S 1,555
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,629
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,629
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

California

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 839 100.0 96 100.0 304 100.0 3,235
Single modes 440 52.4 S S S S 3,122
Truck S S S S S S 3,176
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,176
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,962
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 394 46.9 S S S S 3,250
Parcel, USPS or courier 392 46.8 S S S S 3,250
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,212
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,042

Colorado

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 75 100.0 S S S S 2,231
Single modes S S S S S S 2,160
Truck S S S S S S 2,153
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,153
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,563
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,154
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 51 68.7 S S S S 2,233
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 68.7 S S S S 2,233
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,536

Connecticut

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 770 100.0 197 100.0 53 100.0 243
Single modes 626 81.4 183 93.0 49 92.3 269
Truck 611 79.4 170 86.3 44 83.6 249
For-hire truck 412 53.5 90 45.5 26 49.1 264
Private truck S S S S S S 234
Rail S S S S S S 353
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,499
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 141 18.3 9 4.8 2 4.0 238
Parcel, USPS or courier 141 18.3 9 4.8 2 4.0 238
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 447

Delaware

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 134 100.0 64 100.0 39 100.0 568
Single modes 105 78.3 64 99.5 39 99.5 612
Truck 81 60.4 41 63.7 23 59.2 567
For-hire truck 66 48.9 29 44.3 16 41.4 576
Private truck 15 11.5 12 19.4 7 17.8 532
Rail S S S S S S 674
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,393
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.5 0.5 544
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.5 0.5 544
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

District of Columbia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 563
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 563
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 563
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Florida

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 208 100.0 31 100.0 46 100.0 1,547
Single modes 116 55.5 28 91.2 42 91.2 1,620
Truck S S 28 91.2 42 91.1 1,592
For-hire truck 47 22.4 25 80.0 37 79.9 1,617
Private truck S S S S S S 1,443
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,879
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 84 40.5 1 3.8 2 3.9 1,544
Parcel, USPS or courier 84 40.5 1 3.8 2 3.9 1,544
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,456

Georgia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 368 100.0 236 100.0 327 100.0 1,286
Single modes 290 78.6 229 97.4 320 97.8 1,248
Truck 270 73.4 68 28.9 89 27.3 1,231
For-hire truck 224 60.9 58 24.7 77 23.5 1,230
Private truck S S 10 4.2 12 3.8 1,240
Rail 19 5.2 161 68.5 230 70.4 1,436
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,469
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 1 0.6 S S 1,298
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 1 0.6 S S 1,298
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,216

Hawaii

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Idaho

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,819
Single modes S S S S S S 2,735
Truck S S S S S S 2,931
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,968
Private truck S S S S S S 2,745
Rail S S S S S S 2,735
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,725
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,970
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,970
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,937

Illinois

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 479 100.0 262 100.0 327 100.0 1,251
Single modes 342 71.5 242 92.2 306 93.7 1,231
Truck 340 71.0 224 85.2 282 86.3 1,229
For-hire truck 340 71.0 224 85.2 282 86.3 1,229
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 1,306
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,340
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 137 28.5 S S S S 1,256
Parcel, USPS or courier 111 23.2 S S S S 1,257
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 979
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Indiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 562 100.0 125 100.0 133 100.0 1,226
Single modes S S 117 93.5 124 93.8 1,117
Truck S S 96 76.7 104 78.2 1,100
For-hire truck S S 77 62.0 80 60.2 1,053
Private truck S S S S S S 1,317
Rail S S S S S S 989
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,295
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,232
Parcel, USPS or courier 59 10.5 1 0.8 S S 1,233
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 981
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,017

Iowa

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 153 100.0 130 100.0 152 100.0 1,485
Single modes 136 88.4 126 97.1 146 96.0 1,471
Truck 103 67.1 S S S S 1,487
For-hire truck 94 61.1 S S S S 1,490
Private truck S S S S S S 1,387
Rail 22 14.2 88 67.6 S S 1,015
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,501
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 8.9 S S S S 1,486
Parcel, USPS or courier 14 8.9 S S S S 1,486
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,599

Kansas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 113 100.0 25 100.0 45 100.0 1,601
Single modes 81 71.9 24 95.9 43 96.3 1,699
Truck 81 71.9 24 95.9 43 96.3 1,701
For-hire truck 80 71.1 24 95.8 43 96.2 1,704
Private truck S S S S S S 1,574
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,592
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 32 28.1 S S S S 1,592
Parcel, USPS or courier 31 27.8 S S S S 1,592
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,706
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Kentucky

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 151 100.0 54 100.0 62 100.0 1,115
Single modes 130 86.2 52 96.7 60 96.4 1,036
Truck 129 85.4 52 96.6 60 96.4 1,035
For-hire truck 126 83.2 51 95.0 59 94.8 1,032
Private truck S S S S S S 1,116
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,062
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 21 13.8 2 3.3 2 3.6 1,172
Parcel, USPS or courier 20 12.9 S S S S 1,172
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,411
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Louisiana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 48 100.0 S S S S 1,788
Single modes 37 77.4 S S S S 1,714
Truck S S S S S S 1,713
For-hire truck 8 16.8 S S S S 1,786
Private truck S S S S S S 1,700
Rail S S S S S S 1,742
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 11 22.6 S S S S 1,800
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 22.6 S S S S 1,800
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Maine

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 10,411 100.0 17,732 100.0 918 100.0 34
Single modes 9,391 90.2 17,441 98.4 900 98.0 32
Truck 9,154 87.9 15,814 89.2 799 87.0 32
For-hire truck 1,608 15.4 5,374 30.3 387 42.1 83
Private truck 7,544 72.5 10,439 58.9 412 44.9 28
Rail 210 2.0 827 4.7 98 10.6 125
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 445 4.3 17 0.1 2 0.2 87
Parcel, USPS or courier 441 4.2 12 1 0.1 88
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 212
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S S 274 1.5 17 1.8 S

Maryland

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 371 100.0 110 100.0 61 100.0 570
Single modes 299 80.5 109 99.5 61 99.5 582
Truck 299 80.5 109 99.5 61 99.5 547
For-hire truck 290 78.2 107 97.8 60 97.9 548
Private truck S S S S S S 540
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,349
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 72 19.5 1 0.5 0.5 568
Parcel, USPS or courier 72 19.5 1 0.5 0.5 568
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Massachusetts

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 2,770 100.0 804 100.0 165 100.0 183
Single modes 2,214 79.9 706 87.8 139 84.3 185
Truck 2,200 79.4 698 86.8 136 82.5 181
For-hire truck 1,141 41.2 336 41.8 76 46.2 199
Private truck 1,050 37.9 361 44.8 60 36.1 158
Rail S S S S S S 328
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,022
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 408 14.7 19 2.4 4 2.5 182
Parcel, USPS or courier 408 14.7 19 2.4 4 2.5 182
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 156

Michigan

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 302 100.0 133 100.0 147 100.0 1,224
Single modes 252 83.5 S S S S 1,261
Truck 204 67.6 S S S S 1,072
For-hire truck 190 63.0 S S S S 1,067
Private truck S S S S S S 1,156
Rail S S S S S S 564
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,295
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 43 14.4 1 0.5 1 0.5 1,135
Parcel, USPS or courier 43 14.4 1 0.5 1 0.5 1,135
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,084

Minnesota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 272 100.0 S S S S 1,644
Single modes S S S S S S 1,584
Truck S S S S S S 1,609
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,609
Private truck S S S S S S 1,690
Rail S S S S S S 1,008
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,545
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,651
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,651
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Mississippi

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 50 100.0 42 100.0 65 100.0 1,580
Single modes 49 99.0 42 99.9 65 99.9 1,458
Truck 39 78.5 13 31.6 20 29.9 1,454
For-hire truck 39 78.0 11 27.3 17 25.6 1,454
Private truck S S S S S S 1,548
Rail S S S S S S 1,615
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,651
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1.0 0.1 0.1 1,703
Parcel, USPS or courier 1.0 0.1 0.1 1,703
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Missouri

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 156 100.0 72 100.0 82 100.0 1,412
Single modes 116 74.3 60 84.3 70 85.5 1,550
Truck 86 54.9 17 23.9 25 31.1 1,562
For-hire truck 79 50.4 14 19.8 21 25.3 1,459
Private truck S S S S S S 1,600
Rail S S S S S S 1,061
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,550
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 35 22.6 S S S S 1,377
Parcel, USPS or courier 29 18.8 1 1.9 2 2.4 1,378
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 981
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,557

Montana

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,556
Single modes S S S S S S 2,456
Truck S S S S S S 2,675
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,839
Private truck S S S S S S 2,461
Rail 5 58.8 S S S S 2,334
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 1 7.7 S S S S 2,577
Parcel, USPS or courier 1 7.7 S S S S 2,577
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nebraska

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 13 100.0 3 100.0 6 100.0 1,559
Single modes 12 92.6 3 99.3 6 99.3 1,689
Truck 12 92.6 3 99.3 6 99.3 1,689
For-hire truck 10 75.3 S S 5 82.2 1,705
Private truck S S S S S S 1,638
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 0.7 0.7 1,543
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 0.7 0.7 1,543
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Nevada

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,034
Single modes S S S S S S 2,984
Truck S S S S S S 3,072
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,072
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,781
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,954
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,036
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 3,036
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New Hampshire

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,053 100.0 1,462 100.0 151 100.0 136
Single modes 877 83.3 1,442 98.6 149 98.4 112
Truck 876 83.2 1,442 98.6 148 98.3 111
For-hire truck 281 26.6 780 53.3 94 62.1 141
Private truck 595 56.6 662 45.3 55 36.2 101
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 375
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 142 13.4 7 0.5 1 0.7 150
Parcel, USPS or courier 142 13.4 7 0.5 1 0.7 150
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 35 3.3 S S S S 91

New Jersey

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 882 100.0 331 100.0 139 100.0 447
Single modes 676 76.6 324 98.1 136 98.1 450
Truck 664 75.3 281 85.1 120 86.3 447
For-hire truck S S 211 64.0 92 66.5 441
Private truck 225 25.5 70 21.2 27 19.8 474
Rail
Water S S S S S S 384
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 384
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,477
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 168 19.0 3 0.9 1 1.0 448
Parcel, USPS or courier 168 19.0 3 0.9 1 1.0 448
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 413

New Mexico

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 4 100.0 100.0 100.0 2,703
Single modes S S S S S S 2,873
Truck S S S S S S 2,320
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,320
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,877
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 2 52.4 80.1 78.1 2,548
Parcel, USPS or courier 2 52.4 80.1 78.1 2,548
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

New York

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 1,304 100.0 517 100.0 571
Single modes S S 1,263 96.8 497 96.3 433
Truck S S 1,261 96.7 497 96.1 425
For-hire truck S S 559 42.8 249 48.3 458
Private truck 275 10.9 699 53.6 246 47.6 364
Rail
Water S S S S S S 384
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 384
Air (including truck and air) 2 S S S S 617
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 242 9.5 12 0.9 5 1.1 622
Parcel, USPS or courier 239 9.4 S S S S 622
Truck and Rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 509
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 466

North Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 453 100.0 114 100.0 106 100.0 1,042
Single modes 380 83.8 111 97.7 103 97.5 984
Truck 373 82.3 94 82.2 87 82.5 960
For-hire truck 318 70.1 87 76.3 81 76.6 965
Private truck S S S S S S 918
Rail S S S S S S 901
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,451
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 69 15.2 2 2.2 2 2.3 1,046
Parcel, USPS or courier 69 15.2 2 2.2 2 2.3 1,046
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 862

North Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,974
Single modes S S S S S S 2,046
Truck S S S S S S 2,046
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,053
Private truck S S S S S S 1,991
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,890
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,890
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Ohio

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 963 100.0 S S S S 929
Single modes 873 90.7 S S S S 944
Truck 678 70.5 233 43.9 230 43.3 942
For-hire truck 580 60.2 193 36.4 194 36.5 1,001
Private truck 99 10.3 40 7.6 36 6.8 798
Rail S S S S S S 1,012
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 3 0.3 1,116
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 86 8.9 5 0.9 4 0.8 921
Parcel, USPS or courier 86 8.9 5 0.9 4 0.8 921
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,055

Oklahoma

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,813
Single modes S S S S S S 1,747
Truck S S S S S S 1,748
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,748
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,712
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 4 15.6 S S S S 1,852
Parcel, USPS or courier 4 15.6 S S S S 1,852
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Oregon

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 3,312
Single modes S S S S S S 3,288
Truck S S S S S S 3,323
For-hire truck S S S S S S 3,325
Private truck S S S S S S 3,244
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 1 1.3 S S S S 2,996
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 14 17.8 S S S S 3,314
Parcel, USPS or courier 11 13.5 1.0 1 1.0 3,314
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,339
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Pennsylvania

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 1,605 100.0 377 100.0 218 100.0 420
Single modes 1,410 87.9 369 97.9 214 98.1 574
Truck 1,406 87.6 361 95.7 207 95.2 562
For-hire truck 1,308 81.5 311 82.5 173 79.3 568
Private truck 98 6.1 50 13.2 S S 526
Rail S S S S S S 759
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,162
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 190 11.9 5 1.5 3 1.2 408
Parcel, USPS or courier 190 11.9 5 1.5 3 1.2 408
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 693

Rhode Island

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 150 100.0 116 100.0 27 100.0 241
Single modes 116 77.4 114 99.1 27 99.2 260
Truck 116 77.3 114 99.1 27 99.2 251
For-hire truck 61 40.6 72 61.9 18 65.8 286
Private truck 55 36.7 43 37.2 9 33.4 235
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,683
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 32 21.7 1 0.9 0.8 220
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 21.7 1 0.9 0.8 220
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 238

South Carolina

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 557 100.0 S S S S 1,110
Single modes 501 90.1 S S S S 1,185
Truck S S S S S S 1,184
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,186
Private truck S S S S S S 1,129
Rail S S S S S S 1,165
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,349
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 55 9.9 S S S S 1,056
Parcel, USPS or courier 51 9.1 1 0.3 1 0.2 1,055
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,303
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

South Dakota

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 1,854
Single modes S S S S S S 1,684
Truck S S S S S S 1,684
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,672
Private truck S S S S S S 1,825
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,931
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 1,931
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Tennessee

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 595 100.0 114 100.0 156 100.0 1,334
Single modes 383 64.4 104 91.3 141 90.7 1,228
Truck 364 61.2 71 62.7 94 60.7 1,201
For-hire truck 363 61.0 71 62.3 94 60.3 1,200
Private truck S S S S S S 1,404
Rail S S S S S S 1,432
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,314
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,377
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 2.0 S S 1,375
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,491
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,315

Texas

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S 57 100.0 124 100.0 1,982
Single modes 158 28.6 S S S S 2,058
Truck 156 28.2 S S S S 2,078
For-hire truck 84 15.2 S S S S 2,089
Private truck S S S S S S 1,997
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,011
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 5 8.2 9 7.3 1,972
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 5 8.2 9 7.3 1,972
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 2,065

Utah

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 23 100.0 S S S S 2,510
Single modes 10 46.2 S S S S 2,517
Truck 8 36.6 S S S S 2,568
For-hire truck 8 36.6 S S S S 2,568
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,447
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 12 53.8 1.5 1.5 2,510
Parcel, USPS or courier 12 53.8 1.5 1.5 2,510
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

Vermont

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 118 100.0 241 100.0 59 100.0 270
Single modes 99 83.7 224 93.1 56 96.1 250
Truck 93 79.0 181 75.2 41 69.4 215
For-hire truck 40 34.1 113 47.1 27 46.2 241
Private truck S S 68 28.1 14 23.2 190
Rail S S S S S S 364
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,515
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 15 12.7 1 0.3 0.3 275
Parcel, USPS or courier 15 12.7 1 0.3 0.3 275
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 251

Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 288 100.0 107 100.0 S S 829
Single modes 256 88.9 S S S S 1,052
Truck 223 77.3 64 60.1 50 57.3 772
For-hire truck 219 75.9 62 57.7 48 54.9 773
Private truck S S S S S S 762
Rail S S S S S S 873
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,203
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 32 11.1 1 1.0 1 1.0 731
Parcel, USPS or courier 32 11.1 1 1.0 1 1.0 731
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 898

Washington

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 72 100.0 25 100.0 80 100.0 3,187
Single modes 60 83.2 24 98.1 79 98.1 3,139
Truck 55 76.7 18 72.2 59 73.4 3,226
For-hire truck S S 16 64.0 52 64.9 3,223
Private truck S S S S S S 3,328
Rail S S S S S S 3,150
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S 2,892
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 5 7.3 0.7 1 0.7 3,201
Parcel, USPS or courier 5 7.3 0.7 1 0.7 3,201
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 3,171

West Virginia

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 46 100.0 42 100.0 37 100.0 746
Single modes 43 93.8 38 89.7 33 89.6 771
Truck 38 83.0 21 49.9 16 43.4 739
For-hire truck 32 69.7 20 46.8 15 41.1 743
Private truck S S S S S S 732
Rail S S S S S S 1,028
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,392
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 741
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 741
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 904

Wisconsin

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes 567 100.0 202 100.0 295 100.0 1,454
Single modes 480 84.6 195 96.7 285 96.8 1,335
Truck 470 82.9 195 96.6 285 96.7 1,334
For-hire truck 311 54.8 156 77.3 236 79.9 1,339
Private truck S S 24 11.8 31 10.4 1,320
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,349
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 2 1.2 3 1.1 1,472
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 2 1.2 3 1.1 1,472
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,056
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 1,462

Wyoming

Mode of transportation1 Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
2002
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
(thousands)
Percent of total 2002
(millions)
Percent of
total
All modes S S S S S S 2,120
Single modes S S S S S S 2,134
Truck S S S S S S 2,417
For-hire truck S S S S S S 2,417
Private truck
Rail S S S S S S 2,083
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,120
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 2,120
Truck and Rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.