Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

Table 20 - Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002 and 1997

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities2

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 32,355 21,878 47.9 32,121 22,562 42.4 10,590 7,941 33.4 570 686 −16.9
Single modes 28,091 17,603 59.6 31,219 21,916 42.4 10,102 7,253 39.3 205 222 −7.6
Truck 25,307 15,123 67.3 26,660 19,638 35.8 6,712 4,480 49.8 183 175 4.7
Rail 2,178 1,626 33.9 3,735 2,266 64.9 3,341 2,762 21 968 1,196 −19
Water S S S S S S S S S 121 11 S
Air (including truck and air) 537 853 −37.1 21 12 70.4 S 11 S 1,843 1,065 73
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 2,925 3,633 −19.5 106 230 −53.7 95 339 −71.9 918 939 −2.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 2,865 3,441 −16.7 69 109 −36.1 59 88 −33.5 919 939 −2.1
Truck and Rail 55 190 −70.9 36 120 −70 37 251 −85.4 1,503 1,940 −22.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 185 S
Other and unknown modes 1,339 642 108.7 795 S S 393 S S S 67 S

SCTG 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,711 1,025 66.9 S 543 S S S S 589 475 24.1
Single modes 1,675 1,008 66.2 S 541 S S S S 583 S S
Truck 1,645 983 67.3 S 527 S S S S 437 S S
Rail 1 9 5 594
Water S S S S S S 11
Air (including truck and air) S 22 S S S S S 4 S 2,121 1,515 40
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 1,239 1,062 16.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 1,239 1,062 16.6
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 122 S

SCTG 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,071 1,349 53.5 S 1,345 S S 601 S 72 85 −15.5
Single modes 2,049 1,314 55.9 S 1,280 S S 485 S 71 80 −10.3
Truck 2,049 1,309 56.5 S 1,274 S S 468 S 71 79 −10
Rail 5 6 17 2,690
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 1,706 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,942
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 10-14, Stones, non-metallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 119 13 826.3 1,798 1,547 16.2 132 20 558.3 S 16 S
Single modes 105 13 738.6 1,707 1,497 14 131 20 562.6 S 17 S
Truck S 13 S S 1,497 S S 20 S S 17 S
Rail S S S S S S 97
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 1,076
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S 6 S

SCTG 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,136 1,229 73.8 8,300 6,152 34.9 380 332 14.6 44 30 49
Single modes 2,134 1,229 73.7 8,296 6,151 34.9 380 332 14.6 44 30 49.7
Truck 2,124 1,219 74.1 8,190 6,064 35.1 366 318 15.4 44 29 50.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S 128 163 −21.4
Water
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 89 135 −34
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S 89 53 67
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 198
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 48 15 213.4

SCTG 20-24, Pharmaceutical and chemical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 1,064 1,656 −35.8 2,325 1,903 22.2 373 305 22.4 237 134 77.2
Single modes 862 1,437 −40.1 2,283 1,877 21.6 370 271 36.9 345 117 194
Truck 823 1,402 −41.3 1,460 S S 299 193 54.7 342 112 204.6
Rail S 22 S S 188 S S 77 S 3,059 410 645.5
Water
Air (including truck and air) S 14 S S S S S S 1,593 1,425 11.8
Pipeline S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 51 176 −70.9 4 S S 2 S S S 188 S
Parcel, USPS or courier 49 S S 4 5 −24.4 2 1 74.7 804 186 331.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 2,058
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S 43 S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 8,887 9,234 −3.8 10,116 7,761 30.4 6,755 5,502 22.8 936 921 1.6
Single modes 7,279 7,287 −0.1 9,629 7,616 26.4 6,412 5,327 20.4 624 581 7.3
Truck 5,145 5,773 −10.9 6,481 5,651 14.7 3,194 2,696 18.5 605 489 23.7
Rail 2,059 1,459 41.1 3,144 1,963 60.2 3,213 2,629 22.2 1,061 1,331 −20.3
Water S S S S S S 121
Air (including truck and air) 32 55 −42 2 2 10.3 4 3 56.8 1,434 1,059 35.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,318 1,877 −29.8 63 98 −36.1 63 167 −62.2 975 972 0.3
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,264 1,764 −28.3 27 48 −43.5 26 45 −41.6 975 971 0.4
Truck and Rail 55 114 −51.9 36 51 −29.2 37 S S 1,569 2,567 −38.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S 70 S 425 47 807.3 280 8 S 857 S S

SCTG 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 3,514 2,680 31.1 S 1,328 S 244 247 −1.1 256 240 6.4
Single modes 3,067 1,902 61.3 S 1,273 S 212 227 −6.4 S 105 S
Truck 2,987 1,507 98.2 S 1,268 S 209 225 −6.9 S 82 S
Rail S S S S S S 338
Water
Air (including truck and air) 80 S S 3 S S 3 S S 1,446 1,427 1.4
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 273 699 −61 9 16 −41.7 7 9 −23.5 711 545 30.5
Parcel, USPS or courier 272 699 −61.2 9 16 −43.3 7 9 −23.5 716 545 31.5
Truck and Rail
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2
Other and unknown modes S 79 S S 39 S S 11 S S S S

SCTG 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 2,745 2,470 11.2 142 141 0.5 70 53 30.5 S 276 S
Single modes 1,845 1,803 2.3 121 111 8.9 58 48 21.8 S S S
Truck 1,437 1,326 8.4 116 109 6.3 51 46 9.1 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 889
Water
Air (including truck and air) 355 476 −25.4 3 2 94.9 6 1 281.5 1,817 1,409 29
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 656 420 56.4 11 S S 5 4 29.4 552 471 17.2
Parcel, USPS or courier 656 420 56.3 11 S S 5 4 28.4 552 471 17.2
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 351
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 244 248 −1.3 S 14 S S 1 S S 48 S

SCTG 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes 10,079 1,906 428.8 2,437 1,524 59.9 401 367 9.3 567 730 −22.3
Single modes 9,053 1,512 498.9 2,323 1,492 55.7 318 335 −4.9 203 224 −9.5
Truck 9,016 1,490 505.1 2,322 1,481 56.7 317 316 0.1 193 166 16.3
Rail S S S S S S 1,801
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S S S S 1,945 S S
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes 611 342 78.6 17 22 −25.3 17 27 −37 943 1,049 −10.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 610 339 80.2 16 21 −21.8 17 26 −35.6 945 1,049 −9.9
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 3,319
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S 372 118 215.2
Other and unknown modes S 52 S 97 S S S 5 S S S S

Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles per shipment
2002
(million $)
1997
(million $)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(thousands)
1997
(thousands)
Percent Change 1997-2002 2002
(millions)
1997
(millions)
Percent change 1997-2002 2002 (average miles) 1997 (average miles) Percent change 1997-2002
All modes S 317 S S S S S S S 79 1,525 −94.8
Single modes S S S S S S S S S 116 632 −81.7
Truck S S S S S S S S S 102 632 −83.9
Rail
Water
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 2,788
Pipeline S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S 1,631 S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S S S S 1,634 S
Truck and Rail S S S S S S 1,068
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S 42 586 −92.9

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs. Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.