Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table B-6. Estimated Measures of Reliability for Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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All Commodities

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 5.8 14.0 11.7 16.6
Single modes 6.7 1.8 14.3 0.8 11.5 1.3 18.6
Truck 6.8 2.1 14.7 2.8 15.0 5.2 19.8
For-hire truck 5.5 3.4 22.0 5.3 16.6 5.2 9.1
Private truck 14.2 4.4 16.2 5.4 14.7 1.8 30.5
Rail 20.0 1.2 18.3 2.7 23.6 4.8 10.7
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) 27.2 0.4 49.9 S S 9.0
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 19.8 2.0 11.5 0.1 16.3 0.3 9.4
Parcel, USPS or courier 20.1 2.0 19.9 20.0 0.2 9.4
Truck and rail 30.7 26.4 37.9 0.2 26.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 35.6
Other and unknown modes 29.6 1.1 27.1 0.8 44.2 1.3 S

SCTG 1, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 2, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 3, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.6
Single modes S S S S S S 29.6
Truck S S S S S S 29.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 4, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 5, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 41.2 41.0 45.6 22.1
Single modes 41.7 10.3 41.1 10.4 45.7 10.5 22.8
Truck 42.1 10.1 41.3 10.1 40.7 10.5 24.5
For-hire truck 43.8 12.3 48.9 11.7 48.5 11.7 22.6
Private truck S S S S S S 30.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32.3

SCTG 6, Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 24.1
Single modes S S S S S S 23.5
Truck S S S S S S 23.5
For-hire truck 30.5 14.6 33.8 15.2 36.1 14.2 45.9
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 7, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 35.8 S S S S 18.5
Single modes 35.6 0.2 S S S S 17.9
Truck 35.6 0.2 S S S S 17.9
For-hire truck 47.4 10.6 S S S S S
Private truck 40.0 10.7 47.9 14.0 21.6 19.2 18.0
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.9

SCTG 8, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.9 16.3 S S 10.7
Single modes 18.8 1.9 12.8 2.8 S S 28.7
Truck 18.8 1.9 12.8 2.8 S S 28.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29.4
Private truck 12.6 6.2 10.5 5.5 S S 17.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 9, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 10, Monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.0
Private truck S S S S S S 32.2
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 44.3 44.4 48.8 23.7
Single modes 44.3 44.4 48.8 23.7
Truck 44.3 44.4 48.8 23.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck 45.4 4.2 45.1 2.6 49.9 3.7 23.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.7 S S 39.5 27.5
Single modes 42.6 3.1 49.8 1.7 39.5 0.3 48.1
Truck S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 35.3
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 28.0
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 28.2
Single modes S S S S S S 30.6
Truck S S S S S S 30.4
For-hire truck S S S S S S 30.4
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 28.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 28.2
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 32.6

SCTG 15, Coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 27.9
Single modes S S S S S S 27.9
Truck S S S S S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 27.9
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.3 19.8 19.4 19.7
Single modes 20.3 19.8 19.4 19.7
Truck 20.3 19.8 19.4 19.7
For-hire truck 30.6 10.7 32.5 10.6 38.7 11.1 45.2
Private truck 23.0 10.7 21.9 10.6 23.3 11.1 20.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.3 28.5 31.0 11.2
Single modes 28.3 28.5 31.0 11.2
Truck 28.3 28.5 31.0 11.2
For-hire truck 47.3 9.3 48.1 9.1 48.0 10.8 28.9
Private truck 27.9 9.3 27.5 9.1 32.4 10.8 11.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 47.8 47.9 S S 33.0
Single modes 48.1 0.9 48.1 1.0 S S 33.3
Truck 48.4 1.5 44.8 2.9 S S 33.4
For-hire truck 47.0 12.6 S S S S 29.0
Private truck S S 39.1 17.8 S S 33.5
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.9 S S 36.7 S
Single modes 43.9 S S 36.7 S
Truck 46.2 7.1 38.1 11.6 35.3 1.2 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 38.5 16.5 38.2 10.9 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes
Truck
For-hire truck
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 22.9
Single modes S S S S S S 26.5
Truck S S S S S S 26.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 26.1
Private truck 46.2 19.2 S S S S 30.5
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 46.5
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.0 21.4 37.7 S
Single modes 23.3 9.8 26.1 9.6 37.9 4.7 40.8
Truck 23.4 9.8 26.1 9.6 37.9 4.6 43.5
For-hire truck 27.7 10.5 29.2 11.1 39.1 7.2 22.8
Private truck S S S S S S 21.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 45.5 1.4 38.0 0.6 45.2 1.7 18.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 45.9 0.6 45.2 1.7 18.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 29.9
Single modes S S S S S S 29.9
Truck S S S S S S 29.9
For-hire truck
Private truck S S S S S S 29.9
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 32.9 41.1 42.4 26.0
Single modes 33.1 0.8 42.0 2.7 42.8 1.9 26.0
Truck 21.2 6.8 S S 39.9 10.9 24.9
For-hire truck 34.6 7.6 S S 42.5 7.8 20.9
Private truck 23.6 9.6 42.3 7.3 S S 33.4
Rail S S S S S S 19.5
Water S S S S S S 31.6
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 31.6
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.1
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 32.5
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 33.5
Truck and rail S S S S S S 31.4
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 31.9 0.8 44.6 2.7 S S 32.0

SCTG 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 12.0 11.4 11.3 4.1
Single modes 12.1 0.5 11.7 0.5 11.6 0.5 4.6
Truck 18.4 4.1 18.1 4.5 18.4 3.7 5.7
For-hire truck 18.5 3.9 18.3 4.4 18.4 3.7 5.5
Private truck S S S S S S 30.4
Rail 11.2 4.0 12.4 4.3 10.4 3.5 6.3
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.8 0.4 30.6 0.3 47.0 0.4 20.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 31.6
Truck and rail 45.5 0.4 30.7 0.3 47.1 0.4 23.1
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 30.8

SCTG 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 45.0 28.0 33.2 29.7
Single modes 45.1 0.6 28.0 33.2 31.1
Truck 45.1 0.6 28.0 33.2 31.8
For-hire truck 46.2 10.9 29.6 10.6 33.1 10.4 19.3
Private truck 45.5 10.8 S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 30.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 30.7
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 20.4 S S S S 17.2
Single modes 23.5 11.9 S S S S S
Truck 23.7 11.9 S S S S 38.9
For-hire truck 26.1 9.3 S S S S 23.8
Private truck 30.7 8.0 32.7 7.4 S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 30.9
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 38.1 14.1 22.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S 38.1 14.1 22.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 45.8 12.5 S S S S 25.7

SCTG 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 22.5 13.2 17.4 11.0
Single modes 28.8 11.5 16.0 7.7 19.6 7.5 8.4
Truck 29.6 10.8 16.3 7.6 20.4 8.6 10.1
For-hire truck 37.2 9.7 19.8 8.8 22.8 9.4 8.7
Private truck 21.9 6.1 28.1 5.2 38.4 3.9 20.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 40.1 1.5 32.8 0.8 43.4 3.4 32.0
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 44.0 11.6 42.9 7.6 37.6 7.6 11.7
Parcel, USPS or courier 44.1 11.7 43.1 7.6 37.7 7.3 11.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S 25.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.2

SCTG 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 43.7 S S 46.9 S
Single modes 43.2 7.2 S S S S S
Truck 43.2 7.2 S S S S S
For-hire truck 47.0 14.0 42.3 17.7 41.9 14.7 40.1
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 29.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 29.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 32, Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 26.0 S S S S S
Single modes 29.0 5.9 S S S S 19.5
Truck 29.0 5.9 S S S S 19.0
For-hire truck S S S S S S 24.4
Private truck 36.5 9.3 S S S S 17.4
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 38.3
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 38.3
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 49.6 1.8 S S S

SCTG 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S 41.8 44.8 S
Single modes S S 44.7 8.0 S S 44.3
Truck S S 44.4 7.9 S S 46.2
For-hire truck S S 47.4 9.6 S S 32.1
Private truck S S 38.8 6.6 30.6 4.1 35.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 28.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 19.2
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 18.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 19.4 15.6 32.7 32.4
Single modes 20.2 1.3 15.6 1.3 33.1 1.9 S
Truck 20.0 0.9 15.8 1.3 33.8 2.4 S
For-hire truck 22.6 5.3 19.7 8.5 34.6 5.8 28.0
Private truck 30.1 4.7 42.0 7.6 38.3 4.5 45.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 36.0 0.6 42.8 0.5 43.7 1.6 16.2
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 28.6 1.4 32.0 1.4 S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 28.6 1.4 32.1 1.4 S S 21.0
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes S S S S S S 31.6
Other and unknown modes 42.5 0.9 S S S S S

SCTG 35, Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 13.2 13.1 25.2 35.2
Single modes 17.7 5.2 12.8 6.3 22.4 8.4 S
Truck 25.1 6.4 15.8 8.8 21.2 11.7 S
For-hire truck 19.4 5.3 18.9 9.2 18.5 10.2 15.4
Private truck S S 37.7 7.3 S S S
Rail S S S S S S 31.6
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 37.7 7.0 40.2 2.1 S S 6.4
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 13.3 4.5 41.3 4.0 S S 21.1
Parcel, USPS or courier 13.3 4.5 41.3 4.0 S S 21.1
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 48.5 5.6 48.6 7.5 S S 42.5

SCTG 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 33.4 39.9 37.9 40.8
Single modes 26.5 7.8 41.8 4.5 36.4 5.1 S
Truck 27.0 7.8 42.6 4.9 37.8 4.6 S
For-hire truck 37.6 7.7 S S 39.0 14.1 S
Private truck 21.7 9.1 27.4 10.7 32.1 10.8 S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 29.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 25.1
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 25.1
Truck and rail S S S S S S 29.8
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 29.9

SCTG 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 31.6
Single modes S S S S S S 31.6
Truck S S S S S S 31.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.6
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes

SCTG 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 49.9 41.6 45.8 33.8
Single modes S S S S S S S
Truck S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 32.7
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.6
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.6
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

SCTG 39, Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 25.3 35.8 44.4 27.7
Single modes 27.4 4.2 37.1 3.6 46.1 5.3 33.1
Truck 27.4 4.2 37.1 3.6 46.1 5.3 32.9
For-hire truck 41.6 13.7 S S S S 25.7
Private truck S S S S S S S
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 27.9
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S 27.9
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 34.6

SCTG 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 28.6 39.7 23.9 15.1
Single modes 19.2 7.1 42.5 6.0 32.7 8.2 40.6
Truck 20.3 6.5 42.9 6.0 34.6 8.1 S
For-hire truck 20.3 5.9 44.8 7.3 49.6 9.0 36.1
Private truck 29.4 7.4 46.6 9.7 45.4 9.7 32.8
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 25.8
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes 32.4 5.4 33.2 4.6 39.1 6.6 10.8
Parcel, USPS or courier 32.4 5.4 33.2 4.6 39.1 6.6 10.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S

SCTG 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 31.9
Truck S S S S S S 31.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 31.0
Private truck S S S S S S 31.6
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air)
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes
Parcel, USPS or courier
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S 43.3 15.8 S S 33.3

SCTG 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes 21.2 21.9 19.1 25.0
Single modes 21.3 1.4 21.9 0.1 18.3 1.0 29.3
Truck 21.4 1.4 21.9 0.1 18.3 1.0 29.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S 28.7
Private truck 21.6 1.8 22.3 0.9 18.7 1.2 14.1
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S 39.3 0.1 S S 18.7
Parcel, USPS or courier S S 39.5 0.1 S S 18.8
Truck and rail
Truck and water S S S S S S 31.6
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 25.9

Commodity unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles CV of average miles
per shipment
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
CV Std. error
of percent
All modes S S S S S S 39.4
Single modes S S S S S S 34.3
Truck S S S S S S 38.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 30.0
Private truck S S S S S S 27.7
Rail
Water
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) S S S S S S 31.6
Pipeline S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S
Parcel, USPS or courier S S S S S S S
Truck and rail
Truck and water
Rail and water
Other Multiple modes
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31.6

KEY:
– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.
CV Coefficient of variation of number

NOTE: The Introduction and appendixes give information onf confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at www.census.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual State Data, December 2004.